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Publication numberUS1199243 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 26, 1916
Filing dateMar 1, 1916
Priority dateMar 1, 1916
Publication numberUS 1199243 A, US 1199243A, US-A-1199243, US1199243 A, US1199243A
InventorsEli J Bushey
Original AssigneeEli J Bushey
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1199243 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented Sept. 26, 1916.

aaeeoee so Ooeeebossce oeeeeeoeo 4 oeoeoooouon eeeoeeeceuo eoueuocseoooo eaeoeeeo on e eoe 660060 oeccoeo nausea 0660090090 case 0999 as: eqeoadbo INVENTOR ELI J. BUSHEY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.


Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 26, 1916.

Application filed July 30, 1913, Serial No. 782,089. Renewed March 1, 1916. Serial No, 81,552.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that 1, E111 J. B'osunr, a citi zen of the United States and a resident of New York, county and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mixers, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.

This invention relates more particularly to a. simple device for breaking up and thoroughly mixing the gases for explosive engines.

()ne of the principal objects of the in vcntion is to provide a simple and eiiicient device which may be so located between the carburetor and the engine that the explosive mixture from the carbureter is caused to come into contact with and to through the device and in its passage thoroughly broken up and given a whirling motion in order that the air and gas or explosive mixture may be thoroughly commingled.

Another object of the invention is to provide a device which may be readily and easily made from an ordinary perforated metal plate and thus provide a device which is not only effective in use but which is inexpensive to manufacture.

A further object of the invention is to provide a simple and efiicient device whereby a comparatively large percentage of hero sene may be mixed with thegasolene and still make the motor more flexible than heretofore.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a device in which any globules of fluid passing with the explosive mixture will be collected by a part of the device and caused to vaporize and to be thoroughly mixed with the explosive mixture as itpasses from the carburetor to the engine.

With these and other objects in view, the invention will be hereinafter more particularly described with reference to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification, and will then be pointed out in the claims at the end of the description.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical section showing one application of a device embodying my invention, the section through the device being taken on the line 1-1 of Fig. 3. Fig. 2 is a detail perspective view of the device. 3 is a detail plan view; and Fig. 4 is a transverse section taken. on the line 4;4 of Fig. 3).

The carburetor 10 and the manifold or intake 11 are each provided with flanges 12 opposed to each other. These flanges may be held by bolts 13 or otherwise, and between the flanges may be'ai'ranged a pa'ckin of any suitable kind to prevent leakage. Ihe

parts as thus described, may of the usual or of any preferred construction.

A device 14 correspondin in shape substantially to the shape of t e flanges 12 is located between the flanges and has bolt holes 15 for-the passage of the bolts 13 in order that the device may be clamped between said flanges 12. The device 14 has a plate-like body 16 and is cut away substantially centrally thereof to provide an opem ing 16. Integral withthe body 16 are blades 17 substantially centrally arranged and projecting upward Within the manifold 11 and across the opening 16 to partly close the same. These blades are so formed that they will have substantially the action of propeller blades so that as the gases pass from the carbureter to the engine they will come into contact with the device 14 and by 4neans of the blades will begiven a whirling action in order to thopoughly mix the gases.

The blades 17 are. formed at the same time that the opening 16 isformed and in this way only a small part of the material is wasted. The opening 16 forms spaces around and about the blades 17 for the,

passage or the explosive mixture and both blades and the body 16 are provided with a number of small openings or apertures 18 to form a perforated device, or the said device may be made from the usual perforated plate or sheet metal which may be purchased in the open market.

It will be evident that as the gas and air or the mixture from the carbureter or other source of supply comes into contact with the blades 17, .the mixture will be divided and given a. whirling action. The mixture will be further divided by reason of the openings 18 and the device is so constructed tha t any globules or any fluid matter passing wit the gas will be collected on the device and vaporizedf and the vaporized par ticles thoroughly mixed with the gases as they ass to the engine. It will be evident also t mt by the nature of the device, a fluid as kerosene may be mixed with the gasolene and a very effective explosive mixture provided.

It will be understood that While two blades are shown, one or more may be utivqmmummn H lized and these blades may be \ni'ioes V shaped, and only tbe blades may be perforated if desired.

From the feregoin it xvi- M r mtii'eeii that a simple and eiiicie t vie we is yirmideil which is inexpensive tn lfifltlil"): but said device may be 2-; l i lied and utilized for various purpose U1 t said de vice is eilective in use to v I W :1- and to thoroughly mix the gases; and that. said device may be placed in positinn \ritlmn't changing the construction of any n! the usual arts in cenneciion with which the device is used.

Having thus described. in izu'entiun, I claim as new and desire to .wcure: y Let. ters Patent 1. A device of the comprising a body. and tending' upwardly and 2 body, said blades and hc-dy forated metal 2. A device of the clmrinxtvr described, comprisino a platelilie lye-fly. and integral perforated blades extending from said body.

3. A device of the character described, comprising a. peri raiml date-like bully, and a blade extending HiIWkhrli) and inwardly from said body.

4. A device bnvin; adapted to be arrang d be reter and the engimtind Q tively large (meme; blades extcnriing lrmn 1 ml opening and npv 'znaii v yilnbs lilie body the cizrbu relain; tll-Q rf'ilillfollgll, and integral perforated l ke extending across said opening and.

:1 ye 11 N15 tnerelron'i.

device having a plutedike body adapted tn be nirrzmged between the carbureter the engine and having an opening tlieivthrongln and e perforated blade ex m nding; -1cr said opening.

7: A device oi. the character described comprise plate like body having a relatiwiy in opening iln-rethrough and in- {1" nl mews extending inwardly across said w nning from opposite sides thereof nd out if tin: plane of the plate like body, tin. inn *2 end; of the blades being disconnected freei, kiill other.

A 5e cc of the character described (minimising; ('1 plate like body having a relatively large opening therethrough, and integral blades extending from opposite sides of said opening and inwardly past each other and mi of. the plane of the nlate like body.

The -"'*ii-f-ni ,nii in signed and witnessed this 15th 5} of July, A. I). 1913.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5967658 *Jul 28, 1998Oct 19, 1999Kam Controls IncorporatedStatic mixing apparatus and method
US6595682 *Apr 30, 2001Jul 22, 2003Sulzer Chemtech AgMixing element for a flange transition in a pipeline
US8033301 *Oct 31, 2008Oct 11, 2011Technomirai Co., Ltd.Water saving tool
US20010038575 *Apr 30, 2001Nov 8, 2001Peter MathysMixing element for a flange transition in a pipeline
EP2474721A1 *Jan 11, 2011Jul 11, 2012Etablissements CAILLAUConnection device between tubes and clamping system including such connection device
U.S. Classification48/189.4, 138/40
Cooperative ClassificationB01F5/0616
European ClassificationB01F5/06B3B7