|Publication number||US1180856 A|
|Publication date||Apr 25, 1916|
|Filing date||Dec 16, 1915|
|Priority date||Dec 16, 1915|
|Publication number||US 1180856 A, US 1180856A, US-A-1180856, US1180856 A, US1180856A|
|Inventors||Charles F Lefever|
|Original Assignee||Daisy Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
APPLICATION FILED DEC. I6.l
Patented Apr. 25, 19164 e gage the teeth G of the bar G and will be y CHARLES F,.LEFEVEIL, 0F PLYMOUTH, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOR T U DAISY MANUFAC- TURING COMPANY, OF PJ' YMOUTH, MICHIGAN, A CORPORATION (DF MICHIGAN.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Cnannns F. Lnrnvnn, a citizen of theUnited States of America,
residing at Plymouth, in the county of" Wayne yand State of l\lichigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Liquid-Gunaof .which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
The invention relates to liquid guns of that type in which the liquid is ejected by the telescopic collapsing of the barrel, and it is the primary object ofthe present invention to 'provide means for firing a succession of shots without` the necessity for recharging.
It isa further object to accomplish this result without complication in the construction, and further to obtain various features of advantage as hereinafter' set forth.
In the drawings I have shown my invention as applied to a water pistol, in which- Figure 1 is a central longitudinal section therethrmigh;l Figs. 2 and 3 are perspective views of the parts of the telescopic barrel detached; and Fig. 4t is a view similar to Fig. 1. showing the gun fully charged.
A is the frame or casing of the pistol, which is formed of a sheet metal stamping having complementary embossed sections abutting against each other and forming both the false barrel and the handle.
B is a telescopic extension of the barrel provided with a trigger and guard portion C,preferably formed integral therewith as a single sheet metal stamping.
D is a true barrel or magazine for containing the liquid, which telescopically engages the extension barrel B and is movable there- With and with the trigger section C..
Eis a piston within the barrelD, which is connected by a tube F to the apertured end of the barrel B, and is movable therewith.
Gr is a ratchet rod extending within the frame A parallel to the barrel D, and H is a paWl or detent on the barrel D which is operatively engaged with said ratchet mem-l ber. The ratchet bar G is double-acting, being provided with teeth upon opposite sides thereof which are oppositely inclined so that -by reversing the bar its engagement with the pawl yor detent H is reversed. Thus in th y pfsition shown in Fig. l the pawnll will Specification of Letters Patent.
held thereby from outward movement with the telescopic barrel B, while permitting inward movement thercwlth.
in water, and by then reciprocating the trigger section C a plurality of times said barrel D will be moved inward with a step-by- Patentcd Apr. 25, 1916.
Application led December 16,1915. Serial No. 67,192.
On the other hand, in the reverse positlon, shown 1n F1g.
step movement until completely filled. This movement' is duc to the fact thatthe barrel D frictionally engages the barrel B, and will therefore move therewith when permitted, .which is the case during the inward movement, as Vshown in Fig. l. On the other hand, during the outward movement the dog H engaging the ratcbethteeth .G will hold the barrel D from movement, so that the friction of the outer barrel B will be overycome and the latter will move independently.
When thc pistol is charged vwith'liqnid in thc manner above described it iS capable of tiring a mm1-ber of shots, the ratchet bar Gr being first reversed in position so as to engage thc ratchet teeth (il with'the detent H. `\`\"hen thus arranged .the barrel D is locked from inward movement, and consequently the inward movement of the trigger section C and barrel B will. force the, piston E'in 'the barrel D to displace a portion of the liquid therefrom, which is discharged through the tube F. Upon the upward movement of the telescopic barrel B, the barrel D will be,carrie'd thereby Without relative movement to the piston, but upon the succeeding inward movement of the trigger section it will again be held stationary and additional liquid discharged therefrom. This action may be. continued until the entire liquid contentsl of the barrel is discharged. i y
'lo simplify the manufacture of vthe pistol .the ratchet bar Gr is formed of a stamping having a head portion G3 with a narrow neck portion G4 which engages an aperture formed in the meeting edges of the frame or casing A. This iorms an anchoring connection between the bar (l and the frame, and atthe same time it permits o'f rotating the bar to reverse the engagement of the ratchets. A second bar I having a similar head J is engaged with an aperture in the meeting edges of the frame and forms a guide for a springr K bearing against the trigger member (l, to torce the telescopic barrel B outward.
1vl/'hile I have described a specific construction oi' means for successively discharging portions of the contents oi the magasine barrel, it is obvious that other devices may be employed :for the same purpose. In all of these various moditications, however, the length of the magazine barrel must be greater than the length oi the telescopic movement, so that more liquid can be stored than is discharged at one time.
What I claim as my invention is:
1.'A liquid gun, comprising a telescopic barrel, trigger-actuating means for coi lapsing said barrel, a magazine barrel of greater length than the collapsing movement of said telescopic barrel, and means actuated by the collapsing movement of said barrel for successively discharging portions of the contents of said magazine barrel.
2. In a liquid gun, the combination with a magazine barrel, of'a piston therefor, a reciprocating trigger mechanism, and means actuated thereby for relatively moving said piston and barrel step-by-step-to successively discharge portions of the liquid contents.
3. In a liquid gun, the combination with a magazine barrel and a cooperating. piston, of trigger-actuating means for relatively moving said piston and barrel. step-by-step to successively discharge portions ot' the liquid contents.
4. In a liquid gun, the combination with a magazine barrel, ot a telescopically collapsible barrel inclosing 'the same, one ot the telescopic sections being in trietional engagement with said barrel, a piston engaging said nmgazine barrel anchored to the opposite member o't said telescopic barrel, and .means for holding said magazine barrel from movement by the friction ol' said telescopic barrel when actuated in one direction, while permitting inovenuun therewith in the opposite direction.
5. In a liquid gun, the combination with a telescopically collapsible 'laise barrel. of a umgazine barrel inclosed therein and frictionally engaged with one ol the telescopic sections, said magazine barrel being oi.' greater length than the telescopic .movev ment, and means 'For holding said magazine barrel from frictional actuation in the 'movement of said telescopic barrel in one Lacoste direction, while permitting such frictional movement in the opposite direction, whereby a step-by-step advance is produced.
C. In a liquid gon, the combination with a telescopically collapsible false barrel, of a magazine barrel inclosed thereby, being of greater length than the telescopic movement and frictionally engaged with one of the telescopic sections, a piston engaging said magazine barrel secured in lixed relatie!- to said frictiwally-engaging telescopic section, and means -for holding said magazine barrel. against frictional actuation during` the collapsing telescopic movement while permitting rictionrl movement during the expanding telescopic movement.
7. In a liquid gun, the -combination with a tclescopically collapsible Jfalse barrel, oi a,
magazine barrel inelos'ed in said telescopic barrel, heilig greater in length than the telescopic movement and frictionallylengaging one of the telescopic sections, a piston engaging saidmagazine barrel' anchored to.
said frictionally-engaging telescopic sec tion. and means engaging said magazine barrel Jfor holding the same from :frictional actuation vby said telescopic section alternatively in opposite directions.
8. In a liquid. gun, the combination with a collapsible false barrel, of a magazine barrel inelosed thereby, being o't greater length than the telescopic movement and frictionally engaging one of the telescopic sections, a piston engaging said magazine and anchored to said irictifinally-engaging telescopic section, and a ratchet and paivl connection for holding said magazine barrel. from frictional actuation in one direction and permitting suoli actuation. in' thv"J 'opposite direction to produce a step-bystep relative movement of said barrel and `piston.
9. In a liquid gun, the combinaion with a telescopieally collapsible false barrel, of a magazine barrel therein et greater length than the telescy pic movement and fricliom ally engaging one of the telescopic 1mmbers, a piston in said magazine anchored to said rictionally-engaged telescopio member, a ratchetI bar anchored to the opposite of said telescopic members, and a pawl on said magazine barrel engaging said ratchet bar to produce a step-bv-step relativ -lovemcnt o't' said piston and magazine in successive collaps'iing movements of said telescopic sections.
l0, In a liquid. non` the combination with a telescopieally collapsible false barrel, of a magazine barrel inelosed thereby of greater length than the telescopic movement and trictionally engaging one ot the telescopic sections` a reversible ratchetbar anchored to the opposite one ot saidtelescopif.: seetions, and a pawl on said magazine.barrel engaging said ratrhetbar-to be held there by 'from frictional actuation in one direc meinem tion, said direction of movement being reversed upon the reversal otsaid ratchet bar.
11. In a liquid gun, the cfimiiination with a sheet met-al case formed ot coni'ilementary sections having abutting edges, of a memher extending in' said case having a notched end engaging the abutting flanges of said Complementary sections to he anchored thereby.
ln a liquid gun.y the combination with fi false barrel` of a n'iagazine'barrel therein, a piston cooperating with said magazine barrel, a reciprocating Y trigger mechanism,`
and means actuated by successive movements ofseid trigger mechanism for relatively moving said magazine barrel and piston strony-Step.
' 1".'In a liquid gun, the combination with a falsebarrel, of a magazine barrel longitu- CHARLES F. LEFEVER.'
JAMES P. BARRY, PnYLIJs ConURN.
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