|Publication number||US1180284 A|
|Publication date||Apr 25, 1916|
|Filing date||Jul 26, 1915|
|Priority date||Jul 26, 1915|
|Publication number||US 1180284 A, US 1180284A, US-A-1180284, US1180284 A, US1180284A|
|Inventors||Richard H Cook|
|Original Assignee||American Thread Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
R. H. COOK.
CHEEL. APPLICATION man luLY 26, 1915.
Patented Apr. 25, 19116.
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R. H. COOK.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 26| |915- Patented Apr. 25, 1916.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- RICHARD H. COOK, OF FALL RIVER, MASSACHUSETTS. ASSIGNOR 'IO THE AMERICAN THREAD COMPANY, OF JERSEY CITY. NEW JERSEY, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
'.'l'o all whom t may concern:
Be it known that l. RICHARD H. COOK, a citizen of the llnited States. residing at Fall River. Bristol county. Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful 1mprovements in treels, of which the following is a full, clear` and exact description.'
My invention relates to improvements in creels for holding cones and the like containing thread to be wound upon bobbins and the like. such for instance as creeis for use upon twisters and has for its object to increase the capacity of present twister frames: to prevent Aloss due to stoppage; to prevent the necessity ot' supplying yarn holding bobbins before they are exhausted; to prevent the ends of ruiming out bobbins from lashing the threads or yarns on either side, and further to permit the adding of a further supply without stopping themachine, and to avoid double ply knots or adjacent. knots in the threads from any Creel.
The following is a description of an embodiment of my invention, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which.
Figure 1 shows an end view of a plurality of crecls, guide rods, water trough and rolls. one otl the crecls being moved into a forward position for the purpose hereinafter stated: Fig. 2 shows a rear view of the same with the, two creels in vertical position; Fig. 3 shows a plan view with all but one of the creels removed, that Creel being shown in section on the. line Fig. 1.
Alieferring more particularly to the draw- 1 is the frame of a twister machine ings,
carrying a series of bobbins provided with the ordinary spinning rings, etc.. (not. shown).
2 is one of a series of brackets supported by the frame and in turn supporting the rod 3. constituting a support for the Creels. This support carries a series of creels, the same. being movable thereon so that they can be placed in a vertical position or can be moved to a forward position. The movenient of the crcel is preferably obtained by pivoting the base thereof upon the rod 3.
-l is the base of the Creel. movably journaledlupon the rod 3. This base is provided with an upwardprojection 5 and the bracket is proviiddwith"van upward projection G. This upward proection (S carries a springpressed ball or lock, which engages one of Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 25, 1916..
Serial No. 41,830.
two recesses T in the upward projection from the creel base, holding the Creel base in either thc horizontal position shown b v the tirst creel in Fig. 1, so that the creel is vertical, or in an inclined position as shown by the rear Creel of Fig. 1, so that the Creel will be forwardly inclined. (.arried by the base l are'two upwardly extending rods or carriers 8 which are connected at their upperends by a bracket 9. arbors 10 attached thereto and adjustable thereon so that. they may be placed in positions determined by the length of the cones to be used. These arbors are provided with forwardly and rearwardly extending arms, each of which carries means for supporting a cone thereon.
11H11 are two cones supported by the lower arbor and 12-1'2 are two cones supported by the upper arbor, these Cones being wound in any manner so that the thread is easily unwound therefrom without requiring the cones themselves to be revolved. Above the lower set of cones is a pigtail guide 13 located between the rods 8 and preferably Carried by the upper arbor. A. second pigtail guide 11 is carried by the upper arbor and is located at a point somewhat to therear thereof. Above the upper arbor is a pigtail 15 Carried by the bracket 9 and located between the rods 8 substantially as the pigtail 13. The bracket 9 carries a second pigtail 16 which is located to the rear somewhat in the same manner as the pigtail 111. The pigtails 14 and 16, when looked at from the front of the machine, are slightly displaced so as to be on opposite sides of a vertical plane passing between the rods 8.
The cones upon the creel are so wound that their inner and outer ends are both free and exposed. lin creeling the machine, two cones are placed upon the lower arbor, the outer end of the thread upon one Cone being tied to the inner end of the thread upon the other cone. The free outer end is then passed through the pigtail 13, pigtail 14 and beneath the horizontal guide bar 17, beneath the guide bar 18 in the trough 19, over and between the rolls 20 and 21, and to the bobbin 22 after passing through the spinning ring (not shown). Similarly Connected bobbins are placed upon the upper arbor, the free end of the yarn being passed These rods are provided with through the pigtails 15 and 16 and beneath the guide rods 17-18 and through the rolls 20-21 to the bobbin 22 in a similar manner. The pigtails 13 and 14 being each in the same relation to the vtwo cones 11 and 11', whose yarns they guide, act to guide the' yarn from one cone and then from the other without interruption. The pigtails l5 and 1G guide the yarn from the bobbins 12-12 in a similar manner. The pigtails 14 and l5 being in different transverse planes, guide the two threads of yarns from the two sets of bobbins so as to keep them separate until they pass beneath the rods 17 and 19 and to the rolls 20 and 21. Vhen a cone hasbeen exhausted, the yarn is automatically taken from the second cone of the same arbor, whose outer end is connected to the cone about to be exhausted. Vhen a cone is exhausted the attendant replaces that cone by afresh cone, connecting its outer end to the inner exposed end of the remaining cone so that the operation of the machine is not in any way interrupted dur-v ing the providing of anew supply. The adding of a new cone is facilitated by the forward movement of the creel to which the cone is to be supplied and for that reason the creel is provided with the capability of being moved forwardly in the manner above described. After the new cone is supplied with the creel in forward position, the creel is moved to its normal vertical position, as shown in Fig.A 1.
In order to increase the capacity of the machine, I alternate the arbors of adjacent creels so that the lower cones of one set of creels lie in a horizontal plane between the horizontal planes occupied by the cones of the adjacent creels. This is clearly shown in Fig. 2. Byv this alternation Iam able to accommodate as large as seven inch cones in -the series of creels although two adjacent creels occupy only a four and a half inch space.
The supporting arms of the arbors have pins 23 set at an angle to the uprights so that the cones of the two arbors are inclined toward the pigtails 13-15 respectively in order that the yarn from the bobbins carried by the arms may easily feed through those pigtails. The thread connecting two bobbins upon one arbor should pass between the rods 8 of its creel so that the yarn can be taken from the two bobbins successively.
24 are adjusting screws.
By this construction, `as above stated, I obtain a. machine which can be run'continuously. Inasmuch as when properly operated there are no free moving ends of yarn, and inasmuch as the threads of any one creel by reason of the described location of the pigtails 14 and 16 are kept well apart from each v other until they pass through the rolls 20 and 21, there is no interference between the two threads from the same creel or any lashing of one thread of yarn by the free end of another. The forward movement of the creels for providing an additional supply, does not interfere with the thread running froln such forwardly moved creel. A further advantage of my invention is that double knots or knots of double ply are avoided.
As will be evident to those skilled in the art, my invention permits of various modifications without departing from the spirit thereof or the scope of the appended claims.
lVhat I claim is:
1. In a creel the combination of a series of upwardly extending carriers having their upper ends independently movable forwardly and rearwardly in fixed vertical planes, a plurality of cone supporting members supported by each carrier one above the other, and a guide above each of said members.
2. In a creel the combination of a series of upwardly extending carriers independently movable forwardly and rearwardly in fixed vertical planes, a plurality of cone supporting pins supported by each carrier one above the other, said pins being on the same side of said series. those on one carrier being at different heights from those on adjacent carriers, and said carriers being separated by a distance less than the diameter of a full cone, and a guide above each of said pins.
3. In a creel the combination of a series of upwardly extending carriers independently movable forwardly and rearwardly in fixed vertical planes, a plurality of cone supporting pins supported by each carrier one above the other, said pins being on the same side of said series, those on one carrier being at different heights from those on adjacent carriers, and said carriers being separated by a distance less than the diameter of a full cone, a guide above each of said pins, and additional pins supported by said carriers on the other side of said series at the same heights as their said first mentioned pins, the pins of the same height on each carrier being inclined toward each other.
4. In a creel the combination Aof a series of upwardly extending 'carriers independently movable forwardly and rearwardly in fixed vertical planes about a pivot at the lower end of each carrier, a plurality of cone supporting members supported by each carrier one above the other, and a guide above each of said members.
5. In a creel the combination of a series of upwardly extending carriers independ' ently movable forwardly and rearwardly in fixed vertical planes about a pivot at the Vlower end of each carrier, a plurality of cone supporting members supported by each carmisdaad rier one above the other, a guide above each ot' said members, and means for locking said carriers in upright position.
In a twister the combination of a series or' upwardly extending carriers having their upper ends independently movable forwardly and rearwardly in fixed vertical planes` a plurality of cone supporting members supported by each carrier one above the other, a guide above each of said members. and a plurality of supplemental guides carried by each carrier, each supplemental guide being out of line with the thread passing from any other supplemental guide on the same carrier.
T. In a twister the combination of a series of upwardly extending carriers having their upper ends independently movable forwardly and rearwardly in fixed vertical planes` a plurality of cone supporting members supported by each carrier one above the other, a guide above each member` a plurality of supplemental guides earried b v each carrier and moving forwardly and rearwardly therewith, and a fixed guide for receiving threads from each of said supplemental guides of each carrier, each supplemental guide being out of the line connecting the other supplemental guide and said fixed guide.
S. ln a creel the combination of a series of upwardly extending carriers independently movable forwardly and rearwardly in fixed vertical planes, a plurality of cone supporting pins supported by each carrier one above the other, said pins being on the same side of said series, those on one carrier being at different heights from those ou adjacent carriers. and said carriers being the upright members of the other carriers and both acting to support each of the pins of the carrier to which they belong.
9. In a creel the combination of la series of carriers having upwardly extending portions and at their bases rearwardly'extending portions, a support for said carriers to which the rear ends of said rearwardly extending portions are pivoted so as to move in vertical planes, and cone carriers mounted one above the other on said upwardly extending portions and guides supported by said carriers above each of said cone-oar riers. v
10. ln a creel the combination of a series ot carriers having upwardly extending porn tions and at. their bases rearwardly extending portions, a support for said carriers to which the rear ends of said rearwardly extending portions are pivoted so as to move 'in vertical planes, cone carriers mounted RCHARD H. (100K.
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