|Publication number||US1214057 A|
|Publication date||Jan 30, 1917|
|Filing date||Mar 11, 1914|
|Priority date||Mar 11, 1914|
|Publication number||US 1214057 A, US 1214057A, US-A-1214057, US1214057 A, US1214057A|
|Inventors||Henry J Moore|
|Original Assignee||Henry J Moore|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
APPLICATiON FILED MAR. 11. 1914.
Patented J an. 30, 1917.
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H. J. MOORE.
WINDOW CONSERVATORY. APPLICATION FILED MAR. H, I914.
Patented Jan. 80, 191?.
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APPLICATION men MAR. 11. 1914.
Patented. Jan. 30, 1917.
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WITNESSES. 72. EU g f W ATTY.
HENRY J". MOORE, 6F NIAGARA FALLS, ONTARIG, CANADA.
Application filed March 11, 1914.
To (ZZZ air/r0111 it may concern.
Be it known that I, HENRY J. MOORE, of the city of Niagara Falls, in the county of \Velland, in the Province of Ontario, Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in lVindow-Conservatories, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to window conservatm'ies adapted to be attached outside a room window, and relates particularly to conservatories of the type shown in my prior United States application No. 766,351 filed May 8th, 1913. Such conservatories have frequently to be attached outside windows high up from the ground where the conditions are such that the conservatory must be placed in position outside by working from the inside of the window, and that any cleaning of the outside of the conservatory must also be done by working from inside the window.
The object of the present invention is to provioe a conservatory which can be cheaply and easily made and which will possess the characteristics hereinbefore referred to as desirable.
it further object is to provide etlicient means for heating the conservatory from within the room.
I attain my object by constructing the conservatory and its heating apparatus in a manner which may be briefly described as follows, and which is illustrated in the aceompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved window conservatory applied to the outside of a window Fig. 2 a cross section of the same; Fig. 3 a horizontal section thereof; and Fig. t a .cross section showing the conservatory provided with a curved top and front.
In the drawings like numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in the different figures.
In the drawings I show a window frame and sashes and my improved window conservatory secured in position outside the window. The conservatory comprises a bottom 1, sides 2, front 3 and the top 4:. The conservatory being intended to beapplied outside a window, which in many cases it may be impossible to reach from the outside, I provide means whereby the parts may be connected together from within the room into which the window opens. The bottom Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 39, 1917.
Serial No. 823,942.
1, as will be seen, rests on the window sill and is braced from the upper part of the window frame or other convenient part by means of the braces 5 secured to the sidesof the bottom near its outer edge and provided preferably with turnbuckles 6 by means of which the bottom may be adjusted to a horizontal position. The sides and front are then readily set up on the bottom, and as set up are secured thereon by means of suitable connection pieces 7. These connection pieces are preferably metal brackets permanently secured to one of the parts they are intended to connect. This will usually be accomplished by means of screws or nails. Part of each connection projects, as will be seen, close to the other of the parts which it is intended to connect so that it may be secured thereto by any readily detachable clamping means. I show for this purpose a thumb screw 8 which passes through the connection and is adapted to be screwed into the part of the conservatory beneath. Preferably this part is provided with a plate 9 having a threaded opening therein through which the thumb screw may be screwed. These connection pieces, it will be seen, form ready means for securing the parts of the conservatory together or for disconnecting them when necessary. Felt strips 10 or other suitable packing matcrial are provided in the joints.
The front and top of the conservatory are provided with suitable ventilators. These are preferably formed by hinging frames 11 in the front and top, which frames may be provided with any of the ordinary ventilator or transom adjusters commonly employed. These frames are glazed as hereafter described.
It is important when the conservatory is set .up that the outer sides of the glass of the sides, top and front be accessible for cleaning purposes. he sides and the ventilator frames are therefore each provided with a glazed sash 12 hinged or pivoted in the part which carries it. The pivots are preferably located between the upper and low 1' edges of the sashes so that the upper and lower parts of the sashes will swing in opposite directions. The sashes may thus be almost completely reversed so as to bring the outside in and the inside out when it is necessary to clean the outer surfaces of the glass.
The rear parts of the sides of the conservatory are provided with the vertical stops 13 forming guide ways for sashes 1a which slide up and down in the same manner as the window sashes. They may, of course, be provided with any of the usual adjusting devices for holding window sashes at any desired height.
In the bottom is located a metal tray 15 provided with a drain tube 16. \Vhile this might be provided with a cock, it is usually suflicient to close it from the inside with a cork so that water may be retained in the tray. This tray is preferably supported slightly above the bottom 1 so that there may be free circulation of the air beneath it.
In the tray is located a radiating coil 17 provided with outlet and return pipes 18 extending through the sides of the tray and reaching to a point between the sashes or panels 14 and the sashes of the window where they are provided with unions 19 whereby they may be connected with any suitable hot water heating system within the house. l/Vhen the apparatus is in use the tray will be partly filled with water, which i is heated by the coils and causes not only an equable heating of the conservatory, but also the evaporation of a sufficient quantity of moisture to preserve the plants in the conservatory in proper condition.
In Fig. 2 is shown a plant rack 20 formed of perforated sheet metal. Of course any other form of rack might be employed preferably having openings for the passage of moist warm air rising from the tray.
In Fig. 4 I show the front and top as curved. The frame of the top may in this case be substantially continuous with the frame of the front and of course in that which embodies the features set out in the 4 preamble of this specification as being necessary in a device of the kind. The device is readily connectible with any window from within the same, the glass surfaces are all readily accessible for cleaning, and an efficient heating and humidifying system is provided.
lVhat I claim as my invention is:
l. A window conservatory of box like form adapted to inclose plants and provided with an open tray adapted to contain water and supported on the bottom of the con servatory; a horizontal heating coil located in said tray; and a plant rack above the tray.
2. A window conservatory of box like form adapted to inclose plants and provided with an open tray adapted to contain water and supported slightly above the bottom of the conservatory; a horizontal heating coil located in said tray; and a plant rack above the tray.
3. A window conservatory of box like form adapted to inclose plants and provided with an open tray adapted to contain water and supported on the bottom of the conservatory; a horizontal heating coil located in said tray; a drainage spout leading from said tray; and a plant rack above the tray.
Niagara Falls, Ont, this twenty-eighth day of February, A. D. 1914.
HENRY J MOORE.
Signed in the presence of- WALTER M. GoRING, D. Harms JAoKsoN.
copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner or Patents, Washington, D. G.
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|U.S. Classification||47/40, 49/67, 47/29.3, 52/201, 454/196|