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Publication numberUS1226077 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 15, 1917
Filing dateApr 3, 1915
Priority dateApr 3, 1915
Publication numberUS 1226077 A, US 1226077A, US-A-1226077, US1226077 A, US1226077A
InventorsThomas E Jope
Original AssigneeThomas E Jope
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1226077 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



APPLICATION man APR. 3. i915.

Patented May 15, 1917.



line 6--6 in Fig. 1.

' TFM '@TATF@ PATENT @Fhllm 'rnoraA-s n. rornorivnw Yoan, n. Y.


T all 107mm t may concern:

Be it known that l, Tiroarns lt. Jorn, a citizen o1 the United `States, and a resident of the city ofllew York, borough oi the Bronx, in the county of Bronx and lState ot New York, have invented a new and lmproved Picture-Frame, of which the followingis afull, clear, and exact description.

Amonpgthe principal objects which the present invention has in viewarerto provide means for preserving a picture from damage` by iire` or dust; to prevent the removaloi a picturerrom its trame; to provide an indestructible .trarnerand `toi pro vide automatic iire-proteetion shutters operable by the heatot the 'surrounding` at1nosb "DM/winne Figure 1 is` a front view of a picture frame constructed `and arranged in accordance with the present` invention, the frame being shownas parted and contracted;

Fig. 2 isa side edge view ott the same; Fig. 3 is atop edge view of the same; Fig. 4is a horizontal section taken as on the line4-4 in Fig. 1;

Fig. 51 is a vertical section takenf as on i, J nenne `twain rig. 1; ,y

lFig. 6 is avertical section taken as on the Desc'rzptz'on. b As seen in the drawings, the frame 12 is preferably constructed as ahollow, metal boX, the parts being molded, rolled,y or shaped from sheet-metal. The rails and stiles of the rameyare both hollow, and the head rail, particularly is formed of dimen- 1 sions ample to hold a curtain 13 `whenrolled,

as best seeninFig. k5 of thedrawings.

rlhe curtain 13 is 4constructed. from asbestos or other non-inflammable substance, preferably fabric sufficiently/pliable `to roll about a curtain pole 14. The pole 14 is suspen ded in beari ngs formed in pend ent braek ets 15 and 16.L The curtain is guided in its rise and fall by guide rails 17 and 18, best shown in Fig. 4 or the drawings.` Normally the curtain unrolled and. drawn to its lowered `position by a weighted end 19. provided onsaid curtain. y'llo lift the curtain 13 the polel14 is provided at onefendg with a small bevel gear 20, with which a mated bevel gear 21-is meshed. The gear 21 is mounted at the upper end of a transmission shaft 22, which shaft is suspended in bearings :formed in brackets 23 and 24,

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented May 1,5, 1917.

the former bracket being adjacent the top of the frame andthe latter adjacent the bottom thereof.

To rotate the shaft 22 and gears 20 and 21 connected therewith, mated gears 25 and 26 are provided at the bottom of the rail, the latter being` mounted on a vshort stud shaft extendingthrough theV side of the frame and having at the outer edge a star wheel 27 and a wrench end 28, asbest seen in Fig. 2 of the drawings.

To rotate the shaft 22 and the pole 14 to lift the curtain 13, a suitable wrench or key is provided for engaging the wrench end 28, The rotation of the wheel 26 by means i of the key referred to simultaneously rotates the gear wheels 25, 21, and 20, shaft 22 and polel14. `Theretraction ot the rotary members is prevented by a pawl 29, which is preferably mounted at the outside` of the frame on the end of a rod 30. The rod 30 is pivotally mounted in bearings provided in thesidesoi:I the frame.

Theshaft 30 `and the pawl 29 connected therewith are rotated to cause the tooth of the pawl 29 to engage the teeth of the wheel 27, said pawl being to this end connected with a pull spring' 31, which is anchored upon a pin 32 in the side of the trame 12. :intermediate the pawl 29 and the spring 31 is a fusible link 33. The link 33 is constructed from any suitable material and in a conventional manner, to melt or otherwise dissolve or disintegrate when the heat of the Aatmosphere surrounding the picture frame is abnormally high or approaching' what may be termed the ignition or damage point for the picture mounted in the `frame.

The rod 30 is thus prevented from rotating `to release the star wheel 27 and parts connected therewith, at i one side of the trame, whileA at the opposite side a fusible 'button 34 serves a like purpose. The button 34 is constructed oit fusible material of conventional character, and holds the rod 30 iu its normal position, as shownby i'ull lines in Fig. 1 of the drawings.

Mounted upon the' rod 30 is a washer 35, against which a spring 36 bears. When the spring 36 is unrestrained by the button 34, it operates to move the rod 30 andthe pawl 29 connected therewith to the position shown by dotted lines in Fig. 1 of the drawings. ln this position the pawl 29 is removed from engagement with the wheel 27, which, beingreleased, thereafter permits the weighted end 19 of the curtain 13 to drop toits lower most position, covering the picture contained in the frame 121With the body. of the curtain 13. A similar eii'ect is produced when the link 33 is destroyed. The removal or thespring 3l permits the teeth of the Wheel 27 to forcey the pavvl 29 out of engagement,k

To receive the picturei a pocket 37 is formed Within the kfra-me, which pocket is normallyy closed a removable back 38. Under ordinary conditions the removable back y38 is all that will be employed for `retaining kthe picture in yits position in lthe yframe. To better securethe pieture, however, againstiemoval from the traine, ka safety cover 391s employed. `Said cover is fur- `lnished with suitable 'hasps 4() through' slots formed wherein' protrude staples 41. The

f staples 41 protrude sufficiently to be eninizio from uio noni.v ofi-.ho ,sono

safety shutter `composed of interlocking sections 43. r Each section 43 has agrooved portion ,and alip portion45, ln service 'the rooved portion and lip portion above shown yin Figy' of the drawings.` Prior iioooioooo oooiiioo ihoio'ioiivo position oo io placing" uio Shuiior voiiji uio Sections is ther'eot1 in service position, the curtain 13 and o its supportingpole 1 4 are removed. The sections 43fslideY into the grooves -formed by the rails 1f? y and 18, as shown best in Fig, 6 of the dravvings.

'LTO permit the, removal. and replacement of the rolled curtain 13 and of the 'sections 43 of the protective curtain, the yframe is provided at the top edge thereof With a hinged door 46` The doory 46, Whenin service, is secured by a lock 47. To permit the passing of the grooved portions 44 ofthe sections 43,` an enlarged opening 48 is formed in thefu'pper rail of the trarne 12. From the `foregoing it is obvious that when the sections 43 and the safetyvk cover 39 are in position, they 'removalof the picture from theframeis rendered diiiicult, if not practicallyimpossible. Further, it will be observed that the picture, when thus stored, is safeguardedk against accidents arising from abrasion.

Ulazms.y i. ii pioioio fiooio oooipii'oiiig o Vpilirality of hollow rails; a flexible curtain for covering the View openingof said frame; and a Winding mechanism forv raisingsaid curtain from in front of said view opening, saidi mechanism embodying a rotary pole, a latch for preventing. the un- `Winding' of said curtain, and a flexible member for preventing the release of said latch.

2. A picture frame comprising a plurality of hollow rails; a iexiblecurtain yfor covering the view opening of said Jframe; and a Winding mechanism for raising said curtain from in front of said vieviiopening, said mechanism embodying a rotary pole, latchy for preventing the unvvindiiig of said curtain, a iiexiblemeiiiber for preventing the release of said ylat'cli, and automatic means for releasingsaid latch.

3.r A picture frame comprising a pluelio ,of hollow, ao i @tiene @kann covering' the Vvieiv opening off s aid frame;

and a` Winding mechanism for raising said curtain troni in front* of said view opening,

said mechanism embodying a rotary ple,

a latch` "for preventing the unvvinding ofk said curtain, a flexible member for preventing the release of saidlatch, and automatic means for releasing said latch, said automatic means embodying a pivot rod, a

spring for shifting said/rod, and a fusible detent for retaining said rod in service relation.

4. A picture frame "comprising, a plurality of holloyv rails; ailexible curtain for covering the vieW opening of said frame; and a winding mechanism for raising said curtain from in front of said view opening, said mechanism embodying a rotary pole, a latc l i for preventing the unWinding of said curt ain`,r a 'flexible member for prevent- Lingthe release of said latch, and automatic means' for releasing said latch, said autoi. Vi i, .i, i

matic means .embodying a pivot rodgha spring for shifting SaidrOd, a fusible detent for retaining said rod in' Vservice re ioiioii,-l oiioi o liiiisiioio iiiir for ioioiiiiiiig said latch in engagement. With said pole, soioi ii'ok ooo one ooioiii iooiiig siiiioiooi oi ,opposite oidos; oi ooioi sono.

iii' iosiiiiiony Wi'ioioof i have Signed iiiy name totliis lspecitication in the presence of tivo subscribing vvitnesses.

THOMAS E. JUPE'. Witnesses:

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4059059 *Sep 26, 1975Nov 22, 1977Hughes Bernard JProtective system
U.S. Classification160/7, 160/26, 40/797, 40/712
Cooperative ClassificationE06B9/82, E05Y2201/41