|Publication number||US1194296 A|
|Publication date||Aug 8, 1916|
|Filing date||Jun 24, 1913|
|Publication number||US 1194296 A, US 1194296A, US-A-1194296, US1194296 A, US1194296A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (24), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
H. V. JONES & H. McNALLY.
COMBINATION TOOL. APPLICATIOI! FILED JUNE 24. m3.
' ,1 945,29 6 Patented Aug. 8, 1916.
jwe7cfo7 xs 97672? U. @7686 'KJ'NTTED STATEE PATENT @FFTCE.
HENRY .V. J ONES, .OF NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS, AND HUGH MCNALLY, OF RICHLAND CENTER, WISCONSIN; SAID MGNALLY ASSIGNOR TO SAID JONES.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 8, 1916.
Application filed June 24, 1913. Serial No. 775,530.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that we, HENRY V. JoNEs and HUGH MCNALLY, citizens of the United States, and residents, respectively, of New: ton, county of Middlesex, State of Massa chusetts, and of Richland Center, in the county of Richland and State'of Wisconsin, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combination-Tools, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to combination tools, and consists in a base or handle provided with means for cooperating with a detachable tool, and a plurality of relatively movable tools pivotally mounted on the'base so as to'be movable to and from operative position relatively to the base.
Of the accompanying drawings, which illustrate one form in which the invention may be embodied: Figure 1 represents an elevation in which the tools on the front side are shown by solid lines in closedposition and by dotted lines in open position, andin which the tools on the opposite side are shown by dotted lines in closed position and by solid lines in open position. Fig. 2 represents a section in the plane indicated by line 2-2 of Fig.1. Fig. 3 is an elevation showing a detachable tool connected to the handle. Fig. 4 is an elevation of said tool detached.
The same reference characters indicate the same parts wherever they occur.
The base or handle of the device is indicated at 10. It is a flat plate of metal, preferably steel. Upon one side of the base are mounted a knife-blade 11, screwdriver 12 and can-opener 13, and on theopposite side are mounted a saw 14, corkscrew 15, and a stiletto 16 which may be used for piercing soft material such as leather and for reaming. It is obvious that the assortment and arrangement of tools may be varied as desired. According to the-arrangement shown, the knife-blade ll and saw 14 are mounted upon one pivot stud 17, the screwdriver '12 and corkscrew 15 are mounted upon another pivot stud 18, and the can-opener 13 and stiletto 16 are mounted upon a third pivot stud 19. The base is provided with spring fingers 20 and 21 which act upon the shanks of the blade 11 and screwdriver 12 respectively, to hold them in closed or in open position according to the well-known operation 'bythe free end of the screwdriver. the can-opener 1s in closed position, as
of such springs in folding pocket-knives. The spring fingers, as shown, are integral portions of the same piece of metal, the latter being V-shaped and mounted upon a pivot pin 22 carried by the base.
One special feature of the device is the cooperative relation of the screwdriver l2 and can-opener 13. The shank of the can-opener has edges 23 and 24 arranged to be engaged When shown by solid lines, the edge 23 is in position to be engaged by the end of the screwdriver when the latter is closed, the screwdriver thus locking the can opener in closed position. In order to swing the can-opener to operative position it is necessary to first swing the screwdriver to the right a suflicient distance to enable the can-opener to swing freely. When the latter has been swung open so as to place the edge 24 in the position formerly occupied by the edge 23, the screwdriver may be restored to its closed position, where it will then act to lock the can-opener in open or operative position. A stop pin 35 carried by the base-plate 10 limits opening movement of the can-opener and braces the device when in use, the screwdriver locking the'can-opener against the pm.
The can-opener comprises, in addition to its blade, indicated at 13, a finger 25 whose free end is bent laterally at right angles. (See Fig. 2.) The base 10 is provided with a curved slot 26 for the reception of the end of the finger '25 when the can-opener is closed. The end of the finger 25 is disposed to engage the upper or outer surface of the can which is being opened, and in this position it serves as a fulcrum for the blade. Can-openers of this style and operation are well known. WVe utilize the tip of the finger 25 for the purpose of preventing accidental opening of the saw 14. As shown by Fig. 3, the tip of this finger projects beyond the rear side of the base-plate 10 and stands in the path of the saw, so that the saw cannot be swung open unless the finger 25 be first swung out of its path. In order to prevent free opening movement of the caneopener when the screwdriver 12 is open for use, we form one of the curved edges of the slot 26 so that it will coact with the tip of the finger 25 when the can-opener is closed. As
shown by Fig. 1, one of said edges has a slight shoulder 27 over which the tip of the finger must be sprung.
The stiletto 16 is prevented from accidentally swinging open by the corkscrew 15. When the corkscrew is closed it occupies a recesss in one side edge of the baseplate, the outline of said recess being indicated by a'dottcd line. When the corkscrew is in closed position it stands in the path of the tool 16.
The base-plate 10 is provided with a notch 29 the edge of which is beveled to form a shear member. The shank ofthe screwdriver 12 is beveled at 30 to provide a shear member for cooperating with the notch 29 for cutting or shearing wire, the cutting or shearing operation being effected by swinging the screwdriver from open to closed position. The shank of the screwdriver is provided with wire-scrapers 31, 31.
near the free end of the shank. These scrapers are formed by concaving the opposite edges of the shank and by beveling the concaved edges. The base-plate 10 is provided with a notch 32 and spur 33 adapted to remove crown caps from bottles. The notch 32 is also adapted to be used in conjunction with the knife-blade, for cutting the ends 01f cigars, the cigar-cutting operation being efiected by inserting the end of the cigar in the notch 32 when the blade is open and by then closing the blade. A protuberance 34 is provided at one end of the base-plate 10 and is beveled to form a small screwdriver.
To have provided the handle with means for holding a detachable tool, such as a chisel or gouge.
Fig. 4 is an elevation of a detachable tool, the shank being indicated at 36. It is providedwith akeyhole slot 37, shoulders 38 and an extension 39. The extension 39 is adapted to be inserted between the spring members 20 and 21 in such manner that the shoulders 38 will abut against the ends of the spring members, as shown by Fig. 3.
The base-plate carries a stud 41 the outer end of whichhas a head. This stud is arranged to occupy the keyhole slot 37 in the shank 36. The larger end 40 of the keyhole slot is slipped over the head of the stud 41 and the shank is then moved longitudinally so as to place the shoulders 38 against the spring members. When the tool is attached, the extension 39 underlies a plate 42 which is secured to the pivot studs 17 and 18. This plate and the head of the stud 41 hold the tool 36 against the base-plate, and the spring members 20 and 21 hold the tool so that it cannot turn about the stud. We have provided the plate 42 with a protuberance 43 on its under side for fitting into the recess 40 to hold the tool in operative position, as shown by Fig. 3. The plate 42 is slightly flexed whenever the tool 36is attached or; detached by the coaction of the protuberance 43 with the extension 39, the protuberance automatically springing into the recess whenever the two elements register with each other.
\V hen the detachable tool is attached it looks the tools 11 and 12. For example, if the tools 11 and 12 were inclosed position as shown by Fig. 1 the extension 3%) of the detachable tool would prevent the spring elements 20 and 21 from yielding to the opening action of their respective tools. This locking efiect would extend to other tools according to the arrangement shown. The finger 25 of tool 13 prevents opening tool 14, and the tool 12 prevents opening tool 13. Hence if tools l2, l3 and 14 are closed when tool 36 is attached the latter will keep them all looked. Even if the tool 12 should 9 be open when tool 36 is attached it would be locked by the latter. This might'not have any utility because of the character of tool 12, but, as hereinbefore stated, the invention contemplates other arrangements of the in place of tool 12, it would be possible to lock it in open position by the detachable tool, and. the latter would at the same time serveas one arm of the corkscrew handle.
To claim: j v
1. The combination with a handle having two pivot studs and tools mounted on said studs to swing 'thereabout, of a detachable tool having a shank provided with a keyhole slot, and a shank-confiningmember carried by said pivot studs for holding said shank against the handle, said handle having'a headed stud for cooperating with said keyhole slot, said shank and said confining each when said headed stud is. in the narrow part of said keyhole slot. I r
' '2. The combination with a handle having two tools pivotally mounted thereon and spring arms coacting respectively with said tools to hold them, of a detachable tool having a shank adapted to coact with said I spring arms, and means carried by said handle for cooperating with said spring arms l to holdsaid detachable tool. 7
3. The combination with a handle having 7 two tools pivotally mounted thereon and spring arms coacting respectively with said tools. Hence, if corkscrew 15 were mounted l member having stud and socket portions are ranged to be cooperatively engaged with: Y
1 20 tools to hold them, of adetachable tool, and
position, of a second tool and means c 13o necting the latter with said handle, said second tool being arranged to hold said spring so as to lock the first said tool in one of said positions and being movable to release said spring and the first said tool.
5. The combination with a handle, a plurality 01": tools pivotally mounted thereon, and springs arranged to hold said tools in different positions, of a detachable tool, and means carried by said handle to hold said detachable tool in position to lock said pivotally mounted tools.
6. The combination with a handle, and a tool pivotally mounted thereon, of a detachable tool, and means carried by said handle for holding said detachable tool, said means being arranged to lock said pivotally mounted tool when said detachable tool is attached.
7 A device of the character described comprising a base, two tools pivotally mounted thereon, spring members arranged to hold said tools in predetermined angular positions, and means carried by said base and arranged to coact with said spring members to hold a detachable tool having portions formed to cooperate with said means and spring members.
In testimony whereof we have affixed our signatures, in presence of two witnesses.
HENRY V. JONES. HUGH MONALLY.
Witnesses for Jones: P. W. PEZZETTI, WV. P. ABELL. Witnesses for McNally: H. A. GILLINGHAM, J. J. ARMSTRONG.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the "Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. O.
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|U.S. Classification||7/154, 7/168, 7/158, 30/161, 30/408, 7/165, 30/144|