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Publication numberUS1206356 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 28, 1916
Filing dateMar 20, 1916
Priority dateMar 20, 1916
Publication numberUS 1206356 A, US 1206356A, US-A-1206356, US1206356 A, US1206356A
InventorsCharles H Norton
Original AssigneeCharles H Norton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fireman's helmet.
US 1206356 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Patented Nov. 28, 1916.

14 77 essea" lip nllca'timi filed March 20. 1316.

1i .nvn hat l. (n.unaca iii Fiou'rux. a of niled Stairs. reauhugr at V row and metal l ii'iproren'ienta in hiltllli'lhtl llehr and I do hereby deelare the lollou'ing' to he a Full. elear. and .mri description oi the inrention. auoh will euahle others sl leol in the art to whirl: i1 apperta as to inane and use the aaina.

this invention relates to lirenian1- hats or helmet-a. and aims primarily to provide improved means: whereby the wearer oi the helmet may signal to others; at a distance. A further ohjert of the. invention is to provide means in eonneetion. with a hat or helmet wherehv tho wearer may' give various signs or signals. and \vherelrr when not in use as; a signaling device the lig'hn oi. the helmet will he unimpaired to all'ard means lighting the way for the wearer. it still further object of the invention to provide a device of the, character doscrihed which is 01'' simple and inexpensive constrrctinn which is composed of but few rearhly assembled parts. all. so arranged as to preclude hreakage or derangeinont of the same, which. may be easily and auielilv actusited, an! which will prove thoroughly oiliorient- "attainment of the ends: ror whirh it in d.

With. th rioots in View, l her with othars which Will appaar as this description uion resides in the, novel i i a el arrar inont of parts, all

l a m as will described. more hilly horenmitary illustrated in drawings and particularly point/L out n the oh .si

n on will he host nnclerotoon in a coompa trying: lira Wilma,


re; h" q 'm of a s: my in a {Milli-ill on line l ilu t. 1'; .i

ant ilhisl; in pan ea: no eel into nig and Fig, -l-., is a l'r- 7 view taken on l'na 4 4 no; showing the, signaling" panes OF NEW YORK, N. Y.



Specification of Le tters Patent.

Serial No 235.481.

drawings 3 indiral'ea a fireman helmet, within the upper portion of whieh is arranged a relleetnr f1. rorered or inclosad at its forward end. hr a diaphanoua pane 'i'. lH-njeel.iii;1 into the relleetor at the rear p rtion thereol is; a lamp in the form ol an ordinary electrie light hill: 9 Whirl! ilerirea ila eleeirieal eners jr through the wires ii l'roui. a hailerr 'H) auppnrie l within the, hat and hehind the said retloi' tor. .ilr switch ll mar he ineluded in the wiring-,5 circuit to have, its opera-ting handle or hnoh projeot beyond the exterior oi lho hat in a place for eonveuieut manipulation by the l and of the hat or helmet wearer. It is :XPPHL'QIH; from this eonstrurtion that the lamp 8 ma}.-' he ignited tn projeet light rays through the rolleetoiupon inanipulalimi oi. the switch 1L and when not needed the light may be readily extinguished.

The signaling mechanism employed in eonneetion with the ahove described lighting system ('(lllllll'lHOS a pair of diaphain'nis panes l2 and 73 respectively; the said panes being adapted when not in use to he retraeteil from the reflector, hut when desired may he selectively operated or moved to lie in alineinent with the rays projerted from the lamp 8. These panes are pre'i'erahly of dilierent eolors, so that colored lights may he projected from the hat upon manipnlation of the panes. For eonvi-iniently operating these panes, a shaft l-lis mounted For rotation within the helmet beneath the reflector (X and projects forwardly from the hat to provide. an operating lmoh or handle 15. The panes 12 and 13 may he inclosed by suitable rims 16, to each of which chuneeted arms 17 and 18 respectively, the o1. posito eatren'iities of the arms being rotat-ahly mounted upon the, shat't 'l -l-. Shouh rises 19 are arranged on each of thearnis 1'2" and 18 which shoulders are adapted to ho engaged by a stud or pin 20 earried hr the shaft 14. Upon rotation of the Shaft in one direction, the stud 20 will engage with the shoulder 19 on one, of the pane arms to name the same in weirdly ol the reflex-tor to lie in such 'iosition as to place pane carried thereby in direct alineineut with the lamp 8. whereupon the rays of the latter will be projected therethrough to give a light the color of the adjacent signal pane. lipon rotation of the shaft in a re erse lireclion the arm will be permitted to gravitate to Withdraw or retract the pane out of alinemcnt With the light rays, and further reverse movement of the shaft will operate through thejstud 20 to move the opposing pane into alinement with the light rays, whereupon a light will be projected through the latter colored pane. Upon movement of the shaft to such position that the stud 20 will be disposed downwardly, both panes 12 and 13 will be retracted, whereupon the hat light may be utilized as a search light, the colored panes not interfering with the use of the light in this latter respect.

The opposite sides'of the reflector (3 are slotted as at 21, through which slots the said panes 12 and 13 respectively may drop when not in use. From this constructionit is apparent that a simple and extremely eflicient signaling device is provided, and one wherein variously colored lights may be shown to apprise the companions of the wearer of his dangerous position, of his need of help, or the signals may be utilized to direct others of the course to pursue in the work undertaken.

\Vhile I have herein shown and described a particular or preferred embodiment of the invention,-1-'wisl 1 it to be understood that I need not confine myself to all the precise details of construction herein set forth by way of illustration, as modification and variation may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or exceeding the scope of the claims.

\Vhat is claimed is:

1. In a device of the class described, the combination with a helmet having a lamp and a reflector therefor, of a shaft in said helmet, arms carried by said shaft and pro jecting divergently into said reflector, panes on the ends of said arms, the said reflector being provided with slots for the reception of said panes, and means on said shaft and arms for selectively projecting said panes into the path of light emanating from said lamp, substantially as described.

In a device of the class described, the combination with a reflector provided with oppositely disposed slots, of a shaft mounted for rotation beneath said reflector, a stud on said shaft. arms rotatably mounted on said shaft and projecting into said reflector, panes on the ends of said arms adapted to slide within said slots to the exterior of said reflector, and shoulders on said arms adapted to be engaged by said stud, substantially'as described.

In testimony whereof, I aflix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses.



J. J. \VILKmsoN, J r., \Viwrrm R. TAYLOR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2943186 *Sep 4, 1953Jun 28, 1960Cornelius Weiss CompanyHat
US4092704 *Sep 7, 1977May 30, 1978Malm Douglas EHeadgear light
US4945458 *Feb 23, 1989Jul 31, 1990Batts Felix MFireman's helmet with integral front and rear lights
US5111366 *May 17, 1991May 5, 1992Gift Asylum, Inc.Cap having illuminated indicia
U.S. Classification362/106, 362/281
Cooperative ClassificationA42B3/044