US 1174553 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. W. ERRINGTON.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 16, 1915.
Patented Mar. 7, 1916.
WW. ERRIN Jnuunfoz GTON ull/ memes al'fotuu A THE COLUMBIA PLANouRAPl-l c0., WASHINGTON. 0. c.
WALTER W. ERRINGTON, OF HIGGINS, TEXAS.
Application filed. July 16, 1915.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WALTER W. Enume- TON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Higgins, in the county of Lipscomb, State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Funnels; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in funnels, and particularly of that type embodying air exhaust means for the interior of the receptacle to which the funnel is applied.
It is the object of the present invention to provide such a funnel device which is adapted to be connected to the inlet of a receptacle such as a tank and form therewith an air tight connection provided with a manually operated valve so that when the liquid in the receptacle has risen to the plane of the bottom of the funnel spout, the escape of air to the exterior of the said receptacle will be cut off whereby the flow of liquid through the funnel is checked so that the operator is apprised of the relative amount of liquid in the receptacle and may by then filling the body of the funnel and then opening the valve permit the liquid poured into the body of the funnel to flow into the receptacle so that the receptacle may be fully filled without any danger however of overflow. It is contemplated to so proportion the size of the funnel with respect to the contents that one filling of the body is suflicient to add the necessary amount of liquid to the receptacle after the level of liquid has reached a position at the mouth of the spout to shut 01f air.
It is further an object to embody the above features in a structure of maximum simplicity which is at the same time capable of eflicient and easy operation.
WVith the above and other objects and advantages in view, the invention resides more particularly in the novel combination, formation and arrangements of parts as more fully described hereinafter and pointed out in the appended claims.
Reference is had to the accompanying drawings, wherein similar characters of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views, and in which:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the im- Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. 7, 1916..
Serial No. 40,316.
proved funnel. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view therethrough. Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view of the structure shown. Fig. a is a fragmentary side elevation of a modification of the device for use in connection with bottles and jugs.
Referring now more particularly to the accompanying drawings there is shown a receptacle 3 having an inlet 1 whose periphery is threaded to receive a closing plug. The improved funnel structure comprises a body 5 of conventional inverted cone-shape and a spout 6 extending from its apex. Secured around the spout adjacent its juncture with the body is a plug 7 which has its periphery threaded to engage in the threaded inlet of the receptacle to be filled, the structure as shown in Figs. 1 to 3 being particularly adapted for use in connection with filling lamps, although the device can be readily used for filling other receptacles such as automobile tanks. The plug is preferably provided with a circumscribing flange 8 at its inner end on which is seated a gasket 9 whereby an eflicient air tight connection is provided.
The opening 10 in the plug through which the spout 6 passes is disposed eccentrically in the plug to provide sufficient space for a valve opening 11 through the plug. A stem 12 is passed through this opening and carries at its inner end a valve 13. The outer end of the stem carries a button 1% and a spring 15 encircles this end of the valve and bears against said button and the plug.
In the operation of the funnel, the plug is screwed into the inlet of the receptacle and the liquid is poured through the funnel until the level of the liquid rises to close the mouth of the funnel. When this has occurred, the flow of liquid into the receptacle is stopped due to the air pressure therein and the body of the funnel may be filled.
The button 14 is then depressed to open the air valve and the air flows out of the receptacle permitting the liquid in the body of the funnel to flow in. As heretofore stated the body of the funnel may be so proportioned with respect to the receptacle that the amount of liquid which may be contained by the funnel body is sufiicient to properly complete the filling of the receptacle, although this relation does not necessarily have to exist in eflicient operation of the funnel as the proper amount of liquid to be poured into the body may be readily determined. Ihus an exceedingly simple and readily operated means has been provided whereby a receptacle may be properly filled without the necessity of float valves orof providing a predetermined measure of liquid.
In Fig. l is shown a slight modification of the device, wherein the plug, designated at 7 is in the general form of a cork for insertion in the mouths of bottles or jugs and is of such resilient material as to form the proper air tight connection.
While I have illustrated and described a particularembodiment of my invention I have merely done so for the sake of convenience and I do not wish to be limited to that particular embodiment as it is obvious that numerous changes may be made within the details of construction thereof without in any way departing from the spirit of the invention or exceeding the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is: p
1. The combination with a receptacle, of a funnel member including a closure for the receptacle, a body portion and a spout and a manually operable valve arranged in the closure and communicating with the interior of the receptacle, the body of the funnel being so proportioned with respect spent, a closure eccentrically arranged on the spout, and provided with an opening, a valve pin loosely passed through the opening, a valve on one end of the pin, a button on the other end of the pin and a spring disposed between the button and the closure to normally hold the valve closed.
In. testimony whereof, I afiix my signa ture, in the presence of two witnesses.
lVALTER W. ERRINGTON.
Witnesses A. L. lViNsn'r'r, JNO. TINSETT.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C."