US 1188472 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. B. MORTON.
COMPOSITION SHINGLE TILE.
I APPLICATION FILED FEB. 18. I915. 1,188,7%. Patented June 27,1916.
2 SHEETS-SHEET I.
IDilnmm zA V0. 5 r I 54; 02mm W ED STATES PATENT orrioni JAMES B. MGRTON, 01"v QBIQAGO, ILLINbIS.
To all wh om it may concern: p
Be it known that I, JAMES B; MORTON, a citizen of the United States, residin at Chicago, 'in'thecounty of Gook and tate oflllinois, have invented a certainnew and useful Improvement in Composition Shin gle-Tile, of which the following is a specicatlon. v I
My invention relates to that class of roofcoverings, which are designed to take the place of the wooden shingles, tile or slate, the slate being objectionable due to its cracking, and falling from the roof; the tile because of its great weight, and consequently the increased cost of building construction to support it, while the wooden shingles have to be frequently replaced from time to time, besides belng subject to the-deleterious action of the weather.
My invention has for its object-topmduce a composition tile comprising gypsum and asphalt which will not be appreciably heavier than 'the wooden shingle, which will not crack, and which. will not be affected by the action of the weather, and has for its further object to provide a construction which when utilized can be followed by any workman, and which will not require skilled labor for covering the roof;
My means of accomplishing the foregoing objects may be more readily understood by having reference to the accompanying drawings which are hereunto annexed and are a part of this specification, in which:
Figure 1, is a side elevation of a portion of a roof provided with my improved composition shingle. Fig. 2, 1s a cross section of the same. Fig. 3, is a top or plan view of one of the shingles. Fig. 4, is an end elevation. Fig. 5, is an end elevation of the other end of the shingle. Fig. 6, is a bottom view. Fig. 7, is a cross section taken on the line mm in Fig. 3.
Similar reference numerals refer to similar parts throughout the entire description. As shown in the drawings, the shingle 8, tapers from its lower edge 9, to its u per edge 10. On the bottom side of the shingle is formed a shoulder 11, the edge 12 of which tapers inwardly and is adapted 'to engage the upper edge 10, of the shingles of the row upon which it is superimposed. The edge 10, is beveled on the bottom side of the shingle as at 13, this beveling being to conform to the tapered face 12, of the shoulder or rib 11 There is a laterally ex- Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 27,1316.
Application filed February 18, 1915. SerialNo. 9,003.
tended portion 14 at one-side of the shingle 8, which is adapted to be overlapped by the next adjacent shingle, a shoulder 15, being formed adjacent the upper edge 10 of the shingle. This shoulder serves the double purpose of holding the shingles the re quired distance apart to reproduce the appearance of a wooden shingled roof, and
has the further purpose of preventing the water from beatlng up underneath the su-- perimposed course of-shingles.- It will be noted that it substantially coincides with the lower edge of the superimposed course of shingles. A similar portion 24 is formed at the other end which 1s adapted to overlie the portion 14 on the adjacent shingle, these laterally extended portions being only one-v half as thick as the remaining part of the shingle which results in roducing a uniare laid. FA groove 16, is formed in the top ,form thickness of the shingles when they I of the laterally extended portion 14, and
tapers upwardly, the purpose of which will be hereinafter explained.
Where it is found desirable .to carry out the appearance of a shingled roof to the fullest extent, a shoulder -20 is formed on that portion of the shingle which overlaps the groove. The inner edge of this shoulder is tapered as clearly shown in Fig. 6. This covers up the lower end of the groove 16, so that it is not visible, and yet provides for draining water therefrom by means of the tapered wall 21.
Theroof is laid with my improved shin l gles in the following manner: A starting strip 17, is fastened to the lower edge of' the roof'and this is the only part of the work which requires the service of an expert. This starting strip is provided with a beveled edge, which engages the tapered face 12 of the shoulder or rib 11 on the bottom jacent shingle overlaps the laterally extended portion 14, and in the event of any water 7 beating in underthis shingle, the groove 16, will catch and drain it downwardly and prevent its reaching the edge of the shingle and consequently t e interior of the roof, It will be apparent from the foregoing description that skilled labor is not required to lay the tiles or shingles, for if the starting strip has been put in place correctly, the rib 11 will serve by its engagement of the upper edge of each course of shingles, to hold them firmly in position, While the shoulder 15 will holdthein true. It is of course obvious that right and left half shingles will have tobe made for each alternate course at the ends of theroof.
Having described my invention What I regard as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: t
1. A roofing comprising composition shingles, each of the shingles having a reduced. laterally extending portion, a shoulder ad jacent the upper edge of the shingle and formed by an unreduced portion of' the J meagre laterally extending portion, the opposite edge of the shingle being cut away beneath to receive the laterally extending portion of the adjacent shingle, whereby one edge thereof engages the. shoulder to form a roof simulating a shingle roof.
ln testimony whereof I have signed the foregoing specification.
JAMESB. MORTON. Witnesses: ,1
V. C. LINDSTROM, C. M. BAUMnIs'rnR.