US 1212126 A
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I. C. CANFIELD.
SELF TIGHTENING BOLT AND NUT.
APPLICATION FILED )UNE 9,19I5- Patented J an. 9, 1917 narnnr or TCfi l.
JESSE G. CANFIEIJD, ELKINS, WEST VIRGINIA.
SELF-TIGILITENING BOLT AND NUT.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JESSE C. GANFIELD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Elkins, in the county of Randolph and State f West Virginia, have invented new and useful Improvements in Self-Tightening Bolts and Nuts, of which the following is a specification.
This invention is a bolt and nut capable of general application, and of the type wherein provision is inade to prevent accidental unscrewing and separation of the parts, after the nut is once placed in the desired position.
- The invention has for its object the provision of improved means to be interposed between a bolt and a nut, which will permit of ready positioning or removal of the parts, as may be desired, but which will normally react against the bolt and nut in such manner as to prevent relative rotation.
,The invention will be hereinafter fully set forth and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawing :Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a bolt and nut, with the invention applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a detail perspective view of the nut. Fig. 3 is a similar view of the locking sleeve. Fig. 4 is a detail perspective view of the retaining cap and its securing device.
Referring to the drawing, 10 designates a bolt of'ordinary construction, provided with the usual polygonal head 11, and threaded shank, the threads 12 on said shank being preferably, right hand threads. The locking sleeve 13 is in the form of a tubular body provided with interior right hand.
screw threads 14, and exterior left hand screw threads 15, one end of the sleeve being of polygonal shape in cross section to provide means whereby the same may be readily engaged by a wrench. The nut 16 is provided with internal left hand threads 17, the exterior of the nut being provided with faces to be readily engaged by a wrench.
The shank of the bolt 10, is preferably provided with a threaded bore 18, extending in from the end thereof, left hand threads being provided, said threads being engaged by the correspondingly threaded shank of a securing bolt 19, designed to hold in position a retaining cap 20.
In practice, when it is desired to utilize Specification of Letters .Patent.
Application filed June 9, 1915.
Serial No. 33,051.
the invention, the locking sleeve is screwed upon the shank of the bolt, the sleeve'being readily rotated by means of awrench engaging the polygonal end thereof. Said sleeve is then held by a wrench while the nut is being screwed thereon, and until the nut placed in the desired position.' Endwise movement of the bolt: sleeve and nut is then prevented by screwing in position the securing bolt 19, and by means'thereof securing the retaining cap in position. When the parts are thus assembled, any tendency of the nutto rotate to the right, to unscrew the same, has corresponding tendency to rotate the sleeve 13 in the same direction, the effect of which would be to move said sleeve Patented Jan. 9, 191 7'.
in a direction to tighten the parts, but inasmuch as endwise movement is prevented, the threads of the sleeve will react against the threads of the bolt and nut in such manner as to positively prevent relative rotation. Likewise, if the bolt tends to rotate to the left, the oppositely pitched threads on the exterior of the sleeve will tend to tighten the nut. Furthermore, any tendency of the bolt to rotate in a direction to unscre. the
sleeve, will tend to tighten the securing bolt 19, for the reason that the threads thereof arepitched opposite to the threads of the bolt. When it is desired to separate the parts, the retaining cap and securing bolt are first removed, whereupon the nut l-l may be removed in the usual way while the sleeve 13 is being held by a wrench. After the nut ner of constructing and using the same, al
though without attempting to set forth all of the forms of its use, or all of the forms in which it may be made, what I claim is 1.- The combination with a bolt provided with athreaded shank, of a sleeve having internal threads co nplemental to the threads of said bolt, said sleeve having external threads of a pitch opposite to the pitch of the internal threads, a nut having threads complemental to the exterior threads of said sleeve, and means engaging contiguous ends of the nut andsleeve for preventing movement of said nut and said sleeve longitudinall of said bolt.
The combination with a bolt provided with a threaded shank, of a sleeve having an external angular portion at one end and internal threads conipleinentalto the threads of saidvbolt, said sleeve having external threads a pitch opposite to the pitch of the internal threads, a nut having threads conipleniental to the exterior threads of said sleeve, and means engaging contiguous ends of the nut and sleeve for preventing movement of said nut and said sleeve longitudinally of said bolt.
3. The eon'ihination with a bolt provided with a threaded shank, of a sleeve having internal threads eon'lplelnental to the threads of said bolt, said sleeve having external threads of a pitch opposite to the pitch of the internal threads, a nut having threads coinpleinental to the exterior threads of said sleeve, a retaining, cap to prevent movement of said nut and sleeve longitudinally of said bolt, and 11 ans for securing said cap in operative position.
i. The combination With a bolt provided with a threaded shank having a threaded bore in one end, the threads of said here being opposite in pitch to those of the shank, of a locking sleeve having internal threads eoniplemental to the threads of said'bolt, and external threads of a pitch opposite to the pitch oi the internal threads, a nut having threads eomplemental to the external threads of said sleeve, :1 retaining cap, and a securing boil; for 'said cap engaging the threaded bore of said first mentioned holt.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of tWO subscribing \vit nesses.
-JESSE (l. ,ANFIELD.
Witnesses V. P. Klein,