US 1221447 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. A. CHENDERSON.
APPLICATION .FILED OCT- 25 I915.
7... l 9 1 om. P.. p An d e t w t a .ll
2 SHEETS--SHEET l.
APPLICATON FILED OCT- 25,19%.
lumnted Apr. 3, 1917.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 02'? /Zdefsolz Application filed October 25, 1916.
To all 'whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, MAnnL A. C. HENDER- soN, a citizen of the `United States, residing at Chicago, in the countyV of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in lfiaii''ltlziieis, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to devices `for waving human hair, the purpose being to produce an appearance sometimes known as Marcel waves. The object of the invention is to produce a device by which this effect may be quickly and easily. produced either by a hairdresser or by the person whose hair is to be waved. On account of the convenience ot operation oi' my device, a person may readily wave the hair ot her own head and produce a uniform and natural appearance which would otherwise be diiiicult, it not impossible, to accomplish.
l accomplish my object bythe mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings,
' in which- Figure l is a view of the front ot' the device.
lling. 2 .is a longitudinal section thereof.
Fig. is a view of the back of the device.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged section on the line Ll--of Fig. 1.
Fig. is a detail sectional view on the line 5 5, Fig. 3, showingl the spring loclo ingr device for holding the matrix in the different positions to which it may he shifted.
Fig. 6 is a" perspective view illustrating the manner of using the device.
Similar numerals reifer to similar parts throughout the several views.
ln the form selected to illustrate the invention, there are two side bars, l, l which are arranged parallel to each otherv and are supported upon a handle 2. rilhesc may he regarded as constituting the main traine of y the device. Arranged alongl the opposite edges of the side bars are rows ot teeth 3 which receive the strands oit' the hair between them after the manner ot coni s. These teeth project 'from the front of the frame and may assume various shapes as may be desired.
Slidingly mounted upon the side bars is a part ,4 which, for convenience, l shall refer to aslthe-matrix. In the preferred torn thematrix is convex when viewed tiren the' front, as in Fig. l, and in the present instance, when viewed in cross-section asin Specification of Letters Patent.
,greeted 1n l5 1g. 6.
Patented Apr. 3, 19t?.
serial no. 127,516.
Fig. 4, conforms approximately to the surtace of the cylinder having transverse ridges or corrugations 5 adapted to receive thestrands of the hair between them. By pretterence the matrix slightly shorter than the side bars and there is just about sul'licient room between its marginal edges and the teeth 3 to receive between them the two branches G, 6 of the retainer which will presently be described. r.ihe matrix is shifted by any suitable means, for example the pin or button 7 which rises from thebaelr of the device and may be readily ma.- nipulated by the thumb ot' the user, as sug- This button may be mounted in various ways. ln the present case it is fastened to a flat snring 8 which overlies the back of the frame, and at the outer end is fastened to the back of the matrix. This spring slides upon the-back ot' the frame and on its inner side has a finger 9 capable of seating in either one of two depressions 10, il() which are arranged at a short distance from each other longitudinally of: the device, as shown in detail in Fig. 5. When the matrix is shifted to one position7 said pin will seat in one of the depressions, and thereby serve to yieldingly hold the matrix against shifting. When the matrix is moved to the opposite position, the pin. will seat in the other depression and yieldingly hold the matrix in that position. This mechanism` may, therefore, be considered a springl lockingdevice for `yieldintfrly holding; the matrix in thedilierent positions to which it may be shifted.
The two branches G, 6 ci the retainer, previously mentioned, are joined at their inner end to the yoke 12 which is pivoted by a nin 13,01" otherwise., to the main frame,
preferably at.v about the point where the side bars l. join 'the handle 2. The retainer is manipulated by means of a handle l-i which, when the device, is in acting condition, lies parallel to and in back of the handle 2, as shown in ilull lines in Fig. 2. When the retainer is in non-acting position the branches and handle Uf assume the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2. Y
ln order to enable the hair to retain its' wavy configuration, it must be subjected to heat while hemp; worked upon. n using my device this is accomplished by hea-ting Athe matrix. 'it is possible to heat the maice tricloy-lilacinihr it over a gas or other flameA L until it attains a proper temperature, l.'
prefer, however, to accomplish this heating electrically,l and have illustrated means by which this may be done. l place a suitable heating resistance 1G in the back-of the niatrix, and embed it in suitable insulating material 17. The two ends of this heating resistance are connected respectively to two conductors 18, 19 which are led out through a sleeveQO, slidably mounted within the holloW main handle 2. At the inner end of this sleeve the conductors emerge in the form oan extension cord 2l through which theyV are eiectrically energized. The sleeve thus forms a sheath for the conductors.
.lt is secured to the matrix .and conse-4 'handle 14?: is drawn toward the main handle 2, thus moving the retaining),` branches 6, 6 down upon the hair and rmly holding it A'in position. main thus until the strands of hair have become set or conigurated, whereupon the retaining' branches will be lifted suiciently to permit the strands of hair to slip through the device but notsuiiciently to permit -the 'strands to become disengaged from or lifted Aout of the teeth 3. The device will then be moved bodily away fromithe scalp a distance approximately equal to the Width of the matrix, or perhaps a little more, de-v pending upon the effect desired. Theoper ator will then shift the matrix longitudt nally and then lower the retaining branches 6 to acting position. The parts are then 'permitted to remain until the portion of hair in Contact with the matrix has become set met or oonfigurated, after which the process will lbe repeated. Ordinarily, the matrix will be shifted each time to the limit of its sliding movement upon the main frame, for example, if the iirst heatingfl,r of the hair is done With the matrix in the position shown in full linesin Fig'. l, the second heating' Will be done with thematrix in the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1. It will be understood, however, that this is a matten of choice, for if desired .the operator may shift the matrix only part way each time and eausethematrix to Vmaintain its position by holding the thumb upon the button 7.
By proceeding in' the manner above indicated, the hair may be waved with great facility, for when thestrands of hair have The device is permitted to re-v Lesina? once been passed through the coulis on either` side of the device, there will be no danger of their becoming' disarrandod or the distribution changed. This muy be ren-Y dered absolutely certain if' the operator will f.- see to it that the retaining branches G are not permitted to riseabove the top of the comb teeth 3 after the strands ot hair have once been adjusted Ato the device. In other words, the retainingv branches may be lil'loil f slightly to permit the device as a whole .to be shifted bodily away from the scalp, und so long as said branches are not permittml to rise above the points nf the teeth, there will be no opportunity orthe strands of hair to escape. Hence, the teeth act as guides for the strands and in this, their eect is supplemented by the action ori retain-ing branches. The action of thel ruavice is automatic to such a great extent and it is so readily manipulated by one baud, that it may be used by persons having little skill, and may be used by a person to dov her own hair. Furthermore, the operator is afforded a wide choicev as to the final appearance of the hair, because she has a choice both as to the distance that she will move it away from the scalp each time and the distance to which she will shift the mn.- ltrix each time.4 lt will be readily appreciated that by varying these two factors, a great variety of results may be obtained.
Having thus described my invention, what l claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. A hair Waver having a.substantially flat fi'ame adapted to lie ilatwise to the head of the user, and a configurating matrix ca pablo of engaging the strands of hair, said `:matrix being, movable in a direction par 10;, -'llel to the plane of the frame.
2. A hair Waver having Va substantially flat frame adapted t o lieflatwise tothe head of the user, said frame having means arranged along the edges for engaging the rstrands of the hair, and means between the edges of the frame adapted to engage said strands, said means being movable relatively tothe frame and parallel to the plane of the frame and in a direction transverse to the strands of hair.
3..A hair Waver having a main frame with two parallel rows ofupstanding comb teeth adapted to engage strands of hair leading across from one grow to the other, and a conligurating element for the hair nr ranged between said rows of teeth, said coniigurating element being shiftable in a direc tionl parallel to said rows. 4. A hair Waver having two parallel rom; 125 of upstanding comb teeth forming combs, :rhair-coniigurating element slidable in :i -lire'ction parallel to said combs, and means for retaining the strands of hair in contact with said congurating element.
5.. A hair Waver having a main frame having two opposite edges adapted to engage` the strandsy of hair, a convex matrix `arranged between said edges and also adapted to engage the strands of hair, a bifurcated retainer havinof branches arranged between the matrix an each of the said edges of .the
yframe, and means for producing relative `movement between the matrix and the Ivided with a main handle, two parallel rows of .teeth projecting from the front of said frame, a matrix shiftable upon the frame in a direction parallel to the rows of teeth, said matrix having a convex front surface, a
' bifurcated retainer for the hair, said retainer being pivoted to theYma-innframe'andhaving two branches, one adjacent to each row of teeth, and a handle for operating said retaine.
8. A hair Waver having a main frame provided With almain handle, a shiftable matrix on said frame, a row of comb teeth on either side of said matrix, a bifurcated retainer *adapted toengage the strands of hair along lines adjacent to each roWof teeth, said retainer being pivoted to the main frame, and a handle fomsaid retainer .adapted to come approximately parallel to themain handle on thevside thereof-opposite to the side 'Where "the acting portion of the retainer is located.
9. A hair Waver having a main frame provided With parallel rows of teeth, a matrix slidable on said main frame between said rows of teeth, and an electric heating element mounted upon said matrix, and slid# able therewith.
10. A hair Waver having a main frame, means on said main frame for preventing the strands of hair shifting in a direction longitudinally of they frame, a matrix shiftable longitudinally on said frame, a hollow handle `for suppo ting said frame, an electric heating element ounted upon said matrix and shiftable ther with, and a sleeve slidable Within the hollowl of said handle in unison with the matrix for conducting electric Wires through said handle and protecting them during the sliding movement of the wires and matrix. "y
11. A hair Waver having a main.- frame, parallel combs on said frame for preventing the strands of hair shifting in a direction longitudinally of the frame, 'a matrix shiftable longitudinally on said frame and located between said combs, a retaining element for holding the strands of hair 1n engagement with the teeth of the comb, and means shiftable in unison With said matrix for heating itl 12. A hair Waver having a main frame,`
parallel combs projecting from the'front of said frame for preventing the strands of hair shifting in a direction longitudinally or' the frame, amat-rix shiftable longitudinally on said frame and located between said combs, said matrix presenting a convex surface at the front of the device, a retaining element for holding the strands of hair in engagement with the teeth of the comb, and locking means for yieldingly holding the matrix against shifting.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name.
MABEL A. C. HENDERSON.