US 1185760 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
B. E. BERRY.
APPLICATION FILED AUG-4,1915.
Patented June 6, 1916.
THE COLUMBIA PLANQGRAPH c0., WASHINGTQMILL BEN E. EEEEY, F MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 6, 1916.
Application filed August 4, 1915. Serial No. 43,655.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, BEN E. BERRY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Memphis, in the county of Shelby and State of Tennessee, have invented new and useful Improvements in Daubers, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to fountain brushes and has particular reference to blackening brushes or the like.
It is the object of my invention to provide a dauber constructed for use in the capacity of a stopper for a receptacle, and including a valve for controlling the flow of liquid from the receptacle to the dauber in small quantities to maintain the same properly saturated for use. 7
A further object of the invention resides in the provision of a dauber adapted to be associated with a new receptacle when necesthrough the receptacle and dauber with the latter in applied position. Fig. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of the valve. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a modified form of the invention. Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view therethrough.
While it is hereinabove specifically stated that the dauber is primarily intended for use as a blackening dauber, it is desired to have it understood that the article forming the subject matter of my invention may be constructed in any suitable manner to permit of its use in other capacities, as well as to accommodate different types of recepta cles, the specific construction of the device herein shown and described being merely illustrative of one embodiment of the invention. However in this particular instance v5 indicates a suitable receptacle adapted to contain a shoe blackening liquid or the like, and having a reduced exterlorly threaded neck 6 with which the dauber forming the sub ect matter of my invention is adapted to be associated, and constitutes a closure or stopper for the receptacle.
The dauber as shown inthis embodiment of the lnvention'consists of a .tubularmetal- 11c cap 7 adapted to be threadedly associated with the neck 6 of the bottle so that the top 8 of the cap will rest upon the upper edge thereof. Arranged upon the upper surface of the top 8 are the bristles 9 which are clamped thereon by means of the annular flange 10 rising, from the top 8 ofthe cap.
FiXed to the top 8, and projecting an appreciable distance therethrough into the bristles 9, is a relatively small tube 11 havlng its portion disposed beneath the top 8 formedto provide aconical shaped valve seat 12, and terminating to provide a depending L-shaped extension 13 disposed at one side of the tube as shown. Mounted to slide through the tube 11 and the short arm 14 of the L-shaped extension is a rod15-having fixedthereon a valve 16 adaptedto be normally held against its seat 12,- under the infl'uence of a coil spring 17 encircling the rod and .having one end bearing against the valve and its opposite end bearing against 7 the arm 14: of the L-sha-ped extension. That end of the rod projecting within the bristles of the dauber is formed with a head 18 to provide a broad bearing surface to move, the rod in a direction against the tension of the spring when the dauber is brought into engagement with the surface to be brushed, with a consequent opening of the valve 16 which permits a small quantity of the liquid contained within the bottle to flow through the tube onto the bristles, whereby the latter is properly saturated with the liquid for use. Of course the dauber can be pressed against the shoe or other surface to be brushed as often as desired,.for the purpose as above stated of allowing the liquid to flow from the receptacle ontothe bristles, but when the pressure is released the spring 17 operates to return the parts to normal position thereby closing the valve and cutting olf communication between the receptacle and the dauber.
It will be manifest from the foregoing description that when. the bottle is emptied, the dauber may be removed therefrom and readily and easily associated with a new bottle of liquid, which will necessitate the Q DQ 9f the dauber to purchase the same brand of blackening, for which reason the device is especially advantageous from a commercial point of view.
In the modified form of the invention shown in Fig. 3, the dauber consists of a tubular cap 19 adapted to be associated with a suitable receptacle in the manner hereinabove described in connection with the preferred form of the invention. Projecting through the top 20 of the cap is a tube 21 having a relatively small portion disposed above the top, and a relatively large portion disposed below the top thereby forming a valve seat 22 at the point of juncture of the said relatively large and small portions. Slidabl'y mounted through the tube is a rod 23 having a valve 24 at one end thereof and a relatively large head 25 at the opposite end thereof, the valve 24 being normally held against its seat through the medium of the spring 26 encircling the upper portion of the rod and having one end bearing against the top 20 and its opposite end bearing against the head 25. In this particular instance the brushing element 27 is in the nature of a sponge adapted to be secured upon the top 20 of the cap wholly inclosing the upper part of the rod and head 25. Rising from the top 20 is an annular flange 28 split at spaced intervals as at 29, the separated portions defining prongs 31 adapted to'be bent inwardly into engagement with the sponge or brushing element for the purpose of maintaining the same associated with the cap. This form of the invention is used in exactly the same manner as described in connection with the preferred form of the invention, in that when pressure is applied upon the brushing element, the valve is moved away from the seat against the tension of the spring thereby permitting the contents of the bottle to flow through the tube upon the dauber, and when the pressure is removed, the spring returns the parts to normal position, thereby closing the valve.
It is believed that from the foregoing de scription, the nature and advantages of the invention will be thoroughly understood without requiring a more extended explana tion, and therefore the same has been omitted. However, I desire to have it understood that I do not limit myself to the precise construction and arrangement herein illustrated, as various changes in this respect may be resorted'to when desired as fall within the scope of the appended claim.
What is claimed is V In combination with a receptacle, a dauber including a cap removably asso ciated with the receptacle, a tube projecting centrally above and below the top of said cap, the lower portion defining a valve seat, an Lshaped arm depending from one side of said seat, a valve rod slidable through said tube and arm, a valve on said rod, a spring holding said valve normally engaged against its seat, a head on the upper end of said rod, and a brushing element clamped upon said cap and inolosing said head, said valve controlling the discharge of liquid from the receptacle to said element.
In testimony whereof I aiiiX my signature in presence of two witnesses.
'BEN E. BERRY. Witnesses:
I .CHARLns W. LAURANsoN,
EDWARD L. KANE.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the "Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. E3.