US 1208546 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLxcATloN mso 1u11i25. 1915.
Mmmm@ 1111111111611 me. 12,1916.
ms :mums "una co4. :man: umn.. wAsmNu-wn, n. c
To all whom it may concern 'entre sus ATEFIW FE..
FREDERICK HACI-IMANN, F ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO C.
ySCI-IOEN'II-IAI'.;IER, 0F ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
' Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 12, i916.,
Application filed June 25, 1915. Serial No. 36,290.
Be it known that I, FREDERICK HACH- MANN, a citizen of the United-States, and residing at St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, have invented a certain new andV useful Improvement in Furniture-Tips, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to furniture tips of the type designed for attachment to the feet or legs of various articles of ,furniture for contact with the floor or like surface, to obviate liability of scratching or otherwise injuring such surface, incident to moving the furniture thereover, and to overcome the noise ordinarily attendant upon so moving the furniture. Certain devices of this class as heretofore Vconstructed fail in the attainment of the desired ends, while a grave objection to numbers of others is the difliculty experienced in attaching them to and detaching them from the furniture. Another cbjection to these prior devices is that, when certain parts thereof become worn, the entire device must be discarded and this, irrespective of. the fact that certain other parts of such device may still be serviceable. u
rlhis invention has for its objects to wholly overcome the above noted objections by providing a comparatively simple inexpensive furniture tip which may be readily attached for use; one wherein worn or defective partsv may be conveniently replaced at slight cost; and one which effectually prevents injury to the floor or other surface and overcomes the noise incident to moving the furniture over such surface.
With these and other objects in view the invention comprises the novel features of construction and combination of parts more fully hereinafter described.
In the accompanying drawings: Figure 1 is a side elevation of the leg, or like part of a piece of furniture, showing the same tipped with a device embodying the invention; Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is an inverted perspective view of Fig. 1 with a portion of the tip removed; Fig. l is a detail sectional view on an enlarged scale; Figs. 5 and 6 are detail perspective views of parts of the de- VIC@- Referring to the drawings, designates the male member or base of the device, this .member beine Preferably ne .forel sf ,e
cup-shaped disk fiared at its outer edge to provide a flange 11, and having a Vperforation 12 formed centrally throughits body p ortion, while upstruclr from said body portion is a pair of pointed spurs or prongs 13 designed to enter the material of the leg or other part 9 to which the tip is attached by a screw or other fastening member 14 engaged through the perforation 12.
rlhe female member or head 15 is preferably cup-shaped, as shown, presenting an upstanding flange 16 provided with a plu rality of instruck engaging portions or lugs 17 disposed upon its inner face at diametrically opposite points, these lugs in the operation of uio-striking them, being given a slightly beveled formation to merge intoV the flange 16.
Associated with the members 10 and 15 is a cushioning member of felt or analogous material having an enlarged body portion 18 disposed between said members and a re duced portion 19 projecting outwardly through an opening 2O formed in the bottom wall of the head 15, the' portion 19, which is formed to fit snugly in the opening being designed for contact with the floor or other surface as will be readily understood.
The device is applied for use by positioning the male member or base 10 on the part 9 to which it is primarily secured through the medium of the spurs 13, the final attachment of the member being effected by the screw 14. After the base 10 has been thus attached, the female member or head 15, having the cushioning member positioned therein, is pressed upward over the member 10 causing the engaging portions or lugs 17 to snap into engagement with the flange 11 and lock the member 15 in place with the body portion 18 of the cushioning member housed and securely clamped between the members 10 and 15, it being understood that, in the operation of applying the head 15 the flanges 11 and 16 will, due to the action of the beveled surfaces of the lugs 17 on flange 11, yield transversely in relatively opposite directions thus permitting snapping engagement of the lugs with the base 10 in the manner stated, for securing the parts firmly in assembled condition.
When the device is applied for use the bearing portion 19 of the cushioning member will be Iexposed through opening and constitute the active face of the tip for contact withthe floor or other surface and will effectually prevent marring or other injury to such surface and wholly obviate the noise ordinarily incident to moving the furniture from place to place.
The metal parts of the device arepressed or shaped from sheet metal by means of suitable dies, resulting in an exceedingly low cost of production, while the provision of the two members 10 and 15 not only permits of the device being readily attached to the partv 9 by a single fastening member but also provides for thereushioning member being seeurelyvheld in place and of its ready renewal from time to time as circumstances require. 'In order to renew the cushioning member when worn out, the head is sprung off of the hase, a new cushion member introduced into place, and the head returned to position on the base in the manner above eX- plained. |The outwardly flared formation of the flange 11V not only renders the same resilient but also provides an eiiicient seat for the lugs to retain the female member or head l5 firmly in plaeeon the male member or base.
It is obvious that various changes may be made in the details of construction without departing from the spirit of this invention. Itis, therefore, to be understood that this Vinvention is not to be limited to the specific construction shown and described.
Having thus described the invention what is claimed is:
l. A furniture tip comprising a cupped pressed metal base adapted for attachment to the leg of an article of furniture, a pressed metal head designed to coperate with said base, said base and head being relatively yieldable transversely and constructed and arranged to form a flange and lug connection adapted to snap into coperative interlocking engagement for detachably securing the head on the base and permitting ready disengagement of the head at will, and a pad removably clamped between the head and base and arranged to form the floor engaging part of said tip.
2. A furniture tip comprising a shankless, cupped pressed metal base adapted for attachment to the leg of an article of furniture by means of an extraneous fastener and having a flange, a pressed metal head yieldable relative to said base and having means constructed and arranged to snap into detachable interlocking frictional engagement with said flange for permitting ready disengagement of said head at will, and a` pad removably retained by and projecting through said head to form the iioor engaging part of said tip.
3. A furniture tip comprising a cupped pressed metal base adapted for attachment by an inserted fastener to the leg of an ar ticle of furniture, a cupped pressed metal head coacting with said base, said base and head being relatively yieldable transversely and having cooperative interengaging parts constructed and arranged to snap into interlocking engagement for detachably holding said head on said base and permitting ready disengagement of the head at will, and a pad removably retained by said head arranged t'o form the active surface of said tip.
In testimony whereof I alix my signature this 19th dav of May, 1915.
FREDERICK HACHMANN Copies of this Vpatent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D C.