US 1186383 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. M. DANLY.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 11, 1915.
v UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRANCIS M. DANLY, OF ALAMEDA, CALIFORNIA.
Application filed March 11, 1915.
To all whom it may concern. 7
Be it known that I, FRANGIs M. DANLY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Alameda, in the county of Alameda and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Wire Nails; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same. 4 This invention relates to improvements in fastening devices and more particularly to nails for fastening cribbing boards of Element molds to each other and to the studing.
The object of the'invention is to provide a nailof this class which will reliably secure together the abutting edges of two boards and secure said boards to a support. With this and other objects in view, the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, andthe combination and arrangement of parts as will be more fully described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings: Figurel is a plan view of a portion of a mold showing this improved device in the act of being applied, with the studding shown in section Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the proved nail 1 as shown, is composed of a single piece of galvanized wire bent or doubled intermediately of its ends and twisted to form a support engaging arm 2 which is sharpened at its free end to adapt it to perform the function of a prong to facilitate its insertion in a studding or other support. The doubled wire is then bent substantially at right angles to the twisted prong 2 to form a reinforced shank 3 and at the end of the shank opposite said prong 2, the wires are separated andone of them bent at right angles to the shank and extended in the same direction as the prong 2 and parallel therewith to form a board engaging arm 4:. This arm 4 is bent laterally midway its ends in a plane at right angles to the body portion thereof and which is designed to extend upwardly to form 2. prong 5 for engaging one edge of Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented J unefi, 1916.
Serial No. 13,656.
a board B as shown in Fig; '1. The other end of the wire at the point of separation at the end of the shank 3, is bent to form a loop (3 which is wrapped around the other wire adjacent the bend therein and is extended laterally in a plane at right angles to the shank 3 and to the member 4 in a direction opposite to the prong 5 and in a plane parallel therewith and spaced therefrom, thus'forming another board engaging member in the form of a prong 7 which is designed to engage one edge bf a board B disposed in abutting relation to the board B, the member 4 being arranged longitudinally between said boards sothat the separated prongs 5 and 7 of the fastener are completely housed between the boards which it connects with the shank 3 extending laterally and the'prong 2 adapted to be inserted in a'studding S or other support to which the boards are to be fastened. The arm or prong 2 as shown in Figs. '1 to 5 is inclined inwardly before it is driven into the studding, so thatwhen said prong is driven intoth'e' studding, it will be forced outward into the position shown in Fig. 2, and thereby exert a pulling action for drawing the boards with which the prongs at the other end of the shank are engaged and the studding together, and uniting them in close relation. 7
While this nail maybe used for many purposes, it is especially adapted for concrete cribbing and by driving the nail in the edgesof the boards instead of the faces thereof, as is usually the case, the difficulty of driving the nail in the narrow space be-- tween two walls is obviated. It will also be obvious, that one of these nails performs the functions of two ordinary nails, the prongs 5 and 7 securing two boards together and the prong 2 connecting the boards to the studding. By so using this nail all possibility of the boards being split is avoided, in view of the fact that the prongs thereof are driven edgewise into the boards and hence a great saving in lumber is effected.
This nail may be made of any sized wire desired and should be right and left so as to adapt them to be applied in any place or position desired.
i In the use of this improved nail, the prong 7 is first driven into the board B in the position shown in Fig.1 and then the shank 3 is swung around to position the prong 2 ready for being driven into the studding as shown in Fig. 1. This prong 2 is then driven into the studding into the position shown in Fig. 2 and after being so driven a blow is struck with the hammer on the memher 4 thereby embedding it in the lower unit or board B and hence preventing any possibility-of the shank 3 being swung or moved out of position. After the nail has been so driven, the next board above B is inserted edgewise over the board B and connected therewith by forcing the prongs 5 into the board B as shown in Fig. 3.
I claim as my invention:
1. A fastening device of the class described comprising a shank having members extending laterally from its ends on the same side thereof and substantially in the same direction, one of said members being a prong and the other being bent laterally intermediate of its ends to form a penetrating prong, and another prong extending at right angles from the shank end having the bent member and disposed in a plane parallel with the penetrating prong of said bent member and extending in a direction opposite tosaid prong.
2. A fastening device of the class described comprising a shank having members extending laterally from one end thereof at right angles to each other, one of said members being a prong and the other being bent laterally intermediate of its ends with the bent portion thereof forming a prong and extending in a direction opposite to the other prong and parallel therewith, and means for connecting said shank to a support.
8. A fastening device of the class described comprising a shank having members extending laterally from one end thereof at right angles'to each other, one of said members being a prong and the other being bent laterally intermediate of its ends with the bent portion thereof forming a prong and extending in a direction opposite to the other prong and parallel therewith, and a prong extending laterally from the other end of said shank approximately in the same direction with the body portion of the bent prong at the other end of the shank.
4:. A device of the class described comprising a piece of metal doubled on itself intermediate of its ends with. the two members adjacent the fold therein forming a prong, said doubled members being then extended at right angles to said prong to form a shank, said members being separatedtat the end of said shank opposite to this pronged end and extended laterally at right angles to each other to form a prong and an arm, said arm being bent laterally at right angles in a direction opposite to the prong to form another prong.
5. A fastening device comprising a shank having a pair of prongs spaced laterally from each other and extending in opposite directions from one end of said shank to en gage the two edges of the units of a structure and a laterally projecting prong at the other end of said shank approximately extending at right angles to the other prongs for attaching said structure to a support.
6. A fastening device comprising a shank having a laterally extending'prong at one end, said prong. being inclined inwardly with reference to the shank, and unit engaging elements extending in. opposite directions from the other end of said shank at right angles thereto.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand inpresence of two subscribing witnesses.
FRANCIS M. DANLY. Witnesses C. L. DANLY, MINNIE H. MOCURDY.
-copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. Washington, D. 0."