US 1202475 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION man |AN.24, 1913.
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l. A. BRENT.
APPLICATION FILED JAN.24, 1913.
:Il ,@@Q'Y Patented Oct. 24, 1916.
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JAMES A. BRENT, OF NEW' YRK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO THE BRENT COMPANY, INC., .A CORPORATIN 0F NEW' YORK.
Application filed January 24, 1913.
To all whom it may concern.'
Be it known that I, JAMES A. BRENT, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in rFent-Supporters; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
The present invention relates to the pro vision of means for quickly and effectively raising and supporting tents of all kinds, without the use of special devices permanently incorporated in the tents themselves, and without the use of openings of any kind to accommodate the supporting means.
The principal object of this invention is to supply light, portable, inexpensive and easily operated means for carrying out the ends above mentioned, whereby the labor of pitching tents and the convenience of this operation are greatly enhanced.
I have illustrated certain preferred embodiments and applications of this invention in the accompanying drawings, wherein- Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of one form of supporter applied to a fabric of any kind, Fig. 2 is a cross section of the same through the middle, Fig. 3 is a similar view near one end, Fig. 4 shows one means for employing a pair of these supporters, Fig. 5 shows one mode of applying the device to one form of tent, Fig. 6 shows another mode of applying the device to tents, and Fig. 7 is a cross section of a modified form of external frame.
I employ an external frame 10, which may be of wood, metal, wire, or other mate rial that is suitable, and within this frame I use a core 11, preferably in the form of a bar, but not necessarily. Combined with these elements I employ means for creating mutual pressure between the frame and its contents. The frame 10 may have various shapes, as indicated bv two examples of cross sections shown in Figs. 3 and 7.
In Fig. 1 the frame is practically a troughshaped box. The core is a bar 11, with enlarged ends 12. The means for creating pressure as aforesaid is the pressure-plate 13, having a guiding lip 14, and adapted to be pushed in and out by the screw 15,
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented iUlct. 241i, 1916.
Serial No. 743,962.
threaded into one end of the box and so secured to the plate 13 as to draw or push 1t out or in, while still capable of turning.
Various means for exterior attachment of the frame may be used. For instance, eves 16 may be placed at one or both ends of the frame, as in Fig. 1, or a single stout eye 17 may be used on top of the frame, as in Fig. 4.
For the sake of lightness, where a wire framework is not used, the box 10 is cut out at intervals in a more or less ornamental manner, as shown at 18. I also prefer to roughen the internal contact surfaces Vat the ends as shown in Figs. 1 and 3.
In applying the device to a given fabric, the frame 10 is applied to the upper side thereof with the pressure device in retracted position. The core is then placed under the fabric and pushed up into the frame forcing the material over it up into the frame as shown at 19 in Figs. 1 and 2. Ihen this is accomplished the pressure device is tightened, and, in the form shown, this is done by appropriate action of the screw 15. This creates pressure against the ends of the core, and iirmly secures the whole in place. I also prefer slightly to incline the ends of the frame 10 toward the opening, as shown. in order to narrow said opening, and-thus increase the security of the device.
In F ig. 5 is shown a means for applying .the device to a conical tent 20. The apex of the tent having been secured within the supporter in the manner already described, a rope E21 may he strung through the supporting eye 17 at the top, and its ends secured to suitable props, such as the tree 22 and the pole :223, the latter being supported by a stay rope or wire, 24. The top being thus held up, the edges are staked down in any usual manner as at 25.
In Fig. 6 is shown a preferred means for pitching a wall tent, with A shaped roof. @ne advantage of my invention in this connection lies in the fact that I am able to govern the degree of tension exerted along the ridge or apex line of the tent, while holding` the canvas taut, along vertical lines.
As shown in Fig. 6, I prefer to apply a separate fabric supporter 10 to each end of the ridge line, and to suspend these supporters by cords or ropes 26, 27, at their outer edges, with a tension rope 28 connecting the e quiclly pitched.
j two supporters. vIn this case the'support'ers i be relieved to any less extent.
'Another mode of employing this invention for supporting fabrics under conditions permitting adjustment of tension is` shown in Fig. 4.7 Here the supporters proper are fixed to two bars 29, 30, which telescopeinto a sleeve 3l. The tension can be adjusted by sliding therbars nearer together or farther apart andsecuring them by mea-ns of set screws 32, or other means for adjusting the bars and securing them may be used. By raising the sleeve 3l and its bars by means of a rope 33, or otherwise, the tent may be lVarious changes may be made in my defpwithpoutjdeparting from th'e scope of myk invention, and l d0 not limit myself to the details herein show-n and described.
Copies of this l*patent may be obtained for What I claim isl. Means for Vsupporting a tent comprising in combination two separate devices for gripping the canvas yfrom without, tensional supports attached to said devices tending to draw them apart and an adjustable tension device 'connecting said gripping devices, whereby the tension exerted on the canvas maybe regulated and be made independent ofthe degree of tension exerted by said supports.
2. Means for supporting a tent comprising-inl combination two separate devices for gripping the canvas from Without, tcnsional supports attached to said devices tending to draw them apart and an adjustable rope connecting the said gripping devices outside of the tent, whereby the tension exerted upon the canvas by the supports may be regulated.
In testimony whereof, I aiiix my signature, in presence of two witnesses.
JAMES A. BRENT.
(H. S. MACKAYE, KATHARINE C. MEAD.
ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. C.