US 1212823 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
LOCK. APPLICATION. FILED DEC h. 19.
Patented Jan. 16-, 1917.
2 SHEETS-SMEET 2.
WITNESSES: INVENTOR Samuel Segal r f MA I ATTORNEYS PATENT onFroE.
SAMUEL SEGAL, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR T0 BURGLAR PROOF LOCK AND EARD- WARE CORPORATION, OF NEW YORK,
N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
Speclflcation of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 16, 1917.
of New York, have invented a new and Inn-'- roved Look, of which the following is a 1111, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to builders hardware and has particular reference to looks for doors or the like, and especially to looks which are so constructed as ,to resist efforts a to open the same surreptitiously by force ap lied in any direction.
mong the objects of the invention, therefore, is to provide a lock construction ineluding a keeper adapted to be secured preferably" to the door frame and a lock easing carried by the door or other movable mem-' her, said casing carrying a movable bolt having one or more hooks or fingers slidable into interlocking engagement with portions of said keeper, the direction of move-.
ment of said fingers being transverse to (th longitudinal axis of the casing.
' Another objector the invention is to improve the means for manipulating the bolt from either the inside or outside of the door,
position of its movement, and -indcpend,.
said means'including a catch carried by'the bolt and serving to lock the same in either ently movable actuators cooperating with said bolt and catch.
The foregoin and many other objects of the invention will hereinafter be more fully described and claimed and illustrated in the drawings forming a part of this specification in which like characters of refer-v ence indicatecorresponding parts in all the views, and in which Figure 1 is a side elevation of the improvem'ent complete shown in locked position on the inner side of a door; Fig. 2 1s a theg bolt and controlling means for. the bolt horizontal longitudinal section substantially on the broken line 2-2 of Fig. 3'; Fig. 3 is a sideelevation of the lock casing showing and also one ofthe' actua'aiirs therefor, parts being in section onthe lina 343ml? Fi 5;
Fi 4' is a view similar to Fig 8 but 1ndi-..
catingthe boltinia changed position with parts in section on'the line 34 of Fig. 5,
the other actuatorj being shown; Fig 5 is a vertical transverse section on the line 55 of Fig. 2; and Fig. 6 is a detail view of the bolt etached. I The several parts of this device may be, made of any suitable materials, and the relative sizes and proportions, as well as the general design of the mechanism, may be varied to a considerable extent without departing from the s irit of the invention hereinafter more fol cally claimed. l
Referring more particularly to the draw ings, show at 10 a portionq'f a door frame to which is secured a strong rigi'd keeper 11 having one or-more cars 12 extending from the main ortion of the. keeper in planes perpendicu ar to the door frame, each ear having an eye 13 parallel to the door frame.
y describedand specifi- -I show herein a keeper having two ears and with their eyes arranged coax ally, but as to" a this, as in'other details, I do not with to be unnecessarlly limited.
- At 14 I show "a door cooperating in closed position with the frame 10 and carrying on a slight sagging of the. door or .any other irregularity without interfering "IWlth the free opening or closing movement of the,
loor. The center of curvature of the several guards alines with the axes of .the e ves 13 of the earswhen the door is closed. l
The peculiar form of bolt 19 shown, in
detail in Fig 6 is carried within the casing. l5 and 1s movable within the casing in lines transverse to the longitudinal axis of the casing for locking or unlocking purposes. I
The" outer end of the bolt includes a plu rality of fingers or hooks. 2O housed within the uards aforesaid, the ends of the hooks adjacent guards and pass entirely through the eyes of the keeper earswhen the 'bolt is'in locking position.- In this position the extreme endv of a ,hook projecting from one adapted to span 'thespaces between- 1 guar lreaches'intotheunterlor of an adjaeent guard as shown in dotted linesin Fig. -l. In this position. with the hooks extending' through the ears ol the keeper, there is no )(lSt-dhllll) for the lock to be sprung or the door-do he opened by the use of a jimmy or otherwise because the interlocking eooperation between the keepers. and the hooks resists any relative movement between the keeper and the bolt mechanism.
Any suitable means may be provided to manipulate the bolt so as to muse the hooks thereof to open or close. the. spaces between adjacent guards; As shown herein I prefer to make the bolt 'with a substantially flat body movable in a plane parallel to the fixed wall ot' the. easing 15. said bolt being formed preferably with a pair of ribs 31 and :22 on opposite faces of the bolt and cooperating respectively with shoulders 23 and 24 ot' the casing whereby the bolt as shown herein limited in its movements in lines parallel to the d or frame and trans-- verse to the axis of the easing. In other words. the bolt is adapted to slide in a plane parallel to the inner face of the door and in a direction longitiulinally ol' the door stile. The cooperating ribs and shoulders provide for long bearing points for the bolt. insuring that the bolt will move freely and reliably without binding or erampinq'.
The Flat shank 2.) of the. bolt.- is provided -ut its inner end with a pair oi spaced lugs 2 having substantially twice the depth of the thickness of the shank '35 as shown best in Fig. 2. stud L? is secured to the 'face of the shank :25 inwardly from the lugs 26 far enough to :u'eonunodate a movable catch 28. The catch is pivoted at one end at 28 to the extension '3!) of the bolt. and has a linger 30 projecting longitudinally and thence laterally between the lugs .26. The square space between the lugs Qt) provides a notch. the bottom of which serves to limitthe swing of the catch toward the stud 27. Except for other features, the outward swinging movement of the. catch will be limited by those parts of the lugs which project laterally from the main portion of the shank 25. A spring 31 is anchored in the pivoted end of the catch and tends by cooperation with the stud 27 to hold the catch in the r'ull line position shown in Figs. 3 and i. Thepivotal connection betweenthe catch and the shank extension 29 is preferably by way of a pm formed on or secured to the catch and extends into a socket 29 formed in the extension. By hooking the spring '31 beneath the head of the stud 27. the teudenev for the catch to bGCOlDEdiS placed is prevented in a simple and practi cal manner. I a
The extension 29 has a toe 29 which strikes against :1 lug 32 formed on the intelior. otthe casing and thereby limiting the movement of the bolt in open position,
as shown in Fig. 53. The shank has a. heel 33 on the opposite side from the toe adapted to abut against another fixed stop :24 in'thc opposite side of the casing when the bolt is shifted to the closed position as shown in Fig. t. in other words. the bolt slides along the shoulders 23 and J-lbetween the limit stops or lugs 32 and. Il-l. The books 3H also glide along the inner walls of the U-shaped guards during sui-h movements of I the bolt. The catch has on its edge, remote. from the books 20. a lag 33.") which engages directly with a post 36 carried by the inner surface ot the main wall of the casing and to which the opposite wall or plate 3'? of the easing is adapted to be secured, the outer edge 38 of the plate 3? bearing against the outer wall of the shoulder The side of the post next to the 'atch preferablyv the opposite shoulder of the post thereby 9 preventing the aceidental movement of the bolt to locking position.
Any suitable type of actuator may be used to release the catch from the post. and slide the bolt in either direction. Referring to Figs. 3 and 3 I show a, knob 37 journaled in a huhBS' on the main wall of the casing and rigidly secured to the inner end of the shank 39 of the knob an actuator 40 hav ing a. pair of diametrically oppositely extending fingers 41 preferably of equal form and length and adapted to sweep around close to the inner surface of the main wall of the casing upon turning the knob in either direction. To the actuator 40 are connectod a pair of pins 42. A pair of springs -13, the main portions of which are. parallel to each other, extend beneath the-heads of said pins 42 and tend to hold the actuator 40 with its fingers in a direction parallel to the direction of movement of the bolt or in such position that the fingers l1 arc nor;
mally'wcll out, of the way of t'l'ic'lugs 2S. 7
The springs -13 arc anchored'i anyfs'uitahle mannr to the casing as upon a stud 14A. The structure of the pins 42 such that while. the knob and its actuator'rnay "rotate freely in the bearingafl'orde'd'by the hub 38,'the
springs are always retaincdjheneath the heads of the pins and serve tojrestore the actuator to the position shown a i the actuator is turned far enough 't'or' its-pun pose in throwing the bolt. In other words, as soon as the actuator passes the dead ecu-- ter or the llne at right angles to its normal position, the for upon blathgof the""' ms w movementor half rotation of-the actuator. type oflock cylinder the key must be ro'- Looking again at Fig. 3, the rotation of. the tated through a complete circle so that it a 5 actuator in a.clockw1se direction will cause llnoalybe withdrawn after the locking'or un ,,,,xaa i rmgs'betasg inattefinger so has. ample cohtact":
complete the therewlthby eitheractuator. In theusual the uppermostlfinger 41 to-pass the first'lug' ng operation, and the finger 50, as 26 and striking against the finger 30 indicated in Fig. 5,'projects downwardly in of the catch W111 swing the catch. far the .plane offthe key shank in normal posi enough n its pivot agalnst the force of tion or in such position as will .allow thekey 1 the spr ng 31 to throw the lug 35 out of to slip in or out of the cylinder; hencethe engagement with the post 36. The .confinger 50 standsnormally in a position so tinned movement of the actuator in this dias not to interfere with theoperation of rection'will then cause the same finger 41 to "the fin rs41 when the -lock bolt is to be strlke the second lug 26 causing the bolt to actua by the knob on the inside ofj't'he slide to locking'position as shown in Fig.4, door. It will, now be appreciated why I go and the actuator at such timewill have providetwo'fingers' 41 arranged as above passed the dead center leavingit free to be set forth. For example, under ordinary rotated through the remainder of the half conditidns a rotation of the knob through circle or in such position as toessentially a half circle is sufiicient to throw the bolt '20 result in the change of positions of the in either direction, andif the bolt is thrown B5 fingers 41 from the initial osition. Assoou' in one direction by. a finger 41 and" subas the bolt is moved toloc ing position and sequently in the, other direction by the key the active actuator finger passes out of the operated actuator finger 50, that finger 41 way of the finger'30, the lug 35 snaps into which threw the bolt in the first direction,
place behind the post 36 as shown in Fig. 4, but for the presence of the other finger 41, o
insuring that the bolt will thus remain in would have to be thrown around 'throu h locking position until the catch is again rean" angle of 360 degrees to again actuate t e leased "by proper provided means. The bolt. As shown, however, even though the movemento the knob and actuator just debolt be actuated in either directionthe so scribed pertains to the locking action by a key, one of the fingersl will always in 5 person inside ofthe building. If the lock is osition to make a direct contact "with the to be unlocked by'the same means, a counterbolt mechanism to throw the bolt and with clockwise movement of the actuator i0 will an dperation of the actuator 4:0 through only cause the same finger to retrace its path, 180 degrees. first throwing the catch and subsequently I cla1m: l 100 actin u on the uppermost lug 26, throw 1. In a .lock, the combination with a ing t e 1t until 1t is stopped by the stop keeper, a casingga bolt slidable transverselly lug32 where igiwill be held bythe catch as of the longer axis of the casing, said t above describe andallowing the actuator havin a hook interlocking with said keeper, 40 to return under the force of the springs 43 a gui c flange carried by said bolt on one 5 'to the initial position. l side thereof toward the end, a second guide- For the operation of the bolt by an auflange carried by said bolt on the opposite thorized personon the outside of the buildside thereof near the, other end, parallel ing, I provide a lock cylinder 45 anchored guide flanges carried by said casin "and ar- 45 by means of bolts 46 to the casing plate 37 ran d to eengaged by theguide anges on and with its axis coinciding with the axis of sai bolt for guiding the bolt in its movethe knob and its actuator. The cylinder is ment, a catch pivoted to said bolt on the a controlled by means of a key and includes a opposite side of the bolt from said last stem 47 extending through the plate 37 and named flange, means carried by'theca'sin 50 into the hollow interior of the knob'37'. A and arranged to be engaged by the pivote second actuator 48 is journaled for rotation catch for maintaining the bolt in its shifted in-- the plate 37 and is adapted to be rotated position, and means for simultaneously reby the stem 47 under the control of the key leasing the catch and for shifti the bolt indicated at 49. The length of the stem is in a direction parallel with the gui e flanges. 55 suflicient to compensate for any suitable ad- 2." In a lock, the combination with a justment of the cylinder with respect to; keeper, a'casing, a' bolt slidable transversely varying thicknesses of door stiles and still of the longer axis of the casing, said bolt maintain its operative connection with the having ahook interlocking with said keeper, actuator 48. The actuator 48 is provided the body portion of the bolt being substanr 60 preferably with but one fingerv 50 which 'tially of the same width as that of the eds swee 5 around within the casing in a plane ing, a guide flange on one side of said bolt, para lel to the. plane of the actuator fingers a guide flange carried by the casing and ar- 41 and coiipea'ates with the lugs 26 and catch ranged to coiiper'atewith the guide flange on finger 30 ractically the same manner as the bolt, said bolt having a at shankpro- 1 P 65 above set 'fdrth. The depth of the lugs 26 vlded w1th a gulde flange, asecond guide flange carried by said casing and arranged to engaged by the last named guide flange on the shank. a pivoted catch carried on one sid of said shank between the latter and the casing, a stop pin carried y the shank on the same side thereof. a spring for placing said catch under tension, one end of" the spring bearing against said stop pin, lugs carried by said casing and arranged to be engaged by said patch for holding the bolt in its shifted positions, and means for releasing the catch from thefllugs and for simultaneously forcing the bolt in a direction parallelto the guide flanges.
3. In a lock, the combination with a keeper. a casing. a bolt slidable transversely of the longer axis of the casing. said bolt having a hook interlocking with said keeper, the body portion of the bolt being substantially of the same width as that of the casing. a guide flange on one side of said bolt, :1 guide flange carried by the casing and arranged to cooperate with the guide flange on the bolt. said bolt having a flatshank provided with a guide flange. a second guide flange carried by said casing and arranged to be engaged by the last named guide flange on the shank. a pivoted catch carried on one side of said shank between the latter and the casing, a stop pin carried by the shank on the same side thereof. spring for placing said catch under tension. one end of the spring bearing against said stop pin, lugs carried by said casing and arranged to be engaged by said catch for holding the bolt in its shifted positions, means for releasing the catch front the lugs for simultaneously forcing the bolt in a direction parallel to the guide flangcs.' said last named means coinprising a pair of pivoted actuators, each actuator having lingers adapted for inde pendent niani inilation of the bolt, bothof said actuators being mounted-on anlaxis parallel with the pivotal axis of saidspring catch and" at right angles to the line of movement of the bolt.
4. In a lock, the combination with a. keeper, a casing, a bolt slidable transversely of the longer axis of the casing, said bolt ranged to cooperate with the guide flange on the bolt, said bolt having a, flat shank provided with a guideflange, a second guide flange carried by said casing and arranged to be engaged by the last named guide flange on the shank, a pivoted catch carried on one' side of said shank between the latter and the casing. a stop pin carried by the shank on the same side thereof, a spring for placing said catch under tension, one end of the spring bearing against said stop pin, lugs carried by said casing and arranged to be engaged by said catch for holding the bolt in shifted positions. means for releasing the catch from the lugs for simultaneously forcing the bolt in adirection parallel to the guide flanges. saidlast named lneans COIllprising a pair of lugs carried by said bolt, an extension carried by said catch disposed between said lugs in the locking position of the catch, a. pair of pivoted actuators, each actuator having fingers adapted to engage said catch extension for releasing the catch and for engaging one of the lugs ot' the bolt to move the latter with the ,pivoted axis of said spring catch.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.