|Publication number||US1188446 A|
|Publication date||Jun 27, 1916|
|Filing date||Apr 22, 1915|
|Priority date||Apr 22, 1915|
|Publication number||US 1188446 A, US 1188446A, US-A-1188446, US1188446 A, US1188446A|
|Original Assignee||Johnathan Haines|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
I J. HAINES.
GASOLENE SI IPPLY APPARATUS.
APPLICATION FILED AP R. 22, I915.
Patented June 27 1916.
2 SHEETS-SHEET I:
u. I I I i I I:
4 U W L h a;
GASOLEN E SUPRLY APPARATUS. APPLICATION FILED APR. 22, 1915.
Patented Jun 27, 1916.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- 'amwm' Johnathanfim'nes.
JOHNATHA'N HAINESr, OF CORONA, NEW YORK.
Application filed April 22,
To all whom it may concern:
lie it known that I, JOHNA'I'HAN llA-mns, a citizen of the United States, and residing atCorona, in the county of Queens and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in (iasolcne-Supply Apparatus, of which the following is a specification, such as will enable those skilled in the art to which it appertainsto make and use the same.
This invention relates to apparatus for supplying liquids of'any kind or class for various purposes from a stationary or fixed reservoir or container and particularly to apparatus of this class for supplying gasolene for use by motors and for other purposes; and the object thereof is to provide an improved apparatus of this class involving a main supply tank or container which may be located in the basementof a building, or under a building, or under the pavement in front of a building, together with a supplemental tank or receiver which is preferably located in the pavement adjacent to a building and also adjacent to the curb, and which is supplied with gasolene from the main tank or container and from which the gasolene may be taken for use in or by an automobile or other power driven vehicle, or for any desired purpose, said apparatus also involving other features of construction pertaining to the supply ofthe main tank or container with gasolene and the feeding thereof from said main tank or container to the supplemental tank or receiver, so constructed and arranged as to render the apparatus most efficient in operation anduse; and with this and other objects in view the invention consists of an apparatus of the class specified, constructed and operating as hereinafter described and claimed.
The invention is fully disclosed in the following specification, of which the accompanying drawing forms a part, in which the separate parts of my improvement are designated by suitable reference characters in each of the views, and in which Figure 1 is a sectional diagrammatic view showmg my improved'apparatus complete.
and the method of assembling and operating the part thereof; Fig. 2 a-sectional detail view of the supplemental tank or receiver and showing the method of its use, the section being on an enlarged scale and on the line 2--2 of Fig. 3; Fig. 3 a view of the sup- Specificatlon of Letters Patent.
Patented June 2?, 1m 6..
1915. Serial no. 23,266.
plemental tank or receiver similar to that shown in Fig. 1 but on an enlarged scale and showing the method of operating said supplemental tank or receiver; Fig. 4 a plan view of the supplemental tank or receiver and showing the same in inoperative position; and, Fig. 5 a section on the line 5--5 of Fig. 4.
In the practice of my invention, I provide a main tank or container a which is inclosed in a concrete casing or structure a, and the tank or container a may be composed of sheet metal or any other suitable material.
The tank or container a and its concrete casing or structure a is placed in a suitable pit or receiver 1) also composed of concrete or other suitable material, and in the bottom of which is a well I). The parts a and b may. be located at any suitable point in the basement of a building, or under the sidewalk in front of a building, and preferably adjacent to the curb is a pit 1) composed of concrete or other suitable material adapted to receive a supplemental tank or receiver 0 which may be lowered into the pit I), or -aised as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3.
The bottom of the main tank or container a is provided adjacent to one end thereof with a drain pipe a which is adapted to discharge into the well 11 and provided with a valve (1, and the top of the tank or container at is provided with a vent pipe a provided with a coupling head at below which is a valve a, and connected with the coupling head a are two supplemental vent pipes a and a", and the vent pipe of extends downwardly into the bottom portion of the pit b and into the well 12 and is adapted to discharge into said well, while the vent pipe a is connected with another coupling 61 below the coupling a, and said pipe a is provided at its lower end with a valve 03 and connected with the pipe a top thereof when said tank or receiver is in andupright position as shown in Figs. 1, 2 an 3.
In the s ipplemental pit b is a vertically arranged intake pipe e having a valve c and with the lower end of which is connected a feed pipe 6 which'extends into the adj acent end of the pit I) and is connected with a supplemental verticall arran ed inlet pipe 6 which passes into t e top 0 the main tank or container a, and is provided with a valve e; The pipe e is provided within the pit I) with a T-coupling c with which is 7 The inclosing walls of the pit b or the interior thereof, are provided with a-hning g having an inwardly directed flange g at the top thereof, and the supplemental tank or raised into the vertical position shown in receiver 0 is mounted in a frame 0 having a back 0 which forms a door for the pit b, and is hinged to one end ortion of the flange g at 9 and with this construction the sup lemental tank or recelver a may be Figs. 1, 2 and 3 whenever it is desired to take gasolene therefrom, and this gasolene is discharged through the nozzle or coupling device 7.
The front of the framework 0 which carries the supplemental tank or receiver 0 is provided at the bottom thereof with laterally directed spring legs 0 which when the frame 0 is raised into an upright position move outwardly and the feet portions thereof enter grooves c in the side portions of the flange g in the top of the pit b, as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3, and hold the frame 0 in an upright position, and when it is desired to lower said frame and the supplemental tank or receiver into the pit b the legs 0 are moved inwardly, and the door 0 of the frame a is provided with any suitable lock device 0, and a handle a by which said door may be manipulated, or by which the frame 0 may be raised into an upright position and lowered into a horizontal position. The tank a is also provided in the bottom thereof with a cleaning or draining discharge nozzle c and one sideof said tank is provided with a gage a by which the amount of gasolene therein may be determined.
Within the pit b is a yoke-shaped pipe 71,, one end, of which is connected with the pipe a at h and the other end of which extends out through one end of the pit b, as clearly shown at h, and this pipe constitutes a water supply pipe, and the arm 71, of said pipe is provided with a coupling h with which is connected a vertical siphon tube 71. which extends'downwardly into and approximately to the bottom of the main tank or conmesses is connected a. lever it provided at its free end with a weight 5 with which is connected a wire 71 which is passed around a pulley at i and through the adjacent end of the pit I) and into the pit b, where it is passed around a pulley i in the pit b and up through the top portion of said pit and around another pulley 2' supported at the back 0, of the frame 0 and said wire is provided with a handle piece 11 and a pull on said wire will raise the lever h and operate the valve device It and closesaid valve device and close the passage through the part it of the yokeshaped plpe h, and this 0 eration of the lever b will also open anot er valve device j in the part h of the yoke-shaped pipe h. The main tank or container a is provided at one end thereof with a gage In and the operation will be readily understood from the foregoing description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawing and the following statement thereof.
In placing my improved gasolene supply apparatus in operation, a small amount of water is introduced into the main tank or container a through the part k of the yokeshaped pipe h, and the pipe k, and said tank or container is then filled with gasolene either through the pipe 6, or the pipe e-e. In order to fill the tank a through the pipe e-e the supplemental tank or receiver must be raised into the vertical position shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, and the extent to which said tank a is filled may be determined by the gage e, orthe gage k.
Whenever it is desired tofill the supplemental tank or receiver .0 the wire i is pulled by means of the handle device i and the lever h is raised and the valve device It is closed, and the valve device 9' opened which operation admits water through the pipe member h which water is discharged into the main tank or container through the siphon tube h, and this water being under pressure the gasolene in the main tank or container is forced into the supplemental tank or receiver 0 through the pipe 0 and its connections 6" and c and the valve device j is held open until the desired amount of gasolene has entered the supplemental tank or receiver 0, after which the valve f is closed and the wire 91 and the pull device i is released, and the lever hdrops into the position shown in Fig. 1, and-the above described operation ceases. The gasolene may be taken from the tank 0 for any desired use by means of a flexible hose or similar device m connected with the coupling or discharge nozzle device i and in order to control the supply and discharge of the gasolene to and from the supplemental tank or receiver a, said coupling or discharge nozzle device is provided with a valve m. It will be understood that in order to fill the supplemental tank or receiver it must be raised into the upright position shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, and after the required amount of gasolene has been discharged from said tank or receiver, and it is desired to lower the same into the pit b as shown in Figs. 4 and 5, the gasolene still remaining in said tank or receiver is discharged therefrom into the tank by opening'the valve f and in this operation a part of the water in said tank a will be discharged therefrom "through the siphon tube It.
It will be understood that as the gasolene is taken from the main tank or container at, said tank or container is gradually filled with water, but when it is seen through the gages e orJc that said tank or contamer is full of water, said water-"must be discharged and this may be done by opening the drain pipe a or it may be done by introducing gasolene. under pressure intothe tank a through either of the, pipes e or e. In case the supplemental tank or recelver 0 should become flooded with gasolene in the a into the main tank or contamer, if the valve (5 be open, and said supplemental tank filling of said tank, said gasolene will automatically flow back through the p1pe d and or receiver 0 may be drained at anytime through the bottom drain device 0 It will also be understood that the vent pipe a is necessary in apparatus of this class, and said vent pipe a and the pipe a operate as a discharge into the well I) of any overflow or too great pressure of water in the main tank or container a. The pipe member a extends downwardly into the well I) and the part h of the yoke-shaped pipe 72. is above the part h of said pipe, and the pipe e is slightly inclined downwardly in the direction of the main tank or container, and the pipe members k, k, e, e and the tank a form a siphon apparatus which insures the operation of the apparatus as herein described.
The well I) is provided with a sewer discharge. pipe n and the well 6 must always be filled, or approximately filled with water, and when this apparatus is used in a city or town where water hydrants or water supply connections may be made, the yokeshaped pipe h, or the part it will serve as a connection to supply said water. If, however, the apparatus is used in the country the well 6 may be filled by hand and a force pump 0 may be employed, as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 1, and said pump may be provided with a pipe 0 which extends downwardly into the well I)", and 1n connec-' tion with the pump a a water tank 0* is employed, and this tank is '-connected wlth the pipe memberh by a pipe of, and the tank 0 is provided with a vent plpe o" and the water will pass from the tank 0 through the pipe 0 under suflicient pressure to operate the apparatus as herein described.
In the foregoing description I have shown departing from the spirit of my inventionor sacrificing its advantages and it will also be; understood that while have described my invention as an apparatus for supplying gasolene for distributlon for various purposes, my invention is not limited to this use thereof andliquidsof any kind or class may be similarly distributed or dispensed.
The opening in the top of the pit I) formed by raising the supplemental tank a may be closed temporarily, or while said supplemental tank is in its upright position, by any suitable plate or other device which may be removed'when it is desired to lower said supplemental tank or receiver within said pit, and While I have shown flexible coupling pipes 01 and. e in the pit 6", my invention 1s not limited to devices of this class, and what are known as compound stufling boxes or couplin s, or any other suitable devlces of th1s c ass may be employed.
Havin fullydescribed my invention, what I c aim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In an apparatus of the'class described,
a main pit, a main tank or container located,
therein, a supplemental pit adjacent thereto and a supplemental tank or receiver pivotally mounted in said supplemental pit and adapted' to be raised into a vertical position, and h draulically and manually controlled dev ces for filling the supplemental tank or receiver from the main tank or container.
2. In an apparatus of the class described, a main pit, a main tank or container located therein, a supplemental pit arranged at a predetermined point in relation to the main pit, a supplemental tank or receiver mounted 1n a frame pivoted in the sup lemental pit, said frame being adapted to e raised into a vertical positlon above said pit and to be lowered into a horizontal position within said pit and hydraulically and hand controlled devices for filling the supplemental tank or receiver from the main tank or container.
3. In an apparatus of the class described,
a pit, a frame hinged in said pit and adaptmounted in said frame, and means for filling said tank or receiver and discharging the contents thereof therefrom.
4. In an apparatus of the class described,
a pit countersunk in a avement adjacent to a building, and a tanr or receiver within to bei raised into a vertical position and to be lowered into a horizontal position, and
means for filling said tank or receiver and for discharging the contents thereof. at intervals. 1 p
6. In an apparatus of the class described, a main tank or container, a supplemental tank or receiver mounted in a suitable frame, said frame being ada ted to be raised into-a vertical position an to be lowered into a horizontal position, means for filling the supplemental tank from the main tank, and
means for discharging the contents of the supplemental tank. I
In an apparatus of the class described, a main pit, a main tank or container located therein, a supplemental pit provided with a hinged door, a supplemental tank or receiver secured to said door within the pit, said door and tank being adapted to be raised into a vertical position, and means for supporting said tank and door in said position.
8. In an apparatus of the class described a main pit, a main tank or container located therein, a supplemental pit provided with a hinged door, a supplemental tank or receiver secured to said door within the pit, said door and tank being adapted to be raised into a vertical position, means for supporting said tank and door in said position, and means for filling said tank or receiver and for discharging the contents thereof at intervals.
9. In an apparatus of the class described, a main pit, a main tank or container located therein, a supplemental pit provided with a hinged door, a supplemental tank or receiver secured to said door within the pit, said door and tank being adapted to be raised into a vertical position, means for supporting said tank and door in said position, means for fillingsaid tank or receiver and for dischargnieaeee ing the contents thereof at intervals, and means for determining the amount of the contents discharged from said tank or re ceiver. v
10. In-an apparatusjof the class described, a mam pit a main tank or container located therein, a Well located in said pit adjacent to'and below said tank, a pipe forming a communication between said tank and well, said well being provided with a discharge pipe, a vent pipe communicatin with the top of said tank and provided with supplemental vent pipes one of which communicates with said well, a vertical siphon tube passed throu h said tank and communicatmg with the ottom thereof, a water supply pipe communicating with said siphon tube and the supplemental vent pipe communicating with the well, valves placed in said water supply pipe, and an inlet pipe communicating with the top of said tank, a supplemental pit rovided with a hinged door,
a sup lementa tank or receiver securedto said oor within the pit, said door and tank being adapted to be raised into a vertical position, and means for supporting said tank and door in said osition, said tank or receiver being provi ed with a ent pipe which passes upwardly therethroug and which is in communication with one of the saidisup- 'plemental vent pipes by means of a flexible connection, and a supply ipe communicating with the bottom of sai tank or receiver and placed in communicationwith the supply pipe of said main ,tank or container througha flexible connection, and means in said supplemental pit and mounted on the door thereof for operating said valves in said water supply pipe.
- In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name in presence of the subscribing witnesses this 19th day of April, 1915.
C. MULREANY, H. E. THOMPSON.
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|U.S. Classification||137/234.6, 222/192, 222/395, 222/205, 222/344, 222/182|