US 1195565 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. J. DAVIDSON. INFANTS GAHMENT. .APPucATloN FILED sEPLf. 1915.
Patented Aug. 22, 1916.
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A UOM/EVS E. I. DAVIDSON', INIAAII'SAAIIMENI. APPLICATION FILED SEPT. z, m5.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
`IJAII'IHIIAI Aug. 22,1916.
' features UNITED refer..
1,195,565. A a s, Speeifcation of Letters Patent Patented Aug 22. 1916. Applicationyfilet'septexnber?, 1515. Serial No, 49,376. i
To all'whom it may concern.' I ywith a placket opening' 15 at the back 5E Be it known that I, Eva 1J.`DAv1DsoN, thereof. Said placket 15 is' in the upper Aa citizen of the United States, aiida resident part of the garment and is formed .by the f l'of Chicago, 'in the county Aof 'fC'ook-andState.y upper portions of the meeting edges of the 5 -of Illinois, have inventedcertain new' andiI material being left disconnected. Said useful Improvements in InfantsGarments; placket 15 maybe provided with .any suite0 and I do hereby declare thatthe following abletype of fastening devices forclosing isa full, clear, and exact description thereof,' the same, such as snap fasteners 16, 17 as reference being', had to Jthe accompanying. 4shown in said Fig. 8. 10 drawings,v *and .to the lettersj'of'` reference The dress 10, shown in Fig. 3, may be .:marked thereon, whichform a part of this made from a pattern cut in accordance with 65 'ls ecification. n t l my' novel method, or 'said garment may be 4 4fg-flliis invention relates to infants and like made from the material without the use of garments, and alsothe method of making a pattern. For the sake of presenting a the same. clear understanding of my invention, I will Among the objects'of my inventionjis to first describe in detailthe manner of making 70 y'prove the constructionofgarments of the said dress 10 -without the use of a pattern.
vl''kin'dreferreddto, in the'several particulars To makethe garment 10 without a patvas'will' hereinafter more fully appear, and tern, I cut froma bolt of cloth or the like a v20to provide in particularv a novelmethod, square piece of material 18, such as shown ,whereby the body portionsf' such garments in Fig.."1. As illustrated, saidr'square piece 75 may be 'made from a single piece of ma of material 18 has two selvage edges 19, lft'erial and when made havebutl a single oppositely -disposed,andtwo raw .edges.21, seam I l 22 alsooppositely disposed.' Said raw edges "The invention alsorelates to the method 21,' 22'constitute1the edges along-which the "L fofmaking patternsl from which ksuch gar- 4piece ofmateri'al 1.8"is cut from the.cloth,` 80 -ments may be made. andthe selvage edges are the side edges of The invention consistsfurtherinf-the matthe clothk as manufactured. Itl is of course ters hereinafter described and more particu.4 `to, be understood that said piece of material larly ypointed out `in the appendedclaims. 18 may be cut from a piece-o #cloth of such v- In the accompanying drawing #Figure -width that alll of its edges will be raw edges. 85
Alfis Aa plan view of a squarepiece of mate* For the purpose of illustration, however,
rial fromwhc a garment lembodying the' will consider that rsaid piece 'of material 18 of my invention may be vmade Fig. has twoA selvage and two raw edges as deg 3612 isra llan view showing saidpiece of m'ascribed. Said square piece of material18 is u '.`.,terial foldeddiagonally uponit'self4 Fig; 3 firs'tlaid flatwise with ,its right side facing so' i isa' rearelevational view o faninfants dress downward in order that the right side of the or outer garment made in accordance with garment when completed will be outermost.
.inventiom Fig. 4 is a transverse' sec- In case tlieniaterial is finished the .same on `tion'al fview taken on line A of Figj; both sides,th en ei her. sideithei'eof may be and Fig, 5 is a perspective view of an inplaced downward. The next step is to I old 95 fantf-s underskirt or like garmentmadev in v thel squarepiece of material 18 diagonally accordance with my invention.` .upon itself along a diagonal fold'line sub- In Fig. 3 of.v the accompanyingdrawings stantially connecting two diagonally dishave shown aninfants dress orouter'garposed corners, so as to bring a selvageedge iinyention, and, las illustrated, ysaid dress 10 the diagonal fold line is indicated by the dot- !.comprises `a tubular body portion ,11 made ted line 25,`and when the material is folded l f f i `Tlf-rom a single piece of material,. the meetalongA such line, theraw edge 21 is broughtv g edges of which are sewed together by .overand along'A the selvage edge 19 and with .linen vafrinent, thereby-.forming thenonlyseam 12 corner 24. The piece of materialsdfolded is inthe body of'th'effg ent.-v `Said garment shown in Fig. 2, and it will be noted that 'lO'rs-proitid leeves 13,14; and fthe portion or Hap' 26 thereof between'the.
ment 10 constructedin accordance with my along airaw'edge. As illustrated in Fig. 1, 100
f stitching-11"" at the back of said the corner 23 over the diagonally opposite 105l line of fold 25 and the corner 23 overlaps that portion or flap 27 between saidfold line 25 and the opposite corner 24. As 'illustratcd, each flap 26, 27 is triangular in shape, and the former is above the latter. In order that the selvage edge 19 may project slightly beyond the raw edge 21, the `material is folded so that the fold line 25 does not directly connect the diagonally disposed corners 2S, 29, but isoti'set laterally a slight distance toward the said corner 23. By thus folding the material, the selvage edge 19 projects beyond the raw edge 21.
After the piece of material 18 has been folded upon itself, as shown in Fig. 2, I measure along the raw edge 21 from the selvage edge 2O a distance equal to the length of the garment to be made, including in such length the width of its hem at the bottom thereof. By the length of the garment, I mean the length of the body of the same along its rear face from the edge of the neck opening to the bottom of the hem; in other words, the length such as would be along the seam 12, shown in Fig. 3. At the end of this distance I place a mark, such as 29, on the margin of said raw edge 21. This distance inthe garment shown in Fig. 3
would be from tie bottom of the garment, 'y including the width of the hem, to the edgev of the neck opening thereof. Taking the entire length of the raw edge 21 as a radius and the corner 2S as a center, I describe `an arc, sueh as indicated by the dotted line 3Min Fig. 2, on the uppermost flap 26. Such are 3() extends from the substantially coinciding corners 23', 2l to the line of fold 25. lVhile the material folded, l next markoli' from the mark 29 a development of onehalf of the neck opening of the garment, including a development of one arm-hole. Such developnunts are indicated by the dotted lines ll and 32, resl'iectively. As the :leek opening for the dress 10 is lower in the front than in the back. it follows that the distance from the base line 30 to the neck line ill along the line of fold 25 is less than the distance between such lines along the raw edge 2l. ln that portion 33 of the llap 26 between the base line Cl() and the substantially coinciding edges :20. 22 l mark out a line developlmut of .me of the sleeves of the garment, and such development is indicated in liig. 1 by the connected dotted lines C34, $55, 256, 37, and 3S. The last two lines are connected by the raw edge 21, as shown.
After marking on the uppermost (lap 26 of the folded material the base line 30, the neck opening. and arm-seye lines 31 and 33, respectively. l eut the folded material along such lines and thus form the body portion 1l of the garment. l then cut out of the folded material the sleeves 13, 14 along the lines 34 to 3S, both inclusive. As the material is folded, it follows that both sleeves are cut out at the same time. After cutting out the body of the garment, and while the fiaps 26, 27 are still overlapped, I fold the selvage edge 19 over and upon the raw edge 21, so that the former covers and protects the latter. Such folded edges are then stitched or sewed together from the coinciding corners 23, 24 tir-ward the corner 28 to about a point mai-lea?. m, which, as shown in Fig. 2, is a distance below the neck opening edge 31. Between the point ai and the neck opening 'edge 31, the margins of the edges 19 and 21 `remain disconnected and constitute the placket opening 15 at the.
back of the dress 10. To the opposite facing margins of the placket are sewed the snap fasteners 16, 17 above referred to. After the sleeves are cut out, the same are folded centrally upon themselves, soins to bring the edges .34 and 38 thereof together. Each sleeve is sewed along such edges and set in the arm-hole 0f the body of the garment. Each sleeve, as shown, -is sewcd along its edges 35 and 37 to the edge ofthe armhole, and the edge 36 forms the edge of the neck opening across the arm-seye. The bottom of the body of the garment formed by the base line 30 is turned inward and sewed to form the hem 39, such as shown in said Fig. 3.
lt will -be noted that the garment 10 so made is provided in the body 11 thereof with but one seam, and that at the back of the' same. It` follows, therefore, thatfthe body of the garment may beeasily made and with but a 'small expenditure Vof labor and, further, with a saving inmaterial used,
as the sleeves are cut from the same piece of material fromwhich the body, of the garment is made. Moreover, the selv'age edge lflbeing turned over the raw edge'21at the seam, the selvage edge protects the rawr edge, and it is not necessary to overcast such raw edge.
I have described in detail above, the manner of making the dress-10 wherein the scam 12 is in the back. In making an infants night-gown, however, it is desirable that the seam be in the front. In such' caseythe square piece of material from which the night-gown is to be made is folded in the same manner as hereinbefore described `as shown in Fig. 2, except that the ndistance between the neck line and `the baseline 30 along the fold line 25 will be greater than the distance between said neckline and said base line along the overlapping edges 10,221. rThis is necessary, because .ina night-gown the neck opening is usually lower -in the front than in the back. l f
`.In Fig. 5,1 have shown :n infants petticoat 40 made from a single'iniece of material and in accordance with 'my novel method. As illustrated, the seam 4.1 is the only seam terns along such Q 4ao cut outg'the garment is made as describedthe' garment fiat piece of cloth from i lines of the neck with the expenditure in the 4 body of the garment, andisuch sea-m may.- be either vin the front-or in the back thereof. In either' case,
from :the baseof the, garment to :the neck opening thereof and-ie devoid of e pieeket. AThe garment. 40 shown inkFxg. 5. is sle'evv'e` straps `less, but is`provided with s oulder 42, 116,43 detachably connected together` b loops 44, 44; on o epart and on'tlre adjacentparti- Fi 4 `shows a cross-sectionof the/seam 12 and illustrates the manner inewhichf'the folded edges 19 and 2G`are The foregoing describes the vman'ner'of making the garment 10` withdut. the use of a pattern, but, in the pattern is nally upon itself, as' shown in Fig. 2. `Then I lay out one-half 'of the. development of the neck opening, including. the arm-scye, as described, and
such patterns, 'a piece of ma- In said Fig. 1, I have, shown, in dotted lines, the patterns 'so made and laidy out on a square piece of material.
Instead of makingA and laying the full rattern out flatwise on the spread out piece of material, and cutting around lthe 'edges' of the pattern, as above described, I may make a garment by usingonly half of` a full pattern, laying the same on the folded material,
and then cutting the folded material aroundv the edges of thepattern.
Whether marking the development or outopen'ing and edge of the. garment to be made on the fold `ed material, orfrst cutting'out the r.body of Aand sleevesthereof from the l arpattern, it will be noted that-'the bodyl of the Agarment somade has but one seam and may be readily made of a small amount of labor and with a minimum amount of ma- `terial.'
' may 'be carried stood-that I may ing from AAlthough I have shown 'and described in detail one manner in--Which myinvention out,fyet it is [to be underchang modify-the details of construction and ar. rangement 'of partsshown without depart-v the spirit and scope of my invensaid seamv eirtendsl Y buttons 45, 44:5
` -sa.id folded case a pattern iste be'iisedv 'cutting from said made in accordance with my. novel method. as' follows: V'Itake a squarev piece of paper or the lik a'ndfold it. diagor 'overlapping edges thenv describe theL arefor thebottom edge of the pattern. v I al lay out,
the development "sisting' in,
.the-garment. In making al :18'is spread outfla'twise, asv l, and the spread outpatterns y garment, consisting in,
the bottom lmaterial on `one'side` of said diagonall u"overlapping material. andsaid diagonal dicating one-half of the development of the e and varidusly' I tien, 'eedi de not wish te be iimiied te .are
details shown and described, except as 'pointed outin the. annexed claims.
1, The method of making a garment, "consisting'in, first, taking a material ,centrallyf p itselfpso as'tobring the edges of said materialy on vone side of said diagonal fold line yover and --alongs'de Y of the 'correspond'.
edges of saidvmateri'` square pieceeof material,- second, "folding said squarepiece of anddiagonally.. upon ly on'the opposite'side of said diagonalfold line and thereby kmaking the folded material` triangular in shape andfgiving the body ofthe garment cut from material a' dared: form, third,
of' the garment edge of the vneck opening of said. garment and extendingy between two diagonal fold Aline, and, fourth, sewing together those overlapping edges` of the material that extend between thebottom edge of the garment and'its neck opening. w
2. The/method of aking afgarmena'coiinare piece :of
folded .materialthe .body alongv limsi-indicating the and v,bottom edge ofthe'material and said material -havingggtvvfor 3 oppositely disposed4 af selvage and' raw-f edgfe'ssecond,' folding said square piece of'naterial centrally `andy diego nally upon itself,so aste.` bring a raw edge of said material of a selvage edgethereoffthird, cutting from said folded material the body of the garment along lines indicating its neck opening andv bottom: edge and extending between said diagonal fold line andA said raw and selvage edges, selvage 'edge extending opening and the bottom edge fourth, turning sai of the garment adjacent; to and alongside' s ico Y overlappingbetween 'the necky y over and upon said adjacentraw edge, an y ifth, sewing vage and raw edges. Y l 3. The method of making a pattern for a first, taking a square piece of material, second, folding said square piece of material centrally and diagonallyy upon itself, so as to bring theedges of fold line over' and alongside of the correspondiugedges making the folded' material sha e andfgiving' the body to e made `by\the use o triangular in of the garment iaps of the a distance from ing between two overlapping edges of said neck opening of' the garment to be made the use of saidffpattern', fourth, taking said cornerV as a center ,the overlapping edges of said material on the opposite side of said diagonal fold line and thereby vsaid pattern aiiared form, third, marking on one of the folded material atv o'ne'of the corners to whichy A said diagonalfoldlinel extends la line extend-' together said overlappingsel#l fold line and inof the bottom edge of the garment to be made bythe use of the pattern, and, fifth,
cutting,r the pattern from said folded material along the lines marked thereon and incheating, respectively, the neck opening and bottom edge of the garment to be made by the use ot' said pattern.
'In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my' irwention, I aflix my signature in the presence of two witnesses, this 4th day 0f 15 September, A. D. 1915.
E VA J. DAVIDSON.
llfitnesses EUGENE VANN, CLARA L. PnoPLns.