US 1217607 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. M. KARL.
HINGE. APPLICATION FILED NOV. 9. I915.
A TTORNEY Y JOSEPH M. KARL, or EosLYN HEIGHTS, NEw YORK, 'AssIGNon, BY DIRECT AND MESNE;
' To all whom it may concern:
ASSIGNMENTS, TO ROSLYN SPECIALTY COMPANY, INC., OF ROSLYN, NEW YORK, A
CORPORATION 055' NEW YORK.
. I HINGE.
' 1 217 607; Specification of Letters Patient. Patented Feb, 2*? 191'?",
" Application filed November 9, 1915 Serial No. 60,485.
the second complemental member so that 1 Be it known that I, Josnrrr M. KAnL, a these members of'the' hinge may be readily cit zen of the United States, and a resident separated, or connected together as occasion of Roslyn Heights, in the county of Nassau requires v f and State of New York, have invented a A further object of the invention is to 56 certain new and useful Improvement in provide a hinge combining unusual sim-' Hinges, of which the"following is a full, plicity, efliciency and durability: clear, and exact specification. I A practical embodiment of the invention This invention relates to a class of devices is representedinthe accompanying drawing adapted to be used especially in conjunction forming a part of this specification in which with doors. Y similar characters of reference indicate cor- My invention has for its object primarily responding parts in all the views, the said to provide a-,device, oij hinge designed to be invention being more fully described hereemployed for permitting the door and the inafter, and then pointed out in the claims like of the opening to anjnclosure to be at the end of the description' easily swung ,to 0 en and closed positions In the drawing, Figure 1 is a fragmentary as well'as serving t retain the door in true view showing an elevation of a door hung q alinement with its frame by forming the in a'framp by the use of my improved hinge. pivoting parts thereof in a manner whereby I 'Fig'." 2 is an elevation of the hinge.
all :tendency to frictional wear will be Fig. Sis a top plan thereof. 1 largely overcome, and which will allow the Fig. 4 is a sectional view, partly in detail,- apertured lugs and pintle of .the ordinary taken on the line IV -IV of Fig. 3,and forms of hinges to be dispensed with. This Fig. 5 is a section taken on the line V-V '5 j is acpomplished mainly byproviding two .of Fig. 2.
comp ementalmembers, one having an arm, The device, or hinge has two complemen- 7.5 or leaf adapted to be secured on the frame. tel members, as 10 and 11. The compleof the door, and-on this leaf is a tubumental member-'10 has .an arm, or leaf v12 lar knuckle, while the second complemental Which may be of any desired shape and size member, is formed with an arm, or leaf for being secured by any suitable means to adapted to be secured on the door, and on the frame, as 13, of a door, as 14, adapted to the arm of this second member are tw conbe swung to'open and closed positions in the a caved plates, or caps disposed so that-their frame, and on one end of the leaf is a tu- V concavities are inopposition, these capsbelal' knuckle, or apertured lug 15 which is iiigspaced apart to acom nodate the tubupreferably disposed transversely of the leaf.
lar knuckle of the first complmental member The complemental memberll of the hinge so as. to be freely rotatable therebetween. is formed with an'arm, le 1 f any P Partially protruding fromthe open ends ferred shape 'and size so as to 'be suitably of the tubular knuckle are two revoluble lil unted'on one edge of the door in opposispherical pivoting elements, or balls, and tlon to the leaf 12 of the complemental memthese, protruding parts of the balls are disber 10. "Provided on the complemental memv posedin the concavities of the second comber '11 are two concaved plates, or caps, as
plemental member for serving-as: bearings .17 and 18, andth'ese caps are arranged so H toallow the complemental members of the that their concavities, are in opposed rela- I hinge to be pivotally connected forbeing tion. The caps 17 and 18 are spaced apart I swung to and from each other.
Another object of the invention '5 to proof the tubular knuckle 15 of the compl'e' 'vide in the tubular knuckle of th first coinmental member 10, to allow the tubular plemental member between the balls a .kuuckle to 'be' accommodated therebetween cushion, or springserving to yieldingly re- ,soas to be freely rotatable, and these caps ta'in part of the balls in the concavities-of are-of. sizes so that a distance slightly'greater than thelength he -diameters'of their 106.
concavities correspond to the diameters of the open ends of the tubular knuckle, the concavities of the caps being in opposition to the open ends of the tubular knuckle when the parts of the hinge are assembled, as shown.
In order to pivotally connect the complemental members and 11 as well as serving as bearings whereby the members of the hinge may be guided to and from each other when-the door is swung accordingly, in the open ends of the tubular knuckle 15 of the complemental member 10 are two pivoting elements, as 19 and 20, both of which may be similarly formed. Eachof the pivoting elements 19 and 20 may be substantially spherical, or ball-shaped,-though the oppos ing parts of the elements may also be cutaway, as at 21 and 22. The spherical pivoting elements 19 and 20 are less in diameters than the diameters of the tubular knuckle 15 and the concavities of the caps 17 and 18 to allow these elements to revolve therein, and these elements are arranged in the tubular knuckle for partially protruding normally therefrom so that the protruding ends will be seated in the caps 17 and 18.
Serving to yieldingly retain part of the pivoting elements 19 and 20 in the concavities of the caps 17 and 18, interiorly of the tubular knuckle 15 of the complemental member 10 of the hinge, is a cushion, as 23. The cushion 23 is preferably in the form of a spiral spring having its ends contacting with the cutaway. parts 21 and 22 of the spherical, or ball-shaped pivoting elements, and this spring is of a tension so as to normally tend to force these pivoting elements outwardly of the tubular knuckle into the caps 17 and 18 of the complemental member 11. applied toa door andits frame, the complemental members 10 and 11 may be separated by forcing the members apart, the
cushioned ball-shaped pivoting elements and the concavities of the caps 17 and 18 per-' mitting the separation to be easily made. The leaf of the complemental member ,10 may be secured to the frame of the door, while the leaf of the complemental member 11 may be mounted on the door. These members are then connected by forcing the caps 17 and 18 over the ball-shaped pivoting elements 19-and 20, and the door will be hung in its frame so as to be swung to open and closed positions. Moreover, by providing the ball-shaped pivoting elements and the concaved caps surface bearings are formed for the complemental members whereby frictional wear of these parts will be largely overcome, and the use of apertured lugs and a pintle common to the ordinary types of h nged doors may be dispensed with.
When the hinge is In the foregoing description, 1 have em- 1 bodied the preferred form of my invention, but I do not wish to be understood as limit ing myself thereto, as I am aware that modifications may be made therein without departing from the principle, or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention, therefore I reserve to myself the right to make such changes as fairly fall within the scope thereof. l
Having thus described my invention, 1 claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1.' A hinge comprising two complemental members, a tubular knuckle on one of said members, and two spaced concave plates on the other of said members, said plates being so disposed that the concavities therein are in opposed relation and adapted to accommodate the tubular knuckle therebetween; together with a pivoting element mounted in said tubular knuckle and having parts protruding therefrom into and engaging the concaved plates for yieldingly retaining said complemental members in cooperative relation to each other, substantially as described.
QQA. hinge of the character described, comprising two complemental members, one having an arm to permit the member to be secured to a door, and the second complemental member also having an arm whereby the member may be secured to the frame of the door, a tubular knuckle on the arm of one of the complemental members, two concaved plates on the arm of the secondcomplemental member, disposed so that the concavities thereof are in opposed relation, and the said concaved plates being spaced apart to accommodate the tubular knuckle so as to be rotatable therebetween, and two spherical pivoting elements in the tubular knuckle, each having a part thereof protruding in the concavities of the concaved plates, and the said pivoting elements being cushioned so that their parts in the concaved plates will be yieldingly retained therein, for the purpose specified. v v
3. A hinge of the character described, comprising two complemental members, one having an arm to permit the member to be secured to a door, and the second complemental member also having an arm whereby the member may be secured to the frame of the door, a tubular knuckle on the arm of one of the complemental members, two concaved plates on the \arm of the second complemental member, disposed so. that the concavities thereof are in opposed relation, and the said concaved plates being spaced apart to accommodate the tubular knuckle soas to be rotatable therebetween, two substantially ball-shaped pivotlng elements rotatable in the. tubular knuckle, each having at part thereof pro- This specification signed and witnessed truding in the concavities of the concaved this eighth day of November, A. D. 1215.
plates, and a spiral spring in the tubular knuckle between the pivoting elements so JOSEPH 5 that their parts in the (ioncaved plates will i Witnesses:
be yieldingly retained therein, for the pur- ROBT. B. ABBOTT, pose specified. v M. DERMODY.