US 1223873 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. W. HARTT.
GARBAGE RECEPTACLE AND TRAP. APPLICATION FILED JUNE 29. 1914. RENEWED FEB. 2|. 1911.
1,%23,873. Patented Apr. 24,1917.
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GARBAGE RECEPTACLE AND TRAP.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 29. 1914. RENEWED FEB. 21. 1911.
\ 1,223,873. Patented Apr. 24,1917.
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161% AFENT CIGERO W. HAR'I'T, 0F PIERSON, MICHIGAN.
GAEBAGE-BECEPTACLE AND TRAP.
To all whom, it may concern:
' Be it known that I, CIoERo W. HARTT, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Pierson, in the county of Montcalm and State of Michigan, have invented a new and Improved Garbage-Receptacle and Trap, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to garbage receptacles and has for an object to provide an improved construction wherein the garbage can is maintained out of sight and means are provided which will entrap a mouse, rat or similar animal without allowing the animal to enter the can.
Another object of the invention is to pro vide a garbage can holder or receptacle which is formed with a hinged lid and means operated by the foot for opening the lid.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved receptacle for garbage cans which will allow the can to be removed through the top or through one side and which will present means for catching flies, mice or rats.
In carrying out the objects of the invention a receptacle is provided which is formed with a hinged top and a door in the back whereby cans may be inserted either through the top or the back. Arranged adjacent the top is a funnel or chute which is designed to direct the garbage to the can arranged in the housing or casing. Connected with the housing or casing and almost surrounding the space for the can is a wall or wire mesh which extends upwardly to near the opening in the top. Suitable openings are provided in the bottom part of the casing whereby mice, rats or the like may enter the casing and may climb the wire mesh in search of the contents of the can. When reaching the top of the wire mesh the only point of exit is a door which leads to a casing that acts as a trap. Associated with the casing above the rat trap is a housing formed with a suitable opening through which flies may enter but through which they cannot pass outwardly. A pivoted door is arranged in the bottom of this fly casing or box whereby the dead flies may be dumped into the garbage can whenever desired.
In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 2a, 1917.
Renewed February 21, 1917. Serial No. 150,250.
through a device embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 is a front view of the device shown in Fig. l;
Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the structure shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. t is a detail view of the rat trap;
Fig. 5 is a section through Fig. 1 approxi mately on the line 5-5; and
Fig. 6 is a sectional view through Fig. 1 approximately on the line 6-6.
Referring to the drawings by numeral, 1 indicates a casing which may be square, round or of any other desired shape, which casing is provided with a hinged lid 2 and a door 3, the door 3 preferably being arranged in the back. Pivotally connected with the door 2 are links 4: and 5 (Fig. 2), which links are also pivotally connected with a bifurcated lever 6 pivotally mounted on a support 7. The bifurcated lever 6 is provided with a foot treadle 8 whereby whenever the foot is placed upon the treadle 8 and forces said treadle downwardly, the links 4 and 5 will be moved upwardly and the lid 2 will be moved into the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1. From this structure it will be noted that the lid may be easily and quickly moved or opened without the operator using either of his hands for this purpose.
Arranged interiorly of the casing 1 is a wire mesh partition 9. As shown more clearly in Fig. 6, this partition extends from a point 10 to a point 11 and thereby almost surrounding the can 12 arranged in the easing 1. It will be noted from Fig. 6 that the door 3 is arranged between points 10 and 11 so that, if desired, the can 12 may be removed or replaced through the opening occupied by the door 3. If the can 12 is a comparatively small can, the same is usually passed in through the top of the casing after the funnel 13 has been removed, but if the can is comparatively large, it is passed into the casing through the opening normally closed by the door 3. The wire mesh wall 9 extends upwardly to near the upper end of the casing 1 and is bent outwardly so as to engage the casing near the upper edge. A suitable clamping strip 141 is provided for properly clamping the wire mesh against the casing 1, suitable rivets or other clasping means being used for holding the strip 14 in place. in arranging the upper rear part of the wire mesh wall 9, the same is caused to extend transversely of the wire mesh box or rat trap 15, said transverse section being indicated at 16 (Figs. 1 and 5). Coacting with the section 16 are upper and lower sections 17 and 18 of wire mesh which form a room or chamber 19 in which the trap 14 is positioned. A suitable door 20 (Fig. 5) is provided through which the trap may be inserted or removed whenever desired. A bracing and retaining bar 21 is provided which reinforces and assists in supporting the walls of the chamber 19 and at the same time presents a shoulder over which the edge of the funnel 13 is positioned, the parts of the edge of said tunnel also overlapping the strip 1a whereby the funnel is loosely held in position. When it is desired to remove the can 12 from the casing, the funnel 13 is removed and then the can 12 is lifted upwardly from the opening normally closed by the lid 2.
The upper part of the casing 1 is provided with a comparatively flat section 22, a part of which is formed into a door 28 hinged at 21 whereby the door may be tilted as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1, this door being the bottom of a housing 25. The housing 25 is formed with an opening 26, said openin tapering from the exterior toward the interior of the housing whereby flies and insects may easily enter the housing 25 but cannot readily escape therefrom. If desired, poison could be provided in the housing 25 so that after the flies have entered therein they could feed upon the poison and may be later discharged into the can 12.
In forming the casing l, the same is provided with a plurality of openings 27 through which rats, mice and the like may pass into the casing but not into the garbage can 12. This affords a sort of protection for the rats and mice and also an attraction by reason of the smell of the garbage. After a mouse or rat has entered the opening 27, it may pass upwardly and cannot escape unless it again passes downwardly through the opening 27. However, the trap 15 is provided with inwardly swinging doors 28 and 29 which will easily give as the mice or rats attempt to enter, but will swing either by gravity or spring pressure into closed position when the inward pressure ceases.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. In a garbage receptacle of the class de- 2. In a garbage receptacle of the character described, a casing provided with a lid and designed to receive a can, said casing being formed with a plurality of openings near the bottom, an inner foraminous wall arranged in said casing, said inner wall being spaced from the outer wall eXce at at the top, said fora-minous wall merging into a passageway near the top, a foraminous box arrangedin said passageway, and doors arranged in said box, said doors yielding inwardly whereby rats, mice and the like passing up the foraminous wall seeking access to said can may freely enter said box.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
CIGERO W. HARTT.
Witnesses V CI-IAs. E. Bnoons, FRANK E. SHATTUOK,
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents.
Washington, D. C.