US 1206186 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. J. WHELAN.
CLOSET SEAT AND THE LIKE.
APPLICATION FILED lIULY I4. 1913.
Y 1,2 O6,1 86. Patented Nov. 2s, 1916.
` 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
I lUNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFICE. f
MICHAEL J'. WHELAN, OF MUSKEGON, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNO T0 BRUNSWICK-BALKE- COLLENDER C0., A CORPORATION-,0F DELAWARE.
CLOSET-SEAT AND THE LIKE.
n Aptucation mea my 14, 1.1513. seriaiNo. 778,982.
I To all whom it may concern:
Be it known th`at I, MICHAEL J. WH'ELAN,
. a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of Muskegon, in the county of Muskegon and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful- Improve ments in Closet-Seats and the like; and I do hereby declare that the following description of my said invention, taken in connection with thevaccompanying sheets of drawings, forms a full, clear, and exact specification, which will enable others skilled inthe art to which it appertains to make and use the same. A
This invention relates generally to im provements in closet seats and the like, and it consists, essentially, ini the novel and peculiar combination of .parts and details of construction, as hereinafter first fully set forth and described and then pointed out in the claim. Y
In the drawings already referred to which Vserve to illustrate my said invention more fully, ,Figure 1 is a vertica1,.longitudinal sectionoff'a closet seat and cover embodying mly invention. Fig. 2 is a plan of a closet seat frame before the application' of my invention. Fig. 3- is a cross section on line 3 3 of Fig. 2 with my invention applied thereto. Fig. 4 is a fragment of Fig. l on an enlarged scale. Fig. 5 is asection on p line 5 5 Fig. 2 showing said section in its remain sweet; one in which all fecal matter may be removed therefrom without affecting the finish, appearance, or sanitary quali- -ties1thereof,' and an article of superior appearance and lasting qualities Briefly the seat, comprising pa'rt of my invention, consists of a wooden frame of the usual appearance, except that it is made of the cheapest class of Wood roughly framed together; no attention being paid to the accuracy of joints in the framing nor The parts are held togetherby PatetedNov. 28, 1916.
a few pegs driven at proper points and no glue is employed; nor is there vany smoothing of the surface attempted, thefaces of the frame still showing the saw and tool marks. In this condition the frame is covered with a heavy coating of rubber composition in a plastic state,- and the whole is then introduced into a suitable. two part vulcanizing mold. This moldk is possessed of a cavity the -exact duplicate of a finished seat and the two parts thereof are next tightly screwed together,`thereby creating a great pressure upon all parts of the mass within the same. lSaid mold is subjected to great heat for a suitable length of time and then allowed t'o cool, after which the finished seat is removed therefrom. Said seat now presents a black appearance. The rubber composition (now termed vulcanite) has entirely incased the wood frame and hermetically sealed the same within the coating. All
vopenjoints in the framing or tenons and all v .the closeness of tits in the tenons'` used in checksv or knots in the wood have been thoroughly filled with the Vulcanite,.which, at the same time has also actually penetrated the surface of the wood a certain distance, so that the structure is now to all intents and purposes an integral homogeneous mass. This creates an integral bond which inseparably .joins the surface of the vwooden core to the closely contacting surface of the rubber envelop and is composed of minutev interfitting permanently unitedparticles4 of vboth the wood and rubber surfaces. vulcanite may be burnished in a close imitation of ebony and the resultant productis one' of handsome appearance and unusual strength and lasting qualities, in addition to being absolutely sanitary. The cover is treated in the 'same manner, except that its frame is not provided with a central open--k ing as is the seat. l
For further details of my invention; attention is now directed to the drawings in which C-v represents the finished cover and S the similarlypreparedseat; V and V represent the vulcanite covering hermetically inclosing said cover and lseat respectively. ,j
F, Fig. 2 indicates the rough wooden seat frame comprising'side members 1 and Y2 and ends 3-and 4, therwhole being framed together by tenons 5, 6, 7, and 8 and dowel pins 9. The numeral 10 refers tothe open joints between the sides and end-railsA 1 and 2 and 3 and 4. These openings are slightly exaggerated in the drawings and are meant to elucidate the fact that accuracy of workmanship in framing the partsis not necessary. A check in the Wood is 'shown at 11,
, and a knot at 12 Figs. 2, 5, and 6, the last named 'of which illustrates how the rubber composition enters these cavities, is vulcanized therein, and actually penetrates the surround-ing b'er of the wood. O is a cenl tral opening in frame F of seat S, provided for obvious purposes. The interior lank I of cover C is prepared in preciselythe same manner as frame F, except thatthe central opening O is not formed therein.
On the under faces of the seat S and cover C are provided a plurality of vulcanite lined 'essentially spherical depressions 13 which are provided with necks 14 of smaller diameter. These depressions are provided'for the reception of heads 15 of cushioning buttons 16. These buttons are made from compara l tively soft rubber and the heads 15 thereof are capable of being compressed sufficiently to pass through necks 14, after which-said heads' expand and ill the depressions 13, thereby securely retaining said buttons 16 firmly in place. The object of said buttons is to cushion the jar occasioned by dropping the seat upon the top .of (a closet bowl or of dropping said cover upon said seat.
Seat O and cover C maybe hinged tf gether by any suitably formed hinge H,
comprising leaves 20 and 21 and pintle 22.
I wish to call attention to the fact that the practice of my invention is not limited to closet seats alone, but may be applied to other wooden shapes or blanks wherein the Having thus fully described my invention,
`I claim as new and desire to secure to m57- self by Letters Patent of the United States:
The herein-described method of making closet seats which consists in providing a corecomposed of a plurality of rough. surfaced wood sections loosely fitted and connected together, then entirely enveloping the core in a covering of rubber composi tion in a plasticstate, subjecting the same to heavy pressure to force the rubber composition into the joints between the sections and intothe rough surface "of the core, then subjecting the samei to a vulcanizing heat While maintaining said pressure, and then burnishing the seat. f
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
MICHAEL J. WHELAN.
l In the presence of-l F. Je' LOEWE, i J. MATTnsor'r.