US 1168892 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
N. KRIBS. I BATTERY LAMP.
APPLICATION FlLED MAY 10, I915.
UNI E sir-AriasPirrnNair- OFFICE.
NICOLAS KRIBS, O F DUNDEE,- ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent;
Patented Jan. 18, 1916.
Application iiied May 10, 1915 Serial m. 26,945.
all whom it may concern Be it known that I, NICOLAS Knins, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dundee, in the county of Kane and'State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful. Improvements in Battery-Lamps, which the following is .a specification.
. -'This invention relates to' improvements .in battery lamps or lanterns, and it consists in certain peculiarities of the construction, novel arrangement and operation of the various parts thereof, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth; and specifically claiiiied.
The principal object. of the invention is to provide a lamp or-lantern, in which the ordinarydry batteries can be used for producing light, and which shall be simple and inexpensive -in construct-ion, strong, durable. and 'efiicientin operation, easily handled, either as'a lamp or lantern, and so made, that the rays of light furnished thereby can-be directed in various directions without changingthe positio'n of the body of the lamp. 3 I
Another object of the" invention isto'fur-v iiisli-a lamp of the above named general character, in which one or more dry battery cells can be employed, so as; to furnish a greater or less volume of light, or a lamp of low or high power. i V
Otherobjects and advantagesof the iiivention will be disclosed 'in the subjoined description' 'aiid explanation.
view taken on line 3, 3, of Fig. llooking.
In the accompanying drawing, which serves to illustrate an embodiment of the invention-Figural is a view in side ele-' vation of a lamp or lantern embodying my invention. 2 is a vertically sectional view thereof, taken on line 2, 2, of Fig. 1, looking in the direction indicated the arrows. Figr 3 is an enlarged sectional in the direction indicated by the arrows, showing the construction of the rotary sup port for the lamp, whereby the position of the latter may be changed so as to direct the rays of light in different directions. Fig. 1 is a similar view to that shown in Fig. 2, but illustrating a modified form of the lamp, and Fig. is a detached perspective view ofthe bolt which carries the rotai'y 3111)]301tzf0P-tl18 lamp.
Like numeralsofirefereii'ce, refer to corresponding partsf tlii'oiigli'out the different views of the drawings. *j
The reference numeral designates a containerfor the dry battery cell or cells, and said container is by preferencecylindrical in shape and made of metal, and may have attached to its wall a handle 11 to be used for carrying the device or directing the rays of the light from the lamp,
mainly, in a horizontal direction. ally secured to the upper portion of the .walls' of the container 10, and diametrically Pivotopposite each other, are'tlie ends 12 of the bail or handle 13, which can be used for carrying the device as a lantern. The lower end of the container s closed as shown in p Figs. 2 and 4 of the drawing, and the upper end thereof is closed by means of a cap or cover 14, wliicl is snugly fitted to said upper end of the container; Mounted" on the "upper surface OfltllB cap ,or cover H at a suitable distance apart, are a pair of upright standards 15 and 16.3wliich are made of metal and said standard 16"hasi in its upper portion an opening 17 for the reception of one end of a bolt or red 18, used for the purpose to be presently explained. The .upper portion of the standard 15 l1as in its upper portion an opening 19, into which projects through a suitable opening 20 near one end of a metal bracket 21, a pin 21 on the block 30, which bracket is connected at its other end to the rear. portion of the lamp casing 22', whiclicasing is substantially concavo-convex in shape and has fitted thereon in any suitable manner, a similarly shaped reflector 23, and said casing may have its front end closed by means of a glass plate 21 secured thereon or thereto in an ordinary or any suitable way. The rear or reduced portion. of the casing 22 is provided with a hollow neck or extension 25 to"receive the lamp socket 26 which is of the ordinary incandescent type and carries a bulb 2T, which is located centrally within the reflector 23 and has within same a filament 28 supported on a post or stem 2 extended through the socket 26 as is clearly shown in Fig. 4 of the drawing.
Rotatably mounted between the bracket 21 and-the upper portion of the standard 16 is a block of insulating material which is by preference cylindricalin shape. and has will contact spring 34, which spring has on its free end, a contact piece 35 of metal to contact with the part 2 of the lamp. The screw 33 extends through a transverse opening 3(i'in the rod or pin 18 which. as shown in Figs. 3 and 5 has on its (mten'portion a disk 3} to rest between the upper portion of the standard 16 'and the adjacent side of the washer 30 and is electrically connected ito the screw and lamp. Adjacent to thejdisk ll'ythe block 30 provided with a reduced portion 38 to fit in an opening in a bracket 39 which is connected to the casing 22 as is clearly shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings.
Referring now to Fig. 2 of the drawings, it will he seeu..and understood that thecontainer 10 has headed therein. one above the other. two battery cells 40 and 41, which may he-ofithe ordinary 1.} \'olt type and 'construction. f- ;h of the. said cells. the bottom d pose the n the end tliat n ,ttflpn of each ofgthe same. to
per can or cell vd sothat. the syn-i-ngl-f-l or other conduch' nter'p sed betweerrthe bottom of the contamerlt). and, the bottom of the lou'er'l-ell ll will electrically.contact therewitln Leading from the binding post 44 on the upper part of the uppercell 40,..is' a conductor 45.- which is connected to one end of a switch 46 which insulated from the cap or cover 1+ but mounted thereon as is clearly shown in FigsL'Q and 4 of the drawings. 'l'his switch 46 may be of any suitablelcind but in the present instance, it
is shown as being a spring switch. capableof' being depressed into contact with a post 47 mounted on the cover or casing 14. but insulated therefrom. nection tl'n'oughthe conductor. 48 and alpost or screw 49 with the standard 16 as will be readily understood by reference to Figs. 2 and 4 of the drawings.
In Fig. 4. is: shown a modification in the construction of the lamp. which consists in using'a single battery cell 50, instead of a pair of superimposed cells as above described. In" this modified construction, the cell 50 is of the ordinary or any preferred construction, and of course, when placed in the; container 10. will be insulated ,there;
from by re ason of its covering. In the construction now under consideration, the cell 50 is provided at lts upper end with a terminal 44 as in the upper cell of the other construction, which terminal is connected in the similar manner to the switch 46 as above de-' scribed. The cell 50 has on its upper end another post 51. which is connected by means of a conductor 52, to the standard 15, as will be apparent by reference to Fig. 4 of the drawings.
From the foregoing and by reference .to'
the drawing, it will be readily understood a contact ,thereof is removed to eX re carbon of the.lmveiwcell* h.theminobottom of the up as much as where two cells are used.
vfiected at their upper The post 47 has concarrying brackets mounted and clearly seennthatwhen'the 'construction shown in Fig. 2 is 'eniployed, the'con poles of the 7 battery and will lead the current through the standard 15 and bracket 21 to the lamp. The other post 44 being connected to the switch 46, \\'ill..when said.switch is moved into contact with the post 47. complete the circuit through the 16. disk 37, rod 1-S.screw 33 and spring 35 with the lamp. lly employing two cells. it is apparent that increased voltage will be prorided. but it will be understood. that if desired. a single cell instead of two, may be used. and the bottom of said cell exposed to the spring 43 or the like. in elec- "trical contact with the metallic container.
when-the same results may be obtained. as
just above described. Instead of placing the cell inelectriccontact with the container 10.
.as above set forth. it isobviousthatby using theconstruction shown in Fig. l and above described. sat'isfiu'tory'results 'will be obtained. yet the voltage will be only one half It will be noticed by reference to Fig. 1 that the. standards 15 and lttareslightly deaoortionswhich is for the purpose of allowing the lamp casing 22 to be turned downwardly as far as possible without the said standards. .-\s the lamp is rotatably mounted between the standards. it is obvious that it may be. turned so asfto direct the rays of light in almost any direction. By providing a screw 33 with the spring 34 which carries the contact piece. 35; it is manifest that said screw can be adjusted toward or from the lamp socket, and that the action of the spring will always hold the contact piece 35 in contact with the lamp. and in such a manner that the liability of theconta'ct being displaced by vibrations or jolts will be reduced to a minimum.
Having thus fully described my invention what I- claim is new and desire to secure by Letters Patent isj another opening extended from'one of its ends longitudinally therewith and intersecting the first named opening, a pair of lamp on said block, oneof said brackets being in electrical contact with one of said standards and the other of saidbrackets being insulatedtherefrom.
conductor 48. standard ing extended transversely therethrough'and" incense a lamp mounted on the outer portions of said brackets and having a post. extended into one end of said transverse opening, a rod or pin extended from one of the standards into the longitudinal opening of said block and having a transverse opening to register with the transverseopening of theblock, a
screw located in the transverse openings in sald block and rod'to contact with saidpost of the lamp, and a circuit closer for the electric generator.
and extended therefrom, one of said brackets being in electrical contact with one of said standards and the other of said brackets being insulated from the other standard, a lamp mounted onthc outer portions of said brackets and havinga'post extended into one end of said transverse opening, a-rod or pin extended from one of the standards into the longitudinal opening of said block and having a transverse opening to register with the transverse opening of the block,.
a, screwrlocated in the transverse openings insaid block and rod, a springactuated contact interposed between the inner end of said screw and the said post of the lamp, and a circuit closer for the generator.
.3. In a lamp, the combination with a com tainer having one of its ends open, of a cover for said end, a pair of battery cells located one on the other within the container and having electrical connection with one another as well with the container, :1 pair of spaced apart standards mounted on said cover, a block of insulating material rota tably mounted on and between said standards and having an opening extended transversely therethrough. a pair of lampcarrying brackets mounted on said block and extended therefrom, one of said brackets be ing in electrical contact with one of said' standards and the other of said brackets oeing insulated ironi. the other of said stand ards, 'a lamp mounted on the outer portions.
of said brackets-and having a post at one end of said transverse opening, a journal for one end of said block extended from one of said standards but insulated from the bracket adjacent thereto. a screw located in the transverse opening of said block and electrically connected to said journal, a spring, actuated contact interposed between the inner end of said screw and the said post of the lamp, and means to open and close the electric circuit.
NICOLAS KRIBS. lVitnesses:
(Inns. C. Tinnuax,
A; E. Onsox.