US 1186098 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. D. HORST.
APPLICATION F-ILED man. 1915.
Patented June 6, 1916.
George 1). Horst A n wfl hnhl ifi umq 00 again: 7 6 M M UNITED STATES PATENT oEEIoE.
GEORGE 1). HORST, 0E SEATTLE, WASHINGTON.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed'June 1, 1915. Serial No. 31,328.
To all whom, it may concern Be it known that I, GEORGE D. HORST, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Seattle, in the county of King and State of Vashington, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hand-Traps, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to hand traps, for use in throwing targets by hand of such simple character that it may be conveniently carried about and used.
The object of my invention is to make a hand-operated device which shall be cheap in first cost, efficient and reliable in action, and which may be conveniently placed in a pocket for transportation.
My invention comprises the novel parts and combinations of parts which will be hereinafter particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings I have shown my invention in the form which is now preferred by me.
Figure l is a perspective of the device showing its face, or the side upon which the target is placed for throwing. Fig. 2 is a view of the back side of the device. Fig. 3 is a section taken just to one side of the line of the handle, and looking toward the pivoted arm.
In order to secure portability and convenience of operation, I have taken a target carrier and have pivoted thereto an arm or handle, which is adapted for grasping by the hand, and to throw the target by sw nging the same by the arm. The portabll ty is increased by so constructing the device that the handle arm may be swung around into line with the body of the carrier, thus reducing the over-all length. In this condition the device is of such size that it may be slipped into any ordinary coat pocket.
The carrier is of itself of novel design. This comprises a base plate 1, an arm .2 hinged thereto, and the means by which the target is held between these two parts. The base plate 1 has an arm 11 extending toward the outer end of the carrier, and the side edge at the same side of the carrier, flanged over to form a channeled guide, of such shape and dimensions as to fit the edge of a target. The entrance end of this guide, which is at the rear or pivoted end of the carrier, has the outer flange bent outwardly at 12, so as to somewhat increase the space between this flange and the body plate, thus of the flange curved outwardly, as 21, for
the purpose above stated. This plate is hinged at 15 and has a rearwardly extendmg arm 23, the outer end of which lies outwardly of the line of the pivot 15. This end is provided with means for the attachment thereto of a spring, said means as herein shown consisting of a flange 24 which is perforated to receive an end of the spring. The body plate 1 is also provided with a Patented June e, 1916. I
complemental flange 14, through which passes the adjusting bolt 7. The spring 6 is secured to the end of this bolt, and to the flange 24: of arm 2. The action of this spring is to swing the outer end of the arm 2 toward the complemental arm 11 of the main plate 1. j v
The outer end of the arm 2 has two inwardly turned flanges 22, between which 5 of suitable gripping or is secured a block frictional material, preferably of rubber.
It will be noted that the construction above described leaves the top surface of the carrier free of obstructions, so that the target may be placed on the rear face thereof, and slid outward into position between the two arms, and contacting with the stop 5, or into the position indicated by. dotted lines. 7
The handle 3 is a plain, straight bar, pivoted at 33 to the rear edge of the carrier. This handle is intended to be grasped by the hand, and the target thrown by swinging the arm until the target is released from the grip between the fingers 2 and 11 and discharged.
As a matter of convenience this handle should have projections or irregularities of such shape that the hand may grasp it securely. To this endv I have bent its outer end back upon itself, securing the part 30 into a position directly opposite that occupied when the device is in use, which position is shown by dotted lines in Fig. 2. This is the position occupied by the handle when the device is folded and inserted in a pocket.
The swing of the arm 2 toward the complemental arm 11, is limited by clipping the edge of the plate 1 adjacent to the edge of the arm 2, and forcing the plate at one side of this clip outward to form a stop 18.
In using this device the hand with which the target is to be thrown grasps the handle, while with the other hand a target is placed upon the plate 1 and slid outward into position between the arms 2 and 11. lihe trap is then swung in the direction in which the target is to be thrown, the target escapes and then the trap is loaded in the same manner for throwing the next target. With this device targets may be thrown, as far as there is any need for, in any direction, and with a rapidity equal to that of any other trap. it is conveniently transportable, eqiial in capacity to any other trap, and no more likely to break the target in throwing.
Having now described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is z- 1. A hand trap comprising a target carrier and an arm pivotally connected there with and freely movable in one direction, said arm being adapted for grasping 1n the hand for swinging it, and a stop limiting the swing of the target in one direction.
2. A hand trap comprising a target carrier and a handle, said parts being pivoted to permit swinging their axes into alinement extending both in like and in opposite directions from the pivot.
3. A hand trap comprising a target holder having the target holding means upon one face and a handle pivoted upon the other face, one longitudinal half of the back face being free of projections to permit the handle swinging back into position opposite its working position.
4. A hand trap comprising a target holder having the target holding means upon one face and a handle pivoted upon the other face, one longitudinal half of the back face being free of projections to permit the handle swinging back into position opposite its working position, and a stop limiting the swing of the handle to a slight angle in opposite direction from its working position.
5. A hand trap comprising a target holder having opposed yieldable members provided with target receiving channels extending lengthwise thereof to form a channel permitting insertion of the target at its inner end, a handle pivoted to the inner end. of the target holder and adapted to swing in one direction into a position opposite that occupied when in use, and a stop limiting the swing of said holder about the handle in the other'direction.
6. In a hand trap, a target holder comprising a base plate having target engaging conformation along one side edge, an arm pivoted thereto and having target engaging conformation extending along the other side edge, a spring acting between arm and base plate to grip the target between them, and a handle pivoted to the base plate and adapted to be grasped by the hand when using the device, and a stop limiting the swing of the handle in one direction.
7. A target carrier for traps comprising. a base plate having a target-edge-receiving channel along one side edge, an arm pivoted thereto toward the other side edge and having a complemental target-edge receiving channel, said arm having its other end extending rearwardly and outwardly of its pivot relatively to said first target-edge-receiving channel, and a tension spring con necting the latter end of said arm with the base plate at a point outwardly of said pivot.
8. A target carrier for traps comprising a plate of substantially the width of a target and having a channeled arm forming an 621- tension of one side edge and an arm pivoted toward the opposite edge and having-a complementary channeled end, and a spring acting to swing the channeled end of said arm toward its mate.
9. A target carrier for traps comprising a plate of substantially the width of a target and having a channeled arm forming an extension of one side edge and an arm pivoted toward the opposite edge and having a complementary channeled end, an obstruction at the outer end of the channel of one arm, and a spring acting to swing the channeled end of said arm toward its mate.
10. A target carrier for traps comprising a base plate having one edge flanged to form a channel for the reception of one edge of the target, an arm pivoted to the back side of the plate and flanged to form. a complemental channel and an arm extending rearwardly and outwardly from said pivot, the base having a lug bent upwardly from its face and located. outwardly of the channel of .said arm, a spring connected by one end with the rear end of the pivoted arm, and by its other end to said lug.
11. A hand trap comprising a target carrier having opposed channeled members adapted to receive opposite edges of the target, a. spring acting to press these members toward each other to grip the target, a friction block in the outer end of one of said channels, and a handle pivoted to the back side of the carrier and adapted to swing into line with said channeled members, and upon the same side of the pivot, said handle being adapted for holding in the hand when muse.
12. A hand trap comprising a target carrier, an arm pivoted thereto and adapted to swing into line with the axis of the carrier in both directions from its pivot, and a stop limiting its swinging from the position of use in one direction.
13. A hand trap comprising a target holder having opposed resistently separable members provided with target receiving channels permitting through passage of the target between them, a target-detaining block in the outer end of the channel in one arm, a spring located without the path of the target in passing through the trap and acting to grip the target edgewise, and a handle pivoted to one member of the target holders and free to swing in one direction into position opposite that occupied when in use, and a stop limiting its swing in the other direction from its position of use.
Signed at Seattle, l/Vashington, this 26th day of May, 1915.
GEO. D. HORST. I
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of I'atentl, Washington, D. 0."