US 1174401 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. W. ECKBIRGl METALLIC DooR 0R THE LIKE.-
' APPLICATION FILED DEC. 9. 1911- i 1,174,401. f l Patenbd Mar. 7, 1916.
2 SHEETS-"SHEET l.
A. W. ECKBERG.
METALLIC D008 0R THE LIKE.
A "APPLxcATmN HLED Dsc. 9, 19u. w 4 u LVAL' Patented Mar, 7, limb.,
2 SHEETSSHEET 2.'
lwhere this trouble is most rinvio w. nemend, oir .rnirnsrowm 'New Yorin, nssizonon 'ro nnrrns'rnon nnremzro noon ooiernirr, or sniirnsfrown, New reen. .e nuoro-norton or new ro-nir. l
neri-Lucretia on 'run Linn.
Specicati'on of Letters Patent.
Feteiited Meur.a 3,
implication filed eceniber 9, 1911. Serial No. 964,791.
To all whom may concern:
Be it known that i Anvin W. Eoniino, a citizen of the United Stutes, and resident of in the count-y of Chautauqua New York, have invented new 1Metallic Doors the following is a speciiind State of and useful Improvements in or the like, of which fication.
My invention relates to metallie doors or like articles or". manufacture, and it has for venient construction by ineens of which the inner edges of the Stiles and rails are so interloclieda with molded or formed edges oi the door panel or the molding of the latter that the interlocking seem is held against opening up in all directions', to provide a stiieningy channel :it the inner edges of the Stiles and rails so formed and interloeked with the seam connecting the panels or panel moldings with the Stiles and riiiis that the side walls of the door ore prevented from oulging out or becoming depressed :it :i point and to otherwise improve on doors or similar articles,A :is will clearly appear hereinafter.
lVitli these sind other objects invention consists in the novel 'features of construction :indfin the arrangement, connection, :ind combination of the various pzirts to be hereinafter described sind particularly pointed out in the subjoined clsiinie.L f
ln the drawings, Figure l is o side elevzv tion 'of a door embodying my invention.
Fig. Q- is on enlarged Vertical section taken on line t-t, Fig ,.1. Fig. 3 is :in enlarged vertical section taken online @4f-Jo, Fig. l.
. Fig. 4 is en enlarged horizontal section teiten on line Fig. l. Fig. 5 is un enlarged horizontal Section taken on line y-3/, Fig. Fig. f3 an enlarged horizontal section taken on line z'-2, Fig. l. Fig. 7 is ai broken cross section of one/oi the Stiles. Fig. 8 is n Cross section of the panel molding `used to hold the glazed panel in place. Fig. i) is a horizontal section taken through one of the edge walls and a portion to the panel connected thereto, the reinforcing bnr being shown o set between its end with the odset portion positioned between the connections of the stilcs :ind the panel moldings. Fig. 10 is o. similar section showing my medially offset reinforcing bur applied to a modified construction;
Referring now to the 'Y upper and intermediate rails, its object the provision of :i novel and con lilo-:ly to occur;
in View, the
drawings in detail,
like numerals of reference parts throughout the several gures.
The reference numeral i7 designates' the edge Stiles, 1'8 the upper rail, 19 the intei'nie diete rail, and Q0 the lower rail of the door. Between the edge stiles and the intermediate and lower rails two panelslry are 4provided which are separated by n short center Stile 22; and boundedy by the edge Stiles, end. the is e glass panel comprising two penes oi gloss f2?) seperated by a mullion The ends of the rails 18, 19 andZO are seeuredto the stilee l? in any arcticable manner, and each of seid Stites e is formed of @sheet ot metal bent upon iteei to provide V:in outer edge woll 2,3 and side walls 26, the inner marginal portions of which are bent inward in opposition to pro vide shoulders 27 and are thence benl'. at right-angles to the shoulders rinto hook? refer to similar` shape, as at 28, lia-ving their sidesI parnilel with the sides of the stile. 'iilie hook-shaped edges .of these side walls are embraced or connected by a reinforcing bar 29 in the forni of o channel arranged transversely and bearing with its side walls agninettlie outer walls of the hook-shaped inner marginal porA tions ofthestiles. Y
The -rilsl aiidQO are euch formed vof twosheets of metal, each sheet having ite inner longitudiniil marginal portion bent in, ward to provide :i shoulder 3() from which tlielnietai is bent et rightangles to the slioill..n
that these edges" der into 1nook-form Si., so are formedexzictly like thoee or thee-rige Stiles, the hooioeheped portion of the rail i8' being embraced the forni o" :i ehnnel Similar to the frein-k forcing bars connecting the walls ot the Stiles. Between. the outer marginal portions olf the wffills ot the upper and lower rei-ils, outwardly `opening channel bars 33 are interposed to which. thewalls of the rails are welded or otherwise secured, and bearing' a einst the edges of the side walls ot' seid channel bare :ire edge facing plates Si nrby a reinorcing ber 3iii1 A rangedllush with the .ed ges of the side Wells orming the rails. plzites Vextend edge stiles and stiften the stiles :is well as the upperenrl lower rails while providing e finished upper and lower ,edge for the door. The walls of the intermediate rail, which latteris also formed of two sheets of metal, hoveftheir opposite longitudinal mail These channel bars and into the opposite ends of the Atio 55 hooked shaped edges 'of vthe Stiles.
'i rails'. These hook-shaped portions are em'- ,breced or connectedby reinforcing bars 37 Y in the form of a channel similar to the reinvforcing bars 29 connecting the walls of the Stiles, YThe short middle stile is also :formed of two" sheets of metal with the lon itudinal marginal portions of each sheet vashioned similar to those vof ythe intermediate rail so as to` provide shoulders 38 and hook-shaped marginal portions 39, lt' is therefore seen that the stiles and rails are all reduced: in lthickness at the panel edges Sand that the panel edges of the walls of all s'tiles and rails are similarly formed so that they coperate 'with panel moldings 40 formed with orsepar'te from the anels, as, may he desired, or
as the style of t e door demands.
' .constructing the stiles and rails es descri ed,' the hook-shaped marginal portions lie within the area bounded by the exposed portionsl of said stiles and rails. y
Tm, panel molding surrounding the glazed panel 'preferably comprises two meinhere 41, 42, whichmay be termed, respectiiiely, a backing-member against which the' panes 'of glass bear and a fastening Inc'nnber adapted to hold the glass in place, The backing-members 'erel eafch formed of' a sheet of' metal :bent medially to provide a backing wall 43from oneedge of which it is bent at right-angles to provide a supporting wall 44 resting against the reinforcing bars' 29, A'32, 37,4respectivfely, and from its oppo- 4j0 "site, edge itis 'bent in any suitable `form to provide a facing-wall 45, the marginal por@v tion of the sheet adjacent said faeingwal'i.
being bentinto hook-shape as at 46 re. -versely from thecopereting hook-slfaped 4.5--edges of the Walls of said stilesand rails so f as to interlock with the sidewalls of the channel-shaped reinforcing bars at one side of the door, thus forming an .invisible .interlocking seam. The facing walls 454 are 50. olif-set to -provideshoulders v47 where they,
. join seid'v hook-shaped marginal portions.
The opposite marginal portionA of each sheet.
'is also bent into hook-shape, as at 4d, to be interloeked with I ther reversely-disposed and with the sidewalls of said reinforcing bars'et the other side of the door.
i Tire shoulders 27-formed onthe Stiles and the shoulders 47 and supporting walls d4 of vo0 the backing molding prevent opening lof the interloeinngseaminopposite directions in the width'of the door, while vthe reversely,
shaped hooked'portionsao the backing molding end tle 'Stiles and railsyrevent 5 opening 'ofthe seams in opposite-direetions ing an ofi-set portion 51 to form a shoulder and rails inf/4,401
laterally, or .in the direction of the thickness of the door. The reinforcing bars 29, 32, 3'? guard against the Walls of the Stiles and rail-s separating and, positively prevent their being forced inward or toward each other at this point.
'lt is to be notedv that by interlocking the mareinal portions of the sheets 'of metal forming the. Stiles and rails with the panel moldings in the manner described and with the fienges of the reinforcing'bars interylocked therewith, viive' thicknesses oi metal are interloclred, into which take securing screws 49 that are passed thrugh the outer marginal portions of the fastening mold- 'ingsf These fastening moldings are eaeh formed of al strip of metal bent medially to provide an ornamental facing wall 50 hevwhich bearsageinst the supporting wall 44 g5 of the baclringmiolding, and from this shonlderthe metalis extended outward, as
. at 52, the shoulders 27' of the stiles and rails.
From the inner edge of the facing wall the -sheet'of metal is rebent to' provide a bearing wall 53 which bears against the panes of glass.- The outwardly extending portion 52 of the strip of metal forms the 'outer marginal portion of the fastening molding through which the securing screws 49 are 95 passed.
The panel molding cooperating' with the panels 2l etthe inner edges of the edge Stiles are fortified in piece with said panels lend the enter edges of the sheets of metal forming these panelsare bent into hook shape, as at 54, reversely from the hoolV shaped inneredges of the stile walls with which they interioelr, While the molding at the lower edge of the intermediate rails is preferably formed oi a single strip of. sheet metal bent medielly into channeifshapdfes at 55, thence reversely from the side walls e of the channel to rovide ornamental fae-y ing walls 56, each having an nii-'set portion at 'its outer edge 'iso form a shoulderl 57 which hearsageinst the channel' shaped reinorcing bar 3"? and, from said 4shoulders' it is continued. and terminates in two hook-shaped `portions, as at 58. to interlock 'with the adjacent hookfsliaped marginal r,portions 36 of the Walls forming .the intermediate rail. The panel moldings at the longitudinal edgesof the middle stile are also each formed of a single sheet of metal fashioned, and applied similar to the panel moldingY et the iower edge of the intermediete rail, the panelnioldings 'at the u per edge of the lowerv rail may, it desired, bd) formed like those et the lower edge of the upper reii, or .in any other practicable manner. l
'ln the-previous igii'res the channeh and angle reinforcing bars were locked ninos;n tion by. the panel mol ings and the mergi- 130 nal portions of* the-Stiles and rails; but this may be modified by providing the stiles or rails with hook-shaped marginal portions 105 and the panel moldings With` hookshaped marginal portions 106 and also pro viding the reinforcing bars 107 With hookshaped marginal portions 108, all of which aresuitably interlocked with each other, as shown in Fig.v 13, with the terminal Webs of the three hook-shaped'portions arranged side by side, one in contact with another.
In this instance the reinforcing bar is shown provided with an offset portion between -its its outer marginal portion against the ei;`
ends, said odset portion forming two oppositely-disposed shoulders which' lie in contact with the inner walls of the joints formed by the hook-shaped terminals of the stile, panel moldings and said reinforcing bar. As shown,` the interlocking seam is place thebent marginal portions 112 of the .panel lmolding 118.
Having thus described my 1 invention, what I 'Claim iS,-
1. A metallic door or the like having hollow stiles and rails and a panel bounded by said stiles and rails, said stiles being formed of sheet metal bent to provide opposite flat side Walls having their inner marginal portions bent laterally in opposition from said fiat side wall to provide shoulders and thence bent into hook shape, a panelmolding comprising two parts lying o'n opposite sides of the'marginal portions of said panel,
lone of said parts being formed of a sheet of metal fashioned to provide hook-shaped marginal portions interlocked with the hook shaped portions of said Stiles and the other part of said panel molding bearing with terior surface of the hook-shaped marginal portion of the first-mentioned part of said molding on one side of the door, and screws passing through the marginal portion of the second-mentioned part of said molding and taking into the interlocking seam formed by theinterlockcd hook-shaped portions oi said Stiles and the first-mentioned part of said panel molding.
2. A metallic door or the like comprising hollow stiles and rails and a panel bounded by said Stiles. and rails, a panel molding comprising two parts, one ot. which faces the marginal portions of said panel on one side of the door and is formedof a strip of metal having its opposite marginal portions connected With the inner marginal portions of said stiles' and rails by interi lcking seams and the other part facing the marginal portions ofthe panel on the other side of the door and being formed of a strip o1'4 metal having its outer marginal portions facing the interlocking seam on said other side of the door, and screws passing through .the outer marginal portion of said other partand taking into the different thick;
nesses of metal forming Asaid last-mentioned g interlocking seam, y o
3.- A- metallic door or the like having hol# low stiles and rails reduced in thickness at their. inner marginal portions 'and having hook-shaped inner edges at said reduced portions, a panel 'bounded byfsaid Stiles and' rails, a panel molding comprising a backing molding and a fastening molding, said back.-
ing molding being formed oiga strip of metal having opposite hook-shaped'lmarg'i@ nal portions' interlocked with the -hook'- i shaped lportions-of said stilesand rails to provide interlocking seams and said fastenr` ing molding facing"the interlocking seam on one side of the door,y and fastening screws passing through said fasteningmoll- Y .ing and taking-into the interlocking seaii faced thereby. In testimony whereof, have affixed my signature in the presence'of two subscribing Witnesses. a. vv. nonsens.
Witnesses 5 H. F. JoHNsoN, J. A. BERGWALL.