US 1182678 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May il, 1916.
Application vled July 17, 1915. Serial No. 40,428.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that l, OSCAR S. HAsLn'r'r, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Jersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and lmproved Safety-Bottle, of which the following is a full, clear, and eXact description.
This invention relates to bottles, jars, etc., and has particular reference to safety closures for bottles. By the term bottle as used hereinafter I wish to be understood as covering any type of container to which my device is applicable.
Among the objects of the invention, more delinitely stated, is to provide a safety closure or stopper for bottles used especially for containing poisons or other dangerous materials, and whereby a person will be prevented from accidentally opening the bottle and partaking of any of the contents thereof under the mistake or misapprehension that he is taking something else. Many fatal results occur from persons taking poison at night or under such conditions that they are not caused to be thoroughly aware of the danger existing, and by providing a closure for the bottle which will require light and a certain amount of care and caution to open it, the danger from accidents will be overcome.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, the invention consists in the arrangement and combination of parts hereinafter described and claimed, and while the invention is not restricted to the exact details of construction disclosed herein, still for the purpose of illustrating a practical embodiment thereof reference is had to the accompanying drawings, in which like reference characters designate the same parts in the several views, and in which- Figure 1 is a side elevation of a preferred form of stopper or closure; Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the bottle neck and mouth; Fig. 3 is a transverse section on the line 3dS of Fig. 2, but on a larger scale and the parts having been rotated; and Fig. 4 is a perspective view indicating the bottle with the stopper in closed position.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, l show a specially constructed stopper 10 comprising a knob 11, a shank 12 and an intermediate conical portion 13 which may be ground or otherwise trued to lit into the mouth of the bottle. The lower end of the shank 12 carries an outwardly projecting lug 14, and the upper portion of the stopper, either at the knob or at the top of the cone 13, is formedwith an indicating mark 15 representing the vertical plane of the lug 14.
The bottle neck 16 is formed with an inner annular shoulder 17 open or broken at 17 at one or more points. The clear space within the shoulder 17 is substantially the same or slightly larger than the diameter of the shank 12, and the stopper' may be readily admitted into its place while the lug 14 passes downwardly through the opening 17 At 18 is indicated a series of spaced parallel lingers or their equivalent extending downwardly from the shoulder 17 and of substantially the same radial thickness as said shoulder. The spaces between the lingers are substantially the same in width as the width of the lug 14: and hence will readily admit the lug between them, but the lug 14 impinging against the lower edge of the shoulder 17 will prevent the withdrawal of the stopper. It is therefore necessary, in order to remove the stopper, that it be rotated until the lug 14 registers vertically with the opening 17 at which time the stopper may be freely withdrawn.
At 19 is an indicating mark applied to the bottle neck in vertical alinement with the opening 17. rlhe operator may know, therefore, that when the two indicators 15 and 19 are brought into registry with each other a similar condition obtains with respect to the lug let and opening 17. Then the stopper is inserted into the bottle, under ordinary conditions, it is given a partial rotation after the cone 13 is seated. It follows, therefore, that it will be practically impossible for the stopper' to be withdrawn under such conditions that the operator is not using his eyes and his wits, although when light is present and the operator understands the structure of the bottle, no difficulty and no delay are experienced in removing the stopper.
1. The combination with a bottle neck having an inwardly projecting annular shoulder, said shoulder being provided with a vertical opening and also having a series of spaced fingers projecting downwardly from the shoulder, and a stopper adapted to fit into the neck and having a lug projecting outwardly therefrom and adapted to register with and pass freely through said adapted to coperate with said mouth, said shank also having an outwardly projecting lug adapted to pass into the opening in said shoulder aforesaid and lie beneath said lingers when the stopper is seated, said lug upon rotation of the stopper being adapted to be received between adjacent fingers, and indicating means to enable the operator to register the lug with said opening.
OSCAR S. HASLETT.
JACOB A. PLERGY, N. H. JONES.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressingthe Commissioner of Patents. Washington, D. C.