US 1178785 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. A. DEBUCHY. LOADING DEVICE FOR MAGAZINE GUNS. APPLICATION FILED MAY 26. 1915.
1 1 ?,75, Patented Apr. 11, 1916.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
EDMUND A. DEBUCHY, OF WEST HOIBOKEN, NEW JERSEY.
LOADING DEVICE FOR MAG-flINE-GUNS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 1i, 1916.
Application filed May 28, 1915. Serial No. 30,527.
may be used with almost any type of magazine gun, I have shown it in connection with what is commonly termed a tube magazine or pump gun.
The device receives cartridges from the container in which they are packed and in any general condition.- The cartridges are merely dumped intomy device and when therein will, by the operation of the mechanism be arranged in regular order and pointing in a general direction, the direction in which they are to be received in the magazine of the gun.
The device here shown is intended to operate with cartridges having a rim, and if built in proper size and proportion will efliciently handle cartridges used in rifles, shot guns, or revolvers for hand use or even any of the larger guns used for field service.
The construction and operation of my device will be fully described in thespecification which follows.
The following is what I consider the best means of carrying out my invention and the accompanying drawings form a part of this in which: Figure 1 hows a small rifle or gun in position. for loading, with my device in position. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of my device. This figure is on a large scale and is partly broken away to show'the arrangement of the cartridges ready for delivery. Fig. 3 is a vertical section. Fig. 4 an enlarged perspective view of one of the shutters. Fig. 5 is a perspective and partial sectional view of a device having a plurality of compartments. Fig. 6 is a sectional'view of Fig. 5, showing shutters of modifiedconstruction.
Similar reference numerals indicate like" variety, and of a type which may be called a hand gun for the reason that it is intended to be held in the hand and otherwise unsupportedwhen operated. This gun requires no changes in construction or modifications for use w th my device and I will therefore not describe it in detail, considering it suffic1ent to indicate the bodywof the gun at 1 and the magazlne tube at 2, which tube is provided w1th a loading aperture or openm as indicated at 3.
y device consists of a hopper or body portlon indicated at 4 into which a quantity of loaded cartridges may be dumped. To prevent the cartridges falling from the magazine portion I may arrange a cover 5 closing the upper, otherwise open end of the at 6, and arranged within this chute andforming the side walls thereof is a pair of ways indicated at 7 and 8. The space be-.
tween these ways is suflicient to receive the body portion of a cartridge and the bullet arranged therein, but not suflicient to receive the rim of the cartridge.
Cartridges operable with my device are indicated at 9, 10, and 11, and it will be observed that the cartridges may be of any length, but to use a cartridge'of larger diameter itwill be necessary to provide a device having a greater distance between the ways 7 and 8.
Arranged between the hopper 4: and the delivery chute 6 is a shutter 12 operable by means of a button 13. The shutter .which may become a part of the side wall of the chute, or hopper, need not'entirely close the lower end of the hopper nor the upper end of the chute, it being found suflicient, to
close these passages only to an extent to that the radius of its operations shall not interfere with the cartridges contained in either chamber.
In operating my device the cover 5 is open and a number of cartridges are dumped or placed in the hopper 4', the cover is then closed. Now, when the shutter 12 is turned outward until it lies on a. plane parallel to the side of the hopper, a number 'of the cartridges will fall between the ways 7 and 8 and vill there be suspended by their rim resting m the top edges of the ways. The shutter nay now be closed or it may be allowed to mtomatically close itself by the action of he spring 14. The cartridges will then be t'ound to be in position to be inserted in .he magazine of the rifle. Next the rifle is '.urned bottom upward and the magazine pened, and when my device is placed adjaent to the magazine with the open end n register with the opening 3 in the magazine the cartridges will roll from the deivery chute and from between the ways hereof into the magazine of a rifle.
It will appear as obvious that the delivery :hute may be large enough to contain a mmber of cartridges sufficient to fill the nagazine of the gun, but this is not entirely necessary as the size of my device and the iumberof cartridges which it will contain nay be changed at will.
Fig. 5 indicates that my device may con- ;ist of a plurality of hoppers 1 each provided with its own delivery chute. This :onstruction has its advantages in that a greater supply of cartridges may be re- ;ained always ready for use. A greater idvantage to this construction resides in the fact that cartridges of different lengths may )e retained in the hoppers ready for immeliate use under changing conditions, or if ;he device is used with a shot gun, cartridges iaving different charges may be loaded into ;he separate compartments of the hopper.
It will be observed that the body of my levice is slightly'curved, the intention beng to so shape it that it may fit more snugly n a coat pocket and conform to the body of ;he wearer of the coat, thus it will occupy .ess space and not interfere with the movenent of the operator. There is a more imortant reason for the particular shape Jhitt I have given'my device for when the :hute has been filled from the hopper the mere turning of the device into a horizontal position will cause the cartridges in the iopper to fall away from the shutter clearng its path of movement and allowing it to )e readily closed;
At 17 I have indicated a plug formed in- ;egral with the shutter 12 or secured thereto, LIld at 18, and in the side-wall of the hopper L I have'indicated certain perforations. The ;pring 14 forces the shutter longitudinally n the direction of the knob and when the ;hutter is to be turned the knob is pressed nward sufiicient to disengage the plug 17 irom the perforation 18; the knob and shuter may then be turned, and at the full exent of the motion the plug will engage in 'he perforation 18 or under the edge of the :asmg.
I have indicated a stop 16 as secured to )r formed integral with the shutters, and vhen the shutter is turned in a fiat or horizontal position the stop will project into the path of the cartridges arranged on the ways 7 and 8' and will prevent the d1scharge therefrom at an inopportune time,
it being only necessary to turn the shutter to remove the stop out of the line of the cartridges. This stop 16, may however, be dispensed with if care is taken that cartridges are not left in the chute after the magazine has been charged.
Other modifications may be made within the scope of the appended claimscwithout departing from the principle or sacrificing the advantages of this invention.
Having carefully and fully described my invention to the best of my ability, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is,
1. Means for loading the magazines of guns, which consists of a hopper, a chute provided with a plurality of ways arranged adjacent to said hopper, and a revoluble shutter between said hopper and said ways, and means for operating said shutter, as and for the purpose set forth.
2. A device of the character described, comprising a hopper having a plurality of sections, a plurality of delivery means from said sections, chutes arranged adjacent to said sections and means for controlling the delivery from said chutes as and for the purpose set forth.
3. A device of the character described, having in combination with the magazine of a gun a chamber exterior to said magazine and comprising a hopper, ways adjacent thereto, a shutter adjacent to said ways, and in'eans for temporarily retaining said shutter in position to prevent the delivery from said hopper to said ways as and for the purpose set forth.
4. The device of the character described, comprising a hopper, a chute, arranged at an angle to said hopper, and provided with a plurality of ways adjacent to said hopper, and means for controlling the delivery from said hopper into said ways as and for the purpose set forth.
5. The device of the character described, consisting of a hopper, a chute adjacent to said hopper, a shutter between said hopper and said chute, and a stop to prevent the delivery from said chute when said shutter is open.
6. A device of the character described comprising a hopper, a chute, arranged at an angle thereto, and provided with a plurality of ways, a revoluble shutter between said hopper and said ways, and a stop attached to and operable with said shutter to prevent the delivery from said ways when the said shutter is open.
7. A device of the character described consisting of a-hopper, a shutter for closing the inner end of said hopper, and means comprising a hopper, ways adjacent thereto,
a shutter adjacent to said ways and resili- 15 ent means for urging said shutter into a temporarily retained osition to prevent. the delivery from said opper to said ways as and for the purpose set forth.
Signed at city of New York, county and State of New York, this 8th day of May, 1915, in the presence of these two witneses.
EDMUND A. DEBUCHY.
G. E. S. MARK, ARTHUR PHELPS