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Publication numberUS1188931 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1916
Filing dateFeb 6, 1914
Priority dateFeb 6, 1914
Publication numberUS 1188931 A, US 1188931A, US-A-1188931, US1188931 A, US1188931A
InventorsGeorge Elmer Gray
Original AssigneeGeorge Elmer Gray
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1188931 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


v APPUCATON FILED FEB; 6. 1914- l 1 88,93 1 Patented June '27, 1916.


Specification of Letters latent.

Patented J une 27, 1916.

Application filed February 6, 1914. Serial No. 816,985.

To all fw wm it may concern Be it known that I, GEORGE E. GRAY, citizen of the United States, residing at Des Moines, Iowa, have invented certain new and and it consists in the features'and combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in the claim.

In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a side view of a tool embodying my in vention; Fig. 2 is a detail view of one of the handle members detached; Fig. 3 is a partial plan view from above along the lines 3-3 in Fig. 1, with the jar wrench removed; Fig. 4 is a partial face view of the head portion with the j ar wrench removed; Fig. 5 is a partial section end view alongthe lines 55 in Fig. 1, with the jar wrench removed. Fig. 6 is a detail face view of the Sharpener.

7 is a view of the tack starter.

In these drawings, l indicates the main member of the implement having a handle portion 2 and having a guideway at its head portion 1, in which the bar 3 is adapted to slide, said bar at its upper end t providing a nail hammer and at its lower end 5 providing a tack hammer. This sliding bar is operated by a handle member 6, which, is pivotally mounted by a pin 7, to the head 1 of the main member, bifurcations of the end of the member 6 being rounded at 8 and engaging cutaway portions 9 on the sides of the slidable bar 3 so that by pressing the handles 2 and 6 together, the sliding bar 3 may be projected downwardly to make the end 5 protrude beyond the head portion 1. The members are held apart by a spring 10 attached at one end to a bent hook 11 formed by the bottom of the handle 6 between the bifurcations 8 of its end, and at the other end to a lug 12, struck out of the metal of the handle poi-tion 2 and bent inwardly also to form a hook. Sliding bar 3 has a notch 13 formed in its front face and by projecting the bar this notch may be exposed to receive a piece of glass for breaking the same, or the notch may be used to receive the edge of a pan, and after the edge is in the notch, by releasing the pressure on the handles the spring 10, acting through the member 6, will cause the bifurcations 8 thereof to tend to draw the bar 3 inwardly, and thus firmly grip the edge of the pan, and then the implement may be used as a handle for carrying the pan from place to place, the pan being gripped between the lower side of the notch and the adjacent portion of the head 1. At the opposite end of the sliding bar from where the notch 13 is located I provide a punch bar la integral with a projection of the bar 3 and a corresponding opening l5 therefor in the handle 2 wherein tickets, paper, leather or other articles may be punched.

At or near the lower portion of the front face of the head 1 I mount a nail and tack lifter 16 provided with openings to receive lugs 17 and 18 carried by the head portion 1 for securing this lifter to the main head of the implement. The lug 1S is in the form of a headed stud and the opening in the tack lifter is in the form of a key hole slot and itting thereover, and the lug 17 is plain, that is, without any head as is also the opening fitting thereover. This nail andtack lifter may be removed and replaced by any similar implement, such as a staple lifter, for which purpose it is only necessary to exert pressure upon the lower part of the lifter to pry it off from the lug 17, and then an upward sliding and a tilting pressure to free it from the lug 18. The arrangement is such that a direct upward lift may be exerted upon a tack or nail, thus withdrawing the same without bending and the strain exerted on the lifter is such as to tend to hold the same in interlocking relation with lug 1S.

A fruit jar wrench is shown at 19, consisting of a loop or partial ring of wire having a hooked end 20 adapted to engage the opening in the lug 1S of the head of the implement, the other end of the wire wrench being bent to enter an opening at 21 in the slidable bar 3. In order to use this wrench,

the wire loop is placed around the cap of the jar and will firmly engage the same by pressing the handles 2 and 6 together, which action results in sliding the bar 3 downwardly and causing the two ends of the wire wrench to approach each other. This wire wrench by its resilient action also aids the spring 10 to return the bar 3 and the handle members to their normal position shown in Fig. 1. The wire wrench may be readily removed by exerting pressure upon its ends in a manner which will be obvio-us from the drawing. This wire wrench must be removed before the tack lifter can be removed, as the end 20 engages the lug 18 Y vides a Winding device for the spring of a Window shade roller, it being suitably disposedto engageA the projecting endV on said roller. This also may serve as a Presto-lite key.

' An arm 26 is pivoted to the handle member 2 by means of a pin 25 passing through both edges of the handle .member carrying a glass cutter 27. The end of this handle member has three notches at 29 to provide a knife and scissors sharpened as shown. The

other handle member 6 is provided Withv a'V `scale or inch rule vextending along its straight edge 30. This arm 6 terminates in a flattened portion 31 forming a screwdriver. The arm 6 is provided also with a stop projection 32, Which bearing upon the inner side of the arm 2 will limit the position of these arms in relation to each other. By removing the pin 7 the implement may be taken apart as the arm 6 can then be removed from the arm 2, and its forks 8 removed from engagement With the slidable bar 3, and this will permit the removal ofV this bar so that the implement may be disy membered. The handle members 2 and 6 Vare of channel form in cross section, and the tracing wheel lies in the channel of the member2 When folded into position oi' nonuse. v`

At 33 is an opening to serve as a tin strip ,Y

can opener.

3l is a cork screw secured to the handle 6, and 35 is a tack or nail` starter, that is, an opening in which 'the headV of thenail or tack can be placed to hold Vit securely until it can be started into the Wood,

I claimvas my invention y In an implement, ahead, a handle connected to said head; a lbar slidably mounted Y in said head Ytransversely to said handle; a tack claw secured to said head adjacent said bar; means normally retracting said bar in said head; and a second handle pivotally connected with said head Vand.operatively connected With said bar, said handle being bifurcated, and there being Vnotches in the sides of said bar operatively engaged by the bifurcationsv of said handle, substantiallyY as described. Y

In testimony whereof, I affix my signature in presence of tvvo Witnesses.


Witnesses: A 1


Gopies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing; the "Commissioner of atenh.

Washington, IJ. 0." Y

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7189243Mar 31, 2004Mar 13, 2007Howmedica Osteonics Corp.Orthopaedic fixation pin extraction
U.S. Classification254/18, 7/138, 7/154, 81/3.43
Cooperative ClassificationB25C11/00