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Publication numberUS1166896 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 4, 1916
Filing dateSep 2, 1915
Priority dateSep 2, 1915
Publication numberUS 1166896 A, US 1166896A, US-A-1166896, US1166896 A, US1166896A
InventorsChristopher A Garvey
Original AssigneeChristopher A Garvey
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1166896 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




Patented Jan. 4, 1916.

Mmmm@ IIIIIIIIIIIII zzafw-w C. A. Garvax #511% Q nieaeee,

y 4To all coltomlz't may eoneernf:

Y Y Beit known that I, Cnnisrornnn A.v Grin- VEY, va. citizen of theUnitedStates of America, `landfaV resident of" tliefeoiinty of` St. Louis, State' ef Missonrnliave invented eer'- k A, tainl new andus'efiil Improvements inloiin tain-Brushes, Off which :the followi'i'igv is i a full clear and exactfde'scriotion "r ference 1 7 l Y i being Shad' to the 'jacc'onipanyingl drawings, forminga partA of'jthisspecieation. 'l My .invention relates to improvements in i "fountain-brishes, the main object -beingfto produce a siniple, `,inexi'iensive and very efficient niarking'brush, or stencil brush. j jj Prior to this invention stencil brushes and marking brushes have been provided lwith valvesfor controlling tlieflow' of ink tfoftlie brush tips-,fand Vit has been quite difir` cult to preventleakagel 'attlie valves'. The

ink is ,usually a tliin fluid, veryv difficult 4'to' co'nne intlieink reservoir, so tliat'a liigh `degree of,V accnracy has been required yin forming" the valves andvalve seats. Moreover, su'cli valves and Vtheir seats Aarey eX- pensive", liable to Vget out'fof order, andthe ,valvesfinustbe operated in laccordance with Y the judgment lof, the operator. to-fperinitthe j* Vmodification.

Y, 'ink toflow from 'the reservoir to the' brush.

Obviously, tlie ink will pass from the reservoir at irregular. intervalsv and inl irregular.

cpua'ntities,v` and consequently the saturation 5 of the 'brush is ldecidedly non-uniform. v

Therefore, 'an vobject of this invention isto producea fountainA brush Vconsisting-.of

an ink reservoir and' a few simple elements A' associated'tlierewith'in sucli'a manner that` l l f l by' a bottoinv wall ineinber 2. vA discharge V`the 'ink Awill. flow substantiallyl continuously -outerend of saidvwick:

vfrom the reservoir to replace Athe ink' dis# charged at the brush tip while tliefbru'sli is inservice by the jarring to which the' stencil brush is necessarily 'subjected lwhen in use vand a slight throw of '.tli'ernarking briisli to facilitate theflowof ink to tlietipr; but' this Vaction does notl supersatiiratefthe" Y. Af further obj ect is -t'o produce abrush of .this-kind inwhich'thevfl'ow'offink stops auto'- i Inaftically to -prevent'leak-age whentlie brush is notin service. f f l' lAnother object istoprovidea marking Yor `lettering brush'fha-ving a 4marking devicefin` thefforin of a wick extending from: an ink Y reservoir, and nieans for preventing the wick fromv being forcedl -back'wardfly, toward the reservoir, in response* to pressurejfon-the 7 'FOUNTAIMBRUSH j rAnother ,object-,iste provide a wickfliaving l f a longitudinaly channel .nearly fitsf 'entire" f length eXtending toV the lower end'of the wick 2- and transverse `,ports lceinmnnic"ating witli said'v channel, said 'ports andA channel providing aff passageway for tlieffink te the Vdischaiggge fend,,ofthe-wick.v L

'ings wherein' is shown. the preferred einfbodinientof the invention; liojwevenit is tof be"1 understoodjthat tlife invention con'ipre- -hends changes, variationsjand modifications `he'reiinto' appended.

invention.' I Fig. Il is an enlarged transverse .v lilith tliefforegoing fandfotheij objects v2in viewjtlie i invention comprises the novel Conf s kstfruetion, combination jk and arrangement of] Y parts hereinaftermorejspe'ciiically described i l and illiistrated fin' 'theaeco'rnpanying dra1w-` 1which coiner'witliin therseope of the clainis j. j

Section fairen on iin@ ii-ii, ing.k i. ing.

V'Hl'is a fragmentary detlailfviewlshowing 1the"dischargeftnbepand the wick associated' with' saidv :tubei Fig. A)V is av transverse. secis va` view sini'ilar to'j 1","illiifstrating al" reservoir,A ai gasket" 'l'y being interposed" bef f tween'tlie 4lower end :of the ink reservoir,y

and flangepon"V the packing chamber;4 The packinggchaniberfis closed at. its lower end ltube C extending frornitlie Vtopof,thezp'aeking chamber to aipoint beyond "the lower end thereof," is ,soldered `or n otherwise secured" to 'the 'Wall mmbera: The discharge tubefo eoVv ijs Open 'at irgendeine *sneed `mi `tera)- 'frated betweenits endsftoiproduee' ports?) andl prongs"v 4, said `prongs' being j bentv inl j .c loe'v `wa`rdlyfas shown-inost` .clearly in 1Fig.v I. Y Absorbent material f5, such as-WQOl-felt, is varranged l-in the packing chamber? and-*A of ink frein vthe reservoir` to theports' 3l a- -w-ick vfor .conductingink from the .reser-` voii" WhChS provided ,with a'longitu'din-al channel. extendingzfro'in near-'the'upper l.


end to the lower end, and lateral bores 14 which communicate lwith said longitudinal channel, said bores 13 and 14 serving as channels for the iiow of ink therethrough, said wick being closely fitted to the inner faceof the tube C. The wick preferably is in contactwith the ink in the'reservoir and extends to a point beyond the lower end of the tuberi), the extended lower portion of the wick constituting a marking device; |The wick is preferably made of absorbent material, .and the tube C is preferably extended beyond the packing chamber to reinforce tlie'pliable lower portion of'saidwick.

`When` the device is in' service the lower end of the wick engages the article to be ymarked or lettered, and the pressure onthe wick tends r to-v force it backwardly, toward the reservoir.' However, a movement of this kind is positively prevented by the prongs '4 which extend into the wick, said prongs sorbent material in the packing chamber.

The saturated wick also tends to prevent liquid Yfrom flowing through the tube C.

- However, when the brush is in service the ink is wiped from the lower end of the wick, and the ink is constantly iiowing to compensate .for the displacement at this point.

Since the iiow is retarded by the absorbent material surrounding the ports in tube C, and also to a considerable extent by the wick itself, the flow of ink-isnot rapid, just suiiicient to keep the wick saturated at the point whereit engages the article to be `marked. l have found in practice that the tip of the wick is at all times more or less saturated, and `.when the.y brush is not in service it is laid horizontally on its side y and the ink willnot drip or flow from the lower portion of the wick. A slight 'jerk or throw of the brush immediately Yfurnishes an ample supply of ink to the marking tip, which may be repeated as often as may be *necessary/vY to retain an equal degree of saturation.

The stencil brush illustrated in Fig. V

comprises an ink reservoir A, a packing chamber B screwed onto the lower end of the reservoir, and a brush 10y detachably secured Vto the packing chamber. A discharge tube C is secured to the bottom wall of the packing-chamber, and a washer Gis placed on the upper end of the discharge tube to VLicense coniine the absorbent material 5 in the packing chamber. This absorbent material 5 is packed aroundl the tube to 'retard the flow of ink at the ports 3. An absorbent wick 8 is closely fitted tothe inner face of the tube C and secured by the prongs 4 which extend inwardly from the tube. i longitudinalchannel 13 Vextends from near the inner end of the wick 8" to'the end of said wick. 14 are transverse bores communicating with said longitudinal channel.

The ink passing from the reservoir to the brush 10, iiows onto the upper end of the wick, or around the washer 6 into the absorbent material 5 and then through ports 8 to the wick, and through the bores 14 to the channel 13y which furnish channels for conducting the ink to the lower end of the wick. The ink passing from the lower end of the wick flows through a tubev 12, forming part of the brush structure, and then along the bristles of the brush 10.

I claim: Y

1. 1n a fountain brush, a reservoir, a discharge tube for conducting liquid from said reservoir, a wick arranged within and closely iitted to-said discharge tube, said discharge tube being ported for the admission of liquid to the wick, and absorbent material fitted to the outer facey of said discharge tube so as to retard the flow of vliquid through the ported portion of said tube.

2. ln a fountain brush, a reservoir, a wick for conducting liquid from said reservoir, and a body of absorbent material whereby the flow of liquid from the reservoir to the vwick is retarded.v

3. In a fountain brush, a reservoir provided with a packing chamber at its lower end, a tube in said packing chamber, a wick arranged in and closely fitted to said tube, absorbent material arranged in the packing chamber and around the tube, said tube being ported for the admission of liquid to the wick and the absorbent material being Y arranged to receive the liquid flowing to the ported portion of the tube.

4. In a fountain brush, a reservoir, a packing chamber for conducting liquid from said packing chamber, said wick being closely fitted to the inner face of said ported tube and extended therefrom to serve as a marking detachably` secured to the lower end ofsaid reservoir, a ported tube in said packing chamber, a wick i ivicknpholding tilbe surrounding and 'closelyf vvith'ai'*longitudinalrchanneliezrtendingfrom lo; .Y fitted' to said Wick, said YWick holding tube a vpoint!immediate one endithereof'through A being provided with ports for the admission said Wicl- Y, v of liquid to the Wick and'also' With prongs i 7. A Wick orfountain'briishes providedg.

formed t ,said ports and bent inwardly to with a longitiidnalehnnel veXtendingffrom* engagethe Wick so as .to prevent the latter. Vapont immediate 'one end thereof throligli L5 L from being forced backwardly the Wiokrrfrseid Wick, and' ay transverse bore lcommnniholder. eating With said longitudinal channel.

' 6. Al Wiekfor founiiainbrushes providedA ,Y n y j Washington, D. CJf i .4

Copies of tliis patent may be obtained fox` -ve dents eaich, by addressing the 'Vf Commissioner -of-Pacents, .l i v u i

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2624902 *Mar 9, 1949Jan 13, 1953Soldner Jack OFountain marking device with work operable valve
US2713176 *Apr 22, 1953Jul 19, 1955Rosenthal Sidney NMarking device
US2816314 *Nov 5, 1954Dec 17, 1957Brown Scott WShoe polish applicator
US3003182 *Aug 13, 1959Oct 10, 1961Speedry Chemical Products IncFountain pens
US3032802 *Dec 15, 1959May 8, 1962Maruzen KkFelt pen
US3088160 *Sep 18, 1961May 7, 1963Cline Nathan RMarking pen
US3152352 *Sep 13, 1962Oct 13, 1964Kosik Jr Samuel JDispenser for rejuvenating wiper blades
US3421823 *Jun 21, 1965Jan 14, 1969Dainihon Bungu Co LtdWriting implement
US4209263 *Jan 25, 1978Jun 24, 1980Waterman S.A.Structure for reduced ink evaporation
US4605331 *Dec 26, 1984Aug 12, 1986Kurt HeldPressurized writing device with needle weight having valve means
US5002415 *Jun 30, 1989Mar 26, 1991L'orealApplicator set for eyelash makeup, including a cake of mascara and a moistened distributor element
US5096319 *Oct 1, 1990Mar 17, 1992L'orealApplicator set for eyelash makeup, including a cake of mascara and a moistened distributor element
US6089776 *Apr 10, 1996Jul 18, 2000Kaufmann; RainerFluid dispensing utensil
US6095707 *Apr 30, 1992Aug 1, 2000Kaufmann; RainerWriting utensil with a container for receiving freely a writing liquid
US6183155 *Aug 12, 1996Feb 6, 2001Rainer KaufmannDevice for applying liquids onto a base using an applicator element
US6322268 *Oct 19, 1999Nov 27, 2001Avery Dennison CorporationEfficient fluid dispensing utensil
US6413001Nov 16, 2000Jul 2, 2002Dataprint R. Kaufmann GmbhLiquid applicator implement
US6416242Jun 9, 2000Jul 9, 2002Dataprint R. Kaufmann GmbhEfficient fluid dispensing utensil
US6457892Apr 20, 2001Oct 1, 2002Avery Dennison CorporationWriting instrument having a capillary hole through the container
US6497527Apr 20, 2001Dec 24, 2002Dataprint R. Kaufmann GmbhLiquid applicator implement
US6582142 *Jan 28, 2002Jun 24, 2003Robert Earl KellerPermanent ink marker for re-identifying wire
US6637965Jun 22, 2001Oct 28, 2003Avery Dennison CorporationWriting instrument having a reservoir between a tip and a capillary storage
US6695517 *Mar 26, 2002Feb 24, 2004Sanford, L.P.Free ink system
US7059796Apr 17, 2003Jun 13, 2006Avery Dennison CorporationSelf-sealing retractable writing instrument
US7101104Dec 8, 2003Sep 5, 2006Sanford, L.P.Free ink system
U.S. Classification401/198, 15/DIG.400, 401/283, 15/209.1
Cooperative ClassificationY10S15/04, B43K8/04