US 1171545 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
REEL 0R RUNNER.
APPLICATION FILED DEC-2, I9l2.
, WITNESSES v To all whom it may concern UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. THOMAS J. SANDS, or "rnovIDnNcE, n nonn ISLAND, AssIeNon '10' UNIVERSAL WINDING COMPANY, or ron'rLA D, INE, A conronA'rIo or MAINE.
REEL OB RUNNER.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 15, 1916.
Application filed December 2, 1912. Serial No. 784,577.
Be it known that I, THOMAS J. SANDS,
a citizen of the United States; residing at Providence, in the county of Providence and State of .Rhode Island,-have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Reels or Runners, of which the following is a specification. F
My invention relates to reels or runners for holding skeins or hanks of yarn, threadand other textile materials in unwinding the same. I
- Myimproveme'nt consists in providing a device of extremely light weight, yet rigid and stron in construction and capable of withstanding the hard treatment to which 'such devices are usually subjected in commercialuse.
The invention is fully set forth in the following specification, illustrated by the accompanying drawings, in' which 85 rently herewith. In employing for unreeling or unwinding ,rials, such, as fine' silk and ossamer-hke usual, so that the effects of momentum and Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved device; Fig. 2, a transverse,.sectional' view of a ortion of one of the heads of the runner, ta en on the line AA of Fig. 1, and showing the method of securing the tubular struts in place and forming the axial bearings; Fig. 3, a detail view of one of the struts showing its form before assembling with the heads.
My improved reel, or runner as it is.
technically termed, is desi gned particularly for use with skein unwinding devices such, for instance, as that shown and described in my application for patent filed concur,-
such devices threads, it is most essential t, at the supporting reels or runners for the skeins be extremely light in weight, "so that they may be rotated easily without'imposing undue strain on the, strand of material through-- whichtheir turning is effected.
' In my present invention the novel and ingenious method of constructing t e runner provides for a much lighter structure than inertia are materially reduced, and conse- 'quently the efliciency' of the device is greatly enhanced.
Referring to'the drawings, my improved enconsists essentially of two heads orend-flanges D, D, preferably of circular or shape, arranged with cross-members elicate mateto further lessen their Weight. The disks D, D are provided with axial bores in which are secured sleeves or bushings B, B to serve as bearings for the rodor axle on which the runner rotates. The bushings B are preferably made in the shape of eyelets, see Fig. 2, cut from thin, tubular metal and formed up with end flanges b, b which are clenched around the sides of the disks D. In this way a metallic hub or hearing is secured at a very slight cost of manufacture and provision made against wear in'the bores of the disks. The cross-members S are constructed of thin-walled tubing-preferably of copper or themexceedingly light in weight yet substantially as rigid and strong as solid rods- Fig. .3 illustrates one of the struts S'before trio with the axis thereof, and the projecting.
portions are then bent or curled over to provide the holding flanges s. The inner flanges s abut the inside faces of the two disks D', D while the outer flanges s are clenched against the outside faces, and in this way the struts are securely fastenedin position to hold the two disks together,
while providin a skeleton barrel on which the skein can e held. I'have'here illustrated' the runner as constructed with eight other-non-corrosive metal, which renders assembling, and it will be noted that the ends. of the tubes are formed with peripheral cross-members or struts S, but a greater or less number might-be emplo ed if desired.
Instead of forming the end anges D, D in.
the shape of disks, as here shown, they might be constructed with central hubs having spokes radiating therefrom and the struts Secured to their ends, similar to the arrangement of a swift.
.- It will .be observed that my new device provides a strong, staunch structureof minimum weight and compact dimensions, yet possessing the necessary stiffness and rigidity to adapt it to'commercial requirements. Do-