US 1167019 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- A. REED.
SURGICAL SANDAL FOR TREATMENT OF BUNIONS.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 31,1914.
1,167,019, Patel fled Jan. 4, 1916.
' ATTORNE Y.
. ADAM REED, OFIBOZEMAN, MONTANA.
SURGICAL SANDAL IE'OR TREATMENT OF BUNIONS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed October 31, 1914. Serial No. 869,601.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ADAM of the United States, residing at Bozeman, in the county of Gallatin and State of Mentana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Surgical Sandals for Treatment of Bunions, of which the following is a'specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing. My invention relates to improvements in surgical sandals for treatment of bunions,
the objects of which are, first; toJprovide a sur ical appliance of this class, by the use of which enlargement of they great toe joint, commonly knowri as a.bunion, is reduced, ,and the great toe is gradually brought back to its normal position, second; to provide .adjusting appliances for the sandal, whereby the strain on the enlarged joint is so adjusted,'fi"om time to time, during treatment of the same, that the great toe is gradually brought back to normal position without causin pain, or an appreciable amount of iscomfort to the wearer of the appliance, third ;to so construct the toe holding means, that thetoe next to the great toe, can neither aggravate nor, cause an ingrown toenail on the great toe of the wearer, as is frequently foot of the wearer being indicated by dotted done from pressure and rubbing of the adj acent surfaces of said toes I attain these objects by the devices illus trated in the accompanying drawing, in which j v Figure 1 isa top planvof the sandal, the
lines. Fig. 2 is a vertical section on the line X X, seenin Fig. 1, looking toward the right. Fig. 3 is a similarsection, on. the lineY Y,.seen in Fig. 1, showing details of the foot stop. Fig. 4 is-a side elevation of thefoot stop. Fig. 5 is a view in perspective of a thick foot stop pad. Fig. 6 is a bottom plan ofthe sandal. Fig. 7
is a top View of. a portion of a foot, showing a deformed and'diseased great toe joint, f
from the position seen in Fig. 6, and holding it in the position seen in before application of the sandal;
My invention, in its preferred form, comprises a sole 1, formedpreferably of sole leather, said sole having a slot 1' formed through the toe portion thereof. Said sole is provided with heel strap 2 and shank strap '3. Said straps are provided with securingmeans 2 and 3', respectively, where by said sandal is adjustably secured onthe foot of a person. 4 Said straps are preferably REED, a citizen as shown, or any other well lmown strap securing devices. Said straps pass through fiat loops 2 and 3", secured on the bottom of the heel and shank portions, respectively, of sole 1, as seen in Fig. 6.
Great toe holder 4 is preferably formed of rigid sheet metal and has all of its surfaces which are above sole 1, covered with elastic material, such as felt, flannel, or the like. One of the edge portions of said holder is passed downward through slot 1, and is bent flat beneath sole l, and riveted thereon, as seen in Fig. 2. The other. edge of said holder is passed downward against the edge of said sole, is also bent flat therebeneath, and riveted thereon, thus forming a semicircular sleeve, adapted to receive the great toe 5, of a person.
Foot stop" 6 is preferably formed ofrigid sheet metal, and is placed against the inner' edge of sole 1, at a point just back of enlarged joint 7. The lower edge portion of 'said foot stop is bent fiat beneath the bottom of said sole, and riveted thereon. Said stop is formed to fit the inner edge of foot 8, and is provided with cushion 9, which is held against the operative surface of said stop, by stitches 9, formed preferably of theheel of a person, is like the described foot stop, both in construction and operation, andis therefore neither shown in detail, nor fully described. Cushion 9",
(seen in Fig. 5,) is of greater thickness than cushion-9, and-is used in place of the latter, as hereinafter described. In application and use, buckles 2 and 3 are unfastened, great toe 51s insertedin holder 4, foot 8'is forced into the po'sltion seen in Fig. 1, thereby straightening toe 5 F1 1 which strap s l-and- 2.are adjustably secured 1, after as desired, uponthe instep-of the wearer.-
securing means may be either vfiat buckles,
that it is adapted to' fit the side surface of j While the sandal is' thus worn,jit will be un- I derstood, that the fleshy portion or flap 5 of toe 5, presses against the side of holder 4,
with the foot 8 held'in position by stops 6 and 10. After'th e' described sandal has been thus worn-for a suflicient length of time,
. understood, that in afflictions of this charwhich is determined by the lightness of said pressure of toe 5; the sandal is removed from the foot 8, stitches 9 are cut, they and pad 9 are removed from foot stop 6, and a thicker pad 9", (see Fig. 5,) is. stitched on.
said foot stop. If so desired, the padding of heelstop 10, may be similarly changed. It will be understood, that the thicker pad holds foot 8, (which afterward is placed as previously described,) in a position, clockwise to the position shown in Fig 1, while longer worn. Said sandal may be provided with a sole of suflicient thickness to be worn without a shoe or any other covering for the foot 8, other-than hosiery, (not shown,) especially formed with a bifurcated toe portion; or be adapted to be worn in an /ordinary shoe; in whichlatter case straps 2 and 3, with their securing means 2 and 3 are removed from the sandal, and the use of same is dispensed with.
By referring to Fig. 6, it will be seen and acter, great toe 5 overlaps the adjacent toe dQjandthat in walking, its fleshy portion,
or flap 5 is pressed downward upon said adjacent toe; thereby causing said flap to be pressed against the adjacent edge of great toe nail 5", which causes said nail to cut into said flap and also said edge of said nail to turn downward and form what is termed an ingrown nail. These actions are repeated so frequently in walking, that aggravation ofthe thus cut flap is heightened, ulceration of the flap ensues, and the same becomcs'a painful. and serious aflliction.
It will be seen and understood, by referring to Fig. 2, that'toe holder & prevents the upward pressure of toe 12 against said flap, and thus assists in relieving said aflliction, and also while worn, prevents the forming of an ingrown nail on great toe Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is A surgical sandal, comprising a sole adapted to cover the entire bottom of the foot of a person, said solebeing formed of sole leather and the like; securing means detachably secured on said' sole whereby the latter is detachably secured on said foot; a rigid sleeve secured to the toe portion of said-sole said sleeve being adapted to receive and hold the great toe of said foot 11'1 natural alinement with said sole; holding means for holding saidfoot against lateral movement on said sole; and changeable pads of varying thicknesses detachably secured on the operativesurfaces of said holding means for laterally adjusting the position of said foot. In testimony whereof I ailix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
JOSEPH O. 'lHoMPsoN,
1 Ronnn'r L. 1* ETTERS.