US 1223882 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. L. JACQUES' SKEE SKATE.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 4. 1915.
1,223,2, Patented Apr. 24,1917.
GEORGE LANDER JACQUES, OF NEILLSVILLE, WISCONSIN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 24, 191?.
Application filed February 4, 1915. Serial No. 6,136.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE LANDER JAc UEs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Neillsville, in the county of Clark and State of Wisconsin, have invented a new and useful Skee-Skate, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in skees and skates in which all backward motion is arrested by tilting dogs projecting into the ice and snow; and the objects of my improvements are: first, to provide two parallel runners between which the operators foot is placed; second, to provide a tilting foot platform pivoted near its middle portion between said runners, and carrying a tilting dog at its forward end; third, to provide a flexible foot plate rigid to any side motion, pivoted near its forward end to said foot platform, said foot plate carrying means to fasten the same to the foot of the operator; fourth, to provide means to connect and brace said parallel runners and support each end of said foot platform; fifth, to provide means on said foot plate to prevent the operators foot from slipping forward or backward thereon; sixth, to provide means to prevent the rear end of said runners being lifted oif the ice and snow of the track in pushing back; seventh, to provide a tilting dog that at its lower end will be rigid in any backward motion of the skee or skate but will tilt back and not impede any forward motion thereof; eighth, to decrease the friction between the runner and the track; ninth, to provide open construction between said runners to prevent clogging by accumulations of ice or snow on the mechanism; tenth, to provide a wide base to prevent side tipping of the footof the operator; eleventh, to provide means to cause said dog to assume a perpendicular position.
Figure 1 is a detailed view in perspective of the entire improved skee or skate showing the position of said tilting foot platform, the dog carried by it, the flexible tilting foot plate and the straps attached thereto when the tilting foot platform is held by the operator in a horizontal position while sliding forward on said skee or skate. Fig. 2 is a detailed view in perspective of the entire improved skee or skate showing the position of said tilting foot platform, the dog carried by it, the flexible tilting foot plate and the straps carried by it when the operator tilts the forward end of the tilting foot platform down and pushes violently to the rear. Fig. 3 is a detailed view in perspective of the entire improved skee or skate with portion of one of the runners of the skee or skate removed so as not to obstruct the View, showing the position assumed by said dog if the operator inadvertently tilts the forward end of said tilting foot platform downward while sliding forward upon that skee or skate. Fig. 41: is a detailed view in perspective of the forward end of the foot platform 71 showing in detail the boxing o and the plate to and also showing in detail the dog 0w and the bolt a2 and the bracket 39. Fig. 5 is a detailed view in perspective of the brace 0, carrying the braces 0 and 0 Similar letters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
The runners at, the braces b, the braces 0, 0 0 and the shaft it constitute the frame work of the improved skee or skate. The braces Z) and c are attached to the inner sides of said runners by rivets or bolts at (Z and the shaft 71, passes through and is attached to said runners in the holes at g. The bracket 70 is attached to the under side of the foot platform 71 by rivets or bolts at 1" and the shaft or bolt it passes through the holes at either end of the bracket 3? allowing the foot platform 6 to tilt upon the fulcrum formed by the shaft h, the brace 0 afiording a support to the foot platformz' when the forward end tilts down ward to a point where the dog 0w will enter the snow or ice and the brace c" affording a support to the rear end of the foot platform 11 when said rear end is tilted downward so as to lift the dog 010 out of the ice or snow. I prefer to construct the braces c, c and 0 as shown at Fig. 5 out of one piece of metal cut in proper shape and bent into the form shown in Fig. 5.
A. bracket through either end of which is pierced the holes a is attached to the lower side of the foot plate 6 by rivets or bolts at n and is attached to the foot plate i by a bolt or shaft passing through the holes a and said foot platform 2' allowing the foot plate 6 to tilt up and down turning upon the fulcrum made by the bolt passing through the holes a.
The .straps is, Z and j pass under the foot plate 6 and are attached to the foot plate 6 by rivets at t and the strap 7: is attached to the strap j at the points 70.
Each corner of the forward end of the foot plate 6 is turned up forming the lips or collar 3 and against and between the lips s the toe of the operators foot is held firmly in place and prevented from slipping forward. The strap Z passes over the toe of the operators foot. The strap passes along each side of the operators foot back of the operators ankle holding the foot from slipping backward. The strap j passes over the operators instep holding the rear end of the plate firmly in place against the sole of the operators foot under the instep just forward of the heel of the operators foot, the heel of the operators foot occupying the space 7 immediately behind the foot plate 6. The boxing o is fitted to the underside of the forward end of the foot platform 2', and the plate a is fastened on the upper side of the forward end of the foot platform 11, said boxing o and said plate a being held in position by bolts 50 passing through the holes at y said boxing v carrying the dog 0% pivoted thereto by a bolt or shaft 00, Fig. 4:, passing through said dog 0w at 00, Figs. 1 and 3, and through said boxing Q) at a, the plate a affording a shoulder to hold the dog 0w in a rigid position when the operator pushes backward and the boxing 2) allowing the lower end of the dog on: to tilt backward and upward under the foot platform c, if said dogow should be projected into the snow or ice while the skee is moving forward, the spiral spring which is attached to the dog 0% and the foot platform 2' holding the dog ou: in an upright position when the dog 0w is not projected into the ice or snow. The straps y, is, and Z may each respectively be adjusted to the operators foot by means of the buckles at m.
In operation each foot of the operator is fastened to one of said skee-skates by the straps attached to said foot plate 0. In going through the ordinary motion of walking, as one foot passes to the rear the weight of the operator is thrown on the forward part of that foot and causes the front end of said foot platform 2' to tilt downward and plunge the dog 02!) into the ice and snow of the track, and enables the operator to push backward with that foot and propel himself forward, sliding on the other foot until that foot assumes a rearward position to be used in'pushing. Thus pushing alternately with either foot and sliding on the other the operator propels himself forward in long sliding strokes or steps. Said tilting dog 0w stops all backward motion of the skee-skate in said pushing, but if inadvertently plunged into the ice andsnow of the track, While that skee-skate is moving forward, the said dog on; tilts back under the operators foot and prevents tripping the operator or impeding the forward motion of the skee-skate. While sliding forward that foot 011 which the operator slides holds said foot platform in a horizontal position keeping said tilting dog 0w above the ice and snow of the track. In pushing back with the other foot the heel of that foot is raised until the sole is nearly vertical and said tilting flexible foot plate 6 bends with the sole of the foot and tilts on said fulcrumat its forward end allowing the heel of the foot to be elevated without raising the hind end of said runners a. Said flexible foot plate 6 being rigid to side motion, enables the operator to steer the skee-skate by twisting the foot. The said coiled spring causes said dog ow to assume a vertical position at the time it enters the ice or snow just before the operator pushes backward.
I am aware that prior to my invention skees have been made with a tilting foot plate pivoted to the runner thereof. I therefore do not claim sucha combination broadly.
This application shows but does not claim the flexible tilting foot plate 0 and the associated means for securing the skee to the foot, the same being shown and specifically claimed in the copending application Serial Number 9,337, filed February 19th, 1915.
1. The combination in a skee or skate of two parallel runners, a tilting foot platform pivoted thereto, a tilting dog attached to the forward end of said foot platform.
2. The combination in a skee or skate of two parallel runners, a tilting foot platform pivoted thereto, a tilting dog pivoted at its middle portion to the forward end of said foot platform, a spiral spring connecting the upper end of the tilting dog to the forward part of the foot platform for normally maintaining the tilting dog in a position substantially perpendicular to the runners.
3. The combination in a skee or skate of two parallel runners connected by braces, two of which are adapted to afford a support for the front and rear end respectively of the tilting foot platform next herein mentioned, a tilting foot platform pivoted intermediate its ends to said runners the front and rear ends of which platform are adapted each respectively to rest at times on one of said braces, said platform carrying means to secure the same to the foot, a tilting dog secured to the forward end of said foot platform having its lower end entered through the opening between said runners, a spring secured to the upper end of the tilting dog and to the foot platform tending to move the upper end of said tilting dog rearwardly, and 'a stop on the foot platform to limit the rearward motion of the upper end of said dog.
l. The combination in a skee or skate of two parallel runners, a tilting foot platform pivoted thereto carrying a tilting foot plate pivoted near its forward end to said platform near the forward end thereof said tilting foot plate carrying means to secure the same to the foot, a tilting dog attached to the forward end of said foot platform.
5. The combination in a skee or skate of two parallel runners connected by braces two of which are adapted one to support either end of the foot platform next herein mentioned, a tilting foot platform pivoted to said runners carrying at its forward end a tilting dog held in a position substantially perpendicular to the runners by a spring, a spring foot plate pivoted near its forward end to said foot platform near the forward end thereof carrying means to secure the skee to the foot.
6. The combination in a skee or skate of two parallel runners a. connected by the braces b, c, 0 and the shaft h; the tilting foot platform 2' pivoted on the shaft 72, and carrying the bracket 77, the boxing o, the plate u, the dog 010 and the spiral spring connecting the dog 010 with the foot platform 6; the spring foot plate 6 pivoted at the forward end to the foot platform 2' near the forward end thereof and carrying means to secure the skee to the foot, and the brace a carrying the braces 0 and c Signed at Neillsville, in the county of Clark, and State of Wisconsin.
GEORGE LANDER JACQUES.
V. M. JACKSON, MARGARET KAPELLEN.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. 0.