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Publication numberUS1169106 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 25, 1916
Filing dateAug 7, 1915
Priority dateAug 7, 1915
Publication numberUS 1169106 A, US 1169106A, US-A-1169106, US1169106 A, US1169106A
InventorsFrank C Anderson
Original AssigneeAmerican Valve & Meter Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Switch-stand crank mechanism.
US 1169106 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

F. C. ANDERSON.

SWITCH STAND CRANK MECHANISM.

APPLICATION FILED AUGJ. m5.

1 169, 10, Patented Jan. 25, 1916.

irnn srarns FRANK G. ANDERSON, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO, ASSIGNOB TO THE AMERICAN VALVE & METER COMPANY, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO.

SWITCH-STAND CRANK MECHANISM.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Jan. 25, 1916.

Application filed August 7, 1915. Serial 0. 44,165.

To all whom it may concern.

Be it known that I, FRANK C. ANDERSON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Switch- Stand Crank Mechanism, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to switch stands; and its object is to render the switch stand interchangeable for use on either the right or left hand side of the track, and for a turnout in either direction, whereby it may be locked over the front head-block in any of these installations, i. e.locked on the side of approach into the turnout, thus permitting more uniformity and convenience in general, in the installation and operation of switches.

lVith the above purposes in view my in vention consists in the improved crank and crank mechanism hereinafter set forth and claimed.

Inthe drawing: Figure 1 is a plan view of a switch stand with my improved crank mechanism applied thereto; Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the same; Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional side elevation of the same, the section being taken on a line corresponding to the line w-zv of Fig. 2; Fig. 4c is a detail perspective view of the crank; Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 3, showing a modifica tion; and Fig. 6 is a detail perspective view of the modified head.

The switch stand here shown to exemplify the use of my invention comprises the frame 1 with the top plate 2, which has the two notches 8 and 1, 180 apart and adapted to be alined substantially parallel with the track rail and having a backward extension 5 with a third notch 6 midway between or 90 from the other two notches 3 and 4 and opening outwardly at right angles to the track rail. A shaft 7 is j ournaled vertically in the frame 1 and has a fulcrum head 8 fixed upon it to swing around over the top plate 2, while this fulcrum head 8 has a' substantially L-sh'aped in this respect.

around, turning the shaft 7 with it. As here shown, the shaft is rotated through an angle of 180 to throw the switch.

The connecting rod 10 extends from the crankof the switch stand over toward the track between the head blocks 11 and 12, to which the feet 13 and 1 1 of the framel are secured, and is connected with the point rails in a well known manner. In order that the switclroperating lever 9 may have closed the switch when it has dropped into the notch 3 or 4, depending upon whichever side the switch turns out upon, it is necessary to pro vide for two difi'erent adjustments of the crank with respect to the shaft 7 and, since the switch stand may be located on one or the other side of the track, it is necessary to provide two adjustments for this reason in connection with either one of the above reasons. It is highly desirable that it be possible to order any quantity of the switch stands and use them in any one of the four positions demanded in the service. It is in the crank of the switch stand that I provide means for enabling the above convenience to be attained. I accomplish this purpose by providing the lower end of the shaft 7 with a substantially rectangular head 15 which has openings 16 through it horizontally at right angles to each other. The head 15 may be forged on the end of the shaft 7 and the openings 16 may be bored therethrough.

The crank 17 comprises a head 18 with an upright part19 and a horizontal part 20 extending in one direction from. the bottom of the part 19 so that this head 18 is thus It has a rib 21 that braces the two parts 19 and 20 with respect to each other. Projecting down from the bottom of the lower horizontal part 20 is the crank pin 22 having on its lower end a flat head 23. Projecting from the side of the upright part 19 in direction opposite from the projection of the lower part 9.0 is a shank 2d which is adapted to fit into and extend through either one of the horizontal openings 16 through the head 15 of the shaft 7. Also projecting from the head 18 inthe direction of the shank 2 1 but at the'bottom opposite from the part 20is a lip 25 that will come snugly under the lower side of the shaft head 15. The shank 24 is threaded for a considerable distance number of washers 29 may be interposed, as

shown in Figs. 1 and 3. I The connecting rod 10 has a erotchy30 on its end to fit up against a side of the crank pin 22 between the lower side of the crank head 18 and the head 23 of the crank pin 22 and when the rod 10 is in this position a U-shaped strap 31 ispassed over the crank pin 22 with its side parts flanking the rod 10 near itsend, and bolts 32 are passed through openings in the side parts of the strap 31 and through the rod 10, as shown in Fig. 3, holding the strap rigidly to the rod. Thus the bearing of the connecting rod 10 on the crank pin 22 is made up of the crotch 30 and the part of the strap 31 that extends around the otherside of the'crank pin, as is best seen in Fig. 1. I

The entire crank comprising the head 18, with its two parts 19 and-2O and. rib 21 and the crank pin 22 with its head 23 and'the shank 24: and the lip 25 are all formed integrally of cast steel or of a steel forging.

The purpose of the lip 25 engaging with the lower side of the shaft head 15 is to prevent turning of the crank in the opening 16 in which it is inserted. From the foregoing it will be seen that the crank 17 may be made to have four different positions with respect to the shaft 7 by inserting the shank 24 through either one of the openings 16 in either direction. Furthermore, when the washers 29 are interposed between the nut 26 and the shaft head 15 the radius of the crank may be very readily adjusted by transferring one ormore of these washers 29 to the other side of the shaft head 15 between it and the crank head 18. Thus adjustment of the radius or throw of the crank may be .made to compensate for wear or to make the switch stand suitable for dilferent switches having the point rails thrown dif ferent distances.

Whlle thus providing for ready adjustment for the purposes hereinbefore pointed out, and also for ready adjustment of the throw of the crank when the washers are used, there is,'nowhere, in the construction of thecrank on its fastening to the shaft 7 any part that is liable to become loose and allow the parts to become detached and inoperative. Therefore, while affording great convenience, there is also afforded a high degree of safety and efliciency in this important part of a switch stand.

In the modification shown in Fig. 5, the

ing example, with the advantage of dispensing with the need of finishing the shank in behind the lip 25", offsetting the disadvantage of having the crank made thus in two pieces; and atthe same time, all of the advantages of adjusting for difie'rent positions and of adjusting the radium or throw of the crank are available as with the device of the precedingexample.

Although I show my invention applied tov a switch stand for operation through an angle of 180, it will be understood that it is equally suitable for operation through only as whenthe lever. 9 occupies the intermediate notch 6 in open position.

Having fully described my invention,

what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In switch stand crank mechanism, in combination with a switch stand, means operatively connecting the switch stand to the switch comprising a shaft and a crank, means for connecting said crank to said shaft in any one of four positions according to the position of the switch stand relative to the switch and to the direction of turnout of the switch. 7

2. In switch stand crank mechanism, in

combination withv a switch stand, means operatively connecting the swltch stand to the switch comprising a shaft and a crank, means for connecting said crank to said shaft in anyoneof four positions according to the position of the switch stand relative to the, switch and to the direction of turnout of the switch, and comprising a connecting rod, a crank pin integral with said crank, a head on said crank pin integral with said crank pin, and a strap holding the end of said connecting rod to said crank pin be-' tween said crank and said head of said crank pin. p

8. In switch stand crank mechanism, in

combination with a switch stand, means operatively connecting the switch stand to the switch comprising a shaft and a crank, means for connecting said crank to said shaft in any one of four positions according to the position of the switch stand relative the switch and to the direction of turnout of the'switch, and a series of spacing means between said shaft and said connecting means of said crank adapted to be variously combination with a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said shaft having openings through it in two different directions, a crank having a shank adapted to extend througheither one of the V openings in either one of two directions, means for holding sald shank 1n the opening in WhlCh it is lnserted, and a pro ection on said crank engaging with a side of said head to prevent the turning of said crank with its shank in the opening. a t

6. In switch stand crank mechanism, in combination with a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a headon said shaft having openings through it in two different directions, a crank having a shank adapted to extend through either one of the openings in either one of two directions, means for holding said shank in the opening in which it is inserted, and a crank pin integral with said crank. I

7. In switch stand crank mechanism, in combination with a switchstand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on, said shaft having openings through it in two different directions, a crankhaving a shank adapted to extend througheither one of the openings in either one of two directions, means for holding said shank in theopening in which it is inserted, a crank pin integral with saidcrank, a head on said crank pin integral with said crank pin, a connecting rod having an end against said crank pin between the crank and the head of the crank pin, anda strap passing around the crank pin and secured to said connecting rod between said crank and said head of said crank pin. a I

8. In switchstand crank mechanism, in combination with a switch stand compris ing a switch-operating shaft, a; head on said shaft having openings through it in two different directions, a crank having a shank adapted to extend through either one of, the openings in either one of two directions, means for holding said shank in the opening in which it is inserted, a projection on said crank engaging with a sideof said head to prevent the turning of said crank with its, shank in the opening, and a crank pin integral with said crank f a 9,1 11 switchjstand crankmechanism, in

combination with a switch stand comprisinga switch-operating shaft, a head on said shafthaving openings through it in two I different. directions, a crank having a shank adapted to extend through either one of the openings in either one of two directions,

means for holding said shank in theopen- 10, In switch stand crank mechanism, in

combination with a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said shaft havlin'g openings through it in two different directions, a crank having a shank adaptedto extend through either one ofthe openings in either one ,of two directions, meansfor holding said shank in the opening in which it. is inserted, a projection on said crank engaging with a side of said head to prevent the turning of said crank with its shank in the opening, and a crank pin integral with said crank, said shank and said projection being integral with said crank and crank pin.

11. In switch stand crank mechanism, in combination with a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said shaft having openings through it in two different directions, a crank having a shank 12.- Inswitch stand crank mechanism, in

combination with a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said shaft having openings through itin two diflerent directions, a crank having a shank adapted to extend through either one of the openings in either one of two directions, threads on the end part of said shank, a nut screwedonto said threads toward said head to hold said: crank to said shaft, and a series ofwashers interposed between said nut and said head, one or more of which may be transferred to the opposite side of said head between it and the crank, whereby the radius or throw of said crank may be adjusted.

13. In switch stand crank mechanism, in combination with a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said shaft having openings through itin two i a crank pin integral with said crank, a head side of said head'to prevent the turning of said crank with its shank in the openin t 14. In switch stand crank mechanism, in combination with a switch stand comprising a switclroperating shaft, a head on said shaft having openings through it in two dif ferent directions, a crank having a shank adapted to extend through either'one of the openings in either one of two directions, threads on the end part of said shank, a nut screwed onto said threads toward said head to hold said crank to said shaft, and a crank pin integral with said crank.

15. in switch stand crank mechanism, in coinbinationwith a switch stand comprising a switclroperating shaft, a head on said shaft having openings through it in two different directions a crank havin a shank adapted to extend through either one of the openings in either one of two directions,

threads on the end part of said shank, a

nut screwed onto said threads toward said head to hold said crank to said shaft,

on said crank pin integral with said crank pin, a connecting rod having an end against said crankpin between the crank and'the head of the crank pin, andastrap passing around the crank pin and secured to said connecting rod between said crank andsaid head of said crank pin.

l6. In switch stand crankmechanism, in

conibinationwith a switch Stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said shaft having openings through it in two different directions, a crank havinga shank adapted to extend through either one of the openings in either one of two directions, threads on the end part ofsaid shank, a nut screwed onto said threads toward said head to hold said crank to said shaft, a projection on said crank engaging with a side of said head to prevent the turning of said crank with its shankin the opening, and a crank pin integral with said crank. t

17, In switch stand crank mechanism, in combination with a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said shaft having openings through it in two different directions, a crank having a shank adapted to extend through either one of the opening-sin either one of two directions, threads on the end part of said shank, a nut screwed onto said threads toward said head tohold said crank to said shaft, and a series of washers'interposed between saidnut and said head, one or more of which maybe transferred to the opposite side of said head between it and the crank, whereby the radius or throw of said crank may be adjusted, and a projection on said crank engaging with aside of said head to prevent igieegio'c combinationjwith a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said transferred to the opposite side of said head between it and the crank, wherebythe radius orthrow of said crank may be adjusted, and a crank pin integral with said crank.

19. In switch stand crank mechanism, in combinationwith a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said shaft having openings through it in two different directions, a crank having a shank adapted to extend through either one of'the, openings in either one of "two directions,

threads on the 'endpart of said shank, a; nut screwed onto said'threads toward said head to hold said crank to said shaft, a series of washers interposed between said nut' and said head, one or more of which may be transferred to the opposite side of said head between it andthe crank, whereby the radius or throw of said crank may be adjusted, a crank pin integral with said crank, a head on said crank pin integral with said crank pin, a connecting rod having an end against said crank pin between the crank and the head ofthe crank pin, and a strap passing around the crankpin' and secured to said connecting rod between said crank and said head of said crank pin, 1

20. In switch stand crank mechanism, in

combination with a switch stand comprising a switch-operating shaft, a head on said shafthaving' openings through it in two different directions, a crank having a shank adapted to extend through e ther one of the said crank with'its shank in the opening, and

a crank pin integral with said crank.

21. In switch stand crank mechanism, in

combination with a shaft, ,a rectangular head formed on said shaft integral there with and having openings through it at right angles to each other and at right angles to the axisof the shaft, and a crank comprising a head having a vertical part and a horizontal part extending from said vertical part near its lower end in one direction, a crank pin extending from the lower side of said horizontal part downward, and a head on the lower part of said crank pin, a shank extending from said vertical part 1n direction opposite from that of the horizontal part and adapted to pass through either one of said openings in said shaft head in either direction, a lip extending from said crank head in the same direction as the extension of the shank and adapted to engage with the lower side of said head to prevent the crank from turning with its shank in the opening in the shaft head, threads on the end part of said shank, and a nut screwed on said threads toward said shaft head to hold said crank to said shaft.

22. In switch stand crank mechanism, in combination with a shaft, a rectangular head formed on said shaft integral therewith and having openings through it at right angles to each other and at right angles to the axis of the shaft, and a crank comprising a head having a vertical part and a horizontal part extending from said vertical part near its lower end in one direction, a crank pin extending from the lower side of said horizontal part downward, and a head on the lower part of said crank pin, a shank extending from said vertical part in direction opposite from that of the horizontal part and adapted to pass through either one of said openings in said shaft head in either direction, a lip extending from said crank head in the same direction as the extension of the shank and adapted to engage with the lower side of said head to prevent the crank from turning with its shank in the opening in the shaft head, threads 011 the end part of said shank, a nut screwed on said threads toward said shaft head to hold said crank to said shaft, and a series of washers around said shank between said nut and said shaft head, one or more of which may be transferred to a position around said shank between said shaft head and the vertical part of said crank head, whereby the radius or throw of the crank may be varied.

28. In switch stand crank mechanism, in combination with a shaft, a rectangular head formed on said shaft integral therewith and having openings through it at right angles to each other and at right angles to the axis of the shaft, and a crank comprising a head having a vertical part and a horizontal part extending from said vertical part near its lower end in one direction, a crank pin extending from the lower side of said horizontal part downward, and

a head on the lower part of said crank pin, a shank extending from said vertical part in direction opposite from that of the horizontal part and adapted to pass through either one of said openings in said shaft head in either direction, a lip extending from said crank head in the same direction as the extension of the shank and adapted to engage with the lower side of said head to prevent the crank from turning with its shank in the opening in the shaft head, threads on the end part of said shank, a nut screwed on said threads toward said shaft head to hold said crank to said shaft, and a' parts, whereby said connecting rod is pivotally held to said crank.

24. In switch stand crank H16Cl1tI1lSm,lI1 combination with a shaft, a rectangular head formed on said shaft integral therewith and having openings through it at right angles to each other and at right angles to the axis of the shaft, and a crank comprising a head having a vertical part and a horizontal part extending from said vertical part near its lower end in one direction, a crank pin extending from the lower side of said horizontal part downward, and a head on the lower part of said crank pin, a shank extending from said vertical part in direction opposite from that of the horizontal part and adapted to pass through either one of said openings in said shaft head in either direction, a lip extending from said crank head in the same direction as the extension of the shank and adapted to engage with the lower side of said head to prevent the crank from turning with its shank in the opening in the shaft head, threads on the end part of said shank, a nut screwed on said threads toward said shaft head to hold said crank to said shaft, and a connecting rod abutting said crank pin between the lower side of said crank head and the crank pin head, and a strap extending around the crank pin and having side parts flanking the connecting rod, and bolts through said connecting rod and said side parts, whereby said connecting rod is piv Witnesses:

JAMES N. RAMSEY, CLARENCE PERDE Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Eatents,

Washington, D. G.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5470035 *Aug 30, 1994Nov 28, 1995National Trackwork, Inc.Electrical switch stand
US5642870 *Nov 22, 1995Jul 1, 1997Sargis; IkeSwitch stand
US6042060 *Mar 31, 1998Mar 28, 2000Sargis; IsaacSolar-powered electrical switch stand
US6648276 *Apr 30, 2002Nov 18, 2003Union Switch & Signal, Inc.Drop down lug for railroad switch application
Classifications
U.S. Classification246/411, 246/404
International ClassificationB61L5/02
Cooperative ClassificationB61L5/02
European ClassificationB61L5/02