|Publication number||US1186369 A|
|Publication date||Jun 6, 1916|
|Filing date||Oct 26, 1915|
|Priority date||Oct 26, 1915|
|Publication number||US 1186369 A, US 1186369A, US-A-1186369, US1186369 A, US1186369A|
|Original Assignee||Bronson Barlow|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
B. vBARLOW. PNEUMATIC WELL FOR INK AND MUCILAGE.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 25.1915.
1,186,369. Patented June 6,1916.
w/NESsEs ATI'UHNEYS THE coLumnxA PLANOGRAPH cn.. wAslnNuT-GN. u. c.
BRONSON BARLOW, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
PNEUIIIATIC WELL FOR INK .AND MUCILAGE.
Speccation of Letters Patent.
Application filed October 26, 1915. Serial No. 57,978.
To all whom it may concern.'
Be it known that I, BRoNsoN BARLOW, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and Improved Pneumatic Well for Ink and Mucilage, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
My invention relates to an ink well or mucilage well adapted to be employed in connection with ink vbottles or mucilage bottles of standard makes and utilizing the said ink bottle or the mucilage bottle as a reservoir.
The object of my invention is to impro-ve a well of the indicated character improved in various particulars and having Vspecial advantages which will be stated in connection with the description of the novel construction characterizing the practical embodiment of my invention.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specication in which similar reference charac- -ters indicate corresponding parts in all the in Fig. 4.
The bottle 10, illustrated, is of a form in general use for ink and mucilage, being provided with a neck 11, and an annular lipv 11a, on the neck.
My improved stand 12, is 'rectangular as illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3, to better Vconform in its general appearance to square bottles. The sta-nd 12, is made of pressed glass, metal, or other suitable material, and may have interrupted ribs 18 at the underside, providing feet for the stand. The top of the stand 12, presents side surfaces 14:, a front surface 15, and a rear'surface 16, that slope inwardly from the outer margins toward two depressions, there being a deeper front depression 17 and a shallower depression 18, rearward of the depression 17. The depression 18, is circular to conform to and receive the lip 11a, of the bottle in the inverted position.` A vertical projection 19, rises within the depression 18,`
and is adapted to be received in the inverted neck 11, and constitute a stopper therefor. The vertical projection 19, is formed with a vertical groove 20, preferably, V-shaped, extending from the top thereof, and cutting the circular depression 18, and extending to the deeper front depression 17.
Patented June 6, 1916.
With a stand formed as described, to use i the same, with a bottle 10, as a reservoir, the stand is inverted and placed on top of the bottle with the stopper projection 19, in the said neck. 'Ihe ybottle is now inverted so that the depression 18, forms a seat for the lip 11a. The ink will now flow into the well 17, through the notch 20, air entering the Y bottle as'the ink or mucilage exudes therefrom until the ink or mucilage rises in the well 17, to a level to constitute a liquidseal for the bottle neck, after which no more ink or mucilage will flow to the depression 17 except as the level therein is lowered as the ink or mucilage is used so that a constant level is maintained. When the ink or mucilage is all used up, the empty bottle is removed and a new one placed in position.
By the described arrangement myimproved well has various important advantages. 'Ihe pen point may rest in the ink so that a pen in frequent use may be kept during intervals `of disuse with the point submerged as many writers desire, the pen point resting against the underside of the lip 11, of the bottle 10, and the pen-holder rangingacross an edge of the stand. When sov positioned, the pen can never go deep into the ink. The arrangement of the depressions maintains the ink always pendeep. In practice, the difference in level between the lip of the bottle neck and the bottom of the reservoir 17, is made pendeep so that the pencan'be dipped without particular attention and with full security, the user knowing that he cannot dip the pen nib or the forward end of the penholder into theink and soil his fingers, and
valso with the assurance that the pen will not be overcharged and drip nor undervcharged to soon run dry. Furthermore, the
ink does not evaporate rapidly.
The surface of the poolof ink in thedepression 17, is limited by the horizontal section of the said depression at the level of,
has a very wide front or mouth, practically l. i l! four or five times as wide as the mouth of an ordinary ink bottle. Moreover, the sides of the depression are rounded and sloping from the edge to the bottom of the pool, and guide the pen into the ink, regardless of the direction or angle from which the pen is directed In this way different people may dip their pens at the same time into the ink well without interference, this being desirable where writing materials are provided in public places, as in a post-office or a hotel, and is a convenience not incident to the common form of ink bottle which admits of only one pen .being dipped at a time. It will be obvious, also, that the stand may be easilyr and thoroughly cleaned. As the ink remains at a constant level, it never dries on the surface of the glass unless it be on a narrow line at the surface. 1t will be apparent also, thatthe ink well is stable against being overturned. 1n the case of mucilage, if the new should not be sufficiently free, pumping action can be effected by raising and lowering the bottle on 'the projection 19. In practice, the dimensions of the parts including the projection 19, are such that the stand will be usable only for one standard make of bottle so that a manufacturer can be assured that his stand will not likely be employed in connection with other bottlers of similar goods. As the stand is madein a single piece, it can be produced very cheaply and for the same reason., is very durable.
The side margins 21, of the stand 12, are
slightly depressed from the front and back toward the center. Similarly, the top margin 9.2, at the front and the top margin 23, at the back, have a ight dip or depression from the outer ends thereof toward the center. lThis arrangement provides for the proper accommodation of a pen or pencil indicated by dotted lines at A in Fig. 1, because no matter in what position. the pen or pencil is laid on top of the stand 12, it will gravitato toward the bottle neck ll, and be sustained in position.
In the forni shown in Figs. 4f and 5, my improved stand 12g', is modified to bring the lines thereof more in harmony with ink r mucilage bottles round in cross section. The rear portion of the stand, viewed in plan, is round whereas the front is ovate. The upper surface of the stand slopes downwardly and forwardly at the sides 14a, and back 16, toward the elevated depression 18, corresponding in all respects with the depression 18, to form a seat for the lip of the inverted bottle. Similarly a projection 19, rises within the seat 18a, and at its front side is formed with a vertical notch 20a.
The front depression 17a, is modified as to sides as in the first described constructionand like the first construction it has a rearwardly extending contracted terminal 17, The notch Q0, forms a depression extending at the inside of the seat 18a, and complementary to said seat and to the rearward terminal 17h. i The marginal edges 21, slope toward the transverse center of the stand, both from the front and from the back so as to cause a pen or pencil A to gravitate toward the inverted bottle neck when sustained on the seat 18a. The extreme front at the curvilinear angle formed by the ovate lines, is elevated as at 2lb, so that the general appearance presented by the stand l2, is boat-like.
.Having thus described my invention, l claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
l. A stand for use as a well for ink or mucilage, comprising a rectangular body having a seat for an inverted bottle and a depression forming a well., said body having concave margins to cause a pen when laid upon any two of them. to gravitate toward the seat and be arrested by the bottle.
2. As a new article of manufacture, a stand for use as a well for ink or mucilage, comprising a body having in its upper face two depressions of unequal depths and having the portions bounding the depressions inclined upwardly and outwardly to the margin of the body, said body being provided in the sliallower depression with a cylindrical projection extending above the upper face of the body and having a groove opening at its lower end into the deeper depression.
3. As a new article of manufacture, a stand for use as a well for ink or mucilage, consisting of a rectangular bodj having in its upper face two depressions of unequal depths and having the portions bounding the depressions inclined upwardly and outwardly to the edges of the body, said edges being concave, the body being provided in the shallower depression with a cylindrical projection extending above the upper face of the body and having a vertical groove opening at its lower end into the deeper depression.
in testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence. of two subscribing witnesses.
BRONSON BARLW. 1Witnesses E. M. OHL, Vivian JULIAN.
@epica of this patent may be obtained i'or ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner er retenu.
Washington, D. C.
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