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Publication numberUS1187659 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 20, 1916
Filing dateDec 26, 1914
Priority dateDec 26, 1914
Publication numberUS 1187659 A, US 1187659A, US-A-1187659, US1187659 A, US1187659A
InventorsEdward S Savage
Original AssigneeEdward S Savage
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toy.
US 1187659 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. s. SAVAGE.

. TOY.

APPLICATION FILED DEC. 26, 1914.

L1 Wfiw. Patent-ed June 20, 1916.

Wwmws: I NVENTQH:

M. 6W JJM L m3 COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH co., WASHINGTON. n. c.

EDWARD s. SAVAGE, or no'cnns'rnn, NEW YORK.

TOY.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented June 20, M916- Application filed December 26, 1914. Serial No. 879,128.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EDWARD S. SAVAGE, of I the city of Rochester, State of New York,

duced by the action of a spring or other motive power.

The object of the invention is to provide a simple method of controlling the motion in mechanical toys and to provide toys of this class which will be simple and cheap to manufacture and in which the motion will be continuous for a considerable length of time after winding.

Another object is to provide mechanical toys in which the motion is controlled within the toy itself without the use of the usual complex and more expensive train of gears the motion being retarded Without necessary contact of moving parts with an external body.

These objects I attain by the mechanism shown in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a vertical section taken longitudinally and Fig. 2 a vertical section taken transversely, of one form of the invention.

Fig. 8 is a plan view and Fig. 4 a vertical section taken longitudinally, of another form of the invention.

Referring by numerals to the accompany,

ing drawings, 1 is the body portion. It may be made to represent a living creature, a

moving vehicle or any object having movable parts which may be simulated in a mechanical toy. In Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 the body is a sheet metal stamping in the form of a bug. To the body is attached the shaft 2 about which the cylinder 3 revolves. The cylinder 3 is closed at both ends by the caps 4: having center holes which serve as bearings. A wooden roller 5 is fitted tightly to the cylinder 3. A friction piece 6 fits tightly on the shaft 2 and has two arms 7 which extend parallel to the axis and close to but not in contact with the inner surface of the cylinder. The coiled spring 8 is attached at and at the other end to the cylinder or cylmder cap. The space within the cylinder surrounding the shaft, spring and friction plece is filled or partly filled with a semifiuid or viscous material, such as soft pitch or thick molasses. This viscous material sticks to the inner surface of the cylinder 3 and to the arms 7 of the friction piece causing a. resistance which effectually prevents rapid revolution of the cylinder and its roller 5 but permits the cylinder to turn slowly until the spring is completely unwound. The spring is wound by holding the toy in the hand and drawing it backward while pressing the roller against some surface such as a table or floor. In action, the rotation of the roller draws the toy forward slowly until the spring is unwound. Obviously the speed of motion depends upon the strength of the spring and the nature of the viscous substance used. This construction is illustrative of one embodiment of the broader features of my invention and I propose claiming it specifically in a separate application herefro-m.

Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 show another form of my invention in which the body 1 is a sheet metal stamping in imitation of a lizard. Motion is transmitted from the spring 8 to the shaft 2 the rotation of whichcauses the legs 10 and 11 to oscillate horizontally in opposite directions. The feet are provided with spurs 12 pointing backward which cause them to catch on a cloth surface when moving in a backward direction, but permits the feet to slide when moved forward. The end of the tail 13 serves as a key for winding the spring, and is provided with notches on its bearing surface which engage with beveled teeth lt permitting the key to be turned one direction only. The hook 15 turns with the key and. supports one end of a rubber band 8 which acts as the drive spring. The other end of the rubber band is attached to the hook 16 at one end of the shaft 2. The shaft 2 has an ofiset portion 17 which passes through the vertical slots 18 in a vertical portion of the leg members. The front legs are pivoted freely at the points 19 and the rear legs at the points 20. The shaft is provided near its forward end with another ofiset portion 6 which Serves the same purpose as the friction piece employed in the toy bug described above. The

V offset or friction portion 6 is inclosed within the cylinder 3 which is filled with a viscous material. In action, the viscous material clings to the inner surface of the cylinder and retards the motion .of the shaft 2, which,

turning slowly, causes the legs to oscillate l and if placed on a cloth surface the toy will travel forward, and as the motion 1800111 paratively slow it will be sustained for a considerable length of time.

I prefer to use a truly viscous material such as those mentioned, but it is obvious Chaps technically viscous but which would that there are equivalentmaterials not pergive. substantially the same results the function of'thiselement being to cling toor to yield. slowly before the action of the part to be retardedf Therefore, the fluid, of

whatever kind, should be of a tacky or sticky nature whereby'it offers this clinging resistance andls, at thesame time, too thick or heavy to readily leak out through the bearings of thecontaining member.

I claim-1 1'. A mechanical toy embodying the combination of a driven element and a retarding means consisting of a tacky, clinging,

viscousmass arranged to exert a dragging,

driven element.

2. The combination with a yielding resistance to the motion of said.

mechanical toy I embodying a driving spring and a movable part driven bysaid spring, of a retarding means consisting of a tacky clinging viscous material jointly in contact with a V fixed part and with one of said first menembodymg a drlvmg spring and a movable tioned .parts. a V

3. The combination with a mechanical toy part driven. by said spring, of a two part retarding member comprising a chamber and a frictional part therein, one of said parts being fixed and the other part movable, the movable part being driven by said spring, and a tacky clinging viscous material contained within the chamber and jointly in contact with the frictional part and the inner surface of the chamber.

4. The combination with a mechanical toy embodying a driving spring and a revolu- .ble part" driven by said spring, of a two p'art retarding. member. comprising a cham- .55

b er and a frictional part therein, one of said parts being. fixed and the other part I movable, the movable part being driven by embodying a driving spring and a movable 7 part driven by said spring, of a twopart retarding member comprising a chamber and a shaft with an eccentric portion therein, one of said parts being fixed and the other part movable, the movable part being driven by said spring, and a tacky clinging viscous material contained within the cham her and jointly in contact with the shaft and the inner surface of the chamber.

6. The combination with a mechanical toy embodying a driving spring and a shaft driven by said spring, of a two part retarding member comprising a frictional part attached to and moving with said shaft and a fixed chamber inclosing said frictional part, and a tacky clinging viscous material contained within the chamber and jointly in contact with the frictional part and the inner surface of the chamber.

7 The combination with a mechanical toy embodying a driving spring, a revoluble shaft driven by said spring, said shaft having an eccentric portion, and a movable part actuated by the eccentric portion of said shaft, of a two part retarding member comprising a chamber and a frictional part therein, one of said parts being fixed and the other part movable, the movable part being carried by said shaft, and a viscous material contained within the chamber and jointly in contact with the frictional part and the inner surface of the chamber.

8. In a mechanical toy the combination of a body representing a living creature, legs pivoted to said .body, a drive spring, means for winding said spring, a shaft revolved by said spring, connection between said shaft and said legs whereby the revolution of said shaft will produce oscillation of said legs, means for retarding the motion of said shaft, consisting of a two-part retarding member comprising a chamber and a frictional part therein, one of said parts being fixed and the other part movable, the movable part being driven by said spring, and a yielding material held within the chamberand jointly in contact with the frictional part and the inner walls of the chamber..

9. The combination with a mechanical toy embodying a driving spring, a revoluble shaft driven by said spring, said shaft having an eccentric portion, and a movable part actuated by the shaft, of means for retarding the 'motion of said shaft consisting of a viscous material jointly in contact with the eccentric portion of said shaft and a fixed part.

10. In a mechanical toy the combination of a body representing a living creature, leg members pivoted to said body, a drive spring, a shaft placed longitudinally of said body and revolved by said spring and having. an eccentric portion passing through the slotted portion of said leg members whereby the revolution of said shaft will produce oscillation of said leg members,

means for retarding the motion of said and jointly in contact With the frictional shaft, consisting of a two part retarding part and the inner Walls of the chamber.

member comprising a chamber and a frictional part therein one of said parts being EDWARD SAVAGE fixed and the other part movable, the mova- Witnesses: ble part being carried by said shaft, and a BURLEW HILL, yielding material held Within the chamber EVA BROWN.

women of thin patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Eatente,

- Waehinmon, 1D. 0.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6699098 *Aug 20, 2002Mar 2, 2004Ben KauAnimated musical alligator
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/356, 446/368, 446/289
Cooperative ClassificationA63H11/18