US 1204565 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' M. HABINSKI. FOLDING UMBRELLA.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 21,1916.
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FOLDING UMBRELLA. APPLICATION FILED FEB. 21. 1916.
1,204,565. Patented Nov. 14, 1916.
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MICHAEL HAZBINSKI, or rnnwoon, SASKATCHEWAN, CANADA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 14., 191s.
Application filed. February 21, 1916. Serial No. 79,615.
T 0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, MICHAEL HABINSKI, a subject of the Emperor of Austria-Hungary, residing at Fenwood, in the Province of Saskatchewan, Dominion of Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Folding Umbrellas, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in folding umbrellas.
The primary object of the invention is the provision of an umbrella structure adapted for folding in a compact manner when not desired for use and especially when traveling but which. automatically assumes its substantially operative position upon the release of a latch member.
A further object of the device is the provision of a foldable frame for an umbrella having a normally projected main rod formed of telescoping sections compactly' arranged when closed and automatically projected upon being released, a foldable canopy receiving means being carried by the said rod and operable with the latter to its open or closed position.
In carrying out the device, a resiliently projected sectional umbrella rod is arranged having foldable canopy mounting ribs and bracing stays pivoted thereto and operable therewith while means 'are provided for maintaining the ribs and stays in their operative positions while other means are arranged for holding the rod in its folded arrangement.
IVith these general objects in view and others that will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists in the novel construction,combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and then claimed.
In the drawings forming a part of this application and in which like designating characters refer to corresponding parts throughout the several views: Figure 1 is a radial sectional view through the device in its open position, parts beingv broken away. Fig. 2 is a view of a portion of the umbrella frame in its folded arrangement, the canopy or covering being removed. Fig.3 is an enlarged central longitudinal sectional view through the umbrella rod in its closed position. Fig. 4 is a similar view of the umbrella rod in its projected or .open posisition and partly broken away. Fig. 5 is a V perspective View of the outer or tip end section of the rod. Fig. 6 is an enlarged eX-' tended view of a portion of therod partially shown' in dotted lines and illustrating the slidable connections between the rod sections. Fig. 7 is a side elevation of one of the slidable retainers for the frame joints employed with the device. Fig. 8 is a longitudinal sectional View thereof in its locked position. Fig. 9 is a similar view released, and Fig. 10 is a transverse sectional view taken upon line XX of Fig. 7.
In considering the elements of construe tion of the device in connection with the drawings herein, it will be seen that the foldable umbrella consists broadly ofa main rod 10 having the usual'handle 11 and with a plurality of radially-arranged ribs 12 and braces or stays 13, pivoted to the said rod and adapted for maintaining the fleXible canopy or covering 14 in a stretched condition thereon when the umbrella is open.
The rod 10 is formed of a plurality of telescoping sections, the outer or tip section 15 being of less diameter than the other sections and preferably formed of solid construction and having a tapered free end 16 constituting the point or tip for the umbrella. Theremaining sections of the rod are of tubular formation, the handle section 17 being of the greatest diameter and attached to the aforementioned handle 11, the said section being provided with an opening 18 therethrough for receiving a latch 19 normally projected within the section 17 by means of a leaf spring 20, the purpose of which will be hereinafter set forth while an. operating knob or button for releasing the latch is provided upon the said spring 20.
A tubular section 21 is rigidly secured within the handle section 17 being provided with a longitudinal side slot 22 for there ception of the latch 19 as well asfor the pin 23 of a further tubular section 24, the said section 24 being slidably'position'ed within the section 21 with the pin 23 freely sliding longitudinally of the said slot 22. The section 24 is of less diameter than the section 21 while another section 25 of further reduced diameter is slidably arranged within the section 24 having a pin 26 slidable within an oppositely-positioned longitudinal slot 27 of the section 24. In a similar manner, another section 28 adapted for outwardly positioning with respect to the secto register with keeper openings 34 provided in the tubular sections 28 and 24 when the sections are folded or'retracted in a position as best illustrated in Fig. 3 of the drawings, and at which time the latch 19' passes through the slot 22 of the section 21, the keeper openings 34 of the sections 24 and 28, the side slot 30 of the section 25, and seats within the socket 33 of the tip sec tion 15, thus locking the umbrella rod in its folded position. A projection spring 35 is arranged within the rod 10 having one end seated upon the closed base 36 of the handle section 17 while its opposite end resiliently engages the inner base end of the tip section 15,.it being understood that the spring 35 is substantially completely compressed or tensioned when the rod is folded as illustrated in Fig. 3 of the drawings while upon releasing the latch 19, the spring 35 forces the sections of the rodoutwardly to their projected positions as shown in Figs. 1 and 4 of the drawings. 7
The foldable ribs 12 are pivotally connected to the tip member 15 by means of a collar 37 carried by the said member, the ribs being radially arranged in the usual manner while the inner ends of the stays 13 are pivotally connected to a similar collar 38 carried by the rod section 25. The stays 13 are pivoted at their outer ends to the ribs 12 by the usual pivotal connections 39. The ribs 12 are each formed of three sections namely, an outer section 40, an inner section 41 and an intermediate section 42, the said rib sections being connected together by suitable hinged joints 43. A locking collar or sleeve 44 is provided for each of the hinged joints 43, the saidsleeves being slidably mounted upon the ribs and having receiving recesses 45 V on the inner surface thereof adapted for the seating reception of ,the adjacent hinge 43, the hinge being normally seated withinthe recess by a dou+ ble leafsp'ring 46 carried by the said sleeve. It will be noted that the rib section 40 is hinged to the intermediate section 42 at a point outwardly of the stay hinge 39. The positioning of the sleeves 44 over the hinged joints 43, maintains the members in longitudinal alinement while the sleeves 44 may be readily slid out of engagement with the hinged joints for allowing the latter to opcrate during the folding operation of the ribsl Each of the stays 13 is formed in two substantially equal sections or portions 47 and 48 which are hingedly connected together by a hinged joint 49 having one of the hereinbefore described locking sleeves 44 slidably mounted thereon. The usual canopy or umbrella covering 14 is retained in any desired manner upon the ribs 12 and isfixedly secured to the outer ends of the said ribs as at 51 and having a central opening 52 for receiving the tip 15.
WVith the device in its open or spread position as illustrated in Fig. 1 of the drawings, the umbrella may be folded by first sliding the sleeves 44 to their unlocked positions which will allow the ribs 12 and stays 13 to be bent upon their hinges and the rod sections are then forcibly moved upon one another in their telescoping relations until they are all received within the ban dle section 21 and retained by means of the latch 19 with the spring 35 under tension, the elements being then arranged as illustrated in Fig. 2 of the drawing, it being understood that the covering 14 will be arranged in its folded condition upon the folded sections of the ribs 12. Upon a release of the retaining latch 19, the spring 35 projects the sections of the umbrella rod 10 to their open extended positions as heretofore described while this action tends to separate the collars 37 and 38 which results in unfolding the ribs 12 and stays 13. The outer rib sections 40 arethen forcibly moved outwardly to their proper positions and all of the locking sleeves 44 slid into position.
While the form of the invention herein shown and described is what is believed to be the preferred embodiment thereof, it is nevertheless to be understood that various forms, modifications and arrangements of the parts may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.
What I claim as new is A foldable umbrella stick comprising a telescoping main rod formed of a tubular handle section of relatively large diameter and having a keeper opening in the side thereof, tubular telescoping rod sections of less diameterthan' the said handle section positionable within the latter, said tubular and handle sections being provided with longitudinal slots upon their alternate opposite sides, an outwardly projecting pin carried by each of the said tubular sections slidably positioned within the adjacent longitudinal slot of the receiving rod section, a solid tip section longitudinally slidably positioned within the outer tubular section and having a pointed engaging free end, 21 normally inwardly projected resilient latch carried by the said handle section, the said tubular sectionsand tip section each being provided with keeper portions positioned in alinement with the keeper opening of the said handle section when the rod sections are retracted within the said handle section and with the latch positioned therein, a projection opening spring for the said rod sections positioned within the latter and tensioned between the adjacent faces of the said tip section and closed end of the handle section, and a canopy supporting frame upon said stick.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
7 Washington, D. C.