|Publication number||US1178257 A|
|Publication date||Apr 4, 1916|
|Filing date||Oct 21, 1915|
|Priority date||Oct 21, 1915|
|Publication number||US 1178257 A, US 1178257A, US-A-1178257, US1178257 A, US1178257A|
|Original Assignee||Us Glass Company, Duncan & Miller Glass Company, Reuben Haley|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
GLASSWARE AND METHOD OF DECORATING THE SAME APPLICATION FILED OCT. 2!
Patented Apr. 4,1916.
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REUBEN HALEY, OF BEAVER, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR, BY DIRECT A'i .D MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, OF ONE-HALF T0 UNITED STATES GLASS COMPANY, OF PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA, ANID ONE-HALF TO THE DUNCAN & MILLER GLASS COMPANY, OF WASHINGTON, PENNSYLVANIA, A COR-PO- RATION OF PENNSYLVANIA.
GLASSWARE AND METHOD OF DECORATING- THE SAME.
Application filed October 21, 1915.
T 0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, REUBEN HALEY, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Beaver, in the county'of Beaver and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Glassware and Method of Decorating the Same, of which the following is a specification.
The object of this invention is to provide glassware of novel form, also an efficient method of decorating the same wherein the advantages incident to both pressing and cutting are availed of in one and the same decorative configuration.
The brilliancy of fire-finished pressed ornamentation, particularly when sunk deeply into the surface, is well known, and by the invention herein, ornamentation of this character is" combined or blended with cut surfaces in such manner as to produce a highly decorative and artistic effect.
Referring to the drawings, the glass arti-,
clc of which A is a fragment is pressed in manner well known in the'art and is subsequently fire-polished, a step equally familiar in the manufacture of glassware, the slight remelting of the surfaces incident to firepoli hing smoothing and imparting thereto a brilliant luster.
This in ention may be variously practised. In tl; preferred procedure, the mold in which the article or blank is pressed is formed with the design in raised outline, whereby such configuration is imparted to, i. 6., pressed into, the surface of the article. In pursuance of the present invention, portions of this configuration, such as B, are relatively shallow and are subsequently out, or recut as expressed in'the trade. Other Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. d, 1916.
Serial No. 57,155.
portions C of the configuration are relatively deep, these being the portions which appear unchanged in the completed embellishment. After the article has been thus pressed, it is fire-polished, thereby imparting the requisite luster to the undecorated surface portions as well as to the deeper and permanent portions C of the pressed configuration.
Pressed and fire-finished blanks of the above description comprise articles of manufacture which are sold by the manufacturer to producers of cut glass or cutting shops, so-called. Or, the manufacturer of the blanks may cut them and market the finished product.
The cutting of the shallower depressed portions B is accomplished in the usual manner by a cutting wheel \V. The cut embellishment may take various forms. In that shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the cut surfaces present minute ridges or ribbing, as indicated at B, this being only one of various effects that may be produced. The cutting of a glass surface always leaves such surface opaque or of frosted appearance, and in practising the present invention this appearance may be maintained, or if preferred it maybe removed and a clear uster produced by polishing. The effects thus produced in cut glass are well understood in the art and no novelty is claimed therefor, and are simply referred to as illustrating adaptations of which the present invention is capable. In the finished article, the deeper portions 0 retain their pressed outline, as well as their brilliancy resulting from the fire finish. The pressed and cut formations thus combine and blend in producing a highly artistic effect. In the design illustrated, the deeper portions have the appearance of crystal-like oval drops within the surrounding cut portion, the latter by preference, though not necessarily, retaining the opaque or frosted effect produced by cutting.
The shallower depressed portions are of I such form in the direction in which the cut- I curvature of the wheel, whereby the latter ing. By thismeans the configuration may pressed portions, such deeper portions are of such form, at least in the direction of cutting, as to prevent the wheel from enterbecut on all sides or all around depressions C, and in fact the wheel'may operate over or cover said depressions, as shown in Fig.
4,.without interfering therewith or impairing their luster. y
In the preferred practice, the deeper depressions C are each shorter and of sharper curvature in the direction of cutting than are depressions B; However, the deeper depressions as well as the surface portions to be out are not necessarily of the form shown, the invention contemplating any surface arrangement whereby cutting by means of a wheel may proceed adjacent to or over the deeper portions without marring, the latter.
- 1. A glass blank provided With"surfaoe v depressions of different depths, "the shallower depressions surrounding and constituting a field for the deeper depressions, the
deeper depressions being fire-polished and inaccessible to a cutting tool used for cutting the surfaces of the shallower depressions.
having their surfaces fire-finished and the shallower -depressions surrounding the deeper depressions and having their surfaces cut and constituting a field for the fire-finished depressions, thereby providing A lower' 2. A glass article'formed with depressions of different depths, the deeper depressions a decorative schemeembodying both firefinished and cut surfaces. 1 3. The method herein described of decoratarticle and simultaneously forming the surface thereof with a depressed configuration-portions of which are deeper. than the remainder, the shallower portions being of predetermined shape in the direction in whlch they are subsequently cut and the deeper portions having less surface area in said direction than the shallowerportions, and cutting the shallower portions on a curved cutting surface of such peripheral area as not-to enter the deeper depressions.
4. The method herein described of decorating glassware, consisting in shaping a glass article and simultaneously forming the surface thereof with a depressed configuration,
portions of such configuration being deeper 'mg glassware, consisting in shaping a glass than the remainder thereof, the deeper and shallower portions each of curved formation in the direction of subsequent cutting with the curvature of the shallower portions fiatter than: that of the deeper portions, andgrinding and thereby imparting ultimate.
finish to the shallower portions by means of a grinding surface which isflatter than the curvature of said deeper portions whereby theshallower portions are out without cutting said deeper portions.
5. The method herein described of decorating glassware, consisting in shaping a glass article and simultaneously therewith form ing the surface thereof with depressed con-' figuration, portions of "the configuration being deeper than and located within the shallower portions thereof and inaccessibleto an implement adapted for cutting the shalportions with such implement.
.In testimony whereof I afiix mysi gnature in presence of two witnesses. REUBEN HALEY'. Witnesses:
HARVEY WILSON, JOSEPH W. BYERS.-
copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of'Patents,
pdrtion's, and cutting the shallower
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|U.S. Classification||428/187, 65/97, 65/65, 65/93, 428/426|