US 1179601 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
B. W. BALLOU.
METHOD OF ORNAMENTING BRICK.
APPLICATION FILED MAY26|1915- Patented Apr. 18, 1916.
3 SHEETS-SHEET l- 1 ==g- 11 mums I I I f i A O In I Q Z 5 111 I I5): 9 O 1 n-IE COLUMBIA PLANODRAPH ,c0., WASHINGTON,,D. O.
APPLICATION FILED MAYZB, I915.
Patented Apr. 18, 1916.
3 SHEETSSHEET 2- 'n-u: COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH 120.. WASHINGTON, D. C.
B. W. BALLOU.
METHOD OF ORNAMENTING BRICK.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 26. 1915.
1,179,601 Patented Apr. 18, 1916.
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THE COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH 50., wnsnmu'romm. C.
UNITE l' BYnn w. BALLoU, or .BUFFVILLE, Kansas.
manner '1? onnanenrme BRICK.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 18, 1916.
Application filed May 26, 1915. 'SerialNo. 30,653.
To all whom itm'ay concern Be it known that I, BYRD W. BALLoU, a
citizen of the limited States, residing at ribbon when green or wet, but when the artioles thusproduced are built into a wall, the wall has the appearance of being waterstreaked. This disfiguration of the wall is incidental to the severe vertical transverse lines of the designs produced, and the vari ous methods employed.
It is an object of this invention to produce a method which treats the green brick ribbon by oneoperationto produce upon the subsequently exposed faces of the brick cut therefrom an ornamental design imparting a rough appearance to the brick and to the completed wall without the severe vertical or horizontal lines of prior ornamented "brick, and to provide amethod for ornamenting brick in which the design may be variedg The method forming the present invention is carried out by the machine of the novel construction hereinafter set forth, and
l which is made subject matter of a companionap'plication filed of evendate herewith, the same being disclosed a in the accompanyingdr-awings wherein i p Figure his a side elevation of the brick ornamenting machine of this invention. Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the same. Fig. 3 is a transverse section on the line 33 of Fig. 1-, taken through the brick ribbon forwardly of thejornamenting device and looking toward the same. Fig. 4c is a detail enlarged bottom plan view of the upper surface ornamenting or marking mechanism. Fig; 5 is a detail perspective view of the finished article produced by the method of this invention. Fig. 6 is a transverse section taken on the line 66 of Fig. 1, through the side or edge marking mechanism. Fig. 7
engagement with the brick ribbon.
is a "detail enlarged fragmentary view of the marking pinsgan d guide therefor applied to the upper surface of the brick ribbon.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, 10 designates a brick ribbon support, shown in the present instance in the form of a conveyer or endless belt which, as usual, is adapted-to support and carry the brick ribbon 11 from the die "or former, not shown. The endless belt or conveyer 10 is disclosedas supported at one end upon a pulley 12 mounted on a shaft 13, the latter provided upon its end with a sprocket wheel 14 for a purpose which will hereinafter appear. A substantially U-shaped frame 15, open at its lower end, is supported above the brick ribbon :11 upon suitable braces 16 In the op-, posite-ends of the frame 15 are supporting wheels 17 carried upon vertical shafts 18 and 19. The wheels :17 support an endless carrier 20; adapted to move in an endless path above the brick ribbon 11. The frame 15 carries upon its upper side a horizontal shaft 21 connected to the shaft 18 by bevel gears 22 and having upon its end a sprocket wheel 23 which is connected to the sprocket wheel lfl: of the 'conveyer mechanism by means ofa chain 24:. I The object of this arrangement is t9 drive the-endless carrier 20 simultaneous with and at the desired proportionate speed relative to the endless cone r 0.,
M'o-unted upon the carrier 20 is a plurality vertically-movable downwardly projectingpins 25. The pins 25 are normally held up out of contact with the upper ,face of the brick ribbon 11 bymeans of springs 26, each spring 26 surrei'mding its pin 25 and being held between the head of the pin and the upper edge of the carrier 20-. I
The frame 15 is provided in its upper end with a pin adjusting plate 27 supported upon set screws 28 passing through the frame 15 The plate 27 receives the inner ends of the pins 25 and has upon its lower face near its forward and rear edges guides or cams which lie in the path 'of theheads of the pins 25 to. depress the pins and hold the same down during their passage across the upper face of the brick ribbon 11. It will be noted from Figs?) and 7 that the .cams or guides 29 are so placed that the pins 25 moving toward the edge ofthe brick ribbon are depressed prior to their The pins are held down in engagement with the brick ribbon until they reach a point near the opposite edge of the brick'ribbon' when they are abruptlyreleased out'of contact with the ribbon toprevent the breaking away or crumbling of the edge of the ribbon by the pins as they are drawn laterally out of contact therewith.
The frame 15 is provided preferably upon one end with a yoke 30 in which are journaled the opposite ends of the shaft. 19. A set screw 31 is carriedby the yoke 30, and engages theend of the frame 15 to adjust the yoke longitudinally upon the end ofv the frame 15 and draw the shaft 19 through the slots '32 inthe frame toadjust thetension of the endless-carrier 20. I
It is desired notonly to ornament that portion of the brick ribbon which subsequently becomes the outer faces ofthe brick,
but also the sides or edges of the brick ribbon which later become the opposite ends of the brick and which are disclosed to view in'the construction of walls and the like. ,To ornament the edges of the brick ribbon a substantially hollow rectangular frame 33 is arranged in advance of the upper surface ornamenting mechanism above described, and surrounds the brick ribbon 11, as'shown to advantage in Fig. 6. In this frame 33 there are arranged a pair of vertically disposed and spaced-apart endless carriers 34, each'having inwardly extending pins 35 adapted to engage the opposite edges of the brick ribbon 1 1 and r being'normally urged away from the brick ribbon by springs 36. The springs 36 surround the inner ends of the 'pinsand are held between the outer faces of the endless conveyers 34 and the heads of the pins.
Adjusting plates 37 are also arranged within the frame 33 to receive thereagalnst l the heads of the pins 35. Set screws 38 v support the plates 37 and serve to advance or retard the same, toward the opposite sides or edges of the brick ribbon to. vary the depth ofmarking by the pins 35. ,The
, pins v35 are brought into engagement with v the opposite sides of the brickribbon 11 by the cams .39 which are of substantially. the same formation and operate inthe same manner as do the cams 27 hereinabove re- The lower ends of the endless posite ends in a yoke 44. The yoke 44 is supported upon set screws 45 engaging, the
frame 33 to raise or lower'the' yoke and thus vary the tension of the endless carriers 'cutterstransversely across the face of the 34. The lateral marking mechanism thus described is driven or actuated by a chain 46 which passes over a sprocket 47 fixed preferably upon an intermediate portion of the shaft 43, and which also passes over a spr0cket 48 fixed to the transverse shaft 21 of the upper surface marking mechanism. l/Vith this arrangement'it ;is thus seen that the top and lateral'marking mechanisms are simultaneously operated, and that this operation is proportionate to the operation of the carrier or table upon which the brick ribbon is supported.
As thepins 25 and 35 aremounted on endless carriers 20 and 34 respectively, the
pins 25 aremoved across the surface ofthe brick ribbonv first in one direction and then in an opposite direction. As the brick rib-.
Icon 11 ismoved continuously forward during this back andforth travel of the pins,
I the pinsfirst striking the brick ribbon cut into the surface diagonal lines extending in one direction and subsequently-these-'lines are intersected by the oppositely extending diagonal lines of the pins when theyare drawn across the'brick ribbon in'the opposite direction. These pins not only mark lines in the surface of the brick ribbon but also roughen or disturb the surfacej'so as to impart a rugged appearance'to the ornamented surface, and produce a' somewhat indistinct design of diamond-shape, dependent upon the'proportionate speeds of the brick ribbon and the marking pins.
It is, of course, understood that'various other machines or modifications of the above described mechanism maybe employed for carrying out the method of this'invention as will be understood Withinthe scope of the followingclaims. I' I What I claim is f 1. The method of ornamenting brick which consists in moving a brick'ribbon, and simultaneously operatinga marking de: vice across the face of the brick ribbon in a direction at-right'angles to the direction of travel of the same.
versely across the face of the brick ribbon simultaneously with the longitudinal move- "ment; thereof.
3a The method of ornamenting brick which "consists in advacing abrick ribbon and passing spaced-apartmcuttersv transversely across the face of the'bri'ck-ribbon simultaneously with the advancing thereof, whereby to form a plurality of parallel obliquelines in the face of the brick ribbon;
4. The met od of ornamenting. brick which consists in moving ajobrick ribbon longitudinally, and operating spaced-apart brick ribbon simultaneously 'with the longitudinal movement thereof, whereby to form oblique parallel lines in the face to be ornamented.
5. The method of ornamenting brick which consists in simultaneously advancing a brick ribbon, and operating a marking device across the face of the brick ribbon transversely to the direction of travel of the brick ribbon and simultaneously with the movement thereof. 6. The method of ornamenting brick which consists in advancing a brick ribbon, and simultaneously moving a cutter across the face of the moving brick ribbon at a speed relative thereto, whereby to cut oblique lines at the desired angle in the face to be ornamented.
7. The method of ornamenting brick which consists in advancing a brick ribbon, and operating a marking device across the face of the brick ribbon transversely to the direction of movement of the brick ribbon and at a relative speed thereto, whereby to form oblique designs at the desired angle in the face to be ornamented.
' 8. The method of ornamenting brick which consists in advancing a brick ribbon, and operating a marking device across the face of the brick ribbon in opposite directions transversely to the direction of movement of the brick ribbon, whereby to form oblique crossed lines in the face to be ornamented.
9. The method of ornamenting brick which consists in advancing a brick ribbon, and operating a marking device across the face of the brick ribbon in opposite directions transversely to the direction of movement of the brick ribbon and at the desired relative speed thereto, whereby to form designs of the desired shape in the face to be ornamented.
10. The method of ornamenting brick which consists in advancing a brick ribbon and operating marking devices against the upper face and edges of the brick ribbon to form designs therein and at a speed proportionate to the advancement of the brick ribbon, whereby to vary the shape of the designs.
11. The method of ornamenting brick which consists in advancing a brick ribbon and operating marking devices across the top and edges of the brick ribbon in opposite directions transversely to the direction of movement of the brick ribbon and at the desired speed relative thereto whereby to form crossed designs of the desired configuration in the top and edges of the brick ribbon.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
BYRD w. BALLOU.
Witnesses MARIE LEMON, J. F. DWYER.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the commissioner of Patents,
. Washington, D. G.