|Publication number||US1200227 A|
|Publication date||Oct 3, 1916|
|Filing date||Dec 18, 1915|
|Priority date||Dec 18, 1915|
|Publication number||US 1200227 A, US 1200227A, US-A-1200227, US1200227 A, US1200227A|
|Original Assignee||Dimitrios Pantazi|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
n. PANTAZL ClGARETTE P'ACKlNG MACHINE. AFPUCATION FILEDDEC. i8. i915-v Patented oct. 3,1916.
8 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
'n.PANTAzL cla/mms PACKING MAcHmE.
APPLICATION. F|LED DEC. 1B. i915. l
Patented Oct. 3,19%.
" asus D. PANTAZ. h CIGARETTE PACKING'MACHINE. -APPLIATmN man nrc. is. m5.
l Patented om. 3,1916.y
@SHEETS-SHEET 3 muogz 'WAN D. PANTAZI.
CIGARETTE PACKING MACHINE.
APPUcAnoN man 050.121,1915.
' Patented 0am, 1916.
8 SHEETS-SHEET 4- l l@ @M DIPANTAZI.
CIGARETTE PACKING MACHINE.V
APPLICATION FILED DEC. I8, 1915.; I I
. 'Patented 0st. 3,1916.
8 SHEETS--SHEET Y' Y D.PANTA2L CIGARETTE PACKING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED DEC. I8. i915. D Patented Oct. 3,1916.
9 SHEETS-SHEET 6.
l f5 24:19 O I di@ A 72 fd Z3 m um D. PANTAZI.
cmAnETrE PACKING MAcHiNE.
APPLICATION FILEUDEC. 1B, 1915.
l I l I l l 1 l I I Patented Ovt. 3, 19H5.
8SHEETS- SHEET 7.
@XMS #www D. PANTAZ.
CIGAREUE PAcKmG wmcmlve.
APPLICATION FILED DECfIB. KSYSV. 1.200227, l 'Patented Oct. 3,1916
l BSHEETS-SHEET S.
@f L e DIMITRIOS PANTAZI, OF'NEW YORK, N. Y.
' CIGARETTE-PACKING MACHINE.
Specification ofLctters Patent.
Patented oet. 3, 191e.
Appii'caan mea December 1s, i915. seriai'm. 67,598.
To Hicham it 'may concern: Be it known that 1.D1M1Tiiios'PANTAZI7 a subjectof the King of Greece, and a resident of New York,` in the county of New York and State of Newhork, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cigarette-Packing Machines, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements iii machines for ap-portioning and packing small articles. particularly cigarettes, into theirretail receptacles, such machine being adjunetive to that in which the articles are made.
.'l` he objects of the machine are z-To accurately a pportion a predetermined number of articles from a reservoir containing a stock of the same; to-enter thearticles into a partially formed receptacle, folding and formy ing the walls thereof, prior -to the entrance of the article; to inclose the receptacle' within an outer container; to' provide means for sui'iplying a coupon or ticket together with the articlestoapply an kadhesive to a.
binding strip andV cause the saine to adhere in the. manner of a` seal for the package whereby it may not be opened without rup` ture: to apply or afiiX arevenue stamp, if it he required, yand finally to bunch the packages in such condition that they may be readily packed for wholesale delivery. The attainment of these objects is acomplished by the novel mechanism hereinafter described,
.. and shown in the ac `-.ompanyin'g drawings,
Forminga material part of this speicicalion and iii \\'liieli Figures 1 and 2 present collectively, a plan vieu' ol the entire machine, the demareation 'lines-oma. appearing on the drawings,
.representing the saine plane onthe machine.
Fig. Si is a partial front elevation of the delivery portion of the machine. Fig. 4 is an enlarged plan view of a slide upon which the containers are actuated. Fig. 5 is a sec-` tional` view, taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 4. Fig. (i is an. enlarged view of the conveyer actuating means in detail. Fig. 7 is a front elevation of the front end of the'machine, as.
shown in Fig. i. Fig. S is a partial sectional view taken on line S-Ji of'Fig. 1. Fig. 9 is a transverse sectional View taken on line 9--9 of Fig. 1. Fig. 10 is a detail sectional view, drawn to an enla rgedscale. the sect-ion being taken on line 10-410 of Fig. 1. Fig. is
13 thearticle receiving and conveying device,
a transverse sectional view taken on line 55 11-,1'1 of Fig. 1. Fig. 12 is a similar secf tionalview taken online 1212 of Fig. 1. Fig. 13 is a like sectional view taken on line 13 of Fig. 1. Fig. 14 is a plan View of and pusher used| in -connection therewith. Fig. 15 is a top plan view of the pasting and cutting device. Fig. 16 isv asectional view taken on line 16-16 of Fig. 15.Y Fig. 17 is a side elevational view of the same. Fig. 18 65 is a detail view of the knife operatingdevice, drawn to an enlarged scale. Fig. 19 is a fractional view of the knife operating crank.' Fig. 20 is a top plan view of the coupon operating mechanism, and Fig. 21,*
is a sectional view'taken on line 2'1-21 of Fig. 20, showing the 'driving means.
It is to be understood that'this machine is intended to operate upon completely -forineii cigarettes, that the boxes or contafiners consist 'of two parts, the outer of which is a fiat rectangular tube adapted to .contain a single row o f cigarettes only. The inner or sliding element-is delivered to the machine 1n a blank condition to be seamed, 80
folded and inserted, these operations being performed progressively in the machine.
. The structure is comprised of a frame 30, the lower part of which rests 'upon the fioor or other level foundation and is formed with a number of uprights 31, connected at their tops by longitudinal bars 82 extending from end to end of the machine and supporting the superstructure as will:become A reservoir35 in which are loosely contained quantities of the cigarettes is mounted near.v the front end of the machine, -having an open bottom adapted to permitv the discharge of al single row yoil." cigarettes into the carriers 36,-whichv as shown in Fig. 8 are flat plates having thin partitions 37 extending slightly above its surface. These plates are carried by arms 38. rigidly attached to alternate links in the conveyer chain 39,
which passes over `the sprocket wheels 40 and 42. n
. The driving sprocket 40 is rigidly secured to the shaft 41, the loose sprocket 42 revolving on the fixed stud 43,' and the carriers 36 105 are caused to ride on the supporting rail 44. Another sprocket wheel 45 is securedto the shaft 41 having upon it a chain 46 which runs over the sprocket 47, rigid on the shaft i with each alternate link in the chain L16, the
dog being caused to advance and recede a definite distance by a slide 56, (seeFig. 6) engaged by the link to the crank 58 rigid on the shaft 60, the shaft beingconstantlyl rotated through the bevel gears Gland 62 respectively, the latter of which is'rigidly mounted onthe horizontally disposed shaft 65 revoluble in bearings secured to the frame. A A
The shaft 65. is driven through the sprocket chain 66, positively engaged upon the main driving shaft 67, which has upon it the tight and loose pulleys 68 and 69 respectively.
A work bench or counter 70 is provided for the convenience of the operator, who stands adjacent and is expected to see that the cigarettes 25 lie uniformly in the grooves of the conveyers, their printed side, if there be one,'being upward.
Attached to alternate links of the chain 46 are rigid arms 71, engaged with carriers.V4 A72 having low side walls narrowed along -the front, slightly raised surface 73, and an open slot 72 formed through the-surface 72 for receiving the seals, as will be later described. Mounted above these carriers is a fixed bin or container 7 5 'holding a stack of the outer box elements, whichare delivered one at a time upon the surface 72 by means of the slide 76 actuated by an eccentric 77 fast on the end of the shaft 65, through the lever 78 which engages at vits upper end vwith a cross bar 9, one end of which actuates the slide 76, the other end being simi.- larly connected through the slide 80, oper-` ating below holding the blanks from which the inner element of the box is formed, aV weight 82 is used within the container tohold the blanks flat and press them slide 80 is reciprocated the vertical plate 83 will engage with the lowermost blank carrying itv outward and depositing it upon the surface 73 f the chain actuated carriers. From lthis it will be seen that the ,outer elements rest upon a thickness of the material used than the surthe blanks on the carrier face 73, see Fig. 11.
. immediately upon the receipt ofvone. of
tact against fixed wallsBG, the plate 84 besecured on the shaft 65, the boxes being adx grooves 91 suited to slide over the partitionsl another bin or container 81 downward so that as thecompleted surface, 72, lower by the )by 76 a flat plate 84.' -v presses downward upon it causing the edges Vto be upturned on all four .sides as they con- Amain driving operated vanced to the next stage where the sliding yelements are partially inserted within the are held coincident with the open partially 4formed box, arepushed therein by the reciprocating movement of the plate 90, formed inthe manner of a rack having 37 formed on the carriers 36. This pusher outer.` end of which is attached the link 93 moved by the crank 9i, secured to the bevel gear 95, the mating gear 96 being rigid on the driving gear 67. q
In order that the cigarettes may be closely packed and caused to move together, a' slideway 97 having bevel side wallsreceives the cigarettes as they spread by the projections 37 and moves them so that they will be at which point the cigarettes, moved bythe carriers 36, which vis actuated by means of the slide 92, at the readily entered withinlthe box 'disposed on the carrier 73 immediately adjacent at that time.. l
In the next stage the boxes are broughtA into contact with a fixed beveled edged closing fing'er 98 whereby the shorter inner cover 28 of the sliding element 27 is caused to fold over uponthe cigarettes, the longer cover 29 being similarly turned over by the closing.y finger 99 as. the box is advanced but before," doing s'o a coupon or ticket 100 is deposv ited on top of the cigarettes 25, the same being out from a roll 101 carried on the frame of the machine and fed through by mechan ism whereby the proper length is delivered .and a knife 102 caused to sever the coupon frbm the strip allowing it to drop down an `inclined chute 103 and from thence to the wheels, one of which is secured to the shaft 107,'the other to the mechanisms direct. The shaft 107 inturn is driven by the sprocket chains^108 and 109 direct from the shaft 67; thus no slippage can occur and the machine be accurately timed to perform the function-of cutting and delivering coinciv115 "dentally with the presentationof the open cig rette box.
lm the next successive stage the box isrv means of the pusher 110l operated through the slide 111 driven by the crank 112, attached to the bevel gear 113 meshing ating gear 114 fast upon the shaft 67. The'boxes are then the .strip with the m passed through which passes over a slide way 120',.dr`avv,n by the feed rolls 200 and 201 and is severed by the knife 122 operated by the crank|203,
by'pushing in the sliding element 120 12a shown in F1gs.l2, 15, 16 and'17, comprising 1' 'a roll-120 of printed paper a strip 121 of head 206, guidedV by the vertical rods 208, and pressed to avoid lost motion of the springs 209. After severing the strip it is covered vWith an adhesive from the gum supplying rolls 123 and 124, supplied from. the reservoir 125 as clearly indicated ini Fig. 16. 'Thesestrips are'applied over the outer surface of the box through the openl from the plates 72 into engagement with the strip supplying devices, comprised of elements 121to 124 inclusive. This pusher is actuated by one of the prongs of an inverted, U-shaped bar 128, at the center -ofwhich is attached a sliding bar 129i,l oper-,
`131 and 132 respectively, the latter of which i connecting rod 204, slide 205, and cross' ings 72 so as to cover the end of the sliding' element, thereby holding it inr position.' The pusher 126 operates to move the boxes.
operated and vdriven by the chain 51 runningover the sprockets 50 and 52.
The sealing meehanismis driven through the shaft 142, supported in brackets 143, secured to the frame work 32 ofthe machine, the shaftbeing driven through the chain and sprockets 144;l and 145, the latter en; gaging With a sprocket 146 fastened 4directly upon the driving shaft 07.
the carriers 140 they are moved into position to be operated upon by the revenue lstamp lAfter the transference of the-boxes upon applying device which is an exact duplicate of that for supplying the strip,disposed in a reversed position to it and is driven by 4the shaft 148, through the sprocket chain4 150 from the sprocket 151 also fast upon the driving shaft 67.A y
A pusher 152` similar to but operating opposite to the pusher 120, brings'the boxes into position with the revenue stamp applying device Jr'rom which they are returned to their normal position by means of spring `l.22.as in thc former instance. This pusher is caused to move back and forth by reason of the slide 155, actuated throng-h the crank 150, attached to the gear 157 driven by the mating gear 15S upon the shaft: 07.
After the stamp has been applied the carrier is advanced, as before indicated. to the final stage, Where it is delivered v"Jy` 'he vters Patent, is Y operator they are moved l alongA and `bunched ready for shipment.
In order that the boxes may not slip off the vsurface of the `belt 175, it is 'provided with guides 177 adjacent'to its edges, the 70 belt-running over the'pulleys 178 andf179 respectively, the latter of. which is driven#A throughtle ratchet Wheel .180,'actuated :by y' a paivl 181, moved bythe link l182, operfating in the slide'f18-3 and drive-nin turn by 7a the crank 184: from the shaft 1.4.8. y In operation the' reservoirsbeing filled the machine is started and an outer box 'element delivered vtoreceive an `inner element..
in a partially formed and'illed condition; 80
the box is then'supplied With a coupon, the inner element ful-ly inserted. in the outery and passed to the binding or sealing de# vices `where a strip is applied and then a revenue stamp afxed, after Whichthe filled' 85 boxes are grouped and delivered ready for 'such disposition as may be desired.
1. In a packaging machine, a reservoir for the articles to be' packaged, traveling car, riers adapted to receive articles therefrom,- means for' actuating said carriers intermit` tently, other traveling carriers adjacent to 195 thev first mentioned carriers, a reservoir adapted to deliver one element of a two'seci tioned receptacle for containing the articles, a third reservoir' containing the other' element of the receptacle, means for partially 110 forming the second'element prior to the reception ot' the articles, means for inserting the second elementkwithin the'first element of the receptacle, means for delivering a cou- -pmi in' intimate connection with the articles, 115
means for inserting the inner element Within the outer, means for aliixing a, seal across one end of the receptacle, a third traveling couveyer, means tor moving thereceptacle f from the second conveyer to the third con-v 120 vcyer, means Jfor applying a revenue stamp pusher 17 0, operated by the bent rod 171 of the slide 172, through the crank 173, driven by the gear 174, which rmeshes with its mating gearast upon the shaft 67.
The boxes are delivered upon the belt 17 5 down an inclined surface 176, in such maw ner that they lie closely adjacent and angularly disposed, solas to be received by an to the articles on said third conveyer, and means for delivering r'the receptacles in a n hunched condition.` y y 2. In a packaging machine, the combina. 125 tionf'ivith a frame, a plurality of movable carriers mounted in said frame, each carrier being compartmented and adapted to receive a single article 1n each compartment,
tently, a. secondpluralitymf carriera'fadja-I bsaid. second` oar- -v 'riers having eachjafhigh and .low surfalce' e e-` of saidcent to the first carriers,
upon its face, means ment ret a two artk box upon eac carriers, means or delivering the other elejmerrt ofthe box, means for partially folding for deliverin one the `second element and inserting within the rst mentioned element, means for 'transllo ferringarticlesfrom the 'first carriers to the partially, closed box, meansfor delivering a'coupon in close r'oximity to the articles,
vandmeans for ful y closing the second elements and inserting within the first elements. 5 5` `3 In a packaging machine, the combination with an article carrier and a container carrier, ineens -for transferring a definite ,predetermined number of articles into said container in connection with a coupon, means for sealing said container and `means foraitlxing a revenue stamp on the opposite side of the container from the seal.
4. ln a packaging machine, a frame, endless carriers, supporting a plnrality of individual 'partitioned plates, a. goods supply,
means for delivering a predetermined number othe goods toeach of said plates, a
second endless carrier coperative lwith the y irst mentioned carrier, means for delivering one element of a two partboX upon said x` second carrier, means lfor delivering the second elements of the box, means for pai e yt-ially1 "folding saidvsecond elements, 'rrneans` or transferring articlesfrom the' first `menicarrier tothe partially folded box, meine means 'endsof the receptacle, whereby the two eleni'ents'are heid inrelation one to the other,
40 means for applying a revenue stamp the opposits edge of the receptacle and means for delivering the receptac es upon an intermitfull, closing the second element, for` app ying an adhesive seal to the l.
higher vtentlyadvar'icing carrier transversely mounted in the'machine.
5. In a packaging machine, a plurality. of open topped carriers, means for supplying 'the carriers with the articles to be packaged,
other carriers having two definite surfaces `one higher than the other, one-element otl the container being carried upon the lower section and the other element upon the section, means for transferring the goods from the first named carriers to the second element of the container, means for folding and inclosing the articles in the container, means for cutting, gumming and afiixing a seal to the container, a` third carrier, means t'or transferringthe container from the second carriers to the said third `mounted adjacent to thev sadsecond carriers, said carriers also having an opening upon their rear edges, a4 second strip roller and a second means of cutting,`gumming and afiixing a definite length of the strip to the opposite edge of each container and means for delivering saidr containers outwardly from the machine.
In testimony whereof I have signed my nalneto this specification.
.. DIMjrTRIos PANTAZL
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4912910 *||Jan 23, 1989||Apr 3, 1990||Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation||Package structure for storing articles and a method and apparatus for accomplishing the same|
|US5054259 *||Sep 27, 1990||Oct 8, 1991||Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation||Apparatus for positioning a spacer panel|
|US5269121 *||Nov 20, 1991||Dec 14, 1993||G.D Societa' Per Azioni||Method and device for applying sealing strips to packages|
|US6427423||Oct 30, 2000||Aug 6, 2002||Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation||Coupon inserter for hinge lid pack|
|DE2463378C2 *||Aug 21, 1974||Apr 24, 1986||Focke & Co, 2810 Verden, De||Title not available|
|U.S. Classification||53/136.1, 53/157, 53/136.4, 53/169|