US 1226208 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. P. HANDSCHUCK.
APPLICATION FILED AuG.26.1913. Y
Patented May 15, 1917,
o an?. 5 o
FRANCS POETZSGH HANDSCHUCK, 0F NEW YORK, N. Y.
Specicationof Letters Patent.
Patented May 15, 1917.
' Application led August 26, 1913. Serial No. 786,698.
To all whom t may concern Be it known that I, FRANCES Pon'rzsoH HANDSCHUCK, a citizen of the United States, residing atNew York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Stockings, of whichthe following is. a'specification, the principle of the invention being herein enplainedand the best mode in Vwhich I have contemplated applying that principle, so as to distinguish it from other inventions.
'My invention relates toa stocking and particularly to reinforced openings in the upper portion thereof adapted to coperate with garter snaps as the suspension agency.
The object is to provide openings 1n a plece of wearing apparel of the character stated which shall be capable of resisting the strains to which it is subjected when supported considerably stretched as required by neatness without occasioning the objectionable feature of localized stiffness likely to cause abrasions of the skin or other discomfort.
A further object is to doubly insure against loose threads at the openings. 2Another ob-l ject is to make its manufacture sufficiently economical.
Stockings'or the like are usually maintainedl stretched upon the leg of the wearer through the agency of a dependent garter` suspension comprising one or more clamps or snaps adapted to engagethe upper portion of the stocking. When the stocking is v gripped or clamped directly, so as to 4wedge a portion thereof, a tear frequently ensues with the result thatone or more longitudinal strands becomes loosened or unraveled and-thereby irritate the esthetic sense. I am aware of one effort to obviate the likelihood of` this happening which is attested by United States Letters Patent, No. 962,089 issued to one Newton.
More specific objects of my invention are:
rIo permit of the manufactureof a stocking or the like capable of satisfactorily fulfilling the purpose of this invention, entirely by machine operation. Y
To permit of the manufacture of a stocking employing no distinct or special reinforcing strips.
According to my invention I manufacture the lower or major portion of the-stocking separate from the upper cap or band to which the suspension kmeans becomes attached. The lower or major portion of the lselvaged opening. view of the portion seen in Fig. II after the stocking `may be of any suitable type. The i upper cap is of tubular form and is fashioned with a plurality of sets of openings alined respectively in the direction of the longitudinal dimension of the finished stocking. These openings are fashioned with selvaged edges during the manufactureof the cap itself. Next I contrive tol fold the cap midway of its length so as to bring dif-y ferent pairs of openingsin the same alinement into registration with each other. Thereafter each pair of registering selvaged openingsy are button-hole-stitchcd together, thereby fixing the contiguous surfaces of the 1 cap surrounding the openings with respect to each other as shown in Figure VII. Finally the two free edges of theO cap are ,firmly sewn to the-upper edge of the major portion of the stocking which may be of stock manufacture.
My inventive conception while simple is highly effective. It does not affect in any way the softness-and iiexibility of the upper part of the stocking, which by reason of being spanned owing to its proximity to the suspension medium lwould otherwise very likely bear and rub uncomfortably against 'the flesh. It does not hinder t-he facility with which'jthe fingers can bring one or the other of the openings into position for intersection by7 the clasp. It does attain a twofold reinforcing medium in the combination of two selvaged edges which are buttonhole-stitched together without sacrificing the pliableness which is desirable.
With reference now to the drawing:
Fig. I is a perspective View of the lower and major portion of the stocking. Fig. II is a perspective view of the upper portion -of the stocking after the firstoperation of its manufacture. Fig. III is an enlarged plan of one portion of Fig. II showing a Fig. IV is a perspective second operation. Fig, V is a similarly enlarged vertical section on line V V of Fig. IV. Fig. VI is a perspective view of the portion represented in Fig. IV following the completion of the third operation. Fig. VII is a similarly enlarged vertical section on yline VII VII of Fig. VI. Fig. VIII is an enlarged plan of one.v portion of Fig. VI. Fig. IX is a perspective view of the finished Stocking.'
The lower or major portion which may be of stock manufacture, since it purposely should be equal.
four each. The spacing of the distinct longitudinal alinements with regard to each other is by no means necessarily fiXed, nor the spacing between any two openings of any particular alinement. It is only the spacing of corresponding pairs of openings in the several up and down alinements which lt should be understood that these selvaged openings should be fashioned into the portion 2 during its machine manufacture according. to the view of Fig.
I III. The'neXt step in the process of manufacture is the folding over of the portion 2 midway of its longitudinal extent so that, according to the chosen eXemplification, the two upper openings in anyone of the alinements now register respectively with the two lower openings in the same alinement, as Seen in Figlv. l
Following the operation just mentioned each pair of registering openings 3 is buttonhole-stitched together as indicated in Figs. Vl--VH and VIII, thereby binding the folded portions of the cap 2 with respect to each other and also pronouncedly reinforcing the openings 3. Such reinforcement is established both by reason of the double thickness imparted to the edges of the iinished openings, by -reason of the selvaged edges of such openings and by reason of the stitchingV threads 4 in and of themselves. l
The lower edge 5 of the cap 2 is preferably taken to be that edge, after the completion of the operation shown in Fig. Vl, which is open as' clearly seen in Figs. V 4and VH. Finally the edge 5 is afliXed in some suitable manner to the upper edge of the portion one, as depicted in Fig. 1X which alsodiscloses the application of two suspended garter clasps. s My invention being thus described with suiiicient thoroughness, what I desire to?4 secure by Letters Patent and therefore claim specifically is: v
l. A stocking formed above with a selvaged (opening, said opening being furthermore button-holestitched for the useful purpose specified.-
2. A stocking formed above with a double ply having registering selvaged openings, the edges of said openingsbeing furthermore button-hole-stitched together, for the useful purpose specified.
3. A stocking having a two-ply band at the upper end, said ply being fashioned with selvaged openings adapted to register, and means for binding the edges of said openings together, for the useful purpose specified.
4. A stocking having its upper portion folded upon itself and provided with a pluralityof selvaged openings in both body and fold portions, different pairs of openings in saidbody portion and fold respectively being adapted to register,V each such registering pair of openings being button-holestitched together, for dthe useful purpose specified. i i
Signed y by me, this 20th day of August, i913.
Attested by TERESA M. HANRAHAN,
YrRANors Porrzscii HANDSCHUCK.