|Publication number||US118156 A|
|Publication date||Aug 15, 1871|
|Publication number||US 118156 A, US 118156A, US-A-118156, US118156 A, US118156A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
2 Sheena-Sheet ,JOHN noHR'E-R.
Improvement in Fences.
NO. 118,156. E le" Patented August 15, 1871.
2 Sheets--Sheet y JOHN ROHRER.
Improvementy in Fences.
N0. 118,156. l Patented August 15, 187i.
f-ff f -fr im; azz/y fr l A PATENT CFFIGE.
JOHN ROHRER, OF SPRINGFIELD, OHIO.
IMPROVEMENT IN FENCES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 118,156, dated August 15, 1871.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN ROHRER, of the city of Springfield, in the county of Clark and State of Ohio, have invented certain Improvements in Iron Fences and in Fences of Iron and Wood combined, of which the following is a specification:
My invention relates to the construction of fences having the rails and posts of angle-shaped rolled iron. Its novelty consists in using the same iron for posts and rails, and in the manner of attaching these together. The rails and posts are of uniform size, and the posts are doubled and bolted together. The ends ofthe rails are split and turned back at an angle to receive the bolt, which fastens this part to the posts and also the posts to each other at the ends of the sections. The object of my invention is to secure greatest strength with least amount of material, and, by making the posts and rails of uniform size, to duplicate the parts without waste of metal. The manner of connecting the sections also facilitates rapid construction.
Figure l is a front elevation of a fence embody'- ing my invention. Fig. 2 is a plan of the same. Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of the fence shown in Fig. l. Fig. 4 is a rear elevation of a subsection of a fence in which the rails are pierced with upright rods. Fig. 5 is a rear elevation of a subsection of a fence in which iron palings or pickets are used; in this figure one of the double posts is shown. Fig. 6 shows a cross-section of rail or post, (size of iron being the same 5) also a section of rail with the end split and partially turned back, as in forming the angle to fit this part to its post. Fig. 7 shows double angles formed on the end of each of the rails which are attached to the double post, bolts and nuts being used to secure them together.
In Figs. l, 2, and 3, sheet l, a represents the rails 5 b and b b', the posts; d, the palings, which, in these figures, are of wood. The post at the corner on the left in Fig. 1 cannot be seen from the front, as the corner palings cover it. The palings, when made of wood, m'ay be fastened on the rails either by wood-screws passing only partly through them from the back of the rails, or they may be fastened on by small bolts. b b on the right shows the doubled post from the joining of an additional section. Lugs c on the ends of the rails a are turned back at a right angle to fit against the inner side of post b b', bolts passing through both lugs and post securing the whole firmly together. In addition to this they are further secured by bolts or rivets passing through the rails and posts from front to rear, as seen at e in figures on sheet 1. I do not claim this latter mode of fastening separately. B is the base on which the fence rests. The posts are let into this, (which may be either of wood or stone,) and from their peculiar shape they stand very iirmly. With the exception of the corner posts, I prefer doubling the posts and bolting them together in the manner shown, as the fence is much stronger when built in this way and the sections are much more readily put together. Either rivets or bolts may be used for this purpose. The rails of my fence are adapted to wooden or metal palings or rods. It can be proportioned to any size required. Gates can also be made in the same manner as the fence-sections, and will require no other hinges than a turn-bolt pierced through the rail to swing on, the hole in the rail forming the eye for the rod.
In Fig. 4 a corner post, b, is shown, the rails a being fastened to it only by one bolt, which passes through the lug c, which is turned upward. In connecting the other section, which forms the corner, the ends of the rails are slipped one under the other and bolted together through the railcaps. (See left hand of Fig. 2.) In using short posts the lugs may be turned down.
In Fig. 5 part of a section is shown (with its post connections) having metal palings. The rails in this figure are fastened to the posts in the same manner as shown in Fig. 3, which have wooden palings. The part-z ofthe rail a', seen in Fig. 6, can be either turned backward and bolted to the side of post below the other lug, c, or cut off after the part c is bent back to form the angle.
In Fig. 7 the part z' is shown turned back laterally and bolted to the post b, the ends of the rails a in this figure being attached to post b b by two lugs instead of one, as seen in preceding iigures. This manner of attaching the rail ends gives nearly double the strength to this part, and for inclosures where the strongest possible fenceis required this mode of fastening will be preferred. In this figure the rails and posts are connected by bolts and nuts c.
Any ordinary blacksmith, when supplied with the angle-iron for posts and rails, can readily make this fence, and even persons unskilled in the art can easily put it together; hence its ad- Secured together by splitting and turning back vantage over fences requiring skilled Workmana portion ofthe rc ils, as shown, and then boltnig ship in their construction. them to the posts, substantially as and for the I do not claim the use of :ingle-iron for rails purpose set forth.
for felices, as the same has been before used 5 but 4 JOHN ROHRER.
That I claim as my invention is- Vtnesses: rlhe rails a a and posts b and b', construe-ted B. C. CONVERSE,
of angle-shaped rolled iron of uniform size, and GEO. H. EARNEST.
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