US 1222995 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. L. RHOADES.
APPLICATION men JULY 5. me,
Patented Apr. 17, 1917.
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FRED L. RHOADES, OF SAUL! STE. MARIE, MTCHIGAN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. rz, 1917.
' Application filed July 5, 1916. Serial No. 107,625.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Finn) L. RHoADns, a citizen of the United States, residing at Sault Ste. Marie, in the county of Chippewa and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Head- Protectors, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
head protector and has for its primary object to provide a device which may be easily and quickly attached to or detached from a hat and which will afford a complete protection to the head of the wearer against the attacks of mosquitos, gnats, or other insects.
It is one of the more particular objects of the invention to provide a device for the above purpose which is so constructed that there will at all times be an ample supply of fresh air within the protectinghood depending from the hat, and improved means directly engaging the hat brim so as to prevent the encircling wall of the hood from being blown inwardly into contact with the side of the wearers head or neck.
It is one of the more specific objects of the invention to provide a head protector for detachable engagement upon a hat brim, having a continuous circular sheet of wire gauze which depends directly from the under side of the hat brim around the head or face of the wearer and affords a comparatively rigid wall which will not buckle or collapse against the flesh, and a transparent, flexible sheet of material secured in said wire gauze wall to afford clear and unobstructed vision to the wearer.
It is a further general object of the indevice for the above vention to provide a purpose which is simple and comparatively inexpensive to manufacture, highly serviceable and convenient in practical use and which, when removed from the hat, can be compactly rolled orfolded into small comass and conveniently carried.
With the above and other objects in view, my invention consists in the novel features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter more fully described, claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which,
Figure l is a perspective view illustrating my improved head protector in use; and
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the same.
This invention relates to an improved the transparent pane,
Fig. 3 is a detail perspectivevievv of the attaching clip.
Referring in detail to the drawing, 5 designates the body of the hat which may be of any type, having an outwardly projecting brim 6.
The invention forming the subject-matter of the present application includes a continuous circular sheet of fine wire gauze 7,
to the upper edge of which'a relatively narrow, indicated at 8, is stitched or secured in any desired manner. A second narrow circular strip of material 9 is stitched at its outer edge to the free edge of the strip 8 and a draw string 10 is arranged in a hem formed in the inner edge of the circular strip 9.
The lower edge of the sheet of wire gauze 7 is obliquely cut downwardlyjfrom the rear sidple to the front thereof, and to the lower e ge hood 11 is securely stitched or otherwise attached. The bottom of this circular hood is open and the same is confined by the coat uponthe shoulders of the wearer.
In the front and closely contiguous to the upper edge thereof, a circumferentially extending sheet of mica or other transparent material 12 is secured, said transparent, sheet extending substantially throughout the front portion of the wire gauze sheet so that the wearer may obtain a clear view in all directions. For the purpose of holding the front portion of the upper edge of the wire gauze 7 closely against the under side of the hat brim to afford unobstructed vision through I provide a metal. clip 14: shown in detail in Fig. 3 of the drawing. This clip is preferably formed from a single length of resilient sheet metal bent to provide opposed bowed arms; These arms" are forced upwardly upon the front. edge of the hat brim and the fabric strip 8 respectively so that the latter is held tightly against the brim, and the transparent pane 12 supported in its proper position and held against downward sagging movement.
The manner of applying and using the device will be readily understood from reference to Fig. 1 of the drawing. The brim 6 of the hat is engaged between the two circular fabric strips 8 and '9, the latter extending over the upper surface of the hat brim, and the draw string is then drawn tight and the ends tied. By thus inclosing circular piece of linen or other fabric,
of this wire gauze a loose, pendant portion of the wire gauze 7 the hat brim within this fabric envelop or sheath, it will be noted that the depending circular strip of wire gauze is disposed inwardly of the outer edge of the hat brim and is retained in such position. This encircling sheet of wire gauze extending entirely around the head and over the face of the wearer being comparatively rigid, cannot be blown inwardly against the wearers face owing to its contact at its upper edge against the hat brim. It is also manifest that, as the wire gauze is disposed inwardly'of the outer edge of the hat brim, it cannot be-caught by branches or other obstructions and torn from the hat, as would be the case if this gauze was disposed beyond the edge of the hat brim. The wire mesh is preferably of the finest obtainable so that it will exclude even the smallest of insects. At the same time, it will be appreciated that 'as this sheet of gauze extends entirely around the wearers head, there may be a continuous and free circulation of air between the gauze sheet and the head of the wearer. As practically no part of the device projects beyond the hat brim, the protector will in no manner obstruct the movements of the user or in any way restrict the free bending of the neck or movement of the head in any direction. The device can be very easily and quickly attached to the hat brim or removed therefrom, and when removed can be rolled or folded and placed in a bag or carried in .the pocket. The transparent pane or sheet in the wire gauze wall'being flexible, will readily roll or bend without breaking.
From the above description, taken in con nection with the. accompanying drawing,
' the construction and several advantages of my invention in practical use will be clearly and fully understood. The device is particularly designed for use by woodsmen, farm hands, or other persons whose occupations require their exposure during certain periods of the year when mosquitos and other insects are prevalent. The device has been thoroughly tested and found to positively exclude the insects and without occasioning discomfort or inconvenience of any 'kind whatsoever to the user.
and provided with means for lVhile I have shown and described the preferred construction and arrangement of the several features of my device, it will be understood that the same is susceptible of considerable modification therein, and I, therefore, reserve the privilege of adopting all such legitimate changes as may be fairly embodied within the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I desire to claim and secure by I Letters Patent is i 1. A head protector including a relatively stir foraminous sheet to extend around the head and face of the wearer, a fabric envelop secured to the entire upper edge of said foraminous sheet and of greater diameter than the same, said envelop being adapted to detachably receive a hat brim and providedwith means for retaining the envelop thereon whereby said foraminous sheet is held closely adjacent to the underside of the hat brim in pendant relation thereto and inwardly spaced from the outer edge of the hat brim, and a flexible hood secured to the lower end of the foraminous sheet.
2. A head protector including a relatively stiff, foraminous sheet to extend around the head and face of the wearer and having an opening therein, a transparent piece of material secured in said opening, a fabric envelop secured to the entire upper edge portion of said foraminous sheet and of greater diameter than the same, said envelop being adapted to detachably receive a hat brim retaining the envelop thereon, whereby said foraminous sheet is held closely adjacent to the under side of the hat brim in pendant relation thereto and inwardly spaced from the outer edge of the hat brim, and a flexible hood secured to the lower edge of the foraminous sheet.
In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
FRED L. RHOADES.
M. M. SAMARATH, BERT G. Goirrz.
flopies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents.
Washington, D. G.