US 1179560 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' H. L. REED.
CONTAINER. APPLICATION men Nov-.6. r914.
' Patent-ed Apr. 18, 1916.
Mimesses HARRY L. REED, 0F DORCHESTER, MASSACHUSETTS.
Application filed. November 6, 1914. Serial No. 870,663.
To all whom z'tmay concern: 7
Be it known that I, HARRY L. REED, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Dorchester, county of Suffolk, and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have invented an Improvement in Containers, of which the following description, in connection w1th the accompanying drawings, is a speclficat on, like characters on the drawings representing like parts.
This invention relates to a container for serums and the like preferably equipped with means for maintaining the same hermetically closed which may be readily opened to permit the discharge of the contents.
Among other objects the invention is intended to provide a simple and economical construction and more particularly one which will efiectually protect the contents from contamination.-
The character of the invention may; be
readily understood by reference to one practicable embodiment shown for illustration in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a side elevation; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal axial section on the line 22 of Fig. 1; and Figs. 3, 4 and 5' are transverse sections on respective lines 3-3, H, and
.5-5 of Fig. 2.
The illustratlve construction comprises a body 6 the lower end of which is closed by a rubber stopper 7. It is assumed that the contents of the body 6 are to be discharged through appropriate channels in the stopper 7. To suit this purpose the stopper is provided with one orinore conduits 88 communicating with a common chamber. In-
with the conduits 88, the valve plug 9 is.
provided with ports 10-10 (see Fig. 1)
" extending through the cylindrical wall of Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 18, 1916.
theplug 9. When the plug 9 occupies the position shown in Figs. 2 and 4, imperforate portions of the plug stand opposite the lower mouths of the conduits 8 8 and hermetically close the same. When, however, the plug 9 is rotated about its axis through 90, the ports 1010 thereby open communication between the respective conduits 88 and. the interior of the plug 9. Thus the plug 9 serves to illustrate a means by which the lower end of the container may be effectually closed or sealed normally but which may be readily opened when it is desired to disdrical interior of the plug 9 which may be.
manner as by a suitable adhesive. manner the plug 9 and the needle .hub 18 may be secured together so that the ports 10 secured to the shank 12 in any practicable In this may be adjusted from one position to another by turning the needle "hub. A needle 14 is shown secured to the hub 13.
To.provide for locking the valve plug 9 in its two positions in which it respectively closes and opens the conduits 8-8, the stopper 7 or some other part associated therewith, is provided with a locking seat 15 and a second seat 16 disposedat right angles to the first; and the shank 12 is-provided with a locking lug 17 adapted to engage the seat 15 when the plug ports 10-10 register with the conduits 88, and to engage the seat 16 (see Fig. 5) when the plug is in position to close the conduits 88.
-Figs. 2, 4; and 5 show the ports in their normal positions closing the discharge out lets of the body 6, the locking lug 17 being then engaged in the seat 16 to hold the 'valve plug against rotation which :might acci d entally open the' tonduits 8-8. When it is desired to discharge the contents of the body 6, the operator may withdraw the plug *9 slightly =-t'o a sufiicient extent to re-' lease the locking lug 17 "from the seat 16,
and may then turn the plug 9 through. 90
serum or other contents of the body to be discharged through the needle 14.
When the needle and its hub or other support is made a permanent part of the valve plug 9 or equivalent closure, it isqpreferred that the needle be protected fromcontamination by some such provision as a glass or other cap 18, which may be fitted over a projection 19 on the stopper 7.
Any practicable means may for discharging the contents from a container such as thatabovedescribed. For instance, the body fi, could be provided with a piston for ejecting the contents.
of the body .6 closed by a stopper 20 having therein a tubular .member 21 internally threaded at its upper end to receive a screw plug 22 conveniently; provided with a knurled head 23. Normally, the plug 22 effectually closes the tubular member ..21 so I that the upper end of the body 6 is hermetically sealed; but when the plug 22 is withdrawn, the internal threads in the tubular 'member 21 may serve as means for attaching some ejecting'instrumentality by which, to
discharge the COl'ltoIltS from the container.
In the equipment of practically every person .WhO is called upon to administer serums or the like, is one of the usual hypodermic syringes having externally threaded hubs to receive the internally threaded hubs of hypodermic needles. These interengaging threads are of standard'diameter and needlesgwill-ijfit any syringe. To 'suitthis F :with threads of the same standard diameter and pitch as the threads of ahypodermic syringe, thus providing that, after. removing the plug 22 any hypodermic syringe may be secured to the tubular member 21 the needle having previously. been removed fro-mthe syringe to be used as an ejecting means for discharging the contents of the container. i
It is to be understood that this invention is not limited to the specific construction and organization described and shown in the drawings; on the contrary, the specific construction may be variously modified and the invention may be variously embodied, as will appear to those skilled in the art. Furthermore, it is not indispensable that all the features of the invention be used conjointly be employed I It. is preferred, howeveryto have the upper end since they may be used to advantage separately. I
Claims: I 1." A container for serums and thelike comprising, in combination, a body portion; it
a stopper closing said body portion and hav- "ing a passage therethrough; and a rotatable valve, tocontrol said passage, and having an interior chamber to communicate with said-passage when the valve is open; and means to connect a hypodermic needle in communication With said chamber. I 2. A container for serums and the like comprising, inflcombination, a body portion;
'astopper closingone end of said body por- 1 tion; and a hollow cylindrical valve plug snugly fitting a socket in said stopper, said valve plug having'a port passing through the wall thereof and arranged for communication with a conduit formed in said stopper and extending from the interior of the body portion to the socket for the valve plug. I
'3. A container for serums and the like comprising, in combination, a cylindrical body portion; a stopper closing one part. of said body portion; a hollow cylindrical valve plug snugly fitting a socket in said stopper,
said valve plug having an opening-arranged for communication with a conduit formed in said stopper and extending from the interior of the body portion to the socket for the valve plug; and a hypodermic needle having a shank secured to said valve plug.
4. A container for serums and the like comprising, in combination, a cylindrical body portion a stopper closing partof said body portion and having an outlet passage;
a valve plug normally closing said outlet passage and having provisionifor opening the same and a hypodermic needle having a shank secured to said valve plug foroperating the valve.
5. A container for serums and the like having a bodyportion; a stopper closing part of the body portion and having an outlet passage therein; and a hypodermic needle having means secured thereto and seated in the stopper normally to close said outlet passage, said means having provision for opening said outlet passage by moving the needle.
' 6. A container for serums and "the like having a body portion; a stopper closing part of said body portion and having an outlet passage therein; and a hypodermic needle having means secured thereto and projecting into the stopper normally to close said passage, said means being constructedto open said passage when turned about the axis of the needle. I i
7. A container for serums and the like having a body portion; a stopper closing l part of said body portion and having an out let passage; and a hypodermic needle having means secured thereto and projecting into name to this specification, in the presence ofthe stopper and normally held therein frictwo subscribing Witnesses. I
tionally to close said passage said means bei ing constructed to open said passage When I HARRY, REED 5 said means is moved against the frictional Vitnesses:
grip of the stopper. EVERETT S. EMERY,
In testimony whereof, I have signed .my ROBERT H. KAMMLER.