US 1206095 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
l. A BOY.
vFLASH LlGHT MACE. APPLICATION FILED JUNE23, 19:5.-
/ Patented New. 28,1916.
2 SHEETS-:SHEET I.
r J. A. 00v. FLASH LIGHT MACE. APPLICATION FILED 111M123, I915.
Patented Nov. 28, 1916,
2 SHEETS-SHEET '2.
a lamp is con bined with 55 onto the mace .1.
UNITED sirirrns PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH a. GOY, or- LUIDLOW, .KENTIICKY.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 28, 1916.
Application filed June 23, 1915. .Serial no. 35,787.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, 'Josnrn A. Coy, a citizen ofthe United'St-ates, and a resident, of Ludlow, in the county-of Kenton and.
5 State of Kentucky, have invented, cert'ain new. and useful Improvements in Flaslr Light aces, of which the following isa specification- My invention relates to devices wherein the structure of the device.
The object of my. invention is to provide with a lamp a mace or other weapon used by striking therewith, and to insure against damage to or destruction of the lanip incident tothe blows of the weapon.
My invention consists in the combination ofpin'ts and in the details of construction and arrangement oi parts as will herein more fully described'ai'id'claimed.
F gure 1 s aside In the drawings: ration of a mace en'ibodyiug. my invention; Fig. 2 is ,a partial yerticai' section on the line zu--u of Fig. 1; Fig; 3 is a cr'ossfsec partial side elevation of the tube and its slot; Fig. 5 15 a .partial side elevation like that SlIOWII- in Fig. 1., but enlarged to better sho'wthe sw tch. construction; Figs. (5,
'1", 8 and 9 are partial vertical sections snni; lar to Fig. 2, but showing modifications of the mounting of the lanipwith relation to the battery; and Figs. 10 and 11 are partial vertical-sectional elevations showing modifications'of the means" of attaching the handle mounting to the mace.
My invention, as I prefer to c0nstruct it,"
involi'es the mounting of an electric battery and a switch for closing circuit through the lamp 'and battery in the handle 0f a mace, .with the lamp projecting its light from the:
butt end of the mace. l The mace..l is of usual construction and formation except that its handlc-connirises a metal tube 2 which,"as shown in Fig.2,
is slipped onto. an inner part3 of the-mace 111paga'inst the bead 4, which is usually provided on a. mace, marking the outward termination ofithe handle-part of the niace.
5 This tube 2 may fit the p:'1rt 3 with a dri yfit and held' by ascrew iiflas shown I in Rig. .2, or 'as shown in Fig. 10, the part 3 a-nd'the tube 2. may be threaded to fit "each other and thus the who may bescrewed have fi-GOV6IH1g -5 which is preferably ct This metal-tube 2 may-- leather'or may be of any other suitable nut-- terial to provide a proper surface -fora handle. As shown inFigs. l, 2 and 1.0,this
11, however, the niace' 1 is not provided covering- 5 terminates at-the beadd along with the metal tube 2.- Asshown in Fig.
with any head, but merely .hasa shoulder 4 up some distance fromwhere the head should be, and tlie netal tube 2 -continues up to this shoulder-so that thebea-ring of the tube on the mass is considerably lengthened. The cover 5? extends up to. this shoulder l along with the tube, and it is this cover 5*. that provided 'irith 'the head 5 at the proper. location. Immediately insideof the head 4.. or 5, as the case may be, in; any of the. constructions above de scribed, I prefer to p'rovidea collar 6 which may be of leather, to which is. secured, as
, by sewing, a loop .7 as is usually provided on a mace. This collar his left free toturn 0n the part of the mace adjacent to the diead, and a stationary collar 8 is fixed aaround the handle mountingat the other or inner side of the turning collar 6 to hold the collar '6' [lp-GlOSG to the bead and support the-mace whenit is carriedby the.
100.1) 7', This stationary collar 8 may be corrugated or beaded as shown 'Thebutt end of-this tube 2 hasa-flaringpa-rt 9 with a threaded rim -10, and fitted into this flar ing part '9 is a reflector 11. with thella-mp ordinary manner, and ,ivith' an outwardly extending annular flange 13 fitting against 12 screwed into its central rear part in an .90
the outer edge of thethreadcd rim 10." Outreflector 11, the
threaded .rim 10 of 1 17 that projects over the edge of the lens 14 with the outerend of the gasket 15 interposed between it and the lens, so that tliisring 16 thus-holds 1 the lens and'refleetor and la inposition iii theibntt end ofthe tube 2, The ring. 16 projectspast whereit ISSIOI'BWGd. to the rim I 10 with an axially extended annular flange' 18'whic1i comes tightly over the termination of the covering- 5; at this end of the handle to make a tight joint herewith. 13y the above means the. gasket 15 for (11S a .with'strength in order to afford a maximum.
reflector. with the covering 5 makes a water-tight joint at the other side of the threaded concushion for the lens 14, preventing chipping of the edge of the 'lens, and also forms a water-tight joint between the lens and the The flange 18 making contact nection of the ring 16 with the tubc,'-while at the same time "water is prevented from penetrating between the covering 5 and the tube 2. It will be understood-that this covering 5 maybe cemented to the tube 2, and it is preferably-rather thin, while the tube 2- itself is inade as thin as it can be consistent internal. diameter without increasing the external diameter of-the handle formed by the above described structure.
Fitted over the taperin part 9, and the ring 16 at the butt end of the handle is the tapered collar 19 whiclrinay be of leather and may be headed or corrugated as shown. This collar '19 thus forms a finish for the butt end of the handle, making it similar 'to ordinary mace, handles. This collar 19 as well as the collar-S may be of leather or other similar material like that of which the cover 5 is composed.
Constructed as abov e described, there will be aspace left'in the interior of the tube 2 from the heels end of the lamp 12 up to the inner end of the inner part '3 of the mace. Within this space is mounted the battery 20 of elongated cylindrical formation similar to tbose obtainable on the market, one end 21 of thisbattery beingan exposed electrical conducting surface-and forming one pole of thebattergy', and the other end of the battery havinga projection 22 of electrical conducting material which forms the other pole of the battel y.
The end 21 has, interposed between it and the inner end of the part 3, a spring 23,
which isof coggicalsspiral formation with the large endibearing'against the end 21 ofvthe battery. Centrally in the inner end of the part 3-is a. screw 24 comprising a shank 25- v screwed into the wood of the part 3, a head 26 and an intermediate part 27 between the shank and the head which form shoulders adjacent to r the shank, whilewthe h'ead 2-ilforms sh-zmldcrs adjacent to this inter mediate part 27. A s itch lever 28 is pivoted on the shank part 25 of the screw and held up against a -washer:28'T on the inner end of the inner part 3 of the mace by the shoulders formed hy-tl1e.inter1ne-' dia te part 27' of the screw. The small. end
5 hi the conical spring 23 passes around the intermediate part 27 and is held :tightly against the switch lever 28 by the shoulders formed by the head of the screw 24. The swit -h lever 28 extendsout through a slot 29 n the tube 2 adjacent to the inner end of the part 3 of the mace, and on its outer endthe switch. lever has a knob 30 surrounded by a segment 'plate 31. The slot 29 is elongated and. the switch lever 28 is adaptedto swing therein on its pivot formed by the screw 2-1;. The switch lever 28 also extends out througbfthe stationary collar 8 which is slotted around-the slot 2-9 of the tube 2, and mounted on the exteriorf the collar 28 is amctalguideplatc 32 Which has a slot 33through which the lever 28 extends, and which is covered by the segment plate.
31 at any position of thelever. lhis slot 33 is substantially straight. on both sides and 0f width only slightly greater than that of the lever 28, but-the slot 29 in ;the tube 2 has a wide part 34 at onezeud and a narrow part 35 at-the other end." Thiswide part 34 is such that the .lerer128,as held by the slot 33,
cannot make contact'witheitlier side or' the end of the slot, but'the'other part 35 s narrow enough that when the lever 28 1S swung over into this part it can make conit, a small helical 'sprin'gfiS' fastened therein and projecting overland"makingcontact withthe central terminal part 39'of the lamp 12. This small hellcalspring 38 projects through the insulating clish i'li, and has a contact 40 that lies aga'i'nst the proiection 22 of the battery 2O..'th us;suppOrtiIrg the insulating washer 3i against the larger outer spring 36 above'alludedto. V I
the battery 20 is held yieldingly between the springs 23 and 36, while, when the switch is closed by swinging the switch lever 28 over to the narrow. endp'art 3510f the slot 29. the circuit is completed from the end 21 of the battery, through the spring. 23, lever 28, tube Fromthe foregoing'jit will be seen that 2, reflector l1, exte'rioriol? the lamp 12, I
through the. filalnent of the lamp, the central terminal 39 of tl1e;lan1p,'and the small helical springBSyto the other pole ofthe battery; by means ofthecontact 40 against the projehtion 22'. 'Thusthe lamp is lighted by pushing over on thevleyer 28.- If'thelever- 28 is pushed-out .offthe cnd 35i of the slot'29, the circuit lSzbIOkBIlflnTlCl the lamp extinguished. a
By mounting the battery- 20. with the spring interposed at its -encls,-fthe shock. due to the inertia of thebattery 20, which is necessarily somewhat heavy, absorbed by its springs and not transm tted to the lamp;
12, which would be injuredior destroyed by the i'rnpa'ct of the batteryjupgu a blow withthe nace werefthe' buttery-hiountedldirectly against it without any'cushioning means.
Inl'the-modification shown in Fig. 6, the reflector and lens are mounted in the=hereinbefoie describealnmnnenbut the reflector 1-l',- inSteadof ha'ving the lamp 12' screwed into its central rearpart, has' on opening 41 through which the leinp 12 may extend without contact, and on this reliectonll are mounted reerwardly extending studs 42,- the rem-ends of which are fixed in an insulating i with. The front ofthis conducting-disk 46 equa 13 on.
may be finished like the interim-of the re heater to complete the reflection immediately around the'lamp 1'2. Froni'the foregoing it will be seen that the: 1a mp12 hasja mounting on which it is especially yieldable from impact of the battery 20. which is carried positively against the reflector 11.
In the modification shown in Fig.7, thei arrangement is substantially the sjanie as that of Fig. 2, except that the conducting spring 38-;ie omitted, .andthe disk 37 is modified toa w'asher37', vith aceiltral opening fitting aroundithe; projection of the battery 20, allowing. the Projection 2211c coineinqontnct 1 with the'centralterminal 39 otth'e lamp 12.
In themodi'fication l1r \vn iiuFigr 8, the reflector hasits rirnfthreaded to receive. the ring 16, holding-the lens. 14: in; position of thiereflector 9L7- has' the lamp '12 screwed into t in the usual manner, but is prolonged backward and has a closed l a'ck*l9. '1he tube 2 has the ,caphQ ccrewed, Q nthit and arather stgfi' helical spring 51 'ha 'oneendprojecting through the cup 59-a nd=- rigidly i so - thefl lattery 20-. It will be understood that'- "hurl in the reflector andin the tn )e-2 reeecnred thereto as by soldering,- and has its other end projecting through the f rear end 49 of-thereflector andrigidly seem reflector. in a similar ln'unner. eulated conductor .52 mes-es throfu l-to. the ible inthrough and is finedjn insulating the tube 2f connects,withihcothen polepfg the battery through the switch-in the-Same manner that the tiihefZ does in Fig. 2 and as herei-nbet'oredescribed.
helical spring- 51, so
- part of the shell This, I havediscovered;elimin snlcrnble extent the darkening e With thehbove described construction the reflector and .lznnp are yieldably mounted ontheibutt end of the mace by means of the that any shock on the mace will not be transmitted to the reflector end-the lampconto-ined therein. To reinforce the mountingof the reflector and lamp 'on' the end of the mace I may provide acollar 59 of-ela'etie lria'terial, such as. Y which fits snugly around the rear neck 48 of the "reflector and lamp, and also excludes moisture from the buttend 'ot' the mace and the rear end-'01 the reflector. The circuitwill be from. one pole oi the battery through the switch and through the tube 2 the heu ry spring 51, the-reflector -'t7,the lamp l2, thecentrhl terminal lll'of thelainp, 'the terminal 57, oon'ducto1-"52, terminal 58 and projection 22' of; the'battery. i In the modification shown in Fig. l), the
reflector 60 is of cylindrical formation with a flat back ()1 which has a central aperture (52, ,nliile -a disk 63 is placed forwardly of the back 61, 'and has a'neck (Set projecting back through the aperture (L and fitting snugly around the neck of the lamp -12. The shell 2";, instead of having a-flar-ing part5) like the shell 2 in Fig; 2, hasan en largedcylindrical. part 9 joining themaiii 2 through an annular shoulder. (55. liaclr against thieiehmllder rests the insulating disk 4-3 in which is fixled zfsnmllihcll'cal Spring l similar to 'thespring 4-4; shown in Fig; 5. This spring bea forwardly"against the central terminal 39 oil the lamp and rear'w ardly 'agamet. the pro ection of tllfllJi'ltlQel) 20. v'lhe lam rubber,
tending helical springs fillfconnected ,to the outside of the 11cc]; 6% git-the disk bl'l and to backward projections (Won the re'flectorho.- Thus the lnol'mting of the lamp is the seine as that shown in 'Fig. 5, except thatthedislt -is placed inside the reflector instead of back of it. Such a construction is more adapted for nee where the interior of the reflector is. enanieled, such cylindrical reflectore'helng employed because in connection with :the'
enameled 'niiaterial theyilitl'use the light vhetter than do the parabolic sil-vered reflectors.
the. reflector is not open incident to the-con i In the construction shown in Fig, ,(igit will struction. as inl igrsul. f and 9,1 prefer to v provii le the reflector "with sinn ll perforritione (5S as shon y'l to serge this purpose From the foregoing it w1ll- 'be'- undo that my rmfentlon s susceptible to yiiriou's; ir imilfications o f ts minor details, and therefre l d'o" notwish to he understood-a b'lh'g.
limited to the examples specifically shown and described, but What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: r
l. A mace comprising a solid main part, a hollow handle part, a lamp contained in the butt end of said handle part, a battery contained in said hollow nandle partbe tween Said lamp and said, solid part, an electrical connection between said battery and said lamp, and a switch included in and controlling said connection and comprising a switch lever inside said hollow handle and pivoted. on said solid part, said hollow handlc par; having a transverse slot and saidswioch lever extending through said slot to be swung transversely therein for operating said switch.
2. A mace comprising a solid main part and a hollow handle part, a lamp in the butt end of said handle part, a battery contained in said hollow handle. part between said lamp and said solid main part, an electrical connection between said battery and said lamp. a radially yieldable mounting for said lamp in said hollow part, and yieldable means between the mounting of said lamp and said battery.
3. A mace com rising a solid main part and a hollow hanc le part, a lamp in the butt end of said handle part, a batter contained in said hollow handle part between said lamp and said solid main part, an electrical connection between said battery and said lamp, a radially yieldable mounting for said lamp in said hollow part, yieldablemeans between the. mounting of said lamp and said battery, and yieldable means between said battery and said solid part.
l. A mace comprisina'a solid main part and a hollow handle part, a lamp in the butt end of said handle part, a battery con? tained in said hollow handle part between said lamp and said solid main part, an electrical connection between said battery and said lamp, a. radially yioldable mounting for said lamp in said hollow part, yieldable means between. the modnting of said lamp and said battery, a switch inside said hollow part on "said solid part, controlling said connection. and yieldable means between said battery and said switch.
5. Aniace comprising a solid main ptit and a hollow handle part, a reflector mounted in the butt end of said handle part a lamp .mounted'on said reflector, a. battery mounted in said hOllOWJjElllCllB part, means yieldablysupporting said battery away from said solid part, an electrical connecti'onfbetween said battery and said lamp,
and yieldable means -between said battery- 'and ,said reflector whereby the reflector yieldably supports the battery and relieves -'the'lun p 'of the support ofthe battery.
6. 'A mace comprising solid main part 7 and a hollow handle part, a refiectormounted in, the butt end of said handle part, a lamp mounted in said reflector, a, battery mounted in said hollow handle part, an
electrical connection between said battery and said-1 amp, yieldahle means" between said battery and said reflector, and a later ally yieldable mounting for said lamp in said reflector.
7. A'mace comprisinga solid main part,
and a hollow handle Partof electrically 0011-. ducting material, a refiectorof electrically conducting material held in the buttcnd of said hollow handle part in-electricabconnection therewith, a lamp' lield' in said reflector withone terminalaelectrically con nected with said reflector, a; battery inclosed in said hollow handle part and-insulated therefrom, presenting one of itspoles toward said lamp and said reflector, yieldable means between said battery and said reflector, means electrically connecting the other terminal of said lamp with sai'd pole of said battery, and means connecting the other pole of said battery with said hollowv handle part.
8. A mace comprising; a solid main part,
and a hollow handle part of electrically conducting material, a. reflector ofelectrioa'lly conducting nmterialheld in' the butt I endof said hollow handle partiinelectrical'.
connection therewith, a. lamp'iheldin said reflecthea jth one' terminal electrically connected withsaid reflectorfla battery inclosed in saidhollow handle .part and insulated therefrom, presenting one of its poles toward said lamp and said reflector,-yieldable means between said battery and said;reflector, means electrically connecting the other ter minal of said lamp with said pole-of said battery, :1 switch mountedinside said holow adapted to electrically connect'with 's ai d hollow handle part, and means. electrically connecting. this switch with the other pole of said battery.
9. A mace comprising a solid main part,- and a hollow handle part of electrically con-' ducting material, a reflector of electrically conducting material held in the-butt-end of said hollow handle part mi-electrical connection therewith, a lamp held in said reflector with one terminal-electrically connected with said reflectorna battery inclosed in said hollow handle part andiinsulated therefrom presenting. one of it's poles toward said lamp and said reflecton jieldable means betweensaid battery and jisjaid mflector, means. electrically connc t'ing the "other terminal of sditldamp-witlr pole of said battery, a switch? mounted inside said hollow handle part and adapted to electrically connect with said hollowhandle handle part on said solid part and solid part, a pivot eiitendin necting the other i of said narrower part.
.butt end of said handle pm,
part," and an electrically conducting s rin interposed between the other pole 0 99.1 battery and said switch,
10. A mace comprisin a solid partiind a tubular handle port, :1- amp secured in the butt end of said handle part, a battery heldin said handle part between suid lamp and said solid part said tubular handle part having a slot through it adjacent toqsald solid part, which slot is narrower near one end then it is nearthe othe'rend, a switch lever projecting through said. slot into the interior of said handle part adjacent to sa d through said switch lever andfixcd in said solid part, a spring connected to said pivot and bearing against one pole of said batteryfrnes-ns conhe of said battery to said lamp, the circuit eing' completed from said lamp through said tubular handle-part, said switch lever and said spring,' when said. switch lever is brought into fthe narrower part of said slot and engages with one side 11. A mace comprising s" solid part and a tubular handle part, a lafnp secured in the. a battery held- .in said handle part between said lamp and said solid 'art, said-tubular handle part having 11 s 0t through it adjacent 'to said solid part, which slot is narrowernear one end then it is near tlie'othcr end, a.- switchlever projectingthrough said'slot into the I interior of said handle part adjacent to said solid part,-a pivot. extendin through said switch lever and fixed in said solid part, a spring connected to said pivot and be'sring against one pole of saidbettery, ineans'connesting the other pole of said battery'toss id lamp, the circuit being com leted from-said; lamp through said'tubulsr andle srt; 'ssid switch lever and said spring, w en said switch lever is brought into the narrower part of said slot and engages with onesideof said narrower part, said pivot comprising an intermediate part whereby. a shoulder is formed holding saidswitch-lever against said solid part, and a head whereby a shoulder is formed'ad-jacent to'ssid. intermediate. part, said intermediate part receiving the end of said spring between said head and said switch lever. I
' 12. A mace comprising n solidpert and a. tuhularhundle part, a lan'rip secured in the butt endof said handle part, iii-battery held insaid handle part between said lamp and said solid part, said tubular handle part having :1 slot through it adjacent to said solid "part. which slot is narrower neurone tend than it is near the -other end, a switch lever projecting through said slot into the interior of said handle part adjacent to said solid part, a pivot extending through said part-"0f said 1 and a guide la butt end of said tery t0 said lamp,
necting the other pgle of said bzittery to said lam'p, the circuit mg completed from said lump through said tubular handle part, said switch lever and said spring, when said switch-"lever is brought into the narrower slot and engages with one side (ii-said narrower part, a coveringfor said tubular handle art of insulating with a. slot t rough to engage with the side of the narrow part of the slot, but prevent it from engaging with the side of the wide part of the slot. 1
13. A mace comprising a. solid part and 9, tubular handle part, a lamp secured in -the handle part, a battery held in said handle part between said lamp and said solid part, ing a slot through P than his neair the other end, a switch lever projecting through said slot into the intetier of said handle part ndgscent to said solid part, ,apivot exten it adjacent to said solid said tubular handle part hsvwhich slot is narrower near one end material, mounted on saidv covering 7 Y which said switch lever extends to guide said lever in its swinging end permit it ing, throufi I said switch, lever and fixed in said so id art, it spring-connected tosaid 'ivot and aring against one pole of sei battery, means connecting the other pole of said butpleted from said lamp spring, when said switch lever is brought into the narrower part of said slot and engages with one side of said narrower part a covering for sa-idtubular handle part 0 insulating material, a guide plate mounted 'on said covering with a. slot through which said switch lever extends to guide said lever in its swinging and permit it to engage with the side of the narrow psrt of the slot, prevent it from engaging with the side of thewide part of'the slot, and 9. segment the-circuit being comthrough said tubular andle part, said switch lever and said plate mounted on said lever over said guideplate-and covering the-slot therein at, an",
position of thelever in said slot. 4 14. A mace comprising aghollow handle a reflector secured in the butt and of saiid handle, said reflector having a rearward aperture, a lump inside said reflector and extending loosely through said aperture-,fe disk fixedon said lamp and covering the spertur'enro'und the lamp, a mounting for 581dlamp on said reflector, and means in said handle for supplying current torsaid lsmp.
. JOSEPH A. COY'. 1 Witnesses 'Cmnsnos Psnnsw, CATHERINE Donut.