US 1179685 A
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HOLDING MEANS FOR THE SLIDING SIDES 0F CRIBS. APPLICATION FILED MAR. 25. I915.
'1; 1 79,685. Patented A r 18, 1916.
OF BUFFALO, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOB- TO BARCALO MANUFAC OF BUFFALO, NEW YORK.
HOLDING MEANS FOR THE SLIDING SIDES OF CRIBS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 18, 1916.
Application filed March 25, 1915. Serial No. 16,929.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, CHARLES VALLoNE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Buffalo, in the county of Erie and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Holding Means for the Sliding Sides of Cribs, of which the followi ing is a specification.
, confining a child in the portions thereof with clutches or devices which cooperate with the guides for the sliding sides for holding the sides up in the position to which they are raised.
One object of this invention is to provide means of practical and desirable construclower the side.
tion whereby the clutches at the opposite ends of the side can be readily operated by one hand, so that it is only necessary to use one hand to raise and secure or release and Thus a person holding a child in one arm can operate the side with the other hand without having to lay down the child.
Another object is to provide a holding or a securing mechanism for the side which is of simple and inexpensive construction, is con venient for operation, is not cumbersome, and does not detract from the neat appearance of the crib. I
In the accompanying drawings: Figure 1 is a side elevation of a crib embodying a bottom frame B or and its guides.
the invention. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional elevation, on an enlarged scale, of the upper portion of one of the sliding sides Fig. 3 is a sectional plan view thereof in line 3-3, Fig. 2. Fig. l is a detail section in line 4-4, Fig. 2.
A A represent the end frames of a childs crib or bed, said frames being connected by by horizontal side rails in any usual or suitable manner, and G is one of the vertically sliding side frames or railings of the crib. A metal crib is shown in the drawings in which each side or side railing C consists of upper and lower horizontal rails c and 0 connected by spaced vertical rods 0 and is arranged to slide up and down on vertical guide rods D which are suitably secured at their upper and lower ends, as by brackets (Z, to the end frames, and pass through guide holes or eyes d at the ends of the upper and lower rails of the side frame. The crib as thus far described is of a construction commonly employed in metal cribs. The top rail 0 of the side consists preferably of a metal tube.
E E represent holding devices or clutches arranged at the end portions of the top rail 0 of the side and slidably engaging the guide rods D for holding the side C when raised. Each of the clutchesshown consists of a lever which extends lengthwise above the top rail and is movably connected at its inner ends thereto to swing toward and from the rail and is provided with a hole 6 through which the adjacent guide rod D passes. The hole e is of such size and shape as to allow the lever to slip on the guide rod and permit the side to be raised or lowered when the outer end of the lever is moved toward the top rail, and to grip the rod and prevent the lever and side from sliding downwardly thereon when the lever is in an inclined position, as best shown in Fig. 2. The lever is providedat its inner end with ears or lugs e which straddle the top rail and are connected by a pin or rivet f which extends through elongated slots f in the top. rail. A spring 9 connected to the inner end of the lever and extending into a hole 9 in the top rail normally holds the lever in the inclined position shown in Fig. 2, in which it grips the guide rod. When the side C is raised the clutch levers will yield downwardly or toward the top rail against the action of the springs g, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 2, far enough to slip on the guide rods, and the side can therefore be slid upwardly on the guide rods without the necessity of actuating the clutches by hand. When the side is released the clutch levers will assume their inclined position under the action of the springs g and the frictional contact of the levers with'the guide rods, and the levers will grip the guide rods and hold the side against downward movement in the position to which it is raised. The side cannot be lowered unless the clutches are released by movingthe free ends-of the clutch levers toward the'top rail.
For thus actuating or releasing, the clutches to permit the lowering of, the side the following means are preferably employed: H H represent two levers or handles which are arranged at opposite sides of one of the vertical rods 0 of the side to which they are suitably pivoted, as by a rivet 71. passing through the rod 0 and through holes in the lower ends of the levers which are disposed respectively at the inner and outer sides ofthe rod. The alevers extend upwardly from their pivotal connection and their upper ends, which project into the tubular top rail 0 through holes lb in the bottom thereof, are connected to the adjacent or inner ends of two bars, links or, the like I, which extend lengthwlse in the;
top rail. One of these links I is connected at-its opposite or outer end to the cross pm 7" of the clutch lever E at one end of the side.
and the other link I is similarly connected to the clutch lever at the opposite end of the side. As shown, the upper ends of the levers or handles H engage loosely in holes or eyes 2' in the inner ends of thelinks I, this 'connectionenabling the ready assembling of the parts; and the upper portions of the levers are bent outwardly and upwardly, thus affording a comfortable desirable hold for the hand. By pressing the levers or handles H toward each other the links I will be drawn inwardly and swing the clutch levers to their released position, thusper mitting the movement of the side on the guide rods D. The clutch levers E shown I tend to swing to their gripping position by frictional contact with the guide rods when, it is attempted to lower the side and they will bind tighter as the downward. pressure is increased. Very light springs g can therefore be used with theclutches and these light springs enable the operating levers to be actuated with very little'exertion.
The levers or handles H arranged as described can be grasped and'operated by one hand to release the two clutches E at theopposite ends of the side, and as the'levers,
or handles are located substantially mid way between the ends of the side, they con stitute a handleordevice by means of which the side can be convenientlyand easily.
raised and lowered by the hand grasping the levers, so that it is not necessary to use both hands either in raising or lowering the side. The operating links .or connections from the clutch levers to the operating han-' dles are concealed within the tubular top rail of the side, and the clutches are inconspicuous, While the operating levers or handles constructed and arranged as shown lend an ornamental appearance to the side, so that the holding or securing means do not detract from the neat appearance of the-crib.
and'still'be within the Whilethe particular construction shown and described is desirable, the invention is not necessarily limited thereto as both the clutchesv and operating levers or handles could beof different form or construction intent and spirit .of the invention. I
I claim as my inventioni 1. The combination. of a crib side, guides on which the same is arranged to slide, clutches cooperating with said guides for holding the side from downward move-' ment, clutch operating levers pivoted on said side between the ends and below the top thereof and extending upwardly from their pivots in position to be actuated by one hand, and a connection from each'of said levers above clutches.
2. The combination of a crib atubular rail, arranged to slide, clutches at the ends of its pivot to one of said side having said rail cooperating with said guides forholding the side from downward movement,
clutch-operating levers pivoted on said side guides onwhich the side is between the ends thereof and below said tubular rail, and connectionsbetween'said I operating levers andsaid clutches arranged within said tubular rail.
3. The combination of a crib a tubular rail, guides on which the side is arranged to slide, clutches at the ends of said rail cooperating with said guides for holding the side from downward movement, clutchoperating levers pivoted at their lower ends on said side below said side having tubular rail \viththeir upper ends project ing into said rail, and connections insaid tubular rail between said levers andsaid clutches.
4.. The combination with a cribv side andguiderods adjacent to the ends of said side; on which the side is arranged to slide up and down, of friction clutches'mounted on the end portions of said side to swing 'ver tically' and cooperating with said guide;
rods to frictionally hold the side indifferent" positions e f-adjustment, each of said clutches comprising a. lever extending lengthwisevalongthe side'in'the vertical plane thereof andhaving a hole through whichthe ad-" jacent guide rod passes, clutch-operating means arranged between the ends of the side and connected to the clutches, "and springs for moving said clutches to rods.
5. The combinationwith a crib side having ahorizontal rail and guide rods adjagrip the guide cent tothe ends of said side on which the side is arranged to slide up and 'down,.of
clutches mounted on the end portions of said side and cooperating with said guide rods to hold theside from movement, each ofsaid clutches comprising a lever eXtend ing lengthwise along said horizontal rail and having ears projecting from the sides Witness my hand this 23rd day of March,
thereon? which straddle said rail and are 1915.
mova y connected thereto to permit the clutch to grip and release the guide rod, CHARLES VALLONE' clutch operating means located between the Witnesses:
ends of said side, and connections from the F. ANDERSON,
sameto the lever ears of said clutches. A. W. KERTON.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Iatents,
Washington, D. 0."