US 1189497 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION HLED SEPT. 13. 19w.
1,189,497. Patented July 4, 1916.
ED STATES PATENT OFF CE.
ABRAHAM SCHWAR'IZMAN, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
To all 11: ham it may concern v Be it known that I, Alumna Scnwan'rz- MAN, a-eitizen of the United States, residing at the city of St. Louis, State of Mis souri, have invented a certain new and use-.
.ful Improvement in Jewelry, of which the following-is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, forminga part thereof.
This invention relates generally to jewelry and, more particularly, to a certain new and useful article of jewelry especially adapted and designed for use as a chain,
= necklace,= bracelet, or the like, the principal object of my present invention'being to provide anattra'ctive and ornamental article of I jewelry of the kind and for the purposes stated made up of or comprising a plurality or series of flexibly and detachably connect- .ed neat and artistic members each preferably set with a precious or sewn-precious stone or other jewel.
With the above and other objects in view, my invention resides in the provision of an article of jewelry .capable'gof being used for a variety of purposes; the means for connecting the individual members or pieces of the jewelry, said means being of such formas to'fpro'vide'a simple and effective universal joint, thereby permitting freedom of movement of the pieces or members in all directions-with respect to one another; in
' the provision of 'an article of jewelry which, by vlrtueof its sectionalconstruction, may
be readily and conveniently lengthened or shortened as desired and to suit different requirements and in the novel features of form, construction, arrangement, and combination of the several parts of the jewelry, all ashereinafter described and afterward pointed out in the'claims.
In th'e ac'coinpanying drawing, which illustrates my new jewelry in preferred form, Figure 1 is a plan view of an article of jewelry embodying my invention, the
same being-shown as-a necklace; Fig. 2 is an inverted plan view of a connected series of the sections or members of which my new article of jewelry is formed; Fig. 3 a side elevational view of the sameyl ig. 4 is an enlarged inverted plan view of a connected pair of'said members or sections, portions thereof being in section; and Fig. 5 is an enlarged side elevational view of one of said sections or members, the same being op- Speci fication of Letters Patent.
eratively connected or attached to another of SalCl sections or members shown in vertical section. W
Referring to the said drawing, in which like reference characters refer to like parts throughout the several views, each section or member of my new jewelry is preferably of skeleton form and comprises a front ring 10 and a rear ring 11, the' same being preferably equal in size or diameter and composed of any suitable metal, either solid or plated. Rings- 10 and 11 are'la'terally spaced a suitable distance apart and united by short posts or cross-pieces 12, which latter are annularly spaced at suitable distances apart, not onlyito reduce'the weight of the member, but also to provide apertures or slots, as at 12, therebetween. Posts 12 may be formed inte rally with the rings 10 and 11 or rigidly 'Xedfthereto in any suitable manner, as maybe desired.
concentrically arranged within fronting provided'with suitable prongs IGfto engage over the edge of the stone or jewel, as Wlll be well understood Extendingfrom cup If]: toouter ring 10 and intersectinginner ring 13 are radially disposed arms or members 17.
In order to give the best effect to .the stone or other jewel 15 carried by' the skeleton member of the jewelry, I prefer to form said member with the top of the cup 14 and its prongs 1'6 so that the same occupy a plane slightly above the plane occupied by the front face of inner ring 13 and with the front face of ring 13 a slight distance above the front face of outer ring 10. This arrangementpresents a neat and. finished appearance'a-nd materially elevates the stone or other jewehwith respect to thefront face of the skeleton member. If desired, the front faces of rings 10 and 13 may be suitably ornamented by engravingor the like.
The means utilized and provided by me for operativelyconnecting the several skeleton members orsections of my new jewelry comprises substantially flat metal shanks 1.8 and 19, the same loosely occupying a corresponding pair of apertures or slots 12 formed or provided, as described, in the sides of an adjacent pair of the said skeleton members or sections. It will be understood Patent-ed July 4, 1916.
Application filed September 13, 1915. Serial No. 50,474.
that shanks 18 and 19 aresubstantially smaller than the apertures or slots 12" through which they pass, being thus free to movethrough said'apertures for a limited distance substantially in all directions laterally and longitudinally relatively to the skeleton members or sections. I V
Formed integrallywith, or-suitably fixed to, the outer ends of shanks 18 and 192113: heads or cross-pieces 20 preferably curved slightly throughout their length to conform to the curvat'm of the inner faces 'of the corresponding rings 10 and'I-L Heads or cross pieces are substantially longer than the slots or apertures 12 through which the shanks 1S and 19 project, thus preventing said shanks from withdrawing from the sectional members of-the jewelry.
At its outer end, shank 1 8 is suitably bL furcated to providea pair-of spaced ears 21,
connections between the shanks and the slots 7 i or apertures through whielrthe same'pass, not only readily permit the connected membersof the jewelry to swing freely in all directions with respect to one another, but at the same time also forms a substantial tie or connection between-said members.
\Vhen it isdesired to utilize a. few ofthe' I connected sections or members as a necklace,
as illustrated particularly in -Fi". 1, the shanks which "project outwardly from the outer pair of men wers are provided with detachablelinks-ffi'al raving loops 25 which preferably extend inpward, these'loops 25 serving as points'of attachment for the ends of a chain 26 adapted to encircle theineck of the wearer, 1
Jewelry of my invention is adapted for a wide variety ofuses and, by reason of the detachable universal joint ine'n'ibers which serve as connectors between. the several individual members or sections, is not only flexible to a marked degree, but may be readily lengthened or shortened to suit individual tastes'or requirements It will be -readily understoodthat the several members of my new jewelry article may be made in various shapes and sizes and 0rnainented as desired, and that other changes in the size, form, construction, arrangement,
and mmbinatio'n of the various parts of my new jewelry may be made and substituted for 7 those herein shown and described without departing from the nature and principle of my invention.
' Having thus des ribed my invention, what i I claim and desireto secure-by Letters Patent is: 1. As a new-article of manufacture, jewelry comprising a paiimof'members, and means including a pair of lengthwise rigid, pivotally-ronnectcd shanks having loose .engagen'ient with said men-ibers. forflexibly connecting said members together, said shanks while engaging said members. being freely 'pivotally movable relatively to each other and movable longitudinally relatively to said membermj V it. As a new article of nulnufaeture, low-- elry comprising a pairof ua'gn'ibers, and means including a pair of lengtlnvise rigid pivolaltv connected shit-irks having loose engagement with said members for flexibly conncciin; said members together,- said shanks while engaging said meinbers being."-
l'recly pivotally movable relatively to each other and laterally movable relatively.
3;. As a new article .of nuinnfaetnre, jewelry comprising a pair-bf members, and' means including a pair of lei gtluvise'rigid pivotally connected shanks having loose ongagement with ,said uu-nrlmrsTor ll ibly connecting .said members together, said shanks while 'engaging saiil members,fbeing freely pivotally movable relatively to eachother and laterally and. longitmlina'lly mow" able relatively to said members; 2
-l. As a new article'of nianufzuzture, jewelry comprising apair of slottedZinembers, a'nd uu-aus including :a "pair of pivotally connected sbanks loosely -pr ')jeeting through slots in and members for-flexibly connect-'- ing said members togethensaid shanks while. projecting: through said slots being movable longitudinally and laterally relatively to said meml ers. 1
I 5. As a new article of manufacture, jewelry comprising a pair of slotted members, and means for flexihlyconnecting said mem b'ers together, said means including a pair ofpivotally connected shanks having loose cngagenient with, and loosely projecting througlrslots in, said members.
v i. As anew article of manufacture, je'welry comprisinoa pair of slotted me rs, '-and means for hexibly connecting said members together, said means including a pair of pivotally connected shanks loosely projecting through slots of said members, and heads on said shanks within said members, said heads being adapted toloosely engage with said members to preventwithdrawal of said shanks from said slots. Y
7. As a new 'arlic-lc of manufacture, jewelry comprising a pair of slotted members, and detachable means for flexibly connecting said members together, said means inair eluding a headed shank loosel engaging with, and projecting through the slot of, one of said members, the outer end of said shank bring, bifurcated, a second headed shank loosely engaging with, and projecting through the slot of, the other of said members, the outer end of said second shank being adapted to lit the bifurcated end of said first shank, and a pin removably seated in the outer ends of said shanks for detaelr ably pivotally connecting said shanks together.
As a new article of manufacture, jewelry comprising a pair of slotted members, each of said members including a pair of connected rings spaced apart, and means for llcxibly connecting said members together, said means including a pair of pivot-ally connected shanks loosely projecting through slots of said members, and heads on said shanks within said members and adapted to loosely engage therewith to prevent withdrawal of said shanks from said slots, said heads being, lengthwise curved to correspond with the cur ature of the inner faces of said rings.
1). As a new article of manufacture, jewelry comprising a pair of members, each of said members including a pair of latcrali'y' spaced apart rings and posts extending between and uniting said rings together, said posts being annularly spaced apart and thereb providing slots between said rings, and means for flexibly connecting said members together, said means including a pair of pivotally connected shanks loosely projecting through slots of said members, and heads on said shanks within said members,
said headsbeing' adapted to engage with posts of said i l-embers to prevent withdrawal of said shanks from said members,
ltt As a new article of manufacture, a jewelry article comprising a pair of laterally spaced apart rings, and annnlarly spaced apart posts extending between and fixed to said rings for uniting the same rigidly together, said posts and the spaces thcrcbctween being adapted also for the reception of, and engagement with, connecting-members, as described.
11. As a new article of manufacture, a ewelry article comprising a shank having a lengthwise curved head at one end, the other end of said shank being bifurcated, a second shank also having a lengthwise curved head at one end, the other end of said second shank being adapted to lit the bifurcated end of said first shank, and a pin engaging the meeting ends of said shanks for pivotally fastening said shanks together.
12. As a ne article of manufacture, jewelry comprising an annular slotted member, a shank loosely projecting through the slot of said member and movable in said slot relatively to the member, and a head on said shank within the member, said head being lengthwise curved to correspond with the curvature of said member and being adapted to loosely engage with aid member to prevent withdrawal or the shank from said slot.
In testimony whereof, I have si ned my name to this specification,
Al R AH A M SC H \VARTZMAN.