US 1205031 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. l'o. 1915. v
Patented Nov. 14, 1916.
I yl CHARLES SCHMITT, or OAKLEY, omo.
Application mea september 1o, 1915. serial No. 50,028.
To all whom t may concern.'
Be it known that I, CHARLES SCHMITT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Oakley, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented certain new andvuseful Improvements in Faucets, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in water distribution, and more specifically to faucets.
The object of my invention is to provide a faucet having one outlet and inlets for both hot and cold water.
In the construction hereinafter described a chamber is formed in the body of the faucet into which the water first enters from the inlets. As this chamber is relatively larger than either the inlets or the outlet it causes the inflowing water to thoroughly mix to an equalized temperature before it is emitted from the nozzle of the faucet.
It is a well known fact that the wash bowl is an unsanitary contrivance and that many careful persons, recognizing this, will bathe the hands and face direct from the flow of water from the faucet of a lavatory. The inconvenience is that the user must use water that is generally either too hot or too cold for comfort. He cannot regulate the temperature without using the basin.
My device is designed to overcome this difliculty in that when the proper temperaturey is secured by regulating the handle of my spigot, that temperature will be steadily maintained and the user may bathe in comfort from the flow of water without using an unsanitary bowl.
Other objects of this invention not at this time more particularly enumerated, will be clearly understood from the detailed description and drawings-forming a part of this specification.
Furthermore, this invention consists in the novel arrangements and combination of parts more particularly described in the following specification and embodied in the claims appended hereunto and forming a part of this application.
Referring further to the drawings, which are merely illustrative of my invention, Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved faucet. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view thereof taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a top plan view of my faucet. Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line 4 4 of Fig. 1 showing the faucet closed.
Specication of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 14, 1916.
Fig. 5 is a similar view showing the faucet open for the admission of cold water.
Referring further to the drawings, wherein similar reference characters designate similar parts throughout the respective views, 1 designates a faucet casing having a circumferential channel flange 2 formed interiorly thereof, and a screw cap 3 mounted on top thereof. Two inlet pipes 4 and 5 for cold and hot water, respectively, are secured in the rear wall of said casing, said pipes being spaced apart a certain distance.
A valve drum 6, circumferentially coextensive with the interior wall of said casing,
is mounted therein in such manner that the lower edge of the wall of the drum will rest withinv said channel flange 2. Two circular openings 7 are provided at certain points in the wall of said drum, said openings being spaced apart a distance greater than the spacing between the inlet pipes 4 and 5 where they enter the faucet casing. Said openings are adapted to register imperfectly with the inlets 4 and 5, respectively, when the faucet is open.' When one of the openings 7 registers perfectly with the inlet 4, the other opening can register but partially with the inlet 5, and vice versa, whereby the temperature of the flow of water may readily be regulated. The wall of the drum 6 opposite the openings 7 is made of a thickness adapted to contain bores 8. Each of said bores is'slightly greater in circumference than the inlets 4 and 5. A valve 9 having a cam face, guided by a stem 10, and actuated by a spring 11 is mounted within each of said bores 8.
The purpose of the valves 9 is to provide an effective sealing means for the liquid supply when the valve proper is in closed position. It will be seen that the cam surfaces of the valves 9 serve to unseat automatically said valves when the main valve is turned. The coil spring element 11 normally tends to force said sealing valves into the inlet openings, therefore, it will be seen that when the valve proper is moved to the closed position that the sealing valves 9 will automatically seat within the openings effectively sealing the same against leakage.
A stem 12 is mounted upon the drum 6 and extends through the casing 1 and the cap 3. A handle 13 is mounted upon said stem, said handle being provided with a stop 14, which is pivotally mounted at 15 to said handle and having a spring 16 interposed-,between the top'thereof and the under side of said handle.
A plurality of spaced notches 17 are formed in the upper face of said cap 8, saidnotches being adapted to engage with the stop ll as the handle 13 is turned to the variousdegrees at which the faucet may be opened. There is also indicated at 18 upon said cap the position towhich the handle must be turned to yopen the faucet forhot or cold Water, for Water of a medium tempeinture,l or to shut off the flow entirely. From the lforegoing description, it is obvious that as the handle is turned, the valves 9 will be compressed Within the bore 8 by reason of contact Vwith the inner Wall of the` faucet casing 1`. f Then the lhandle is turned so that the stop 111: is directly above the position indicating cold Water, one of the openings 7 will register with the cold Water inlet l and the hot Water inlet will remain closed. If Water of a medium telnper-ature is desired, the handle is turned to the medium position and in that position each of the openings `"i will partially registerwith the cold and hot Waterinlets respectively, the relativeV degree of temperature being regulated by moving the handle to the right or left as desired.
The utility, adaptability, and `advantages of my improved form of faucets being obvious, it is unnecessary to further enlarge uponthe same herein; [Having now described and pointed out the new and useful features of my invention, I do not limit myself to the shape of certain parts Where the shape is not essen,- tial, nor do I restrict myself to the exact details of construction shown and described, but mean and intend to claim all equivalents Harige formed interiorly of said body por- Y tion, a cylindrical valve drum adapted to rotate Within said channel iange, said drum being provided with openings adapted to register with said inlets, spring actuated auxiliary valves mounted Within the Walls of said drum adapted to seat over said inlets ivhen said valve drum is closed, and means mounted upon said valve for opening and closing the same.
2. In a faucet of the character described, a casing having a single outlet and a plurality of inlets, a valve drum rotatably mounted in said casing and having a plurality of openings registerable With said inlets, and automatic sealing means carried by said drum for engagement with said inlet When the valve member is in closed position. Y
3. ln a. faucet of the class described, a casing, said casing having an outlet and a plurality of inlets, a valve drum mounted in said casing, said valve drum having openings therein for registration with the inlet in said casing, and supplemental spring actuated valve members carried by `said drum for engagement with said inlet to seal the same when the valve is in closed position.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature hereto.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, ID. C.