|Publication number||US1181203 A|
|Publication date||May 2, 1916|
|Filing date||Jan 4, 1916|
|Priority date||Jan 27, 1914|
|Publication number||US 1181203 A, US 1181203A, US-A-1181203, US1181203 A, US1181203A|
|Original Assignee||Louis Alard|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
MEANS FOR MODIFYING THE TRAJECTORY OF A PROJECTILE.
APPLICATION FILED IAN-4, IsIs.
1, 181 ,203. I Patented May 2, 1916.
3 SHEETSSHEET I.
'rmz COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPN c0., WASHINGTON, D. c.
MEANS FOR MODIFYING THE TRAJECTORY OF A PROJECTILE.
APPLICATION FILED JAN.4, 1916.
1,181,203. Patented May 2,1916.
3 SHEETSSHEET 2.
Jaw 11 M 17 @4414. a
THE COLUMBIA v! ANFORAPH cu, wAsnmmuh, n4
MEANS FOR MODIFYING HE ORY OF A PROJECTILE.
APPLICATIC .4, 1916 1,181,203. I Pa ed May 2,1916.
LOUIS ALARD, OF PARIS, FRANCE.
MEANS FOR MODIFYING THE TRAJ'ECTORY OF A PROJECTILE.
Original application filed January 27, 1914, Serial No. 814,639.
Serial No. 70,122.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, LOUIS ALARD, a citizen of the Republic of France, residing at Paris, France, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Means for Modifying the Trajectory of a Projectile, of which the following is a specification.
proper of the projectile.
My invention relates to high velocity projectiles adapted to be discharged from guns, and more particularly to means provided on such projectiles, whereby, when the projectile has been discharged from the gun, its trajectory is transformed, the trajectory be ing made more or less equal to that heretofore obtained with a field howitzer only, such as described in my parent application. Ser. No. 814,639. filed January 27, 1914, of which application this is a division.
According to my invention, the means referred to consists in what I have termed a braking device, which is preferably removably attached to the ogival portion, or the fuse-head of the projectile, or between these two parts. or also on the body part The said braking device may either be rigid, or it may be so constructed as to open out or unfold under the action of air pressure and the centrifugal force developed by the rotating movement of the projectile. WVhile the projectile is still in the barrel of the gun. this braking device is of course kept folded, or in a collapsed state so that it will lie flat against the outer face of the projectile.
In the modification of my new device forming the subject matter of this application, an explosive charge is provided in the forward portion of the projectile which charge is ignited by a time-fuse, and the gases given off by said explosive charge cause the braking device to open outward whereby the tra ectory of the projectile is transformed. The explosive, instead of acting directly upon the braking device may be made to act upon a movable member so arranged as to normally hold the braking device in inoperative position. but forced out of its normal position by the explosion of said explosive charge to permit the braking device to act.
In the drawing, Figure 1 illustrates half in side elevation and half in longitudinal section, a projectile provided with my new braking device, showing also the explosive charge in the forward portion of the pro Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 2, 1916.
Divided and this application filed January jectile, Fig. 2 is a cross section along line AA in Fig. 1, Fig. 8 a partial half longitudinal section of the projectile in Fig. 1, showing the braking device in unfolded position, Fig. 4 illustrates half in side elevation and half in longitudinal section, amodification, while Fig. 5 illustrates a further modification showing half of a projectile in longitudinal section.
According to Figs. 1 to 3, the braking device, which is secured between the fuse-head f and the ogival portion 0 of the projectile and is adapted to open outward under the action of the explosion of the explosive charge 18, comprises a base piece a and a body portion 6 closely fitting the ogival portion 0 of the projectile. The thickness of the body portion is reduced at intervals along a plurality of lines of rupture by grooves 17. The rupture is produced by the explosion of the said explosive charge 18 provided in the ogival portion,which charge is supposed to be ignited after the lapse of a predetermined period through a passage connecting the said explosive charge with a special time-fuse not shown. Fig. 3 shows the body portion 6 unfolded, due to the combined action of the explosion and the centrifugal force developed by the rapid rotating movement of the projectile.
14 is a washer provided With a plurality of pins 15 extending through holes in the base-piece a into corresponding recesses in the ogival portion.
The arrangement shown in Fig. 4 is similar to the one just described except that in this modification, the body portion 6 forms, at the same time, a retaining means for the free ends of a plurality of strips 0 which are supported by a sleeve d on the body part of the projectile so as to normally lie close against the outer face of the projectile, in which position they are held by the body portion b. When the latter is caused by the explosion to unfold. the free ends of said strips 0 are released and, due to the centrifugal force are caused to assume a posi tion as indicated by the broken lines in Fig.
thus constituting a powerful brake.
In the modification shown in Fig. 5, an unbroken, i. e. a non-grooved cup-shaped member 19 is placed on the ogival portion 0 of the projectile, which member, like the grooved body portion 72 of the braking device in Fig. 4 constitutes a retaining device for the free ends of a plurality of strips 0 like those shown in Fig. 4. In this construction (Fig. 5) the explosive charge 18 is to act upon that portion of the cupshaped member 19 which is engaged between the ogival portion 0 of the projectile and its fuse-head f. The cup-shaped member 19 is designed to move forward on the ogival portion 0, to free the strips 0, which movement is made possible by a space being provided between the fuse-head f and the cupshaped member. said space being slightly greater than the overlap of the member 19 over the strips 0. WVhen the latter have been released, their free ends will, as in Fig. 3, open outwardly.
I claim as my invention:
1. In combination with a high velocity projectile, a normally inoperative braking device mounted on the projectile, an explosive charge so arranged in the projectile as to cause by its explosion the said braking device to assume its operative position so as to curve the trajectory of the projectile, and means for igniting the said explosive charge, after the projectile has left the gun.
2. In combination with a high velocity projectile provided with a fuse-head, a normally inoperative braking device mounted on the projectile between its ogival portion and the said fuse-head and having lines of least resistance, an explosive charge so arranged in the projectile as to rupture by its explosion the lines of least resistance of said braking device, permitting the latter to unfold and exert its braking action thereby curving the trajectory of the projectile, and means for igniting the said explosive charge, after the projectile has left the gun.
3. In combination with a high velocity projectile provided with a fuse-head, a normally inoperative braking device mounted on the projectile between its ogival portion and the said fuse-head and having lines of least resistance, a second braking device mounted on the body part of the projectile. the free forward edge of the said second braking device being normally held in inoperative position by the rear edge of the said first braking device, an explosive charge so arranged in the projectile as to rupture by its explosion the lines of least resistance of said first braking device permitting the latter to unfold, to exert its braking action at the same time releasing the free forward edge of said second brak ing device, the said two braking devices thus acting together to transform the trajectory of the projectile, and means for igniting the said explosive charge after the projectile has left the gun.
4. In combination with a high velocity projectile, a braking device mounted on the projectile, a movable member normally holding said braking device in inoperative position, an explosive charge so arranged in the projectile, as to cause by its explosion the said movable member to release said braking device, permitting it to exert its braking action, and means for igniting said explosive charge. after the projectile has left the gun.
5. In combination with a high velocityv projectile provided with a fuse-head, a braking device mounted on the projectile com prising a plurality of strips adapted to bend outwardly away from the projectile, a movable member mounted between the said fusehead and the ogival portion of the projectile and normally holding the free forward ends of said strips against the outer face of the projectile, an explosive charge so arranged in the projectile as to move by its explosion the said movable member forward toward the said fuse-head, thereby causing it to release the free ends of the said strips. permitting them to unfold and exert a braking action, and means for igniting said explosive charge, after the projectile has left the gun.
In testimony whereof I aifix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
HENRI Moms CHAS. P. PRESSLY'.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.
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|U.S. Classification||244/3.21, 244/3.28|