US 1191861 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
V. J. WHITNEY.
FLANGE OILER FOR CAR WHEELS. APPLICATION FILED SEPT-2.1913.
1,191,861. Patented July 18, 1916.
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V. J. WHITNEY.
FLANGE OILER FOR CAR WHEELS.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 2. 1913.
1,]. 91,861 Patented July 18, .916.
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Witnesses Inventor 6 V; t J. Whil'ngr n cen 'Pll' will PP": cm. rnmu umu Iva-NINE mm a c VINCENT JOSHUA WHITNEY, OF SEANTTLE, WASHINGTON.
FLANGE-OILER FOR CAR-WHEELS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented'July 18, 1916.
Application filed September 2, 1913. Serial No. 787,815.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, VINCENT J. WHITNEY, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Seattle, King county, Washington, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Flange-Oilers for Car-VheelS, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to flange oilers for car wheels, and comprises the novel parts and combinations of parts which will be hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in the claims.
The object of my invention is to improve upon devices of this character, by making them simpler, cheaper, more eflicient and durable and easier to care for.
A special feature of my invention consists being in section, the point of view being par allel with the axis of suspenslon. Fig. 3 1s aplan view showing the position of the pivot axis in relation to the wheel. Fig. 4 shows in elevation, a modified form of pivot support. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the same form.
I provide an oil container or reservoir 1, of such size as is needed for holding the lubricating oil. Connected with this oil font or reservoir, is an oil discharge pipe 20 which delivers the oil to a shoe 5, which is supported from the oil reservoir, but preferably at some distance beneath it. The oil reservoir is supported from a pivot, so that it is free to swing enough to accommodate it to such slight horizontal movements as the wheel may have, to thus hold the shoe in close contact with the wheel flange. This may be done by placing the pivot axis at one side of the center of gravity so that its weight will hold the shoe against the wheel flange, or by using a spring for holding the shoe in contact, in which latter case the pivot '55 axis may intersect the center of gravity, or
be placed in any relation thereto which seems desirable.
In the form shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the pivot support is shown as consisting of a lug 10 which lies at one side of the reservoir and is integral therewith, said lug having a hole which receives the supporting pin or arm 4:. The oil reservoir may be held in place upon its pivot in any suitable manner, the means shown consists of washers 4:0 and cotter pins 41. The hole through the lug 10 should preferably be a loose fit of such character that there may be a limited amount of rock ing thereon in the vertical plane through its pivot axis, whereby it may be able to automatically accommodate itself to the side shifting of the wheels. This is shown as secured by making the pin-receiving hole of greater extent vertically than horizontally and by rounding the upper internal surface thereof, as is indicated at 11, If it is desired to make this action adjustable this result may be secured by placing a set screw or bolt 8 through the upper side of the lug 10 and making this the bearing member. The lateral rocking may then be determined by the amount of slack left when setting the set screw. In practice I prefer to use the rounded surface and the set screw as well. The flow of oil from the font or reservoir 1, is controlled by a needle valve 2 which seats in a removable plug 24, screwing into the bottom of the font. The oil conveying or discharge pipe 20, is secured to receive the discharge coming through this plug. The rod having the needlevalve on its lower end, extends upward through the cover of the font and has a cam lever 23 pivoted thereto, so that it may be lifted off its seat when desired, or be permitted to close. This valve is acted on by a spring 21, to close it.
I have provided a means for adjusting the effective length of the valve rod, consisting of a sleeve 22, surrounding the rod 2 where it passes through the font cover 13, which is threaded into the cover, so that the elevation of the surface engaged by the cam lever 23 may be adjusted. This cover is provided with a filling opening closed by a threaded plug 14. With the heavy grade of oil used for this purpose, it is necessary to provide some means for heating-it, so that it will flow freely. Such means as herein shown consist of a pipe 8 coiled within the oil font, and an inclosing pipe 7 surrounding the oil discharge pipe 20 and also able connection of this sort would be with the exhaust from the air compressor of a locomotive. Where the device is used upon electrically operated cars, a resistance wire may be used, this being substituted for the coil 3; or any other suitable form of heating device may be employed. The lower end of the font is provided with a hollow boss 12, into which the outer pipe 7 is secured. Into the chamber formed in this boss the coil 3 discharges. The lower end of pipe 7 is provided with a small drip opening 7 0 for discharge of water. The shoe 5 which is secured to the lower ends of pipes 20 and 7, has an opening discharging against the face of the wheel flange. This shoe is easily replaced when it wears.
In Figs. 4.- and 5, I have shown a form of support by which the pivot axis 13 may be made to intersect the center of gravity, the shoe being held in contact by a spring, as the leaf spring 9, which is carried by the supporting bracket 42 and bears against the pipe or arm- 7. There are many other kinds of springs which may be used for this purose.
What I claim as my invention and desire to patent is;
1. A flange oiler comprising an oil container or font, an oil-applying shoe supported from said font, and a pivot support for the same located above and at that side of its center of gravity which is toward the wheel, the axis of said pivot extending in a direction paralleling a chord of the angle between wheel tread and flange.
2. A flange oiler comprising an oil font, an oil feed pipe extending downward from the font, an oil-applying shoe secured to the lower end of said pipe, and a pivotal support for the font located at that side of its center of gravity which is toward the wheel, the axis of said pivot extending in a direction paralleling a chord of the angle between wheel tread and flange.
3. A flange oiler having a pivot support permitting movement of the oil discharge member toward and from the flange, the pivot members having a loose fit vertically to permit a slight rocking lengthwise the pivot, and means for adjusting the amount of the rocking movement lengthwise the pivot.
1. A flange oiler having an oil font and an oil discharge pipe, and a support therefor comprising a pivot pin and a perforated lug fitting thereon, the hole in the lug being a loose fit in a vertical direction, and a bolt screwing into said lug for adjusting the looseness of said pivot.
5. A flange oiler comprising an oil font having a supplemental chamber at its lower end separated from the oil storing chamber, an oil feed pipe passing through this supplemental chamber and connecting with the oil-storing chamber, a pipe connecting with said supplemental chamber and passing through the oil-storing chamber, a pipe surrounding the oil feed pipe and connecting with and extending downward from said supplemental chamber, said outer pipe having a drainage outlet at its lower end, and a shoe carried by the lower end of said outer pipe and having oil feed channels with which the inner oil feed pipe is connected.
6. A flange oiler comprising an oil font, a pivot support therefor having a horizontal axis located above and horizontally at one side of its center of gravity and extending in a direction paralleling a chord of the angle between wheel tread andflange, an oil-applying shoe supported from said font beneath its center of gravity and facing laterally toward that side upon which the pivot is located.
7 A flange oiler com-prising an oilstorage font having a supporting pivot member located at one side thereof with the pivot axis lying transversely of the axis of the font, and also having a flange at its lower end surrounding the axis of the font to form a supplemental chamber separate from the oil storage chamber, an oil feed pipe having an oil supply connection with the oil font through the supplemental chamber, a valve controlling this connection and having a stem passing through the upper end of the oil font, a spring acting to close said valve, means for locking said valve open, a pipe surrounding the oil feed pipe, and secured at its upper end to the flange at the lower end of the font, an oil-applying shoe attached to the lower endof said pipe and having oil-supplying channels therein, and an oil feed pipe lying within said other pipe and communicating at its upper end with the oil font and at its lower end with the oil supply channels in said shoe.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto affixed my signature this 27th day of August, 1913.
VIN CENT JOSHUA WHITNEY. Witnesses:
FRANK FoLLMAN, J. P. WALL.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.