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Publication numberUS1210407 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 2, 1917
Filing dateNov 8, 1915
Priority dateNov 8, 1915
Publication numberUS 1210407 A, US 1210407A, US-A-1210407, US1210407 A, US1210407A
InventorsOtis L Boucher
Original AssigneeOtis L Boucher
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1210407 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' -0.L."BC UCHER.-

BODY 'ARMOR. APPLICATION FILED NOV- 8| l9l5- 1,210,407. I Patented Jan. 2,1917.



Patented Jan. 2, 1917.

192109407 I Q 4SHEETS-SHEET2 avwemtoz 0. L. BOUCHER.



Patented Jan. 2, 1917.


GHQ: "cu


aonv ARMOR. nrrucmoli nu'n'uov. a. ma.

Patented Jam-2,1917

4 SHEETS-SHEET 4- O. L. BOUCHER citizen of the United States,

To all whom it may concern:



IBODY-ARMOR'. {I i 7 El Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Jan.,2, I

I Application filed November 8, 1915. Serial No. 60,312.

L. BoUoHnR, a residin at Snyder, in the county of Kiowa and tate of Oklahoma, have invented certain new and Be it known that I, OTIS .useful Improvements-in Body-Armor, of

which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanymg'draw mgs.

My invention relates to armor, and particularly,to armor designed to be wornlby soldiers. I

The primary or general object of my invention is the provision of anarmor which is relatively light, which will afford a maximum degree of protection to the vital parts, and which may be easilypa'cked for transportation. I

A further object of the invention is the provision of a'rmo1j constructed in sections and so formed that any one of these sections may begworn in conjunction with any of the other sections and to suit any particular circumstance'pf battle.

A further object of the invention is the provision of armor which can be used either for infantry or cavalry, and which maybe also used as a breastwork in trenches or for infantry lying down.

- 115 degrees to the Still another object of the invention is to provide,v an armor which is so constructed that it'presents an armor face at an angle of line oflfire, and which is so constructed that the person wearing the armor has relatively free use of his'arms and legs.

Still another object of the invention is to provide an armor including a helmet so formed that the helmet may be thrown back so as to entirely uncover the head or may be thrown forward so as to cover the front portion of the head, this helmet being provided with observation openings one of which may be increased in size so as to per- Init the use'of field glasses.

Another ob 'ect of vide means whereby the armor may be readily supported entirely upon the shoulders of the wearer so that the weight may be most readily sustained.

Still another object is to provide means -1ngs being so these sections in such the invention isto prowhereby the openings through which the,

arms ordinarily project may be closed entirely, the shiftableclosures'for these open-I arranged that a very slight movement of the arm's will cause the closures to open.

Still another object is to provide means whereby the armor may be used 'as'a breastwork either in a vertical position orin a horizontal position, and in the latter case may be used with either one thickness or two thicknesses of metal. I

A still further object of the invention is to provide means whereby the sections of the armor may be readily detached from each other or connected up, and to construct manner that they may be "folded flat so that the entire armor may be carried compactly ina case so as to be readily transportable.

Still another object is to provide an armor which may .be usedas a'protection for a soldier who is wounded.

Other objects will appear in the course of the following. descriptlon.

' My invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Flgure 1 is a perspective view of the armor in use; Fig. 2 is a side elevation of Fig. 1 Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view of the body section of the armor; Fig. 4 is a rear perspectiveiv'iew of the same;-Fig. 5 is a front perspective viewof the same; Fig. 6 is a-detail fragmentary perspective view show ing the manner in which the armoris supported upon the shouldersof a wearer; Fig...

7 is a detail fragmentary perspective view showing the manner in which the body'section is connected to the thigh section; Fig. 8 is a fragmentary perspectlve view showing the manner in which the helmet is connected to the bodysection; Figs. 9 and 1-0 are perspective views of reverse sides of the head piece A; Fig.- 11 'is a perspective view looking toward the'front of the helmet from the. rear; Fig. 12 is a detail fragmentary sec-'- tion through 13 is a detail vertical section through the lower portion of the helmet and the upper 100 portion of the body member showing the catch for engaging the two; Fig. 1 11s a the front of the helmet; Fig

perspective view of the thigh protecting section; Fig. 15 is a fragmentary transverse section of the upper portion of the body rotecting piece showing the brace; Fig. 16 1s a side elevation of the leg protecting armor in position; Fig.1? is a rear perspective view of the armor for protecting the of the armor protecting the lower leg; Flg. 19 is a transverse section through the leg protecting armor at the knee joint; Fig. 20

is a perspective view illustrating the manner in which the armor may be used as a breastwork; Fig. 21 is a perspective view of the carrying case.

In the drawings I have shown the armor as constructed in seven sections, namely, a breastplate or cuirass A, a head piece or helmet B, a thigh Shield 0, a section D protecting the upper portion of the leg, and a section E protecting the lower portion of the leg. Each of these sections is detachable from the adjacent section, and practically speaking, any of these sections may be used .in, conjunction with the breast-plate A, which, except as regards the leg armor, forms the supporting means for all the other sections.

In view of the fact that the section A is that section of the armor which practically must be worn and is to a certain, extent the most important section of the armor, I will describe it first.

The section A which covers and protects the breast and that portion of the body extending from the neck to the waist, is..preferabl *formed of two metal plates2 and 3, of suitable thickness and preferably'of steel. One of these plates, as for instance the plate 3, is bent or angledat its inside edge along the line 4, and the margin of this bent or an led portion 5 is formed with a plurality of inge beads 5 which'coact with certain hinge beads formed upon the plate 2. The joint between theplates 2 and 3 is of course as close as possible. Passing longitudinally throu h the beads and hingedly connecting the p ates'2 and 3 is a pintle 6. Forthe purpose of holding the plates at an angle of less than 45degrees, one of the plates, as for lnstance the plate 2, 'is 'provlded with a hinged do 7 which is hinged to'the plate 2 at 8, this 0 being insertible within a strap 9 or socket ormed upon the plate 3. When this dogis in position it holds the plates at an ang e of somewhat less than 90 degrees, and when the dog is removed from engage- .ment with the strap or socket 9 the plates may be folded together into an approximately parallel relation; Pivotally mounted upon the inside of the plates 2 and 3 in suita 1e hinge beads 10 are the shoulder engagmg supporting members, designated 11, each of these members being slightly curved outward and covered with leather or suitable Fig. 18 is a like perspective view dicated at 12 so-as to' form arya erture opening upon the edge of the p ate through which the left arm of the soldier may be projected. This aperture may be closed by The plate 2 at its edge is cut away as ini means of a shutter 13 which is pivoted at 14 and which has approximately the form of the aperture or cut-away portion. The shutter is held in position or guided into a closed position by means of the projecting lip. 15. The exterior of the shutter is formedwith the handle 16 which has preferably the form of a flattened loop connected at two points to the shutter. The edge of the opening 12 is notched at 18 and at 19 to accommodate those portions of the flattened loop which engage the shutter itself. When the shutter is closed in the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 4 it forms practically a continuation of the side wall. When turned back, however, it completely discloses the opening 12. The opposite plate 3 is also formed with a more or less circular cut-away ortion or opening 20, and extending from t is opening 's an arcuate extension of the opening, designated 21. Pivoted upon the portion'22 which is approximately concentric to the arcuate extension 21 is a shutter 23 which has substantially a scutate form and is held in position when closed by means-of a lip 24 with which the curved edge of the shutter engages at all times. This shutter is pivoted at 25 and when the shutter is closed it entirely covers the opening 20 in the extension 21. As the outer. edge of the shutter is moved inward, however, the opening 20 is gradually disclosed, and then as the shutter moves farther around, the opening 21 is disclosed, the shutter, however, in this caseclosing the opening 20 so that only the opening 21 is disclosed. The shutter is preferably. rovided upon its inside face with the hand e 25 whereby it may be manipulated from inside the armor. The exterior of the shutter is formed with the handle ".26 which is disposed upon one end edge of the shutter, substantially radially to thepivotal point thereof and forms a stop limiting the movement of the shutter in either direction.

' The upper corner of each of the plates 2 and 3 isprovided with an outwardly projecting ear 27, this ear as illustrated in Fig. 8 being formed with-an elongated or preferably slightly triangular opening 28. These ears 27 are for the attachment of the helmet, as. will be later described. The lower end ofeach plate 2 and 3 is formed with the will be readily detached, I provide upon the ears 29 to which isattached a band 30 having a relatively great width, which band is adapted to'rest against the stomach of' the wearer and support the armor properly upon the body. This band is preferably made of flexible material, such as leather or webbing, and the normal position of the band is illustrated in Fig. 4.

As a-means of connecting the lower section C to the section A in a manner which section A at the lower edges of the plates 2 and 3 the spring'catches 31 which are formed preferably of fiat leaf springs attached at 32 each to its respective plate and engaging between the keepers 33 which have approximately the form of a flattened U and are attached to the plate. The sectionC which is designed to cover the thighs and lowerportion of the body above the legs comprises the oppositely disposed metallic plates 34 and 35. The plate 34 is angularly bent along the line 36, and theedge of this plate is formed with beads 37 coacting with the beads 38 formed upon the inner face of the fold 4 there is section 35. These beads are hingedly engaged with each other 39whereby the plates may be folded into an approximately parallel relation or extended to an angular V serted in the keepers 33, the spring 31engaging beneath the beveled" head. 1 The plate adjacent the bend 3.6 is formed with the upwardly projecting tang 42 which is pro vided with the laterally projecting head 43. On the plate 3 at its lower end adjacent the formed a keeper 44 having a pivoted detent 45. When the tang'42 isinserted in the keeper 44- this detent 45' is V 7 turned over and engages beneath the head 43,

of the tang 42 and downward movement. that the section Cisengaged at three points with the section A but disengaged whenever-desired; It will also e seen that the section 0' by reason of its engagement with the section A is supported upon the shoulders of the wearer by the use of the shoulder engaging supports 11.

The helmet or head piece is illustrated in Figs. 9, 10 andll. This also is in the form of twoplates-46 and 47. These plates when joined extend downward on each side of the front of the face upward and inward at an angle and then downward and inward at. an angle so as to cover and protect the top of the head. Each plate is formed to provide a face wall a, the downwardly and laterally rojecting wall I), and the downwardly, laterally and rearwardly projecting wall 0. The portion ais preferablymade of heavy weight locks the tang from any posed along the section a. tion I) of the plate 47 extends over and overby means of a pintle.

position. At its upper outer corner the plate is formed with the up-- It will thus be seen that it mav be readily lug material the/mid-section Z) is preferably made. of a thin material; while the section 0 is preferably made of relatively light material. l The plate 47 is angularly bent at 48 andis formed with the hinge beads 49, while the plate 46 is also formed with a hinge bead 50. These hinge beads 49 and 50 are dis- The upper seclaps the upper margin of the portion 6 of the 'plate 46, as at 51, and'the upper edge of the section 0 of the plate 47 is formed with hinge beads 52 which coact with hinge beads 53 formed upon the upper edge of the portion. 0 of-the plate 46. The hinge beads 49 and 50 and 52 and 53 are connected by pintles in the usual manner. The rear edge of each plate 46 and 47 is formed with a rearwardly projecting ear or lug 55, these ears being bent into parallel. relation to 'each other. Each ear is formed with the inwardly projecting stud 56, each stud having approximately a triangularhead 57 for insertion through the approximately triangular. openings 28 in the ears'or lugs 27 on the section A. Above the lugs the side plates of the helmet are cut out as at 58.

' The head piece will'be made of'steel and consequently has a certain resilience and as of sections hinged at the front, the top Will atten out, by mere pressure and again as-' sume its shape when the pressure is relieved. Thus it may be packed when completed.

The right hand plate. 47 has an elongated relatively large segmental-shaped opening .59 closed by means of a pivoted shutter 60, this shutter having an elongated relatively small opening 61. When the shutter 60 is raised it, permits field glasses to be used for looking through the opening59. The opposite plate 46 is also formed with an eyeopening 62. The shutter 60 is formed upon its exterior face shutter is held or guided into its closed position by means of an overhanging lip 64 formed by punching out the material of the plate 47. In order to hold the helmet in a detent or catch 65 is pivotally mounted upon the inner face of the plate 47 and the plate 3 of the section A is formed adjacent lts upper edge with a lug 66 (see Fig; 13) with which this spring latch is adapted to engage. When this spring latch is engaged with the the helmet 'is' held closed, but when it is desired to open the helmet and turn it back the spring latch may be disengaged from the lock and the helmet simply raised and thrown back.

tion of the body from the neck to the waist, and the lower portion of the body from the waist to below the thighs. border to prowith a handle 63 and the The three sections of the armor heretofore -descr'ibed protect the head, the upper pordegr its upper end is fit the inside of the leg,

vide means for protecting the upper and lower ortions the legs, I provide the upper eg armor section D and the lower leg armor or greaves E. As illustrated in Fig. 17, the armor for each upper-leg comprlses the two plates 67 and 68. The; plate 67 .is designed to go upon the outsideof the leg while the plate 68 is designed to protect the inside of the leg. These plates are normally disposed at an angle of about 85- ees to each other, more or less,- and the plate 67 is hingedly connected to the plate 68 by the hinge beads 69 and pintles 70. The plate 68 is shorter than the plate 67 and curved downward so as to while the upper edge of the plate 68 extends out approximately at right angles to the hinged joint. Both of lower leg below the knee,

hinged toeach other by the formation of 00- these plates are caused to conform somewhat to the shape of the leg At their lower ends the plates are formed with the ears 71, each of these cars being formed with an approximately triangular opening 72. .In order to hold the section B to the leg, plates 67 and 68 .is provided upon itsinside face with the-loops 73 through which a strap '74 passes, this strap bein rovided with a buckle whereby it may he did to the leg.

In order to support the leg armor the plate 67 at its upper edge is formed with a slot 75 through which a stra loop 7 6 is passed,

this strap being provi ed w1th a buckle whereby it may be adjusted and with a ring 77 A belt 78 passes around the waist of the wearer, this belt being provided with a suitable buckle and with a downwardly extending loop 79, each having a snap ring 80 at its lower end adapted to engage with the ring 77. It will be seen that these snap rings 80 are shiftable to a certain extent along the loops 79 and that inasmuch as the snap ring is swiveled, free flexibility will be given to the armor so as to permit the wearer to move his legs in any direction.

The greaves are formed as illustrated in Fig. 18 of two plates 81 and 82'both formed to conform more or less to the contour of the these plates being acting beads 83 upon the plate and by the provision of a pintle 84 extending through the beads. The lower ends of the plates 81 and 82 are cut away to fit over the foot and are slotted as at 85 for the reception of a foot strap 86 which is formed so that it may be adjusted and passes beneath the foot of the wearer. Each of the plates'8l and 82 is formed upon its inside face with the flattened loops 87 through which passes a strap 88 which extends around the calf of the wearer.

Normally pivotally mounted at the upperis a knee cap or end of each section E rocker 89. This is approximately triangular in plan and relatively broad at its midmay be which are bent so each of the.

'upon the cap, the ends of the lining extendwhereby the knee cap ing out to form straps buckled or otherwise attached immediately behind the knee; This knee cap .is preferably permanently connected to one of the plates, as for instance the plate 81, by means of a small strap 94 so that it will not become disconnected from the plates. For pivotally connecting the greave sections to the upper leg sections and for pivotally connecting the knee cap'to the greave sections,

I provide the plates 81 and 82 with the upwardly and rearwardly projecting ears 96 as to be disposed in approximately parallel relation. Passing through these'ears are the 'pins 97 which on their inner ends are unheaded and adapted to be inserted through the openings 91 of the 89. On the outer faces, however, 97 are formed with approximately triangular heads 98 adapted to engage throu h the approximately triangular openings 72 of the ears 71 on the upper leg pieces.

The purpose 'of forming the pins 95 with the triangular heads 97 is to pivotally connect the greaves to the upper eg pieces and yet prevent any accidental detachment of these leg pieces except by turning the greaves into a position approximately parallel to the upper leg pieces and then turning them into an angular relation when the parts are firmly engaged with each other for pivotal movement but without the danger of detachment. The sameis true of the engagement of the helmet with the by means of the ears 27. In this case also the helmet can only be disengaged by turning it completely back and inserting the studs in the triangular openings 28. The helmet is then rotated to a normal position which causes the headed studs 56 -on the helmet to enga e with the ears so as to prevent any detac ment of the helmet.

It is to be understood that the plates 1 and 2 and the. plates 34 and 35 are intended knee cap the pins to be made of various weights or thicknesses of metal. Thus for instance, the 'middle portion of the section A is intended to be made of relatively thick material while the lateral margins of the sections of the plates 2 and 3 are to be made of relatively thin material. that the middle portion of this section is made of medium weight material somewhat lighter than the middle portion of the sec tion A, while the lateral margin of the section C which extends over rearward of the plates 2 and 3 1 The section C is also so formed 1 legs is to be made of relatively light mate- 131 sectional view of the body section A, it will 25. verglng relation and engaging with the be seen that the hinges are so formed that the joint does not come at the middle of the armor butto one side thereof, that is, on the --.plate 2, and further,it will be seen that the angularly turned edge of the plate 3 overlaps the plate 2 so thatwhen the plates 2 and 3 are opened out to the angular position shown, the overlapping portion of the plate 3 will act as further opening out plate 2 opening beyond a certain angle, this angle being such that each of the plates is at an angle of 115 degrees to the direction of fire. This construction also prevents the plates from opening out when the armor is used as a breastwork with the plates extending downward and outward in conof the plates. Thus the ground. What is true of the section A of the armor is equally true of the section 0, thehead piece B, and of the leg armor.

As before stated, any of the various sectionsof the armor may be used with the main body of the breast-plate A. Assuming, however, that the complete armor is worn, it will be seen that the soldier is entlrely protected from the crown of his head down to his feet and that in all of the sections of the armor the faces of the armor extend an acute angle to the direction of fire. The complete armor is to be used in action, as when soldiers are crossing the zone of fire, in making charges on trenches, fortifications, etc. It is also adapted to be used in operating machine guns, for scouting and observation work'and for cutting wire entanglements, and .on all occasions where soldiers are exposed to rifle or shraps nel fire.- The full armor gives protection to every-part of the body but permits free use of the arms, hands and legs practically to the same extent as if the armor were not Worn. N ormally, and when the soldier is not actually using his rifle, the arms will be disposed at the sides of the body and I will be protected by the armor, the shutters 13 and 23 being closed. When, however, the arms are raised, they pass naturally into the notches 13 and 23 under the; shutters and time as the arms are outward the arm shutters are ralsed, allowingthe arms to pass into the openings .12 and 2 2,. As the edges of the arm openings are; inward and away from the shoulder joints there is no interference with the arm, and'thus the free use of the saber, bayonet, hand grenade, lance, pistol or other weapon a stop preventing any and the plate 3 are prevented from missiles will be caused thus rendering the wearer particularly safe, The soldiers may lie upon their backs when exposed to heavy fire or to a dropping fire raised upward and is permitted. When the arms are with- When out of immediate danger or when greater freedom is desired the latch maybe released and the entire helmet may be thrown back upon the shoulders of the. wearer.

When the armor is intended to be used for cavalry, the lower section C of the body' through the eye openings 61 and 62,

field glasses, the eye shutter 60 is Y thrown open thus disclosing the opening 59.

armor is detached from the section A thus bringing the armor above the saddle but giving protection from the front to all vital parts.

If the soldier is wounded he can lie down with the armor extending above him and is I protectedfrom further injury either from bullets or from being trampled under foot. Furthermore, the armor under these circumstances is a protection from steel darts and other missiles and a partial protection from the effects of explosives dropped from above. It will be seen that when'lying in this position the helmet is disposed toward the front and as this helmet is pointed projectiles coming from the front will glance ofl, particularly in view of the very strong and rigid construction of the helmet. Furthermore-this helmet and the armor itself, as viewed from above when the soldier is lying on his back, extends downward and outward laterally on each side so thatfalling to glancelaterally and with a very great decrease in mortalifff' as compared with the'mortality under ordl nary circumstances of battle. It will also be obvious that the soldier may crawl toward the enemy and that the armor may be shifted to the back of the soldier for this purpose.

The entire weight of the armor rests on the shoulders by means of thepadded-shoulder supports which fit in close to the neck. Inasmuch as the armor has a tendency to swing in at the bottom= it is held out in proper position by the wide leather strap at the bottom of the section A which bears against the stomach and thus the armor does not interfere with walking. When kneeling, one knee passes up onthe inside of the armor without interference and the other of course rests upon the ground. 1

The armor can also be used as a breast;

work and inseveral ways may be disposed upon the ground transversely or parallel to the front w1th its sev- Thus thearmor can very readily remove v position.

soldier .to make the armor stationary.

oral-sections spread out so as to be in an upwardly convergent relation and thus the gains the protection of two thicknesses 0 steel, both surfaces of which are at an angle, and can rest his rifle across the top of the sections. It is obvious that the soldier the armor, leaving,

if he desires, the head piece on the armor sections or on his own head and as readily assume the armor ready for an advance or for work at close quarters. Thus also several soldiers in close their several suits of and make a continuous breastwork, behind which they can resist the attacks of the enemy, and it is obvious that in this position the head piece of one suit can be inserted within the relatively large end of the section C or the head piece may be removed.

The armor can also be used as a breastwork or shield by being disposed in a vertical position. In this case the lower the section C is forced into the ground so as All of the shutters are closed with the exception of the shutter 23 on the right side. Under these circumstances the gun barrel is placed in the right arm opening 20 and turned around until it passes into the relatively small extension 21. In passing into this extension 21 the rifle will automatically close the shutter 23 behind it, leaving but a small opening through which to shoot. As the gun is swung toward the right in taking it out of the opening 20 the gun will again automatically move the arm shutter into its normal The armor may also be used by laying it flat on the rightside and resting the rifle in the opening 12. In this case, of course, the rifleman only gets the protection of one thickness of steel. Of course it will be obvious that two can use the armor at the same time with a degree of protection, one man of course carrying the armor and the other marching immediately behind the first man, and it will also be obvious that the armor has a length when laid upon the ground sufiicient to two men. It will be obvious also that when the armor is laid upon the ground so that the sections converge upward, then if both of the shutters 13 and 23 are opened the rifle may be inserted or passed through both of these openings and the rifleman will be entirely protected both as regards his head and body. This is particularly of advantage when the armor is used upon the side of a trench. Of course, when the rifle is not disposed through these arm openings the shutters may be closed so that snipers cannot pick ofi the riflemen through these arm openin formation canplace. armor on the ground s end of form a breastwork for able into a compact container designated F, as illustrated in Fig. ,2. This container may be 24: inches by 20 inches and have a thickness of four inches. In order to detach and fold up the several pieces, the head piece B is swung back until it may be detached from the body portion A. Then the body section A is pressed inward so as to disengage it from the head piece. The head piece may then be folded together. The breast plate or'body section A 1s then detached from the section C, and when these two parts are detached the two plates of the section C may be folded together. The main section A is then disposed on its side and is swung open until the dog 7. detaches from the strap 9. Then the shoulder supporting members 11 are foldedback and the main body may be closed. The leg armor is detached by the knee rocker or knee cap. Then the upper and lower sections are turned until the triangle joint will separate and both parts are then folded. The head section A is placed inside of the section B, the section C is then placed over the section B and the leg armors are placed in last.

i This armor is preferably made of toughened steel varying in thickness according to the amount of protection required over vital and non-vital parts. Some portions of the armor can be made very thin. Ordinarily speaking, two sizes of armor will fit nearly all men and the weight of the armor will range from 42 to 45 pounds for each suit. The cavalry equipment will weigh approximately 31 pounds. The sections A and C without the mately 21 pounds.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. A suit of armorincluding a head piece and a body piece, the head piece at its rear bemg detachably and pivotally connected to the body piece. 1

2. An armor section comprising opposltely disposed side members, one of sai side members being an larly bent at its forward edge and the ot er side member being hingedly connected to the angular bent margin of the first side member.

3. A suit of armor including a body and a thigh section, each section composed o hingedly connected side members normally disposed at an angle to each other, and means for limiting the movement of the side members into angular relation and head piece will weigh approxiand detachably-connected to the head piece,

in section opened at connected to the body piece.

composed of acutely inward from the rear edges of and a thi h piece approximately triangular b the rear and detachably 5. A suit of armor including a body piece each side member being cut away to allow the projection of the arm of the wearer, and shields mounted upon the side members for adjustment across said openings.

6. A suit of armor including a body piece having acutely angled side members each side member having an opening extending inward from the rear edges of the side member to allow the the wearer, and shields mounted upon the inside faces of the side members and movable in position across said openings.

7. A suit of armor including a body piece having acutely angled side members, each 'de member having an opening extendlng the side member to allow the protection of the arms of the wearer, and pivoted shields'adapted to be turned to extend across said openlngs or to be shifted to disclose said openlngs by pressure on the outer edge of each shleld.

8. In an armor, member formed with an arm opening with a relatively narrow extension 0 and said I arm opening to provide a rifle rest.

9 In an armor, a body piece having a side member formed with an arm opemng and with a relatively narrow extension of said arm opening to provide a rlfle rest, and a shieldmounted upon said side member for movement to close or disclose sald r and extension, said shield being shlftable position to close the arm opening but 10. In an armor, a body piece including a side member having an arm opening extending inward from its rear edge and a downwardly curved relatively narrow extension of said opening forming a loop-hole,

a scutate shield pivoted concentrically to the loop-hole andwformed to entirely close said opening and the loop-hole when shifted into one position and to close sa dloop-hole' but disclose said opening when shifted 1nto another position. H

11. An armor comprising a body sectlon, a thigh section detachably suspended from the body-section, and shoulder pieces mounted upon the inner face of the body section and adapted to engagewith the shoulders of the wearer to entirely support the armor thereon.

. section,

angled side members,

- jecting ears,

projection of the arms of a body piece having a side opening 12. A piece of armor including. a body supporting members mounted upon the inner face of thebody section for movement into a position approximately parallel to'the walls of the body section or into a position projecting rearward therefrom to thereby support the body section entirely from the shoulders of the wearer.

13. A piece of armor including a body section approximately triangular in cross section,'shoulder engaging supports mounted upon the inner face of the body section adjacent its upper end, and a flexible band extending across the body section adjacent its lower end and adapted to bear against the stomach of the wearer.

14. In a suit of armor,

cooperating sectlons, each section having rearwardly prothe ears of one section having elongated perforationsthe ears of the other section having laterally projecting pins provided with elongated said elongated perforations, said heads when the sections are in proper relative arrangement being disposed transversely across the elongated perforations.

*15. In an armor, a body section composed of opposite plates hingedly connected to each other for movement into angular relat1on, a thigh section composed of plates hingedly connected to each other for movement into angular relation, means for detachably locking the upper-end of the thigh section to the lower end of the body sect1on, and means on the body section for supporting the body section upon the shoul- 17. In an armor of the character 'described, a head piece approximately triangu-' lar 1n cross section to provide opposed slde walls, one of said side walls having a large eye opening and the other a small eye opening, and a shield shiftably mounted upon the first named wall'and shiftable over the large tively small eye opening.

18. In a suit of armor,

a body piece and a head piece hinged at its rear .to the body piece, and a latch detachably engaging the forward portion of the head piece to the ward portion of the body. v

19. A suit of. armor including a protectlve for- section composed of angularly'related side ,walls,

the section being open at its rear and formed with arm openings extending lnward heads insertible into downwardjand rearward, said eye opening andhaving therein a relainto each side wall from the rear edge, gin, the other plate being hinged to said 10 shields mounted upon the side walls and margin, and means for limiting the moveadapted to be shifted over said openings, the ment'of the plates into a divergent position. arm openings forming loop-holes when the In testimony whereof I hereunto ai iix my 5 section is disposed in a horizontal position signature in the presence of two witnesses. to provide a breastwork. OTIS L. BQUCHER.

20. In a. suit of armor, protecting sec- Witnesses: tions composed of side plates, one of said A. F. KEE, plates having an angular-1y disposed mer- 10. B. RIEGEL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2737658 *May 20, 1952Mar 13, 1956Jan PoederWind operable wiper for use with a face protector
US3331083 *Feb 23, 1966Jul 18, 1967Holly Mildred KLeg protective armor system
US7266850Nov 24, 2004Sep 11, 2007Diamondback Tactical, LlpSide armor protection
US7490358Aug 11, 2005Feb 17, 2009Diamondback Tactical L.L.L.P.Back armor
U.S. Classification2/2.5, 109/58.5, 2/22, 2/9, 160/135, 109/49.5, 160/233
Cooperative ClassificationF41H1/02