US 1178861 A
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11. 0. KRUSCHKE. GUARD FOR TROLLING HOOKS.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 28, I915- Patented Apr. 11, 1916.
Hi COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH (10-. WASHINGTON. n. c.
GUARD FOR TROLLING-HOO'KS.
7 Application filed May 28, 1915. Serial No. 31,026.
To aZZ whom it may concern Be it known that I, RUDOLPH C. KRUsoHKE, citizen of the United States, residing at Duluth, in the county of St. Louis and State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Guards for Trolling-Hooks, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.
This invention relates to guards for trolling hooks and has for its principal object the production'of a simple and eflicient means for protecting the hook against foreign objects, such for instance as eelgrass, lily pads, snags and like objects when trolling for fish in waters wherein such obstructions are likely to be encountered.
Another object of this invention is the production of a guard for trolling hooks which comprises a plurality of elongated resilient wires so formed as to extend for a considerable distance beyond the end of the hooks, thereby forming a continuous shank for the spoon or minnow and the hooks, whereby the foreign objects will be prevented from clogging the operating por-' tions of the device, the guard being formed so as to easily yield when struck by fish so as to allow the fish to come intoengagement' with the hooks.
Another object of this invention is the production of a frame member which is adaptedto carry a cork, this frame member being so constructed as to allow the guard fingers to be positively held in engagement therewith, while the cork will act as a reinforcing element and positively retain the shank in engagement therewith.
With these and other-objects in view, this invention relatesto certain novel combina- I i as to commun cate w th each .of the slots 2 tions, constructions, and arrangements of parts as will be hereinafter fully described and claimed. 7 p
In the accompanying drawings: Figure 1 is a detailed perspective view of a guard as constructed in accordance with this invvention. Fig. 2 is a vertical section through the upper portion of the device illustrating a the manner in which the shank is supported.
Fig. .3 is a section taken .on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, looking in thedirection of the arrows. Fig. 41 is a detailed perspective view of the principal portions of the device, the protector hood being removed.
Fig. 5 is a detailed .perspectiveview of the 1 upper portions of the guard illustrating .the base 1.
is adapted to be bent upon the scored line thereby fixedly retaining the cap -5 the manner in which the guard fingers are conducted to the frame, the cork being removed; Fig. 6 is a plane View of the blank from which the frame is formed. 2
Referring tothe accompanying drawing by numerals it will be seen that the. frame is constructed from a. blank sheet of metal as. clearly shown in Fig. 6. .This, frame comprises a base 1 having an elongated slot 2 formed in its central portion. Arms 3 and 4 extend from each side of the base 1 in alinement with each other in such a manner as to allow the arm 3 to be provided with the cap 5 formed integrally thereon. These arms are adapted to be bent solas to extend upwardly whereby' the cap 5 may also be bent uponthearm B andthus eX- f I tend in upward spaced relation relative, to
The upper end of the arm 4 6 so as to provide, an overhanging lip 7, which fits upon the'upper ortion'sof the cap 5. This lip'7 is adapte' to be soldered upon the cap 5 as shown at 8 in Figrs in spaced relation relative to the base 1. Thiselongated slot9 which is formed to be positioned in alinement with the slot 2 of the base 1 when the frame is assen ibled, as is cap 55 of the arm is also provided with an 3 and 4 in retaining the base and cap in 7 V spaced relation so as to form a very rigid. and substantial structure. This filler-block ,may, ofcourse, be made of anyother suit able niateriahand is provided with .a Vertical opening. 11 extending therethrough so and 9-as shownin-Fig. 2. It will, ofcourse,
:' resilient wire have bent body portions curved throughout their entire length as shown at 12. The inner ends 13 of these guard fingers are bent so as toeXtend Iin upward spaced relations, passing through the apertures 14 formed in thebase 1 as.
well. as the apertures 15 formed inthe cap 5.
These apertures lt and 15. are formed so as to be in alinement with each other, thereby allowing the inner endsof theguard fingers against accidental movement.
to pass through one of the apertures 14 and, one of the apertures 15.
It will, of course, be noted that these guard fingers are adapted to pass through the filler-block 10 as shown in Fig. 3, whereby the filler-block will be positively retained in engagement with the frame. The upper ends of the guard fingers are bent so as to clamp upon the cap 5 as shown at 16, and in this manner prevent their being withdrawn from their correct position. It will, of course, be noted that the movement of the guard fingers upwardly is prevented since the fingers radiate immediately upon passing through the apertures 14 of the base 1 and this annular construction will limit or prevent the movement of the guard fingers upwardly.
If it is so desired a quantity of solder 17 may be applied to the bent ends 16 of the guard fingers for positively retaining the guard fingers against any movement after the device has been assembled. Since the filler-block 10 is provided with fiat side por- "tions 18 which engage the inner surfaces of formsomewhat to the contour of the shape 'of the V inner portion of the opening 11 formed in thefiller-block 10 as shown in Fig. 2. Therefore, since the'looped portion 22 tapers towardits lower. portion, it will be positively retained in engagement with the filler-block10 inasmuch as it will be impossible to withdraw the enlarged upper end 22, of the looped portion. through the lower reduced end of the opening 11. The line 23 is attached to this looped portion and passed upwardly so as to allow the device to be pulled through the water. A hood 24: having open upper and lower ends is'positioned upon the guard so as to fit upon the outer side portions of the filler block 10 as well as the frame, and in this manner the entire structure will be eificiently reinforced as well as protected from being injured by coming into contact with foreign objects. The shank 19 is adapted to carry the hooks 25 on its upper ends adjacent the spoon or minnow 20, The guard fingers 12 extend from the filler-block so as to pass for a considerable distance beyond the hooks 25, thereby forming a continuous guard for overhanging the spoon or minnow as well as the hooks. Therefore, when the device is in operation it will be seen that as the same is drawn through the water, the
clogged or otherwise injured by coming into contact with foreign objects. It will be noted, however, that'owing to the resilient construction of the guard fingers 12, when constructed so as to positively retain the guard members and shank for the trolling elements in their correct positions so as to provide an operative structure which is capable of preventing foreign'objects from engaging the operating elements, but which Will always allow the'fish to come into engagement therewith.
W hat is. claimed is:
1. In a device of the class described the combination of a frame, a filler-block carried by said frame, guard fingers carried by said frame and passing through said gagement with said frame, said filler-block provided wlth a vertical openmg extending therethrough, said opening tapering toward its lower portions, a shank provided with a looped portion fitting within said vertical opening in said filler-block, said looped portion radiating toward its upper end so as to' conform substantially to the contour of saidvertical opening, whereby when an out ward strain is brought to bear upon said filler-block for anchoring the same in ene shank it will be prevented from accidentally dis-engaging the said filler-block, said shank being adapted to carry a spoon or minnow and hooks, said guard fingers overhanging said shankand the operating elements car-, ried thereby continuous and being curved throughout their entire length so as to prevent foreign objects coming into engagement therewith beyond the operating elements thereof, said fingers being adapted to easily yield so as to allow a fish access to" the hooks carried by said shank.
2. In a device of. the class described the combination of a frame formed from a one of said arms, the opposite arm'being provided with an extending lip for fixedly securing to said cap whereby the cap will extend in an upwardly spaced relation to said base, said cap and base being provided with registering longitudinal slots, a fillerblock fitting within said base and cap for reinforcing the frame, a. shank passing through slots and through said filler block, means for retaining said shank in engagement with said filler-block, said filler-block being provided with flat side portions engaging the inner portions of said arms, whereby the block will be retained against rotation, and guard fingers carried by said frame so as to extend for a considerable distance therebeyond, said shank being adapted to carry a spoon and hooks whereby the said guard fingers may overhang the same so as to prevent foreign objects from coming into engagement therewith and render the device inoperative when in use.
passing through said hood whereby the device may be drawn through the water when desired, said guard fingers being adapted to overhang said spoon and hooks of said shank, to prevent foreign objects from coming into engagement therewith when the de-i vice is in operatlon.
4. In a device of the class described the combination of a block having an opening, a shank provided with a loop fitting within said opening, said loop conforming in shape to the contour of said opening, whereby said shank will be held against accidental dis-j placement, guard fingers carried by said block, said shank being-adapted to carry a spoon and hooks, whereby said fingers will overhang the same thereby preventing foreign objects from coming into engagement with the spoon and hooks.
5. In a device of the class described, the combination of -a frame, said frame comprising a base and cap, means for connecting said base and cap, means for renforcing said frame, a shank carried by said frame, said shank being adapted to carry a spoon or minnow and hooks, and guard fingers carried by said frame, said fingers extending so as to overhang said shank for guarding the spoon or minnow and hooks,
said fingers terminating in bent innerends,
said bent ends fitting upon said cap, said fingers being bowed outwardly at a point adjacent said base, whereby longitudinal movement of said fingers upon said frame is positively eliminated.
In testimony whereof signature.
' RUDOLPH c. KRUSOHKE.
I hereunto aflix my Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. 0.